Author: Robert Adam
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release Date: 2012-04-25
Taking the break-up of the Soviet Union and the entry of Russia, China and India into the global market as the start of a new era of globalisation, Robert Adam compares new developments in architecture and urban design with major shifts in the balance of power since 1990. Based on the principle that design unavoidably follows social change, politics and economics, this analysis casts a new light on recent architecture. Starting with the lead up to events in the 1990s, links are established between the global dominance of the North Atlantic economies, architectural style and a dramatic increase in international architectural practice. The widely-observed homogeneity of the global consumer economy is examined in relation to branding, tourism and international competition between cities, and parallels are drawn with universal architectural and urban types, iconic architecture and the rise of the star architect. Contrasting pressures to maintain differences are identified in the break-up of nation states, identity politics, targeted marketing and environmentalism, and these are related to attempts to reinforce local identity through architecture and urban design. Using social, political and economic change as a guide to new directions in architecture and urban design, the book ends by tracing the changes in global power revealed by the 2008 Western financial crash and its immediate impact on the built environment. By comparing past patterns of cultural influence, the book speculates on how architecture and urban design may come to reflect wider global trends.
Author: Ugo Carughi
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Release Date: 2017-04-28
Time Frames provides a reconnaissance on the conservation rules and current protection policies of more than 100 countries, with particular attention to the emerging nations and twentieth-century architecture. The contributions illustrate the critical issues related to architectural listings, with a brief history of national approaches, a linkography and a short bibliography. The book also provides a short critical lexicography, with 12 papers written by scholars and experts including topics on identities, heritages, conservation, memories and the economy. By examining the methods used to designate building as heritage sites across the continents, this book provides a comprehensive overview of current protection policies of twentieth-century architecture as well as the role of architectural history.
Over the past twenty years European cities have become the envy of the world: a Kraftwerk Utopia of historic centres, supermodernist concert halls, imaginative public spaces and futuristic egalitarian housing estates which, interconnected by high-speed trains traversing open borders, have a combination of order and pleasure which is exceptionally unusual elsewhere. In Trans-Europe Express, Owen Hatherley sets out to explore the European city across the entire continent, to see what exactly makes it so different to the Anglo-Saxon norm - the unplanned, car-centred, developer-oriented spaces common to the US, Ireland, UK and Australia. Attempting to define the European city, Hatherley finds a continent divided both within the EU and outside it.
Author: Patrick Malone
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Release Date: 2017-06-14
Genre: Social Science
In order to function, architectural theory and practice must be shaped to suit current cultural, economic, and political forces. Thus, architecture embodies reductive logic that conditions the treatment of human and social processes – which raises the question of how to define objectivity for architectural mentalities that must conform to a set of immediate conditions. This book focuses on meaning, and on the physical and mental processes that define life in built environments. The potential to draw knowledge from aesthetics, psychology, political economy, philosophy, geography, and sociology is offset by the fact that architectural logic is inevitably reductive, cultural, socio-economic, and political. However, despite the duty to conform, it is argued that the treatment of human processes, and the understanding of architectural mentalities, can benefit from interdisciplinary linkages, small freedoms, and cracks in a system of imperatives that can yield the means of greater objectivity. This is valuable reading for students and researchers interested in architectural theory as a working reality, and in the relationships between architecture and other fields.
Author: Giuseppe Amoruso
Release Date: 2017-07-19
Genre: Social Science
This book gathers more than 150 peer-reviewed papers presented at the 5th INTBAU International Annual Event, held in Milan, Italy, in July 2017. The book represents an invaluable and up-to-date international exchange of research, case studies and best practice to confront the challenges of designing places, building cultural landscapes and enabling the development of communities. The papers investigate methodologies of representation, communication and valorization of historic urban landscapes and cultural heritage, monitoring conservation management, cultural issues in heritage assessment, placemaking and local identity enhancement, as well as reconstruction of settlements affected by disasters. With contributions from leading experts, including university researchers, professionals and policy makers, the book addresses all who seek to understand and address the challenges faced in the protection and enhancement of the heritage that has been created.
Author: William S. Saunders
Release Date: 1996
This timely and thought-provoking collection of essays offers a detailed examination of contemporary architectural practice in the 1990s. Reflections on Architectural Practices in the Nineties grew out of a year-long symposium at the Harvard University Graduate School of Design, which took stock of pressing issues in order to speculate on future paths for both education and practice. Among the many challenges the architecture profession is currently facing are a constantly volatile economic climate, rapid technological change, and a general globalization of society. Reflections presents 29 essays by leading critics, scholars, and designers, essays that grapple with these and other issues and provide strategies for confronting them. Several additional perspectives are presented through brief passages and images of built work, so that the whole forms a collage of broad, diverse viewpoints. George Baird, Thomas Fisher, and Andrew Saint are among those who provide overviews of architectural practice and education. Mack Scogin, Carl Sapers, and David Harvey, among others, discuss contemporary professional responsibilities and ethics. Forms of practice in the 1990s are discussed by a variety of participants including Max Bond, David Dillon, Rob Quigley, and Sharon Zukin. Rem Koolhaas, Saskia Sassen, and William Lazonick, with others, discuss the impact of the global economy on architecture. Finally, Peter G. Rowe presents some possible implications for design education. Reflections on Architectural Practice in the Nineties is an essential compendium for anyone in the ever-changing future of architecture.
Over the past decade or so, the wealth produced by Qatar's oil and gas exports has generated a construction development boom in its capital city of Doha and the surrounding vicinity. Since the late 1990s, the number of inhabitants has grown from less than 400,000 to more than 1.7 million today. In many respects, Doha is portrayed as an important emerging global capital in the Gulf region, which has been positioning and re-inventing itself on the map of international architecture and urbanism, with a global image of building clusters of glass office towers, as well as cultural and educational facilities. While focusing on the architectural and planning aspects of Doha's intensive urbanization, this first comprehensive examination of the city sets this within the socio-political and economic context of the wider Arabian Peninsula. 'Demystifying Doha - On Architecture and Urbanism in an Emerging City' features a comprehensive discussion on contemporary architecture and urbanism of Doha as an emerging regional metropolis. It provides a critical analysis of the evolution of architecture and urbanism as products of the contemporary global condition. Issues that pertain to emerging service hubs, decentralised urban governance, integrated urban development strategies, image-making practices, urban identity, the dialectic relations between the city and its society and sustainable urbanism are all examined to elucidate the urban evolution and the contemporary condition of Doha. 'Demystifying Doha - On Architecture and Urbanism in an Emerging City' concludes by suggesting a framework for future studies of the city as well as for investigating the future of similar cities, setting out an agenda for sustainable urban growth, while invigorating the multiple roles urban planners and architects can play in shaping this future.
Author: Guy Debord
Publisher: Metaichmio Publications
Release Date: 2016-11-25
Genre: Social Science
Στην Κοινωνία του θεάματος- που κυκλοφόρησε το 1947-, ο Guy Debord εκθέτει συνεκτικά τους τρόπους λειτουργίας της σύγχρονης κοινωνίας όπως διαμορφώνεται από τα τέλη της δεκαετίας του 1920 και γιγαντώνεται, παροξυσμικά και παρανοϊκά, έως τις μέρες μας. Μισό αιώνα μετά την πρώτη του έκδοση, αυτό το μοναδικό βιβλίο παραμένει δυναμικά επίκαιρο. Γράφει ο Debord: «Το θέαμα δεν μπορεί να εννοηθεί ως κατάχρηση ενός κόσμους της όρασης, ως το προιόν των τεχνικών μαζικής διάχυσης εικόνων. Είναι μάλλον μια Weltanschauung [κοσμοθεώρηση] που έγινε πραγματική, που εκφράστηκε υλικά. Είναι μια θεώρηση του κόσμου που έγινε αντικειμενική». Όσον αφορά τον ίδιο τον συγγραφέα, ακολούθησε στη ζωή και έως τον εκούσιο θάνατό του έναν και μοναδικό κανόνα. Τον συνοψίζει στον πρόλογο της Τρίτης γαλλικής έκδοσης του ανά χείρας έργου: «Οφείλει κανείς να διαβάσει αυτό το βιβλίο έχοντας κατά νου ότι γράφτηκε με την πρόθεση να βλάψει την κοινωνία του θεάματος. Δεν είπα ποτέ τίποτα το εξωφρενικό».
Author: Leo P. Chall
Release Date: 2001
CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.
This book provides a grounded analysis of globalization and urban change in the late 20th century. Drawing on multi-locale field work, Olds examines the role of two elite transnational cultures--ethnic chinese property developers and modernist architects--in the planning and development of Pacific Rim mega-projects.