The Evolution of Modern States

Author: Sven Steinmo
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139490375
Release Date: 2010-07-19
Genre: Political Science

The Evolution of Modern States, first published in 2010, is a significant contribution to the literatures on political economy, globalization, historical institutionalism, and social science methodology. The book begins with a simple question: why do rich capitalist democracies respond so differently to the common pressures they face in the early twenty-first century? Drawing on insights from evolutionary theory, Sven Steinmo challenges the common equilibrium view of politics and economics and argues that modern political economies are best understood as complex adaptive systems. The book examines the political, social, and economic history of three different nations - Sweden, Japan, and the United States - and explains how and why these countries have evolved along such different trajectories over the past century. Bringing together social and economic history, institutionalism, and evolutionary theory, Steinmo thus provides a comprehensive explanation for differing responses to globalization as well as a new way of analyzing institutional and social change.

The Oxford Handbook of Historical Institutionalism

Author: Adam Sheingate
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199662814
Release Date: 2016-02-25

Historical institutionalism has deep roots in Political Science and related fields, and crystalized into a distinct research tradition during the 'new institutionalisms' debate that began in the late 1980s. It has since established strong footholds in four large subfields of Political Science: comparative, American, European, and international politics. The present volume is the first to take stock of the tradition's contributions across multiple areas of study,and includes chapters by many of its most prominent practitioners. As the world again grapples with how to understand the short- and long-term consequences of economic crises, revolutions, and newpatterns of governance, historical institutionalism is poised to offer valuable insights into how past events and decisions will shape political trajectories at local, national, and international levels.

Dynamics Among Nations

Author: Hilton L. Root
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262019705
Release Date: 2013-11
Genre: Business & Economics

Liberal internationalism has been the West's foreign policy agenda since the Cold War, and the West has long occupied the top rung of a hierarchical system. In this book, Hilton Root argues that international relations, like other complex ecosystems, exists in a constantly shifting landscape, in which hierarchical structures are giving way to systems of networked interdependence, changing every facet of global interaction. Accordingly, policymakers will need a new way to understand the process of change. Root suggests that the science of complex systems offers an analytical framework to explain the unforeseen development failures, governance trends, and alliance shifts in today's global political economy. Root examines both the networked systems that make up modern states and the larger, interdependent landscapes they share. Using systems analysis -- in which institutional change and economic development are understood as self-organizing complexities -- he offers an alternative view of institutional resilience and persistence. From this perspective, Root considers the divergence of East and West; the emergence of the European state, its contrast with the rise of China, and the network properties of their respective innovation systems; the trajectory of democracy in developing regions; and the systemic impact of China on the liberal world order. Complexity science, Root argues, will not explain historical change processes with algorithmic precision, but it may offer explanations that match the messy richness of those processes.

Two Crises Different Outcomes

Author: T. J. Pempel
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801455018
Release Date: 2015-01-26
Genre: Political Science

Two Crises, Different Outcomes examines East Asian policy reactions to the two major crises of the last fifteen years: the global financial crisis of 2008–9 and the Asian financial crisis of 1997–98. The calamity of the late 1990s saw a massive meltdown concentrated in East Asia. In stark contrast, East Asia avoided the worst effects of the Lehman Brothers collapse, incurring relatively little damage when compared to the financial devastation unleashed on North America and Europe. Much had changed across the intervening decade, not least that China rather than Japan had become the locomotive of regional growth, and that the East Asian economies had taken numerous steps to buffer their financial structures and regulatory regimes. This time, Asia avoided disaster; it bounced back quickly after the initial hit and has been growing in a resilient fashion ever since. The authors of this book explain how the earlier financial crisis affected Asian economies, why government reactions differed so widely during that crisis, and how Asian economies weathered the Great Recession. Drawing on a mixture of single-country expertise and comparative analysis, they conclude by assessing the long-term prospects that Asian countries will continue their recent success. Contributors: Muhamad Chatib Basri, Minister of Finance of the Republic of Indonesia and Professor of Economics at the University of Indonesia; Yun-han Chu, Institute of Political Science, Academia Sinica; Richard Doner, Emory University; Barry Naughton, University of California, San Diego; Yasunobu Okabe, Japan International Cooperation Agency Research Institute; T. J. Pempel, University of California, Berkeley; Tom Pepinsky, Cornell University; Keiichi Tsunekawa, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies, Tokyo

Social Security

Author: Daniel Béland
Publisher: Lawrence, Kan. : University Press of Kansas
ISBN: UOM:39015061177211
Release Date: 2005
Genre: History

Compact, timely, well-researched, and balanced, this institutional history of Social Security's seventy years shows how the past still influences ongoing reform debates, helping the reader both to understand and evaluate the current partisan arguments on both sides.

Routledge Handbook of International Statebuilding

Author: David Chandler
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781135940010
Release Date: 2013-09-02
Genre: Political Science

This new Handbook offers a combination of theoretical, thematic and empirical analyses of the statebuilding regime, written by leading international scholars. Over the past decade, international statebuilding has become one of the most important and least understood areas of international policy-making. Today, there are around one billion people living in some 50-60 conflict-affected, 'fragile' states, vulnerable to political violence and civil war. The international community grapples with the core challenges and dilemmas of using outside force, aid, and persuasion to build states in the wake of conflict and to prevent such countries from lapsing into devastating violence. The Routledge Handbook of International Statebuilding is a comprehensive resource for this emerging area in International Relations. The volume is designed to guide the reader through the background and development of international statebuilding as a policy area, as well as exploring in depth significant issues such as security, development, democracy and human rights. Divided into three main parts, this Handbook provides a single-source overview of the key topics in international statebuilding: Part One: Concepts and Approaches Part Two: Security, Development and Democracy Part Three: Policy Implementation This Handbook will be essential reading for students of statebuilding, humanitarian intervention, peacebuilding, development, war and conflict studies and IR/Security Studies in general.

The Politics of the Welfare State

Author: Gregg Matthew Olsen
Publisher: Don Mills, Ont. : Oxford University Press
ISBN: IND:30000115782801
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Political Science

The Politics of the Welfare State provides a thorough, comparative analysis of the welfare states in Canada, Sweden and the US detailing the emergence, growth, and recent unravelling of welfare states as well as the variation among them. Beginning with an overview of major welfare typologies and models and a detailed account of the welfare states in the three nations, the book moves on to cover the central theoretical approaches to welfare state analysis. The text concludes with a discussion of recent developments, which have transpired in the current era of globalization.

American Society and Politics

Author: Theda Skocpol
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages
ISBN: UCSC:32106013898363
Release Date: 1995
Genre: Social Science

American Society and Politics is an edited collection of readings offering a unique combination of institutional, historical, and theoretical perspectives on U.S. political institutions and public policymaking, and on the social groups and movements that have participated in modern American national politics. Cutting across disciplinary boundaries, this volume brings together important articles by prominent political sociologists, political scientists, and historians. It may be used as a primary or supplementary text for advanced undergraduates or entry-level graduate students in departments of sociology, political science and history. Articles are arranged into four parts: I: Thinking About Politics in the Unites States and Beyond; II: The Development of the National Policy; III: contemporary Movements for Social and Political Change; and IV: The Politics of Public Policymaking. The editors introduce each group of readings with a thoughtful essay. These introductions orient students to the key themes and issues, alert them to explicit or implicit debates among the articles in that section, and point out connections among articles across the various sections.

Taxing Reforms

Author: Richard Eccleston
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: STANFORD:36105123319902
Release Date: 2007-01-01
Genre: Business & Economics

'Taxing Reforms is a good short book about the comparative policies of Value Added Taxation (VAT) in Australia, Canada, Japan and the United States. . . Taxing Reforms is a fine book, well worth reading, especially for specialists in the comparative political economy of taxation. . . its richly detailed case studies will make it a fruitful source of comparative hypotheses.' - Isaac W. Martin, Journal of Economic Literature

Institutions and Politics

Author: Peter Nedergaard
Publisher: Djoef Pub
ISBN: 8757418144
Release Date: 2008
Genre: Business & Economics

For more than two decades, Danish scholar Ove K. Pedersen has been interpreting the Danish model of the political economy, analyzing how it works, and placing it in perspective against the economic models of other nations and changes in the world economy. His vision of how a 'negotiated economy' works has influenced international scholarship. His studies of the response to globalization and the rise of neo-liberalism shows how politics mediates the impact of economic developments. This festschrift brings a distinguished set of international scholars together in a wide-ranging tribute to Professor Pedersenâ??s work. The chapters take up themes of enduring importance bearing on the role of ideas in politics, the roots of Danish economic success, and modes of coordination in the political economy. This timely book is published at a moment of great international interest in 'flexicurity' and the achievements of the Danish model. Its perspectives enrich the discussion of issues central to comparative political economy.

Social Sciences and Modern States

Author: Peter Wagner
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521381983
Release Date: 1991-03-28
Genre: History

Modern social sciences have, over the past forty years, been committed to the improvement of public policy. More recently, however, doubts have arisen about the possibility and desirability of a policy-oriented social science. In this book, leading specialists in the field analyze both the development and failings of policy-oriented social science. In contrast to other writings on the subject, this volume presents a distinctively historical and comparative approach. By looking at earlier periods, the contributors demonstrate how policy orientation has been central to the emergence and evolution of the social sciences as a form of professional activity. Case studies of rarely examined societies such as Poland, Brazil and Japan further demonstrate the various ways in which intellectual developments have been shaped by the societal contexts in which they have emerged and how they have taken part in the shaping of these societies.

The Cambridge World History

Author: Benjamin Z. Kedar
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521190749
Release Date: 2015-04-09
Genre: History

Global history of cross-cultural exchange and conquest, and the accompanying growth of states, religions, knowledge, and economic systems, between 500 and 1500.

Comparative Politics

Author: Jeffrey Kopstein
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139643504
Release Date: 2008-07-21
Genre: Political Science

Now in its third edition, this unique textbook remains a favourite for introductory undergraduate courses in comparative politics. It features twelve theoretically and historically grounded country studies that show how the three major concepts of comparative analysis - interests, identities, and institutions - shape the politics of nations and regions. Written in a style free of heavy-handed jargon and organized to address the concerns of contemporary comparativists, this textbook provides students with the conceptual tools and historical background they need to understand the politics of our complex world. This third edition introduces completely new chapters on the European Union, France, and Nigeria.