The Emerging Politics of Antarctica

Author: Anne-Marie Brady
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9780415531399
Release Date: 2012-10-31
Genre: Political Science

This book examines the post-Cold War challenges facing Antarctic governance. It seeks to understand the interests of new players in Antarctic affairs such as China, India, Korea and Malaysia, and how other key players such as Russia and the USA or claimant states such as New Zealand or France are coping in the new global order. Antarctica is the world's fifth largest continent and its territories are claimed by seven different states. Since 1961 Antarctica has been managed under the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS), a regime which, according to its critics, by the terms of its membership effectively excludes most of the nations of the world. This book examines the post-Cold War challenges facing Antarctic governance, and is organized thematically into three sections: Part 1 considers the role of Antarctic politics in the current post-Cold War, post-colonial era and the impact this new political environment is having on the ATS. Part 2 looks at the competing foreign policy objectives of a representative range of countries with Antarctic activities. Part 3 examines issues that have the potential to destabilise the order of the Antarctic Treaty System, such as unrestricted tourism and new advances in science and technology. The Emerging Politics of Antarctica will be of interest to students and scholars of international politics, polar studies and foreign policy studies.

Cold Science

Author: Stephen Bocking
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781351698740
Release Date: 2019-03-07
Genre: History

Science during the Cold War has become a matter of lively interest within the historical research community, attracting the attention of scholars concerned with the history of science, the Cold War, and environmental history. The Arctic—recognized as a frontier of confrontation between the superpowers, and consequently central to the Cold War—has also attracted much attention. This edited collection speaks to this dual interest by providing innovative and authoritative analyses of the history of Arctic science during the Cold War.

Regional Integration and Democratic Conditionality

Author: Gaspare M. Genna
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317605010
Release Date: 2014-12-05
Genre: Political Science

How effective are democracy clauses of regional integration organizations (RIOs) in promoting democratization and democratic consolidation among member-states? RIOs are increasingly adopting "democracy only" clauses in their treaties, requiring democracy and political stability as a condition of membership. Stable democracy is a collective good for RIO members; without political stability, uncertainty regarding economic exchange increases, undermining the promise of integration. The presence of powerful countries may be necessary for the RIOs to legalize democratic conditionality. In this book, the authors argue that once established democracy clauses exert an independent influence in promoting and defending democratic norms and institutions within the member-states by increasing the transparency and credibility of democratic commitment and sanctions for violation. The findings based on the analysis of 40 RIOs around the world and in-depth analysis of the European Union, the Common Market of the South, and the Economic Community of West African States indicate that RIO democracy clauses help prevent democratic backsliding and coups and stimulate democratization and consolidation. With its global scope, originality, and theoretical rigor, this is the first book to catalogue democracy clauses adopted by RIOs worldwide with a thorough analysis of their effectiveness.

Exercising Human Rights

Author: Robin Redhead
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781135054786
Release Date: 2014-09-25
Genre: Political Science

Exercising Human Rights investigates why human rights are not universally empowering and why this damages people attempting to exercise rights. It takes a new approach in looking at humans as the subject of human rights rather than the object and exposes the gendered and ethnocentric aspects of violence and human subjectivity in the context of human rights. Using an innovative visual methodology, Redhead shines a new critical light on human rights campaigns in practice. She examines two cases in-depth. First, she shows how Amnesty International depicts women negatively in their 2004 ‘Stop Violence against Women Campaign’, revealing the political implications of how images deny women their agency because violence is gendered. She also analyses the Oka conflict between indigenous people and the Canadian state. She explains how the Canadian state defined the Mohawk people in such a way as to deny their human subjectivity. By looking at how the Mohawk used visual media to communicate their plight beyond state boundaries, she delves into the disjuncture between state sovereignty and human rights. This book is useful for anyone with an interest in human rights campaigns and in the study of political images.

Handbuch Internationale Beziehungen

Author: Frank Sauer
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783531199184
Release Date: 2017-03-27
Genre: Political Science

Das Handbuch Internationale Beziehungen ist die zweite, vollständig überarbeitete und erweiterte Auflage des Handbuchs der Internationalen Politik. Das neue Handbuch vermittelt einen umfassenden Überblick über den state of the art der politikwissenschaftlichen Teildisziplin Internationale Beziehungen in deutscher Sprache. Es präsentiert theoretische und methodische Grundlagen der Forschung in den Internationalen Beziehungen und stellt die wesentlichen Akteure und Problemfelder der internationalen Politik vor. Das Nachschlagewerk richtet sich sowohl an Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler als auch an Studierende und die interessierte Öffentlichkeit.

Introduction to International and Global Studies Second Edition

Author: Shawn C. Smallman
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 9781469621661
Release Date: 2015-01-05
Genre: Political Science

This innovative introduction to international and global studies, updated and revised in a new edition, offers instructors in the social sciences and humanities a core textbook for teaching undergraduates in this rapidly growing field. Encompassing the latest scholarship in what is a markedly interdisciplinary endeavor, Shawn Smallman and Kimberley Brown introduce key concepts, themes, and issues and then examine each in lively chapters on essential topics that include the history of globalization; economic, political, and cultural globalization; security, energy, and development; health; agriculture and food; and the environment. Within these topics, the authors explore such timely and pressing subjects as commodity chains, labor (including present-day slavery), human rights, multinational corporations, and the connections among them. New to this edition: * The latest research on debates over privacy rights and surveillance since Edward Snowden's disclosures * Updates on significant political and economic developments throughout the world, including a new case study of European Union, Icelandic, and Greek responses to the 2008 fiscal crisis * The newest information about the rise of fracking, the Fukushima nuclear disaster, the decline of the Peak Oil movement, and climate change, including the latter's effects on the Arctic and Antarctica * A dedicated website with authors' blog and a teaching tab with syllabi, class activities, and well-designed, classroom-tested resources * An updated teacher's manual available online, including sample examination questions, additional resources for each chapter, and special assistance for teaching ESL students * Updated career advice for international studies majors

The Resources of the Third World

Author: Guy Arnold
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781135918057
Release Date: 2014-01-27
Genre: Political Science

First Published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Ordnung und Regieren in der Weltgesellschaft

Author: Mathias Albert
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783658197803
Release Date: 2017-11-29
Genre: Political Science

Der Band setzt sich mit den Bedingungen und Möglichkeiten internationalen oder globalen Regierens in einer sozialen Umwelt (Weltgesellschaft) unter drei Perspektiven auseinander: der Perspektive von Theorien globaler Ordnung, der Perspektive spezifischer Formen globaler Ordnungsbildung und der Perspektive die Normativität globaler Ordnung. Die Beiträge des Bandes besetzen Schnittstellen in einer Reihe von Diskussionen, die in den Internationalen Beziehungen zu Ordnung und Ordnungsbildung in der internationalen Politik, zum Regieren jenseits des Nationalstaates, sowie zur Stellung internationaler Politik in der Weltgesellschaft geführt werden.

Der Aufstieg der Anderen

Author: Fareed Zakaria
Publisher:
ISBN: 388680917X
Release Date: 2009
Genre: East and West

Der Verfasser erklärt in seinem Buch, warum wir am Beginn eines neuen, postamerikanischen Zeitalters stehen und dennoch auf eine starke Rolle der USA unter ihrem neuen Präsidenten Barack Obama angewiesen sind.

Boundaries of Cooperation

Author: Peter R. Hocknell
Publisher:
ISBN: STANFORD:36105060803256
Release Date: 2001-01-01
Genre: Law

As a developing international norm, the process of managing transboundary resources represents a significant opportunity for the development of peaceful cooperation through equitable and sustainable means-and yet, paradoxically, this management process has the power also to create new tensions and reinforce pre-existing divisions amongst interested parties. This book explores the manifestations of this contradiction in the de facto partitioned state of Cyprus. How has transboundary resource management operated across Cyprus's de facto boundary? Why have problem-solving mechanisms, formed to deal with some transboundary resources, failed to achieve success in connection with others? Has it been possible to de-link resource conflict issues from the protracted political conflict, so that the former could be resolved without reference to the latter? This book provides the most comprehensive demonstration yet that post-partition Cyprus has exhibited a number of islands of cooperation over transboundary resource management and that, under certain politico-geographical conditions, the Cyprus conflict has not been unchanging and intractable. Of equal importance, however, it identifies an increasingly diverse and complex form of 'transboundary relations' that have coexisted with, and have been directly related to, a central cleavage over the political economy of recognition. 'Cooperation' has become, both for the Greek Cypriot and the Turkish Cypriot communities, a matter of judging its importance in terms of potential gains/losses. It is demonstrated that, as with a majority of partitioned states, transboundary resource management in Cyprus is patently concerned with configurations of power, transboundary resource needs, the role of interests and ideas, and the functions of the partition boundary itself. Set within this framework, transboundary resources in Cyprus appear increasingly prevalent in the island's affairs and represent a potentially critical focus both for future cooperation and conflict. While this book does not blindly offer a prescription for the resolution of this dilemma, it seeks to enhance what has been a surprisingly circumscribed understanding not only of cooperation within and across the boundaries of Cyprus, but also of the limits to that cooperation.

Lenin Stalin und Hitler

Author: Robert Gellately
Publisher: BASTEI LÜBBE
ISBN: 3785723490
Release Date: 2009-03-25
Genre: History

Zwei Weltkriege, die russische Revolution, Aufstieg und Fall des "Dritten Reichs", der Holocaust - zwischen 1914 und 1945 brechen große politische Katastrophen über Europa herein und verändern die Gesellschaft von Grund auf. Im Zentrum der Katastrophen stehen drei Diktatoren: Lenin, Stalin und Hitler. Während über die Verbrechen und Grausamkeit der Letztgenannten Einigkeit besteht, wird Lenin bisweilen als "guter Gründungsvater" eingeschätzt. Zu unrecht. Der renommierte Historiker Robert Gellately beweist in seiner Studie Lenins verheerende Rolle für die jüngere Geschichte und liefert damit den Schlüssel zu einem besseren Verständnis des großen Weltenbrands.

Weltrisikogesellschaft

Author: Ulrich Beck
Publisher:
ISBN: 3518460382
Release Date: 2008
Genre: Risk

Damals gab es die RAF, heute al-Qaida; damals fürchteten wir die Folgen von Tschernobyl, heute sagen Wissenschaftler eine Klimakatastrophe voraus. Finanzkrisen vernichten weltweit Existenzen, die Risiken durchdringen alle Lebensbereiche. Zugleich aber erö