End of the Roman Republic 146 to 44 BC Conquest and Crisis

Author: Catherine Steel
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 9780748629022
Release Date: 2013-03-05
Genre: History

In 146 BC the armies of Rome destroyed Carthage and emerged as the decisive victors of the Third Punic War. The Carthaginian population was sold and its territory became the Roman province of Africa. In the same year and on the other side of the Mediterranean Roman troops sacked Corinth, the final blow in the defeat of the Achaean conspiracy: thereafter Greece was effectively administered by Rome. Rome was now supreme in Italy, the Balkans, Greece, Macedonia, Sicily, and North Africa, and its power and influence were advancing in all directions. However, not all was well. The unchecked seizure of huge tracts of land in Italy and its farming by vast numbers of newly imported slaves allowed an elite of usually absentee landlords to amass enormous and conspicuous fortunes. Insecurity and resentment fed the gulf between rich and poor in Rome and erupted in a series of violent upheavals in the politics and institutions of the Republic. These were exacerbated by slave revolts and invasions from the east.

Rome and the Mediterranean 290 to 146 BC

Author: Nathan Rosenstein
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 9780748650811
Release Date: 2012-03-07
Genre: History

Nathan Rosenstein charts Rome's incredible journey and command of the Mediterranean over the course of the third and second centuries BC.

From Rome to Byzantium AD 363 to 565 The Transformation of Ancient Rome

Author: A. D. Lee
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 9780748631759
Release Date: 2013-01-15
Genre: History

Between the deaths of the Emperors Julian (363) and Justinian (565), the Roman Empire underwent momentous changes. Most obviously, control of the west was lost to barbarian groups during the fifth century, and although parts were recovered by Justinian, the empire's centre of gravity shifted irrevocably to the east, with its focal point now the city of Constantinople. Equally important was the increasing dominance of Christianity not only in religious life, but also in politics, society and culture. Doug Lee charts these and other significant developments which contributed to the transformation of ancient Rome and its empire into Byzantium and the early medieval west. By emphasising the resilience of the east during late antiquity and the continuing vitality of urban life and the economy, this volume offers an alternative perspective to the traditional paradigm of decline and fall.

Imperial Rome AD 284 to 363

Author: Jill Harries
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 9780748653959
Release Date: 2012-03-07
Genre: History

This book is about the reinvention of the Roman Empire during the eighty years between the accession of Diocletian and the death of Julian.

A Critical History of Early Rome

Author: Gary Forsythe
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520249917
Release Date: 2006
Genre: History

Traces the history of early Rome, covering such topics as religion, language, and culture.

SPQR A History of Ancient Rome

Author: Mary Beard
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 9781631491252
Release Date: 2015-11-09
Genre: History

A sweeping, revisionist history of the Roman Empire from one of our foremost classicists. Ancient Rome was an imposing city even by modern standards, a sprawling imperial metropolis of more than a million inhabitants, a "mixture of luxury and filth, liberty and exploitation, civic pride and murderous civil war" that served as the seat of power for an empire that spanned from Spain to Syria. Yet how did all this emerge from what was once an insignificant village in central Italy? In S.P.Q.R., world-renowned classicist Mary Beard narrates the unprecedented rise of a civilization that even two thousand years later still shapes many of our most fundamental assumptions about power, citizenship, responsibility, political violence, empire, luxury, and beauty. From the foundational myth of Romulus and Remus to 212 ce—nearly a thousand years later—when the emperor Caracalla gave Roman citizenship to every free inhabitant of the empire, S.P.Q.R. (the abbreviation of "The Senate and People of Rome") examines not just how we think of ancient Rome but challenges the comfortable historical perspectives that have existed for centuries by exploring how the Romans thought of themselves: how they challenged the idea of imperial rule, how they responded to terrorism and revolution, and how they invented a new idea of citizenship and nation. Opening the book in 63 bce with the famous clash between the populist aristocrat Catiline and Cicero, the renowned politician and orator, Beard animates this “terrorist conspiracy,” which was aimed at the very heart of the Republic, demonstrating how this singular event would presage the struggle between democracy and autocracy that would come to define much of Rome’s subsequent history. Illustrating how a classical democracy yielded to a self-confident and self-critical empire, S.P.Q.R. reintroduces us, though in a wholly different way, to famous and familiar characters—Hannibal, Julius Caesar, Cleopatra, Augustus, and Nero, among others—while expanding the historical aperture to include those overlooked in traditional histories: the women, the slaves and ex-slaves, conspirators, and those on the losing side of Rome’s glorious conquests. Like the best detectives, Beard sifts fact from fiction, myth and propaganda from historical record, refusing either simple admiration or blanket condemnation. Far from being frozen in marble, Roman history, she shows, is constantly being revised and rewritten as our knowledge expands. Indeed, our perceptions of ancient Rome have changed dramatically over the last fifty years, and S.P.Q.R., with its nuanced attention to class inequality, democratic struggles, and the lives of entire groups of people omitted from the historical narrative for centuries, promises to shape our view of Roman history for decades to come.

Early Rome to 290 B c

Author: Guy Bradley
Publisher:
ISBN: 0748621091
Release Date: 2013-08-01
Genre: History

In its first few centuries, Rome grew from a minor settlement on the Tiber River to the most powerful city-state in all of Italy. This book maps the drivers of Rome's expansion and takes stock of its successes within a highly competitive environment. It notes what the city-state owed to its neighbors and identifies the key characteristics, such as a powerful ruling elite, stable political institutions, openness to outsiders, and intense militarism, that contributed to Rome's ascendance and shaped its monarchy and republic.

Cicero

Author: Gesine Manuwald
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781780764023
Release Date: 2014-11-30
Genre: History

Marcus Tullius Cicero (106-43 BCE) introduced Romans to the major schools of Greek philosophy, forging a Latin conceptual vocabulary that was entirely new. But for all the sophistication of his thinking, it is perhaps for his political and oratorical career that Cicero is best remembered. He was the nemesis of Catiline, whose plot to overthrow the Republic he famously denounced to the Senate. He was the selfless Consul who turned down the opportunity to join Julius Caesar and Pompey in their ruling triumvirate with Crassus. He was briefly Rome's leading man after Caesar's assassination in 44 BCE. And he was the indecisive schemer whose personal ambitions and bitter rivalry with Mark Antony led to his own violent death in 43 BCE as an enemy of the state. In her authoritative survey, Gesine Manuwald evokes the many faces of Cicero, as well as his complexities and seeming contradictions. She focuses on his major writings, allowing the great rhetorician to speak for himself. Cicero's rich legacy is seen to endure in the works of Plutarch and Quintilian as well as in the speeches of Winston Churchill and Barack Obama.

Rome and the Mediterranean 290 to 146 BC The Imperial Republic

Author: Nathan Rosenstein
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 9780748629992
Release Date: 2012-03-01
Genre: History

A compelling account of how Rome became supreme power in Europe and the Mediterranean world. The book highlights the significance of Rome's success in the wars against Pyrrhys, Carhage, the Hellenistic kingdoms and in Spain that led to empire, and it shows how the Republic's success in conquering an empire changed the conquerors.It is unusual in focusing on a discrete, vital period in Roman history rather than attempting to cover all of it or even just the Republic.

Augustan Rome 44 BC to AD 14

Author: J. S Richardson
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 9780748655335
Release Date: 2012-03-28
Genre: History

Centring on the reign of the emperor Augustus, volume four is pivotal to the series, tracing of the changing shape of the entity that was ancient Rome through its political, cultural and economic history.

The Fall of the Roman Republic

Author: David Shotter
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781134364398
Release Date: 2005-11-14
Genre: History

Revised and updated to include the latest research in the field, this second edition of a popular history text examines how the Roman republic was destabilized by the unplanned growth of the Roman Empire. Central discussion points include: the government of the republic how certain individuals took advantage of the expansion of the empire Julius Caesar's accession to power the rise of the Augustan principate following Julius Caesar's murder. Drawing on a wealth of recent scholarship and including an expanded and updated guide to further reading, a chronology, and a guide to the provinces of the Roman Empire, students of history and classical studies will find this a helpful and accessible introduction to this complex period in history.

The Last Generation of the Roman Republic

Author: Erich S. Gruen
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520201531
Release Date: 1974
Genre: History

Available for the first time in paperback, with a new introduction that reviews related scholarship of the past twenty years, Erich Gruen's classic study of the late Republic examines institutions as well as personalities, social tensions as well as politics, the plebs and the army as well as the aristocracy.

A Companion to the Roman Republic

Author: Nathan Rosenstein
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444357202
Release Date: 2011-09-07
Genre: History

This Companion provides an authoritative and up-to-date overview of Roman Republican history as it is currently practiced. Highlights recent developments, including archaeological discoveries, fresh approaches to textual sources, and the opening up of new areas of historical study Retains the drama of the Republic’s rise and fall Emphasizes not just the evidence of texts and physical remains, but also the models and assumptions that scholars bring to these artefacts Looks at the role played by the physical geography and environment of Italy Offers a compact but detailed narrative of military and political developments from the birth of the Roman Republic through to the death of Julius Caesar Discusses current controversies in the field

Imperial Rome AD 284 to 363

Author: Jill Harries
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 9780748653959
Release Date: 2012-03-07
Genre: History

This book is about the reinvention of the Roman Empire during the eighty years between the accession of Diocletian and the death of Julian.