The Digest of Justinian

Author: Alan Watson
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 9780812205541
Release Date: 2011-06-24
Genre: History

When Justinian became sole ruler of the Byzantine Empire in A.D. 527, he ordered the preparation of three compilations of Roman law that together formed the Corpus Juris Civilis. These works have become known individually as the Code, which collected the legal pronouncements of the Roman emperors, the Institutes, an elementary student's textbook, and the Digest, by far the largest and most highly prized of the three compilations. The Digest was assembled by a team of sixteen academic lawyers commissioned by Justinian in 533 to cull everything of value from earlier Roman law. It was for centuries the focal point of legal education in the West and remains today an unprecedented collection of the commentaries of Roman jurists on the civil law. Commissioned by the Commonwealth Fund in 1978, Alan Watson assembled a team of thirty specialists to produce this magisterial translation, which was first completed and published in 1985 with Theodor Mommsen's Latin text of 1878 on facing pages. This paperback edition presents a corrected English-language text alone, with an introduction by Alan Watson. Links to the three other volumes in the set: Volume 1 [Books 1-15] Volume 2 [Books 16-29] Volume 3 [Books 30-40]

Paranoia

Author: Patricia Cornwell
Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe
ISBN: 9783455814125
Release Date: 2016-09-17
Genre: Fiction

Während sie einen Tatort untersucht, erhält Dr. Kay Scarpetta ein Video auf ihr Handy. Als sie es abspielt, kann sie kaum glauben, was sie sieht. Denn die Aufnahmen stellen alles infrage, was sie über ihre Nichte Lucy zu wissen meint ... Der Clip bringt Scarpetta in einen grausamen Gewissenskonflikt: Die Bilder zeigen Lucy bei einer schweren Straftat, und Scarpetta weiß, dass sie sich weder ihrem Ehemann Benton Wesley noch ihrem Kollegen Pete Marino anvertrauen darf, um ihrer Nichte zu helfen. Aber was hat es mit dem Video auf sich? Und wer hat es ihr zugespielt? Auf sich allein gestellt, sieht sich Scarpetta schon bald mit einer Reihe von Morden konfrontiert, die eine Gefahr aus ihrer eigenen Vergangenheit heraufbeschwören ...

Figures of Speech

Author: Gloria Ferrari
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226244365
Release Date: 2002-01-15
Genre: Art

Over the past two hundred years, thousands of ancient Greek vases have been unearthed. Yet these artifacts remain a challenge: what did the images depicted on these vases actually mean to ancient Greek viewers? In this long-awaited book, Gloria Ferrari uses Athenian vases, literary evidence, and other works of art from the Archaic and Classical periods (520-400 B.C.) to investigate what these items can tell us about the ancient Greeks—specifically, their notions of gender. Ferrari begins by developing a theoretical perspective on visual representation, arguing that artistic images give us access to how their subjects were imagined rather than to the way they really were. For instance, Ferrari's examinations of the many representations of women working wool reveal that these images constitute powerful metaphors—metaphors, she argues, which both reflect and construct Greek conceptions of the ideal woman and her ideal behavior. From this perspective, Ferrari studies a number of icons representing blameless femininity and ideal masculinity to reevaluate the rites of passage by which girls are made ready for marriage and boys become men. Representations of the nude male body in Archaic statues known as kouroi, for example, symbolize manhood itself and shed new light on the much-discussed institution of paiderastia. And, in Ferrari's hands, imagery equating maidens with arable land and buried treasure provides a fresh view of Greek ideas of matrimony. Innovative, thought-provoking, and insightful throughout, Figures of Speech is a powerful demonstration of how the study of visual images as well as texts can reshape our understanding of ancient Greek culture.

Good Sex

Author: Martin J. Buss
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 9781630872816
Release Date: 2014-01-13
Genre: Religion

Good Sex presents sexual ethics in the light of faith. Speaking on behalf of Christianity, Buss describes "love your neighbor as yourself" as the only Christian "rule"; it is a positive rule rather than one that focuses on prohibitions. Since this call is never fulfilled in practice, it is joined by forgiveness for oneself and others. More concrete guidelines need to be aided by "wisdom," which is not specifically Christian. Detailed biblical support is provided at the end. Stipe, a contemporary Pagan, advocates respect for all living things and doing no harm as a minimal ethical guide, leaving positive prescriptions to individual judgment. Buss and Stipe discuss details of sexual ethics in largely positive terms--what is good to do--but also with a concern for problems that should be avoided. They agree in many practical matters, just as Christians and Pagans did many years ago, before sexual equality became an ideal. They discuss various kinds of sex, including seeing and being seen, touching, masturbation, and penetration; different sexual identities; committed and uncommitted relationships, including the advisability of extended relations; having and raising children; abortion; and sensuous awareness in a spiritual setting.

The Forum and the Tower

Author: Mary Ann Glendon
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199843732
Release Date: 2011-08-01
Genre: History

As Mary Ann Glendon writes in this fascinating new book, the relationship between politics and the academy has been fraught with tension and regret-and the occasional brilliant success-since Plato himself. In The Forum and the Tower, Glendon examines thinkers who have collaborated with leaders, from ancient Syracuse to the modern White House, in a series of brisk portraits that explore the meeting of theory and reality. Glendon discusses a roster of great names, from Edmund Burke to Alexis de Tocqueville, Machiavelli to Rousseau, John Locke to Max Weber, down to Charles Malik, who helped Eleanor Roosevelt draft the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights. With each, she explores the eternal questions they faced, including: Is politics such a dirty business that I shouldn't get involved? Will I betray my principles by pursuing public office? Can I make a difference, or will my efforts be wasted? Even the most politically successful intellectuals, she notes, did not all end happily. The brilliant Marcus Tullius Cicero, for example, reached the height of power in the late Roman Republic, then fell victim to intrigue, assassinated at Mark Antony's order. Yet others had a lasting impact. The legal scholar Tribonian helped Byzantine Emperor Justinian I craft the Corpus Juris Civilis, which became a bedrock of Western law. Portalis and Napoleon emulated them, creating the civil code that the French emperor regarded as his greatest legacy. Formerly ambassador to the Vatican and an eminent legal scholar, Glendon knows these questions personally. Here she brings experience and expertise to bear in a timely, and timeless, study.

A Psychology of Hope

Author: Kalman J. Kaplan
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
ISBN: 9780802832719
Release Date: 2008-10-07
Genre: Psychology

Combines the disciplines of history and psychology to explain the suicidal element in Western culture and how to treat it.