End of the Roman Republic 146 to 44 BC Conquest and Crisis

Author: Catherine Steel
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 9780748629022
Release Date: 2013-03-05
Genre: History

In 146 BC the armies of Rome destroyed Carthage and emerged as the decisive victors of the Third Punic War. The Carthaginian population was sold and its territory became the Roman province of Africa. In the same year and on the other side of the Mediterranean Roman troops sacked Corinth, the final blow in the defeat of the Achaean conspiracy: thereafter Greece was effectively administered by Rome. Rome was now supreme in Italy, the Balkans, Greece, Macedonia, Sicily, and North Africa, and its power and influence were advancing in all directions. However, not all was well. The unchecked seizure of huge tracts of land in Italy and its farming by vast numbers of newly imported slaves allowed an elite of usually absentee landlords to amass enormous and conspicuous fortunes. Insecurity and resentment fed the gulf between rich and poor in Rome and erupted in a series of violent upheavals in the politics and institutions of the Republic. These were exacerbated by slave revolts and invasions from the east.

Rome and the Mediterranean 290 to 146 BC The Imperial Republic

Author: Nathan Rosenstein
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 9780748629992
Release Date: 2012-03-01
Genre: History

A compelling account of how Rome became supreme power in Europe and the Mediterranean world. The book highlights the significance of Rome's success in the wars against Pyrrhys, Carhage, the Hellenistic kingdoms and in Spain that led to empire, and it shows how the Republic's success in conquering an empire changed the conquerors.It is unusual in focusing on a discrete, vital period in Roman history rather than attempting to cover all of it or even just the Republic.

Augustan Rome 44 BC to AD 14 The Restoration of the Republic and the Establishment of the Empire

Author: J. S. Richardson
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 9780748629046
Release Date: 2012-03-28
Genre: History

Centring on the reign of the emperor Augustus, volume four is pivotal to the series, tracing of the changing shape of the entity that was ancient Rome through its political, cultural and economic history. Within this period the Roman world was reconfigured. On a political and constitutional level the patterns of the republic, which sustained an oligarchic regime and a popularist structure, were transformed into a monarchical dictatorship in which the earlier elements continued to function. On an imperial level, the growth in Roman power reached what was virtually its apogee. In literature and the visual arts, new forms of expression, based on those of the previous generations but closely linked to the new regime, showed great achievements. In society and the economy, the effectiveness and dominance of Rome as the centre of world power became increasingly obvious.

Imperial Rome AD 284 to 363

Author: Jill Harries
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 9780748653959
Release Date: 2012-03-07
Genre: History

This book is about the reinvention of the Roman Empire during the eighty years between the accession of Diocletian and the death of Julian.

From Rome to Byzantium AD 363 to 565

Author: A. D Lee
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 9780748668359
Release Date: 2013-01-15
Genre: History

A. D. Lee charts the significant developments which marked the transformation of Ancient Rome into medieval Byzantium.

Triumphs in the Age of Civil War

Author: Carsten Hjort Lange
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 9781474267854
Release Date: 2016-08-11
Genre: History

Many of the wars of the Late Republic were largely civil conflicts. There was, therefore, a tension between the traditional expectation that triumphs should be celebrated for victories over foreign enemies and the need of the great commanders to give full expression to their prestige and charisma, and to legitimize their power. Triumphs in the Age of Civil War rethinks the nature and the character of the phenomenon of civil war during the Late Republic. At the same time it focuses on a key feature of the Roman socio-political order, the triumph, and argues that a commander could in practice expect to triumph after a civil war victory if it could also be represented as being over a foreign enemy, even if the principal opponent was clearly Roman. Significantly, the civil aspect of the war did not have to be denied. Carsten Hjort Lange provides the first study to consider the Roman triumph during the age of civil war, and argues that the idea of civil war as "normal" reflects the way civil war permeated the politics and society of the Late Roman Republic.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 9783641104986
Release Date: 2013-09-02
Genre: History

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Reading Republican Oratory

Author: Christa Gray
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780191092312
Release Date: 2018-02-13
Genre: Literary Criticism

Public speech was a key aspect of politics in Republican Rome, both in theory and in practice, and recent decades have seen a surge in scholarly discussion of its significance and performance. Yet the partial nature of the surviving evidence means that our understanding of its workings is dominated by one man, whose texts are the only examples to have survived in complete form since antiquity: Cicero. This collection of essays aims to broaden our conception of the oratory of the Roman Republic by exploring how it was practiced by individuals other than Cicero, whether major statesmen, jobbing lawyers, or, exceptionally, the wives of politicians. It focuses particularly on the surviving fragments of such oratory, with individual essays tackling the challenges posed both by the partial and often unreliable nature of the evidence about these other Roman orators-often known to us chiefly through the tendentious observations of Cicero himself-and the complex intersections of the written fragments and the oral phenomenon. Collectively, the essays are concerned with the methods by which we are able to reconstruct non-Ciceronian oratory and the exploration of new ways of interpreting this evidence to tell us about the content, context, and delivery of those speeches. They are arranged into two thematic Parts, the first addressing questions of reception, selection, and transmission, and the second those of reconstruction, contextualization, and interpretation: together they represent a comprehensive overview of the non-Ciceronian speeches that will be of use to all ancient historians, philologists, and literary classicists with an interest in the oratory of the Roman Republic.

Dynastie

Author: Tom Holland
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 9783608100327
Release Date: 2016-09-24
Genre: History

Lebendig, spannend und dramatisch wie in einem Historienroman erzählt Tom Holland das Leben und Wirken der ersten römischen Kaiser. Ein großartiges und packendes Porträt der julisch-claudischen Dynastie, die die römische Welt grundlegend verwandelte. Aufstieg und Niedergang eines römischen Kaiserhauses: Blutige Hofintrigen, die große Politik, atemberaubende Bauprojekte, die großen Eroberungszüge, nächtelange Orgien und exotische Gladiatorenkämpfe – das ist die Bühne, auf der Kaiser agieren, ihre Macht etablieren und das Imperium nach dem Zusammenbruch der Republik neu ordnen. Glänzend entlarvt der Autor zugleich manche Klischees von dekadenten römischen Herrschern und weiß doch das »Menschlich-Allzumenschliche« der politischen Akteure meisterhaft in Szene zu setzen: Tiberius, der große Feldherr, der sich verbittert auf Capri zurückzog, berüchtigt für seine perversen Neigungen, Caligula, ein Meister der Grausamkeit und Provokation, der sein Pferd zum Konsul machte, Nero, der sich als Künstler sah, einen Eunuchen heiratete und einen gigantischen Palast im Zentrum Roms bauen ließ. Wie nie zuvor ist dieses Kapitel der Weltgeschichte zu einer atemberaubenden Erzählung verdichtet worden.