The Fall of the Ottomans

Author: Eugene Rogan
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 9780141968704
Release Date: 2015-02-26
Genre: History

The final destruction of the Ottoman Empire - one of the great epics of the First World War, from bestselling historian Eugene Rogan For some four centuries the Ottoman Empire had been one of the most powerful states in Europe as well as ruler of the Middle East. By 1914 it had been drastically weakened and circled by numerous predators waiting to finish it off. Following the Ottoman decision to join the First World War on the side of the Central Powers the British, French and Russians hatched a plan to finish the Ottomans off: an ambitious and unprecedented invasion of Gallipoli... Eugene Rogan's remarkable new book recreates one of the most important but poorly understood fronts of the First World War. Despite fighting back with great skill and ferocity against the Allied onslaught and humiliating the British both at Gallipoli and in Mesopotamia (Iraq), the Ottomans were ultimately defeated, clearing the way for the making, for better or worse, of a new Middle East which has endured to the present.

The Decline and Fall of the Ottoman Empire

Author: Alan Palmer
Publisher: Faber & Faber
ISBN: 9780571279081
Release Date: 2011-05-19
Genre: History

Like Charles II, the sick man of Europe was 'an unconscionable time dying.' Time and time again from the seventeenth century observers predicted the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, yet it outlived all its rivals. As late as 1910 it straddled three continents. Unlike the Romanovs, Hohenzollerns or Habsburgs, the House of Osman was still recognised as an imperial dynasty during the peacemaking which followed the First World War. This book offers a fascinating overview of the Ottoman Empire's decline from the failure to take Vienna in 1683 to the abolition of the Sultanate in 1922 by Mustafa Kemal, after a revolutionary upsurge of Turkish national pride. It deals with constantly recurring problems: competing secular and religious authority; acceptance or rejection of Western ideas; greedy neighbours; population movements; and the strength or weakness of successive Sultans. The book also emphasises the challenges of the early twentieth century, when railways and oilfields gave new importance to Ottoman lands in the Middle East. Recent events have put the problems that faced the later Sultans back upon the world agenda. Names like Basra and Mosul again make the headlines. So, too, do the old empire's outposts in Albania and Macedonia in the west and the mountainous Caucasus in the east. Alan Palmer's narrative reminds us of the long, sad continuity of conflict in the Lebanon. We read of the Kurdish struggle for survival, of Armenian aspirations for independence, of the lingering interests of the Ottomans in their Libyan provinces, and of the Muslim character of Sarajevo in the troubled country that was once Yugoslavia. The Ottoman past has great relevance to the changing patterns of eastern Europe and western Asia in the twentieth century.

The Fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans

Author: Michael Angold
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317880523
Release Date: 2014-06-11
Genre: History

The fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans in 1453 marked the end of a thousand years of the Christian Roman Empire. Thereafter, world civilisation began a process of radical change. The West came to identify itself as Europe; the Russians were set on the path of autocracy; the Ottomans were transformed into a world power while the Greeks were left exiles in their own land. The loss of Constantinople created a void. How that void was to be filled is the subject of this book. Michael Angold examines the context of late Byzantine civilisation and the cultural negotiation which allowed the city of Constantinople to survive for so long in the face of Ottoman power. He shows how the devastating impact of its fall lay at the centre of a series of interlocking historical patterns which marked this time of decisive change for the late medieval world. This concise and original study will be essential reading for students and scholars of Byzantine and late medieval history, as well as anyone with an interest in this significant turning point in world history.

Fall of the Sultanate

Author: Ryan Gingeras
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199676071
Release Date: 2016-03-24

Fall of the Sultanate encompasses a full accounting of the political, economic, social, and international forces that brought about the passing of the Ottoman Empire. It surveys the causes and outcomes of the principle events (particularly World War I) that led to the state's dissolution in 1922. Drawing upon a large gamut of sources in multiple languages, the fall of the Ottoman sultanate is presented here largely through the eyes of citizens andpolitical leaders who experienced the empire's end first hand. Above all, the volume explores the causes that eventually led so many to view the legacy of the Ottomans with loathing and resentment.

Die Kluft

Author: Doris Lessing
Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe
ISBN: 9783455812121
Release Date: 2013-07-22
Genre: Fiction

Gibt es eine Welt jenseits von Intrigen, Eifersucht und Rivalität? Doris Lessing kehrt in ihrem Roman zu den Ursprüngen der Menschheit zurück und beschreibt eine mythische Gesellschaft, die tatsächlich frei von all diesen Dingen ist: eine Gesellschaft ohne Männer. Ein alternder römischer Senator sieht sich vor der letzten großen Aufgabe seines Lebens: die Geschichte der menschlichen Schöpfung aufzuschreiben. Er berichtet über eine Gemeinschaft von Frauen, die in einer wilden Küstenlandschaft lebte: Männer kennt man bei dem Volk der "Spalten" nicht, Kinder - allesamt weiblich - werden nach den Zyklen des Mondes zur Welt gebracht. Als eines Tages ein Junge geboren wird, betrachten ihn die Frauen nicht als andersgeschlechtliches Lebewesen, sondern als Missgeburt; kurzerhand überlassen sie ihn dem Tod. Doch dem ersten Jungen folgt ein zweiter, und danach kommen immer mehr. Irgendwann begreift das Volk der Frauen, dass es sich nicht um eine Laune der Natur handeln kann. Von da an ist die Harmonie der Gemeinschaft in Gefahr.

War in the Balkans An Encyclopedic History from the Fall of the Ottoman Empire to the Breakup of Yugoslavia

Author: Richard C. Hall
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 9781610690317
Release Date: 2014-10-09
Genre: History

This authoritative reference follows the history of conflicts in the Balkan Peninsula from the 19th century through the present day. • Places the conflicts, battles, and wars in perspective through informative "Causes and Consequences" essays • Features introductions to primary source documents written by a top scholar • Offers topic finders and a detailed bibliography that will help students conduct research • Defines important military terms unfamiliar to most audiences

Byzantine Ottoman Wars

Author: Books Llc
Publisher: General Books
ISBN: 1156211891
Release Date: 2010-07-01
Genre: History

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 47. Chapters: Osman I, Constantine XI Palaiologos, Fall of Constantinople, Orhan I, Murad II, Bayezid I, Andronikos III Palaiologos, Manuel II Palaiologos, John VIII Palaiologos, Amadeus VII, Count of Savoy, John VII Palaiologos, Rise of the Ottoman Empire, Battle of Ankara, Hexamilion wall, Battle of Bapheus, Loukas Notaras, Suleyman Pasha, Ottoman Interregnum, Zagan Pasha, Andronikos Palaiologos, Lord of Thessalonica, Siege of Constantinople, Battle of Pelekanon, Giovanni Giustiniani, Siege of Nicaea, Fall of Gallipoli, Siege of Thessalonica, Siege of Nicomedia, Catalan Campaign in Asia Minor, Battle of Adrianople. Excerpt: The Fall of Constantinople was the capture of the capital of the Byzantine Empire, which occurred after a siege by the Ottoman Empire, under the command of Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II, against the defending army commanded by Byzantine Emperor Constantine XI. The siege lasted from Friday, 6 April 1453 until Tuesday, 29 May 1453 (according to the Julian Calendar), when the city was conquered by the Ottomans. The Fall of Constantinople marked the end of the final remnant of the Roman Empire, an empire which had lasted for nearly 1,500 years; it was also a massive blow to Christendom. After the conquest Mehmed made Constantinople the Ottoman Empire's new capital. Several Greek and non-Greek intellectuals fled the city before and after the siege, migrating particularly to Italy. It is argued that they helped fuel the Renaissance. Some mark the end of the Middle Ages by the fall of the city and empire. Constantine stretched this chain across the Golden Horn to prevent Mehmed's ships from entering into the city of Constantinople in 1453. Today it belongs to the Istanbul Military Museum. The Byzantine Empire in the first half of the 15th century. Thessaloniki was captured by the Ottomans in 1430. A few islands in the A...

Die Araber

Author: Eugene L. Rogan
ISBN: 3549074255
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Arab countries

Die arabische Revolution wird, wenn sie Erfolg hat, ein ähnlich epochales Ereignis sein wie die friedliche Revolution von 1989 in Osteuropa. Mehr als 200 Millionen Araber zwischen Persischem Golf und Atlantik sind dabei, das Joch jahrzehntelanger despotischer Regime abzuschütteln und Anschluss zu finden an die freiheitliche, moderne Welt des Westens. Eugene Rogan, einer der besten Kenner der arabischen Welt, bietet mit seiner großen Geschichte der Araber eine exzellente Grundlage zum Verständnis der aktuellen Ereignisse in Ägypten, Syrien, Tunesien oder Libyen. Rogans Darstellung beginnt mit der Eroberung der arabischen Welt durch das Osmanische Reich zu Beginn des 16. Jahrhunderts und führt bis zum revolutionären Aufbruch unserer Tage. Es ist eine lange Geschichte der Unterdrückung und Ausbeutung, die Rogan eindringlich zu erzählen weiß. Aber auch die reiche Kultur dieser Länder und die vielen kaum bekannten Versuche der arabischen Völker in der Vergangenheit, sich gegen ihre Unterdrücker aufzulehnen und Freiheit und Wohlstand zu erlangen, werden anhand einer Fülle faszinierender Originalquellen anschaulich dargestellt.

The Fall of Constantinople

Author: Ruth Tenzer Feldman
Publisher: Twenty-First Century Books
ISBN: 9780761340263
Release Date: 2008-01-01
Genre: Juvenile Nonfiction

How did the loss of one city change the history of Europe? In the Middle Ages, Constantinople’s perfect geographic location—positioned along a land trade route between Europe and Asia as well as on a strategic seaway from the Black Sea to the Mediterranean— made the city extremely desirous, and as a result, prone to attack. Under the control of the Roman and Byzantine Empires, Constantinople became known as "the Eye of the World," a center of government, trade, art, religion, and learning, and was even more desirous. Rulers built three sets of walls to protect Constantinople from attacks by Asiatic tribes. But the city’s fall to the Turkish Ottomans in 1453 marked the official end of the Byzantine Empire—and the end of the Middle Ages. Learn how the fall of Constantinople became one of history’s most pivotal moments.

Reichsgewalt bedeutet Seegewalt

Author: Heiko Herold
Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag
ISBN: 9783486712971
Release Date: 2013-01-01
Genre: History

Infolge der deutschen Kolonial- und Weltpolitik kulminierte in den letzten beiden Jahrzehnten des 19. Jahrhunderts die uberseeische Tatigkeit der Kaiserlichen Marine, wobei diese Verbande eine Schlusselrolle spielten. Am Beispiel der Einsatze der Kreuzergeschwader analysiert Heiko Herold die politisch-militarischen Praktiken zur Wahrung und Durchsetzung der deutschen Interessen in Ubersee in der Phase des Hochimperialismus. In diesem Rahmen zeigt er die militarischen, politischen und wirtschaftlichen Grunde fur diese Einsatze sowie deren militarische und politische Wirkung auf."

Undercover Dschihadistin

Author: Anna Erelle
Publisher: Droemer eBook
ISBN: 9783426436370
Release Date: 2015-04-24
Genre: Political Science

Die Journalistin Anna Erelle recherchiert in den sozialen Netzwerken, mit welchen Methoden radikale islamistische Organisationen in Europa Jugendliche für den Krieg in Syrien und dem Irak anwerben. Unter dem Deckmantel der jungen Konvertitin Melodie nimmt sie auf Facebook Kontakt mit einem Kommandanten im Islamischen Staat auf, dem gerissenen Rekrutierer Abu Bilel. Er ermuntert sie, nach Syrien zu reisen, und malt ihr ein verlockendes Leben an seiner Seite aus. Über vier Wochen korrespondiert Melodie mit Abu Bilel und entlockt ihm Informationen über Strategien des Islamischen Staats und das Söldnerleben in der Kampfzone. Dabei wird ihr erst allmählich klar, in welche Gefahr sie sich begibt. Ein brisanter Aufdecker, der unter die Haut geht.

History of the Balkans

Author: Barbara Jelavich
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521274591
Release Date: 1983-07-29
Genre: History

This volume concentrates on the Balkan wars and World War II, which both had their origins in the desire of nationalist circles to complete the territorial unification of their states. A substantial part of this book deals with the wartime experience, the establishment of the postwar regimes and their internal development to 1980 and the divergent paths followed by the five states (Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, Romania and Serbia) since 1945.

Das M dchen das den IS besiegte

Author: Andrea C. Hoffmann
ISBN: 9783732523597
Release Date: 2016-01-21
Genre: Biography & Autobiography

Farida Abbas ist 18 Jahre alt, als der IS im August 2014 ihr Dorf im irakischen Sinjar-Gebirge überfällt. Die Terroristen treiben die Männer und Jungen des Dorfes zusammen und töten sie. Die Mädchen und Frauen nehmen sie mit. Vier Monate lebt Farida in der Hölle auf Erden: Sie wird als Sklavin von Mann zu Mann verkauft, vergewaltigt, fast totgeschlagen. Doch sie überlebt und entwickelt in der Folge den ungeheuren Mut, sich ihren Peinigern zu widersetzen. Zusammen mit sechs anderen Mädchen, die sie anführt, gelingt ihr eine abenteuerliche Flucht durch die Wüste.

The fall of Constantinople

Author: Nanami Shiono
Publisher: Vertical Inc
ISBN: STANFORD:36105123219326
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Business & Economics

The Roman Empire did not meet its end when barbarians sacked the City of Seven Hills, but rather a thousand years later with the fall of Constantinople, capital of the surviving Eastern Empire. The Ottoman Turks who conquered the city aslo known to us as Byzantium would force a tense centruy of conflict in the Mediterranean culminating in the famous Battle of Lepanto. The first book in a triptych depicting this monumental confrontation between a Muslim empire and Christendom, The Fall of Constantinople brilliantly captures a defning moment in the two creeds' history too often eclipsed by the Crusades.