Author: Charles P. Webel
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Release Date: 2011-11-15
Genre: Political Science
The Ethics and Efficacy of the Global War on Terrorism is a collection of recent and provocative articles by such influential figures as Noam Chomsky and Scott Atran. It presents a variety of perspectives and disciplines that critically examine significant ethical issues involved in the War on Terrorism. Concepts of terrorism, counterterrorism, and antiterrorism are explored within the context of how language frames and controls definition of the problem, potential solutions, viable actors, and outcomes. This book provides in-depth analyses of moral principles as applied to real-life events, as well as facts and ideas that are missing or underrepresented in the dominant narratives found in public discourse. The editors establish that there are viable nonviolent alternatives to the global war on terrorism and outline eight steps necessary to initiate a process of understanding and reconciliation that promises improved human security and sustainable peace.
Author: Mark Tomass
Release Date: 2016-04-08
Genre: Political Science
Explores the historical origins of Syria's religious sects and their dominance of the Syrian social scene. It identifies their distinct beliefs and relates how the actions of the religious authorities and political entrepreneurs acting on behalf of their sects expose them to sectarian violence, culminating in the dissolution of the nation-state.
Author: Alessandro Dal Lago
Release Date: 2010-07-13
A PDF version of this book is available for free in open access via www.tandfebooks.com as well as the OAPEN Library platform, www.oapen.org. It has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license and is part of the OAPEN-UK research project. This book is an examination of the effect of contemporary wars (such as the 'War on Terror') on civil life at a global level. Contemporary literature on war is mainly devoted to recent changes in the theory and practice of warfare, particular those in which terrorists or insurgents are involved (for example, the 'revolution in military affairs', 'small wars', and so on). On the other hand, today's research on security is focused, among other themes, on the effects of the war on terrorism, and on civil liberties and social control. This volume connects these two fields of research, showing how 'war' and 'security' tend to exchange targets and forms of action as well as personnel (for instance, the spreading use of private contractors in wars and of military experts in the 'struggle for security') in modern society. This shows how, contrary to Clausewitz's belief war should be conceived of as a "continuation of politics by other means", the opposite statement is also true: that politics, insofar as it concerns security, can be defined as the 'continuation of war by other means'. This book will be of much interest to students of critical security studies, war and conflict studies, terrorism studies, sociology and IR in general. Salvatore Palidda is Professor of Sociology in the Faculty of Education at the University of Genoa. Alessandro Dal Lago is Professor of Sociology of Culture and Communication at the University of Genoa.
Welcome to the Drone Age. Where self-defense has become naked aggression. Where courage has become cowardice. Where black ops have become standard operating procedure. In this remarkable and often shocking book, Laurie Calhoun dissects the moral, psychological, and cultural impact of remote-control killing in the twenty-first century. Can a drone operator conducting a targeted killing be likened to a mafia hitman? What difference, if any, is there between the Trayvon Martin case and the drone killing of a teen in Yemen? We Kill Because We Can takes a scalpel to the dark heart of Western foreign policy in order to answer these and many other troubling questions.
Author: Ekaterina A. Stepanova
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2008
Genre: Political Science
To engage in terrorist activity, a militant group needs the determination and capability which are provided by its extremist ideology and organizational model. This book explains why terrorist groups are in many ways better tailored, ideologically and organizationally, to asymmetrical confrontation with the conventionally more powerful 'enemy'-the state and the international system. It puts forwad an original typology of terrorism based on the overall level of amilitant group's goals and the extent to which its terrorist activities are linked to a broader armed conflict.
Author: Richard A. Clarke
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
Release Date: 2008-12-09
Genre: Social Science
Richard Clarke has been one of America's foremost experts on counterterrorism measures for more than two decades. He has served under four presidents from both parties, beginning in Ronald Reagan's State Department becoming America's first Counter-terrorism Czar under Bill Clinton and remaining for the first two years of George W. Bush's administration. He has seen every piece of intelligence on Al-Qaeda from the beginning; he was in the Situation Room on September 11th and he knows exactly what has taken place under the United State's new Department of Homeland Security. Through gripping, thriller-like scenes, he tells the full story for the first time and explains what the Bush Administration are doing.
Author: Ira Chernus
Release Date: 2015-11-30
Genre: Social Science
"This book takes an incisive look at the stories we are told -- and tell ourselves -- about evil forces and American responses. Chernus pushes beyond political rhetoric and media cliches to examine psychological mechanisms that freeze our concepts of the world." Norman Solomon, author, War Made Easy: How Presidents and Pundits Keep Spinning Us to Death In his new book Monsters to Destroy: The Neoconservative War on Terror and Sin, Ira Chernus tackles the question of why U.S. foreign policy, aimed at building national security, has the paradoxical effect of making the country less safe and secure. His answer: The "war on terror" is based not on realistic appraisals of the causes of conflict, but rather on "stories" that neoconservative policymakers tell about human nature and a world divided between absolute good and absolute evil. The root of the stories is these policymakers' terror of the social and cultural changes that swept through U.S. society in the 1960s. George W. Bush and the neoconservatives cast the agents of change not simply as political opponents, but as enemies or sinners acting with evil intent to destroy U.S. values and morals-that is, as "monsters" rather than human beings. The war on terror transfers that plot from a domestic to a foreign stage, making it more appealing even to those who reject the neoconservative agenda at home. Because it does not deal with the real causes of global conflict, it harms rather than helps the goal of greater national security.
Author: James M. Smith
Release Date: 2005-01-01
Genre: Political Science
CONTENTS Foreword: Twenty-First Century Terrorism Terrorism Threat and Response: A Policy Perspective The Terrorist Threat The Terrorist Threat in Strategic Context The Changing Nature of Terrorism WMD Terrorism: Hype or Reality The Cyber Threat Prevention, Preemption, Deterrence, and Denial Domestic Preemption Combating International Terrorism Antiterrorism Via Counterproliferation Intelligence Responding to and Organizing for Terrorism The Military's Response to Domestic WMD Terrorism International Incident Response Organizing to Combat 21st Century Terrorism Epilogue: A Terrorism Agenda for the United States About the Contributors
Author: John J. Le Beau
Release Date: 2013
This book is the result of a series of meetings of the Working Group of the Partnership for Peace Consortium, dedicated to the fight against terrorism. It provides fresh insight into the fabric of 21st century terrorism. Islamist extremism, terrorist recruitment and the role of religious converts and violence are among the many important topics explored in detail. This volume also uncovers the troubling phenomenon of terrorist innovation, and addresses the creation of counter-terrorist strategy.
Author: Andrew Heywood
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
Release Date: 2014-03-11
Genre: Political Science
This revised, updated, and considerably expanded new edition provides a systematic introduction to the theory and practice of contemporary international relations. Including pedagogical features highlighting key thinkers and concepts, this text clarifies the fundamental debates and issues at stake in global political affairs.
Author: Peter Olsthoorn
Release Date: 2010-09-21
This book examines the role of military virtues in today's armed forces. Although long-established military virtues, such as honor, courage and loyalty, are what most armed forces today still use as guiding principles in an effort to enhance the moral behavior of soldiers, much depends on whether the military virtues adhered to by these militaries suit a particular mission or military operation. Clearly, the beneficiaries of these military virtues are the soldiers themselves, fellow-soldiers, and military organizations, yet there is little that regulates the behavior of soldiers towards civilian populations. As a result, troops trained for combat in today's missions sometimes experience difficulty in adjusting to the less aggressive ways of working needed to win the hearts and minds of local populations after major combat is over. It can be argued that today's missions call for virtues that are more inclusive than the traditional ones, which are mainly about enhancing military effectiveness, but a convincing case can be made that a lot can already be won by interpreting these traditional virtues in different ways. This volume offers an integrated approach to the main traditional virtues, exploring their possible relevance and proposing new ways of interpretation that are more in line with the military tasks of the 21st century. The book will be of much interest to students of military ethics, philosophy, and war and conflict in general.
Author: Nils Melzer
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Release Date: 2008-05-29
This book conducts an in-depth analysis into the lawfulness of State-sponsored targeted killings under international human rights and humanitarian law. It also addresses the relevance of the law of inter-state force to targeted killings, and the interrelation of the various normative frameworks which may simultaneously apply to operations involving the intentional use of lethal force. Through a comprehensive analysis of treaties, custom, and general principles of law in light of jurisprudence, doctrine, and travaux preparatoires the author demonstrates that contemporary international law provides two distinct normative paradigms which govern the use of lethal force in law enforcement and in the conduct of hostilities. Based on the resulting normative paradigms, the author shows in what circumstances targeted killings may be considered as internationally lawful. The practical relevance of the various conditions and modalities is illustrated by reference to concrete examples of targeted killing from recent State practice. In essence the book argues that any targeted killing not directed against a legitimate military target remains subject to the law enforcement paradigm, which imposes extensive restraints on the practice. Even under the paradigm of hostilities, no person can be lawfully liquidated without further considerations. As a form of individualized or surgical warfare, the method of targeted killing requires a 'microscopic' interpretation of the law regulating the conduct of hostilities which leads to nuanced results. The author concludes by highlighting and comparing the main areas of concern arising with regard to State-sponsored targeted killing under each normative paradigm and by placing the results of the analysis in the wider context of the rule of law.
This book, now available in paperback, traces the key evolutions in the development of the concept of human security, the various definitions and critiques, how it relates to other concepts, and what it implies for polities, politics, and policy. Human security is an important subject for the whole world, in particular Asia, as it deals with interactions among fields of social change, such as development, conflict resolution, human rights, and humanitarian assistance. In a globalizing world, in which threats become trans-national and states lose power, security can no longer be studied in a one-dimensional fashion. Written by authors who are experts in this field and with case studies from different regions (Afghanistan, Central Asia and South Asia) presented throughout, this book - now available in paperback - contributes to this new multidimensional conception of security, analyzes its strengths and weaknesses, and focuses on its implications for analysis and action.
The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists is the premier public resource on scientific and technological developments that impact global security. Founded by Manhattan Project Scientists, the Bulletin's iconic "Doomsday Clock" stimulates solutions for a safer world.