The year 2001 marked more than just the beginning of Stanley Kubrick's Space Odyssey, it marked the beginning of the genome era. That was the year scientists first read the 3 billion letters of DNA that make up the human genome. This was followed by a veritable Noah's Ark of genomesandmdash;sponges and worms, dogs and cows, rice and wheat, chimps and elephantsandmdash;180 creatures aboard so far. So what have we learned from all this? How has it changed the way we practise medicine, grow crops and breed livestock? What have we learned about evolution? These are the questions science writer and molecular biologist Elizabeth Finkel asked herself four years ago. To find the answers she travelled the science frontier from Botswana to Boston, from Warracknabeal to Mexico and tracked down scientists working in the field. Their stories, told here, paint the picture of what it means to be part of the genome generation. 'The Genome Generation is absolutely riveting. These tales from the frontier are a 'must read' for everyone who wishes to understand our pastandmdash;the logic of evolutionandmdash;or take a peep into our exciting future at the creation of 'super plants' through 'digital agriculture'.'andmdash;R.A. Mashelkar, CSIR Bhatnagar Fellow and India President, Global Research Alliance
Filled with stunning full-color illustrations, the editors of Nature present an authoritative guide to human genome sequencing, history's most significant discovery, that covers a vast array of information including genetics, basic biology, the key players, the project's landmark events, and its political, social, and scientific impact, and includes the full text of Nature's paper that divulged the human genome.
Author: T. Ryan Gregory
Release Date: 2011-05-04
The Evolution of the Genome provides a much needed overview of genomic study through clear, detailed, expert-authored discussions of the key areas in genome biology. This includes the evolution of genome size, genomic parasites, gene and ancient genome duplications, polypoidy, comparative genomics, and the implications of these genome-level phenomena for evolutionary theory. In addition to reviewing the current state of knowledge of these fields in an accessible way, the various chapters also provide historical and conceptual background information, highlight the ways in which the critical questions are actually being studied, indicate some important areas for future research, and build bridges across traditional professional and taxonomic boundaries. The Evolution of the Genome will serve as a critical resource for graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and established scientists alike who are interested in the issue of genome evolution in the broadest sense. Provides detailed, clearly written chapters authored by leading researchers in their respective fields Presents a much-needed overview of the historical and theoretical context of the various areas of genomic study Creates important links between topics in order to promote integration across subdisciplines, including descriptions of how each subject is actually studied Provides information specifically designed to be accessible to established researchers, postdoctoral fellows, and graduate students alike
The long-awaited story of the science, the business, the politics, the intrigue behind the scenes of the most ferocious competition in the history of modern science—the race to map the human genome. On May 10, 1998, biologist Craig Venter, director of the Institute for Genomic Research, announced that he was forming a private company that within three years would unravel the complete genetic code of human life—seven years before the projected finish of the U.S. government’s Human Genome Project. Venter hoped that by decoding the genome ahead of schedule, he would speed up the pace of biomedical research and save the lives of thousands of people. He also hoped to become very famous and very rich. Calling his company Celera (from the Latin for “speed”), he assembled a small group of scientists in an empty building in Rockville, Maryland, and set to work. At the same time, the leaders of the government program, under the direction of Francis Collins, head of the National Human Genome Research Institute at the National Institutes of Health, began to mobilize an unexpectedly unified effort to beat Venter to the prize—knowledge that had the potential to revolutionize medicine and society. The stage was set for one of the most thrilling—and important—dramas in the history of science. The Genome War is the definitive account of that drama—the race for the greatest prize biology has had to offer, told by a writer with exclusive access to Venter’s operation from start to finish. It is also the story of how one man’s ambition created a scientific Camelot where, for a moment, it seemed that the competing interests of pure science and commercial profit might be gloriously reconciled—and the national repercussions that resulted when that dream went awry. From the Hardcover edition.
Author: Jan Vijg
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2007-01-25
Aging has long been ascribed to the gradual accumulation of mutations in the genome. However, it is only recently that the necessary sophisticated technology has been developed to begin testing this theory and its consequences. This book reviews the concept of genomic instability as a possible universal cause of aging in complex organisms resulting from recent advances in functional genomics and systems biology.
Author: Peter John Myler
Publisher: Horizon Scientific Press
Release Date: 2008
Leishmania is a vector-prone pathogenic parasite found in 88 countries worldwide and is the causative agent of leishmaniasis. The different Leishmania species infect macrophages and dendritic cells of the host immune system, causing symptoms that include disfiguring cutaneous and mucocutaneous lesions, widespread destruction of mucous membranes and visceral disease affecting the haemopoietic organs. The recent publication of the comlete gennome sequences of three different Leishmania species provides new insights into this leading pathogen. In this book, experts critically review the most important aspects of Leishmania research. Chapters are written from a molecular and genomic perspective and discuss in depth Leishmania-specific aspects of trypanosomatid biology and pathology. Topics include diagnosis and epidemiology, genome structure and content, regulation of gene expression, the Leishmania proteome, the Leishmania metabolome, Leishmania differentiation, interaction with the sand fly vector, drug discovery, drug resistance, and much more.
Author: Julia E. Richards
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2010-12-12
Significant advances in our knowledge of genetics were made during the twentieth century but in the most recent decades, genetic research has dramatically increased its impact throughout society. Genetic issues are now playing a large role in health and public policy, and new knowledge in this field will continue to have significant implications for individuals and society. Written for the non-majors human genetics course, Human Genetics, 3E will increase the genetics knowledge of students who are learning about human genetics for the first time. This thorough revision of the best-selling Human Genome,2E includes entirely new chapters on forensics, stem cell biology, bioinformatics, and societal/ethical issues associated with the field. New special features boxes make connections between human genetics and human health and disease. Carefully crafted pedagogy includes chapter-opening case studies that set the stage for each chapter; concept statements interspersed throughout the chapter that keep first-time students focused on key concepts; and end-of-chapter questions and critical thinking activities. This new edition will contribute to creating a genetically literate student population that understands basic biological research, understands elements of the personal and health implications of genetics, and participates effectively in public policy issues involving genetic information . Includes topical material on forensics, disease studies, and the human genome project to engage non-specialist students Full, 4-color illustration program enhances and reinforces key concepts and themes Uniform organization of chapters includes interest boxes that focus on human health and disease, chapter-opening case studies, and concept statements to engage non-specialist readers
Author: Dan L. Lindsley
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2012-12-02
Dedicated to the memory of George Lefevre in recognition of his exhaustive cytogenetic analysis of the X chromosome, The Genome of Drosophila melanogaster is the complete compendium of what is known about the genes and chromosomes of this widely used model organism. The volume is an up-to-date revision of Lindsley and Grell's 1968 work, Genetic Variations of Drosophila melanogaster. The new edition contains complete descriptions of normal and mutant genes including phenotypic, cytological, molecular, and bibliographic information. In addition, it describes thousands of recorded chromosome rearrangements used in research on Drosophila. This handbook and its accompanying polytene chromosome maps, are sturdily bound into the book as foldouts and available as a separate set, are essential research tools for the Drosophila community. Describes phenotype, cytology, and molecular biology of all recorded genes of Drosophila melanogaster, plus references to the literature Describes normal chromosome complement, special chromosome constructs, transposable elements, departures from diploidy, satellite sequences, and nonchromosomal inheritance Describes all recorded chromosome rearrangements of Drosophila melanogaster as of the end of 1989 Contains the cytogenetic map of all genes as of mid-1991 Contains the original polytene maps of C.B. Bridges, plus G. Lefevre's photographic equivalents, and the detailed maps of the chromosome arms produced by C.B. and P.M. Bridges All maps are reprinted as high-quality foldouts sturdily bound into the volume Maps may also be purchased separately in an eight-map packet, for laboratory and student use
Author: Susan L. Speaker
Publisher: Chemical Heritage Foundation
Release Date: 1993
This simple, concise introduction to the HGP for the general reader explores the origins of the genome project and reactions in the scientific community; important technologies and techniques; institutions connected with the HGP, including designated genome centers, important suppliers of resources, and corporations; systems of communication; and ethical, legal, and social issues. A publication of the Biomolecular Sciences Initiative of CHF's Beckman Center for the History of Chemistry.
Author: Caleb E. Finch
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Release Date: 1994-05-16
Featuring extensive references, updated for this paperback edition, Longevity, Senescence, and the Genome constitutes a landmark contribution to biomedicine and the evolutionary biology of aging. To enhance gerontology's focus on human age-related dysfunctions, Caleb E. Finch provides a comparative review of all the phyla of organisms, broadening gerontology to intersect with behavioral, developmental, evolutionary, and molecular biology. By comparing species that have different developmental and life spans, Finch proposes an original typology of senescence from rapid to gradual to negligible, and he provides the first multiphyletic calculations of mortality rate constants.
Author: Necia Grant Cooper
Publisher: University Science Books
Release Date: 1994-01-01
"For centuries, humans have pondered the mysteries of inheritance and heredity. Questions and observations concerning inheritance can be found throughout history, from the remarkable (if discredited) theory of pangenesis, as advanced by Hippocrates in the fifth century B.C., to Gregor Mendel keenly observing the traits of generations of garden peas. Over the course of the last 100 years, great advances have been made in unraveling these mysteries, culminating now in one of the most challenging projects in the history of science - the Human Genome Project." "Unprecedented in its scope, the Human Genome Project is an international effort that seeks to create a detailed map of human DNA. This unique book, written to be accessible to the general reader, first provides a basic introduction to the ideas underlying classical and molecular genetics before going on to describe the purpose of the Human Genome Project, its approach, its triumphs, its technological pitfalls, and its ultimate implications for society. Candid discussions by key members of the scientific community - including skeptics as well as proponents of the project - bring to life the many difficult questions this research effort has raised. Not least among these are questions of ethics, since the completed map will provide genetic engineers with heretofore impossible capabilities; one might imagine a world, for instance, in which disease-causing or disabling genes could be located and eliminated from the genome." "Through photographs, micrographs, and hundreds of beautifully rendered illustrations, many of them in color, this book creates a sense of shared excitement for the reader who follows the story of this fascinating project into the twenty-first century."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved