The Globalisation of Modern Architecture

Author: Robert Adam
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 9781443839488
Release Date: 2012-04-25
Genre: Architecture

Taking the break-up of the Soviet Union and the entry of Russia, China and India into the global market as the start of a new era of globalisation, Robert Adam compares new developments in architecture and urban design with major shifts in the balance of power since 1990. Based on the principle that design unavoidably follows social change, politics and economics, this analysis casts a new light on recent architecture. Starting with the lead up to events in the 1990s, links are established between the global dominance of the North Atlantic economies, architectural style and a dramatic increase in international architectural practice. The widely-observed homogeneity of the global consumer economy is examined in relation to branding, tourism and international competition between cities, and parallels are drawn with universal architectural and urban types, iconic architecture and the rise of the star architect. Contrasting pressures to maintain differences are identified in the break-up of nation states, identity politics, targeted marketing and environmentalism, and these are related to attempts to reinforce local identity through architecture and urban design. Using social, political and economic change as a guide to new directions in architecture and urban design, the book ends by tracing the changes in global power revealed by the 2008 Western financial crash and its immediate impact on the built environment. By comparing past patterns of cultural influence, the book speculates on how architecture and urban design may come to reflect wider global trends.

Bonner Enzyklop die der Globalit t

Author: Ludger Kühnhardt
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783658138196
Release Date: 2017-01-16
Genre: Social Science

Im Zentrum der Enzyklopädie steht die Frage, ob und inwieweit Europa im Zeitalter der Globalität durch Kontinuität und Wandel Referenzrahmen für Begriffsbildungen, Symbolisierungen und Sinndeutungen in den Geistes- und Kulturwissenschaften bleibt. Angesichts weltweiter Diskurse zur Globalität wird exemplarisch nach den Konsequenzen des global turn für den seit der Aufklärung erhobenen Anspruch Europas auf geistes- und kulturwissenschaftliche Deutungshoheit gefragt. Bezogen auf die geistes- und kulturwissenschaftliche Perspektive lautet die Kernfrage der Enzyklopädie: Wie verändert Globalität Europa und wie verändert Europa die Globalität? Grundsätzlich und am Beispiel wichtiger Sachverhalte und Begriffe aus den Lebenssphären des Menschen untersuchen mehr als einhundert Professoren der Rheinischen Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, wie der global turn die geistes- und kulturwissenschaftliche Begriffsbildung prägt. Die Bonner Enzyklopädie der Globalität bietet weitreichende Denkanstöße zu der Frage, ob und auf welche Weise europäische Deutungsmuster und Begriffsbestimmungen durch Kontinuität und Wandel im Zeichen der Globalität universell bedeutsam bleiben. ​

Time Frames

Author: Ugo Carughi
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9781351980357
Release Date: 2017-04-28
Genre: Architecture

Time Frames provides a reconnaissance on the conservation rules and current protection policies of more than 100 countries, with particular attention to the emerging nations and twentieth-century architecture. The contributions illustrate the critical issues related to architectural listings, with a brief history of national approaches, a linkography and a short bibliography. The book also provides a short critical lexicography, with 12 papers written by scholars and experts including topics on identities, heritages, conservation, memories and the economy. By examining the methods used to designate building as heritage sites across the continents, this book provides a comprehensive overview of current protection policies of twentieth-century architecture as well as the role of architectural history.

Architecture Mentalities and Meaning

Author: Patrick Malone
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9781351675369
Release Date: 2017-06-14
Genre: Social Science

In order to function, architectural theory and practice must be shaped to suit current cultural, economic, and political forces. Thus, architecture embodies reductive logic that conditions the treatment of human and social processes – which raises the question of how to define objectivity for architectural mentalities that must conform to a set of immediate conditions. This book focuses on meaning, and on the physical and mental processes that define life in built environments. The potential to draw knowledge from aesthetics, psychology, political economy, philosophy, geography, and sociology is offset by the fact that architectural logic is inevitably reductive, cultural, socio-economic, and political. However, despite the duty to conform, it is argued that the treatment of human processes, and the understanding of architectural mentalities, can benefit from interdisciplinary linkages, small freedoms, and cracks in a system of imperatives that can yield the means of greater objectivity. This is valuable reading for students and researchers interested in architectural theory as a working reality, and in the relationships between architecture and other fields.

North American architecture trends 1990 2000

Author: Luca Molinari
Publisher: Skira
ISBN: UOM:39015054413102
Release Date: 2001-10-05
Genre: Architecture

There are some considerations that emerged in taking on an analysis of the last ten years of North American architecture in relation to a political, social, and economic context that is subject to a sweeping metamorphosis. A decade of changes in which architecture struggled to offer images that properly represented it, if not through an appeal to virtuality capable of responding immediately and not without problematic issues to the repeated demands of reality. A decade that was born under the axe of economic crisis and which ended in the spotlight of an unprecedented productive and financial expansion, conveyed by the affirmation and spread of the Internet on a world scale. A decade that began in the shadow of the fall of the Berlin Wall and the riots of Los Angeles and that ended with the further globalization of America's political role and a growing awareness of a multiracial society. A decade during which projects that had been conceived and designed in the Eighties were slowly brought to completion, experiencing first the effect of "S, M, L, XL', then the effect of Bilbao-Gehry, and all the while the results of a globalization of ideas and projects that, as never before, has led so many American architects to work and to obtain a definitive consecration in Europe and Asia and, at the same time, so many Asian and European designers to work in North America. These years show that the diverse architectural cultures that inhabit the United States are increasingly taking on an awareness of their own role, distant from the traditional centres of academic development and at the same time an image of social and economic realities in expansion. This volume attempts to open a window on this dimension in flux that is also of great interest by offering a selection of projects built in the Nineties by North American architects in America. A decade which marked an important transitional phase and the metamorphosis of the work of the American masters of the Sixties and Seventies like Venturi and Scott Brown, Cesar Pelli, Charles Gwathmey, I.M. Pei, with the full affirmation of new masters such as Frank Gehry, Peter Eisenman and Steven Holl and the emergence of new generations represented by Williams and Tsien, Patkau, Will Bruder, Antoine Predock, Ro.To., Morphosis, Eric Owen Moss and Asymptote. The book is introduced by a short essay of Adalberto Dal Lago.

Demystifying Doha

Author: Dr Florian Wiedmann
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 9781409466369
Release Date: 2013-12-28
Genre: Architecture

Over the past decade or so, the wealth produced by Qatar's oil and gas exports has generated a construction development boom in its capital city of Doha and the surrounding vicinity. Since the late 1990s, the number of inhabitants has grown from less than 400,000 to more than 1.7 million today. In many respects, Doha is portrayed as an important emerging global capital in the Gulf region, which has been positioning and re-inventing itself on the map of international architecture and urbanism, with a global image of building clusters of glass office towers, as well as cultural and educational facilities. While focusing on the architectural and planning aspects of Doha's intensive urbanization, this first comprehensive examination of the city sets this within the socio-political and economic context of the wider Arabian Peninsula. 'Demystifying Doha - On Architecture and Urbanism in an Emerging City' features a comprehensive discussion on contemporary architecture and urbanism of Doha as an emerging regional metropolis. It provides a critical analysis of the evolution of architecture and urbanism as products of the contemporary global condition. Issues that pertain to emerging service hubs, decentralised urban governance, integrated urban development strategies, image-making practices, urban identity, the dialectic relations between the city and its society and sustainable urbanism are all examined to elucidate the urban evolution and the contemporary condition of Doha. 'Demystifying Doha - On Architecture and Urbanism in an Emerging City' concludes by suggesting a framework for future studies of the city as well as for investigating the future of similar cities, setting out an agenda for sustainable urban growth, while invigorating the multiple roles urban planners and architects can play in shaping this future.

Trotzki

Author: Robert Service
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 9783518746608
Release Date: 2012-07-02
Genre: Biography & Autobiography

Revolutionäres Vorbild, Internationalist und Kosmopolit, Theoretiker, Philosoph, Schriftsteller, Politiker, Liebhaber, Ehemann, Vater, Jude, Feind und verfolgtes Opfer. Leo Trotzki, einer der bedeutendsten politischen Führer der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts, war von schillernder Gestalt. Der 1879 in der Südukraine als Lew Dawidowitsch Bronstein geborene hat den Grundstein zur Gründung der Sowjetunion gelegt, und wird doch immer wieder unterschlagen, wenn die führenden Köpfe der russischen Revolution genannt werden. Zusammen mit Lenin stand er, der Gründer der Roten Armee, 1917 an der Spitze der Oktoberrevolution. Als Volkskommissar war er unter anderem verantwortlich für das Kriegs- und Verlagswesen. Trotzki war nicht nur politischer Führer, sondern auch produktiver Schriftsteller und begnadeter Redner. Fragen nach Kultur und Alltagsleben waren ihm ebenso wichtig wie Politik und Geschichte. Der Aufstieg der Stalinfraktion nach Lenins Tod 1924 führte zu seinem Ausschluß aus den politischen Führungspositionen und schließlich zu seiner Verbannung 1929. Im Jahr 1940 wurde Trotzki in Mexiko-City von einem GPU-Agenten mit einem Eispickel erschlagen. Robert Service, Professor für Russische Geschichte und Spezialist für Russische Revolutionsgeschichte, hat viele Jahre unveröffentlichtes Archivmaterial gesichtet und mit seiner packenden Biographie nicht nur das Bild eines der brillantesten politischen Köpfe der Revolution gezeichnet, sondern sich – unparteiisch und unverfälscht – auch mit der überfälligen Debatte um das Verhältnis zwischen Trotzki und Stalin auseinandergesetzt.

Globalization and Urban Change

Author: Kris Olds
Publisher:
ISBN: UCSC:32106016211010
Release Date: 2001
Genre: Social Science

This book provides a grounded analysis of globalization and urban change in the late 20th century. Drawing on multi-locale field work, Olds examines the role of two elite transnational cultures--ethnic chinese property developers and modernist architects--in the planning and development of Pacific Rim mega-projects.

Sociological Abstracts

Author: Leo P. Chall
Publisher:
ISBN: UOM:39015078349480
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Sociology

CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.

Reflections on Architectural Practices in the Nineties

Author: William S. Saunders
Publisher:
ISBN: UOM:39015038526862
Release Date: 1996
Genre: Architecture

This timely and thought-provoking collection of essays offers a detailed examination of contemporary architectural practice in the 1990s. Reflections on Architectural Practices in the Nineties grew out of a year-long symposium at the Harvard University Graduate School of Design, which took stock of pressing issues in order to speculate on future paths for both education and practice. Among the many challenges the architecture profession is currently facing are a constantly volatile economic climate, rapid technological change, and a general globalization of society. Reflections presents 29 essays by leading critics, scholars, and designers, essays that grapple with these and other issues and provide strategies for confronting them. Several additional perspectives are presented through brief passages and images of built work, so that the whole forms a collage of broad, diverse viewpoints. George Baird, Thomas Fisher, and Andrew Saint are among those who provide overviews of architectural practice and education. Mack Scogin, Carl Sapers, and David Harvey, among others, discuss contemporary professional responsibilities and ethics. Forms of practice in the 1990s are discussed by a variety of participants including Max Bond, David Dillon, Rob Quigley, and Sharon Zukin. Rem Koolhaas, Saskia Sassen, and William Lazonick, with others, discuss the impact of the global economy on architecture. Finally, Peter G. Rowe presents some possible implications for design education. Reflections on Architectural Practice in the Nineties is an essential compendium for anyone in the ever-changing future of architecture.

Heiner Goebbels sthetik der Abwesenheit

Author: Heiner Goebbels
Publisher: Verlag Theater der Zeit
ISBN: 9783943881226
Release Date: 2012-10-01
Genre: Performing Arts

Der international renommierte und vielfach ausgezeichnete Komponist und Theatermacher Heiner Goebbels ist ein Grenzgänger zwischen den Künsten. Theater ist für ihn ein komplexes Wechselspiel zwischen Klang, Licht, Raum und der Wahrnehmung des Zuschauers. An die Stelle von Repräsentation tritt das Spiel mit der Abwesenheit von Figur, dramatischer Handlung und des Schauspielers im Zentrum der Aufmerksamkeit. Es ist diese Abwesenheit, die der Imagination des Zuschauers einen Spielraum eröffnet und eine ästhetische Erfahrung ermöglicht. Heiner Goebbels hat seine künstlerische Arbeit und die zeitgenössische Theaterpraxis immer auch theoretisch reflektiert. Der vorliegende Band ver- sammelt seine wichtigsten Aufsätze, Vorträge und Mitschriften aus den letzten zehn Jahren.