Author: Steven Gregory
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Release Date: 2014-04-25
Genre: Political Science
In The Devil behind the Mirror, Steven Gregory provides a compelling and intimate account of the impact that transnational processes associated with globalization are having on the lives and livelihoods of people in the Dominican Republic. Grounded in ethnographic fieldwork conducted in the adjacent towns of Boca Chica and Andrés, Gregory's study deftly demonstrates how transnational flows of capital, culture, and people are mediated by contextually specific power relations, politics, and history. He explores such topics as the informal economy, the making of a telenova, sex tourism, and racism and discrimination against Haitians, who occupy the lowest rung on the Dominican economic ladder. Innovative, beautifully written, and now updated with a new preface, The Devil behind the Mirror masterfully situates the analysis of global economic change in everyday lives.
Author: James B. Minahan
Release Date: 2013-03-14
Genre: Social Science
Intended to help students explore ethnic identity—one of the most important issues of the 21st century—this concise, one-stop reference presents rigorously researched content on the national groups and ethnicities of North America, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
"Cogent analysis of rulership in the Dominican Republic that offers historical backdrop of political rule, and examines the structural-functional aspects of governance, political economy of State power, and role of domestic and foreign actors in contemporary political development of the nation"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 57.
Bentonitgebundener Formstoff wird heute in Deutschland, Europa und weltweit schätzungsweise zu 70 % zur Herstellung verlorener Formen in der Gießerei verwendet. Das Formstoffsystem aus den Hauptkomponenten Quarzsand, Bentonit und Wasser wird durch Verdichtung verfestigt und stellt eines der produktivsten Formverfahren in der Gießerei dar. Einer der Hauptvorteile dieses Formstoffsystems besteht in der Reversibilität der Bindefähigkeit des größten Teils des eingesetzten Binders. Das dadurch entstehende Umlaufformstoffsystem ist ein wirtschaftliches und aufgrund der weitgehend anorganischen Formstoffbestandteile auch eines der umweltfreundlichsten Formverfahren zur Gussteilerzeugung. Dieser Umlaufcharakter sowie die Spezifik des Bindersystems Bentonit-Wasser bedingen, dass sich die Aufbereitung von und die Formherstellung mit bentonitgebundenen Formstoffen sehr stark von der Form- und Kernherstellung mit chemisch gebundenen Formstoffen unterscheidet. Das vorliegende Praxishandbuch bentonitgebundener Formstoff beschreibt das Arbeiten mit diesem Formstoffsystem von der Aufbereitung der Einsatzstoffe bis zum Wiedereinsatz des vom Gussteil getrennten Altsandes.
Author: Christian Krohn-Hansen
Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan
Release Date: 2009
What is “authoritarian rule” and how can we best study it? Using the case of the twentieth-century Dominican southwest, this book investigates new ways of analyzing political authoritarianism. The Dominican Republic was ruled for several decades in the twentieth century by the dictator Rafael Trujillo and later by another authoritarian leader, Joaquín Balaguer. In this study, Krohn-Hansen examines “from below” the state formation headed by Trujillo and Balaguer. The book offers a historical ethnography from one part of the country. Krohn-Hansen argues that it should be imperative to approach authoritarian histories – like other histories – on the basis of detailed investigations of power relationships, everyday practices, and meanings.
Author: Samuel Martínez
Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press
Release Date: 1995
Genre: Business & Economics
"Peripheral Migrants examines the circulation of labor from rural Haiti to the sugar estates of the Dominican Republic and its impact on the lives of migrants and their kin. The first such study to draw on community-based fieldwork in both countries, the book also shows how ethnographic and historical approaches can be combined to reconstruct patterns of seasonal and repeat migration." "Samuel Martinez pays close attention to the economic maneuvers Haitians adopt on both sides of the border as they use Dominican money to meet their present needs and to assure future subsistence at home in Haiti. The emigrants who adapt best, he finds, are those who maintain close ties to their home areas. Yet, in addition to showing how rural Haitians survive under severe poverty and oppression, Martinez reveals the risks they incur by crossing the border as cane workers: divided families, increased short-term deprivation and economic insecurity, and, all too often, early death. He further notes that labor circulation is not part of an unchanging cycle in rural Haiti but a source of income that is vulnerable to the downturns in the global economy." "Acknowledging various theoretical perspectives, the author compares the Haitian migrations with similar population displacements worldwide. As he shows, the Haitian workers exemplify an important, if seldom studied, category of migrants - those who neither move to the cities nor emigrate to countries of the North but circulate between rural areas of the Third World. Thus, this book serves to broaden our understanding of this "lower tier" of the world's migrants."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
"Documents a seismic shift in Dominican identity over the last two decades which the author argues is the result of contact with the U.S.; that Dominicans have moved away from seeing themselves as indio and increasingly self-identify as Black."--Robin Derby, University of California, Los Angeles In Latin America and the Caribbean, racial issues are extremely complex and fluid, particularly the nature of "blackness." What it means to be called "black" is still very different for an African American living in the United States than it is for an individual in the Dominican Republic with an African ancestry. Racial categories were far from concrete as the Dominican populace grew, altered, and solidified around the present notions of identity. Kimberly Simmons explores the fascinating socio-cultural shifts in Dominicans' racial categories, concluding that Dominicans are slowly embracing blackness and ideas of African ancestry. Simmons also examines the movement of individuals between the Dominican Republic and the United States, where traditional notions of indio are challenged, debated, and called into question. How and why Dominicans define their racial identities reveal shifting coalitions between Caribbean peoples and African Americans, and proves intrinsic to understanding identities in the African diaspora. * A volume in the series New World Diasporas, edited by Kevin A. Yelvington.
Author: Amalia L. Cabezas
Release Date: 2009-04-28
Genre: Social Science
Is a native-born tour guide who has sex with tourists-in exchange for dinner or gifts or cash-merely a prostitute or gigolo? What if the tourist continues to send gifts or money to the tour guide after returning home? As this original and provocative book demonstrates, when it comes to sex-and the effects of capitalism and globalization-nothing is as simple as it might seem. Based on ten years of research,Economies of Desireis the first ethnographic study to examine the erotic underpinnings of transnational tourism. It offers startling insights into the commingling of sex, intimacy, and market forces in Cuba and the Dominican Republic, two nations where tourism has had widespread effects. In her multi-layered analyses, Amalia Cabezas reconceptualizes our understandings of informal economies (particularly "affective economies"), "sex workers," and "sexual tourism," and she helps us appreciate how money, sex and love are intertwined within the structure of globalizing capitalism.
Author: David Graeber
Release Date: 2012-05-14
Genre: Political Science
Ein radikales Buch im doppelten Wortsinn, denn Graeber packt das Problem der Schulden an der Wurzel, indem er bis zu ihren Anfängen in der Geschichte zurückgeht. Das führt ihn mitten hinein in die Krisenherde unserer Zeit: Von der Antike bis in die Gegenwart sind revolutionäre Bewegungen immer in Schuldenkrisen entstanden. Graeber sprengt die moralischen Fesseln, die uns auf das Prinzip der Schulden verpflichten. Denn diese Moral ist eine Waffe in der Hand der Mächtigen. Die weltweite Schuldenwirtschaft ist eine Bankrotterklärung der Ökonomie. Der Autor enttarnt Geld- und Kredittheorien als Mythen, die die Ökonomisierung aller sozialen Beziehungen vorantreiben. Im Kern ist dieses Buch ein hohes Lied auf die Freiheit: Das sumerische Wort »amargi«, das Synonym für Schuldenfreiheit, ist Graeber zufolge das erste Wort für Freiheit in menschlicher Sprache überhaupt. David Graeber ist einer der Begründer der Occupy-Bewegung.
Author: William L. Alexander
Release Date: 2009-08-30
In Lost in the Long Transition, a group of scholars who conducted fieldwork research in postdictatorship Chile during the transition to democracy critically examine the effects of the country's adherence to neoliberal economic development and social policies. Shifting government responsibility for social services and public resources to the private sector, reducing restrictions on foreign investment, and promoting free trade and export production, neoliberalism began during the Pinochet dictatorship and was adopted across Latin America in the 1980s. With the return of civilian government, the pursuit of justice and equity worked alongside a pact of compromise and an economic model that brought prosperity for some, entrenched poverty for others, and had social consequences for all.