The Elements of Moral Philosophy

Author: James Rachels
Publisher:
ISBN: 0070525609
Release Date: 1999
Genre: Ethics

Firmly established as the standard text for undergraduate courses in ethics, this concise, lively book combines clear explanations of the main theories of ethics with discussions of interesting examples. Topics covered include famine relief, euthanasia, homosexuality, and the treatment of animals. The text's versatility allows it to be widely used not only in ethical theory courses, but also in applied ethics courses of all kinds.

Saints and Postmodernism

Author: Edith Wyschogrod
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226920437
Release Date: 1990-10-15
Genre: Philosophy

"In this exciting and important work, Wyschogrod attempts to read contemporary ethical theory against the vast unwieldy tapestry that is postmodernism. . . . [A] provocative and timely study."—Michael Gareffa, Theological Studies "A 'must' for readers interested in the borderlands between philosophy, hagiography, and ethics."—Mark I. Wallace, Religious Studies Review

Created from Animals

Author: James Rachels
Publisher: OUP UK
ISBN: UCSD:31822015436710
Release Date: 1990
Genre: Philosophy

Argues for the replacement of traditional ideas of human superiority with a more enlightened ethic regarding the value of non-human life, and discusses suicide, euthanasia, and animal rights.

Moral Philosophy A Reader

Author: Louis P. Pojman
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 9781603845038
Release Date: 2009-09-01
Genre: Philosophy

This collection of classic and contemporary readings in ethics presents sharp, competing views on a wide range of fundamentally important topics: moral relativism and objectivism, ethical egoism, value theory, utilitarianism, deontological ethics, virtue ethics, ethics and religion, and applied ethics. The Fourth Edition dramatically increases the volume’s utility by expanding and updating the selections and introductions while retaining the structure that has made previous editions so successful.

Kant Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason

Author: Immanuel Kant
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521599644
Release Date: 1998-11-26
Genre: Philosophy

Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason is a key element of the system of philosophy which Kant introduced with his Critique of Pure Reason, and a work of major importance in the history of Western religious thought. It represents a great philosopher's attempt to spell out the form and content of a type of religion that would be grounded in moral reason and would meet the needs of ethical life. It includes sharply critical and boldly constructive discussions on topics not often treated by philosophers, including such traditional theological concepts as original sin and the salvation or 'justification' of a sinner, and the idea of the proper role of a church. This volume presents it and three short essays that illuminate it in new translations by Allen Wood and George di Giovanni, with an introduction by Robert Merrihew Adams that locates it in its historical and philosophical context.

The Moral Landscape

Author: Sam Harris
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 9781439171226
Release Date: 2011-09-13
Genre: Religion

Calls for an end to religion's role in dictating morality, demonstrating how the scientific community's understandings about the human brain may enable the establishment of secular codes of behavior.

Modern Moral Philosophy

Author: Anthony O'Hear
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521603269
Release Date: 2004-11-18
Genre: Philosophy

Collection of original essays by leading researchers on current approaches to moral philosophy.

The elements of moral philosophy in three books with a brief account of the nature progress and origin of philosophy

Author: David Fordyce
Publisher: Liberty Fund Inc.
ISBN: STANFORD:36105063670314
Release Date: 2003-02-01
Genre: Philosophy

Though little known today, David Fordyce was an important figure in the Scottish Enlightenment and closely associated with liberal Dissenters in England. His Elements of Moral Philosophywas a notable contribution to the curriculum in moral philosophy and a widely circulated text in moral philosophy in the second half of the eighteenth century. It was first published as part of a comprehensive textbook system in 1748 and as a separate book in 1754. It is the latter that is now being reissued. The significance of The Elementsis evidenced by the fact that it was included practically verbatim in the first edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica(1771). A Brief Account, Fordyce's opening lectures to his Marischal class of 1743/44, has never before been published. David Fordyce(1711-1751) taught at Marischal College, Aberdeen. Thomas D. Kennedyis Associate Professor of Philosophy at Valparaiso University. Knud Haakonssenis Professor of Intellectual History and Director of the Centre for Intellectual History at the University of Sussex, England.

Evolution and Ethics

Author: Philip Clayton
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
ISBN: 0802826954
Release Date: 2004-08-04
Genre: Religion

Certain to engage scholars, students, and general readers alike, Evolution and Ethics offers a balanced, levelheaded, constructive approach to an often divisive debate.

Religion without God

Author: Ronald Dworkin
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674728042
Release Date: 2013-10-01
Genre: Philosophy

In his last book, Ronald Dworkin addresses timeless questions: What is religion and what is God's place in it? What are death and immortality? He joins a sense of cosmic mystery and beauty to the claim that value is objective, independent of mind, and immanent in the world. Belief in God is one manifestation of this view, but not the only one.

The Principles of Moral and Christian Philosophy

Author: George Turnbull
Publisher:
ISBN: 0865974586
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Christian ethics

Presents the first masterpiece of Scottish Common Sense philosophy. This two-volume treatise is important for its wide range of insights about the nature of the human mind, the foundations of morals, and the relationship between morality and religion. In order to understand the Enlightenment in Scotland, Turnbull's work must be put next to that of Francis Hutcheson. In the first volume Turnbull presents a detailed study of the faculties of the human mind and their interrelations. He contends that moral philosophy should be treated as one part, the highest part, of natural philosophy, and not as a field requiring its own distinctive methodology. Moral philosophers should rely on observation and experiment as their means of exploration into the workings of the human mind. The Liberty Fund edition of The Principles of Moral and Christian Philosophy is the first modern edition of this work.

Faith in a Hard Ground

Author: G.E.M. Anscombe
Publisher: Andrews UK Limited
ISBN: 9781845402822
Release Date: 2017-04-11
Genre: Philosophy

Elizabeth Anscombe’s forthright philosophy speaks directly to many religious and ethical issues of current concern.This collection of her essays forms a companion volume to the critically acclaimed Human Life, Action and Ethics, published in 2005.

Remarks on Bentham s Philosophy

Author: John Stuart Mill
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 9783640234936
Release Date: 2008
Genre:

Classic from the year 2008 in the subject Philosophy - Philosophy of the 19th Century, grade: -, -, - entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: First published in 1833. Excerpt: It is no light task to give an abridged view of the philosophical opinions of one, who attempted to place the vast subjects of morals and legislation upon a scientific basis: a mere outline is all that can be attempted. The first principles of Mr. Bentham's philosophy are these--that happiness, meaning by that term pleasure and exemption from pain, is the only thing desirable in itself; that all other things are desirable solely as means to that end; that the production, therefore, of the greatest possible happiness is the only fit purpose of all human thought and action, and consequently of all morality and government; and moreover, that pleasure and pain are the sole agencies by which the conduct of mankind is in fact governed, whatever circumstances the individual may be placed in, and whether he is aware of it or not. Mr. Bentham does not appear to have entered very deeply into the metaphysical grounds of these doctrines; he seems to have taken those grounds very much upon the showing of the metaphysicians who preceded him. The principle of utility, or as he afterward called it, "the greatest-happiness principle," stands no otherwise demonstrated in his writings than by an enumeration of the phrases of a different description which have been commonly employed to denote the rule of life, and the rejection of them all, as having no intelligible meaning, further than as they may involve a tacit reference to considerations of utility. Such are the phrases "law of nature," "right reason," "natural rights," "moral sense." All of these Mr. Bentham regarded as mere covers for dogmatism, excuses for setting up one's own ipse dixit as a rule to bind other people.

Religion in the Public Square

Author:
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 9780585080734
Release Date: 2000-01-01
Genre: Philosophy

This vigorous debate between two distinguished philosophers presents two views on a topic of worldwide importance: the role of religion in politics. Audi argues that citizens in a free democracy should distinguish religious and secular considerations and give them separate though related roles. Wolterstorff argues that religious elements are both appropriate in politics and indispensable to the vitality of a pluralistic democracy. Each philosopher first states his position in detail, then responds to and criticizes the opposing viewpoint. Written with engaging clarity, Religion in the Public Square will spur discussion among scholars, students, and citizens.