The Governance of Relations in Markets and Organizations

Author: Vincent Willem Buskens
Publisher: JAI Press Incorporated
ISBN: 0762310057
Release Date: 2003-04-01
Genre: Business & Economics

Beginning with a set of theoretical and empirical perspectives on the governance of relations in businesses, markets and organizations this multi-authored volume addresses a range of topics concerned with labour, jobs and contractual agreements within a range of organizations.

Configurational Theory and Methods in Organizational Research

Author: Peer C. Fiss
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 9781781907788
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Business & Economics

Some 20 years after the emergence of configurational theory as a key perspective in organization studies in the 1990s, this approach has yet to deliver on its promise. While we know that configurations – the relative arrangement of parts and elements - matters, empirical research on configurations is just beginning to deliver on its promise. The starting point of the edited volume is the revival and evolution of a configurational perspective on organizations, both in terms of the use of configurational set-theoretic methods such as Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) and in terms of configurational theorizing that has emerged from the use of such methods. The volume brings together a variety of scholars working with set theoretic configurational methods to apply these methods to a range of prominent fields in organization studies, ranging from organizational design, international business, and human resource practices to networks and the management of information systems. Each author or group of authors pays specific attention to assessing the potential of set-theoretical configurational methods for organization studies. Two extensive introductory chapters discuss the state of the art with regard to different set-theoretic (fuzzy set and crisp set) methods. In three response pieces leading scholars offer a reflection on the potential of set-theoretic methods for organizational analysis. The volume aims to provide both inspiration and practical advice on how to conduct configurational analysis. The chapters illustrate the breadth of organizational fields and the growing range of topics for which the configurational perspective can provides insights. This volume vividly illustrates that the configurational approach is maturing. It aims to inspire organizational scholars to develop theories and methods that truly consider organizations as clusters of interconnected structures and practices that have to be studied as configurations.

Rethinking Power in Organizations Institutions and Markets

Author: Damon Golsorkhi
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 9781780526652
Release Date: 2012-03-29
Genre: Business & Economics

Organizations are central actors of modern society. No understanding of our world is complete without a theory of how they work. Successful organizations must engage in power-projects. Such is the overarching argument of this volume, a collection of papers by many of the world's leading social scientists and organizational scholars.

New Forms of Governance in Research Organizations

Author: Dorothea Jansen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402058318
Release Date: 2007-03-14
Genre: Law

This book undertakes to develop a sector specific theory of governance of the public research sector and applies it to the German research system. The book is the outcome of a large interdisciplinary project. It analyzes the reforms in the German research system from an integrated perspective of law, economics and social sciences. The case of Germany is compared to reforms in other European countries such as Austria, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.

Sociology of Organizations

Author: Mary Godwyn
Publisher: Pine Forge Press
ISBN: 9781412991957
Release Date: 2011-06-28
Genre: Social Science

Sociology of Organizations: Structures and Relationships is a timely and unique collection of both classic and contemporary studies of organizations. Designed around competing theoretical frameworks, this cutting-edge book examines organizations with attention to structure and objectives, interactions among members and among organizations, the relationship between the organization and its environment and the social significance or social meaning of the organization. This volume sheds light on some of the most interesting changes and challenges facing organizations today: the integration of new media, the implementation of diversity and inclusion, and the promotion of sustainable workforce engagement. Lively and provocative, this textbook is theoretically rigorous, disciplinarily informed and representative of heterogeneity within organization studies.

The Oxford Handbook of Sociology and Organization Studies

Author: Paul S. Adler
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199535231
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Business & Economics

Organizations have profound and pervasive effects on our lives both at work and beyond. Indeed, we live in a society of organizations. Contemporary society and its organizations are in a period of accelerated, profound, and profoundly disconcerting, change. This volume brings together leading sociologists and organizational scholars to consider how various "classic" sociologists can help us understand this change. In recent decades, thefield of organization studies has become well established in both sociology departments and professional schools, most notably business schools. However, with this establishment has come a progressive shift in focus towards the concerns of academic peers and away from the big issues of our times. Ascompared with the increasingly academic focus of research in more recent decades, these classic sociologists were all deeply engaged with broader social and political issues.

Finance The Discreet Regulator

Author: I. Huault
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781137033604
Release Date: 2012-09-14
Genre: Business & Economics

The financial sector is the talk of the global village. This book highlights that, before asserting that the institutions of the financial sector deserve to be regulated, one should consider that these very institutions are themselves the discreet regulators of the markets where their activity takes place.

Unternehmensnetzwerke

Author: Johannes Glückler
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783642295317
Release Date: 2012-09-11
Genre: Business & Economics

Anstatt Netzwerke nur aus der Sicht einzelner Akteure zu betrachten, richten die Autoren ihren Blick auf die multilaterale Zusammenarbeit. Wissenschaftler, Unternehmens- und Rechtsberater diskutieren Konzepte wie Netzwerkgut oder laterale Governance, auf deren Grundlage Netzwerke ausgestaltet und ihre Innovationskraft gefördert werden kann. Auch die Wahl der Rechtsform, der Controllinginstrumente sowie der Einsatz von Kommunikationstechnologien werden thematisiert. Erfolgsfaktoren arbeiten die Autoren anhand detaillierter Fallstudien heraus.

A New Theory of Industrial Relations

Author: Conor Cradden
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317299912
Release Date: 2017-12-01
Genre: Business & Economics

Most existing theoretical approaches to industrial relations and human resources management (IR/HRM) build their analyses and policy prescriptions on one of two foundational assumptions. They assume either that conflict between workers and employers is the natural and inevitable state of affairs; or that under normal circumstances, cooperation is what employers can and should expect from workers. By contrast, A New Theory of Industrial Relations: People, Markets and Organizations after Neoliberalism proposes a theoretical framework for IR/HRM that treats the existence of conflict or cooperation at work as an outcome that needs to be explained rather than an initial presupposition. By identifying the social and organizational roots of reasoned, positively chosen cooperation at work, this framework shows what is needed to construct a genuinely consensual form of capitalism. In broader terms, the book offers a critical theory of the governance of work under capitalism. ‘The governance of work’ refers to the structures of incentives and sanctions, authority, accountability and direct and representative participation within and beyond the workplace by which decisions about the content, conditions and remuneration of work are made, applied, challenged and revised. The most basic proposition made in the book is that work will be consensual—and, hence, that employees will actively and willingly cooperate with the implementation of organizational plans and strategies—when the governance of work is substantively?legitimate. Although stable configurations of economic and organizational structures are possible in the context of a bare procedural legitimacy, it is only where work relationships are recognized as right and just that positive forms of cooperation will occur. The analytic purpose of the theory is to specify the conditions under which substantive legitimacy will arise. Drawing in particular on the work of Alan Fox, Robert Cox and Ju?rgen Habermas, the book argues that whether workers fight against, tolerate or willingly accept the web of relationships that constitutes the organization depends on the interplay between three empirically variable factors: the objective day-to-day experience of incentives, constraints and obligations at work; the subjective understanding of work as a social relationship; and the formal institutional structure of policies, rules and practices by which relationships at work are governed.

Societal change between market and organization

Author: John Child
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing
ISBN: UOM:35128001621075
Release Date: 1993-04
Genre: Business & Economics

Societal Change Between Market and Organization was the theme of the Tenth Colloquium of the European Group for Organizational Studies (EGOS), held 1991 in Vienna and organized jointly by the European Centre, Vienna, the Federal Academy of Public Administration and the Institute for Advanced Studies, Vienna. From the several hundred papers presented, eleven contributions including the keynote lectures have been selected for publication in this collective volume under the authorship of John Child, Michel Crozier and Renate Mayntz.The volume is divided into five parts. Part I addresses new frontiers of knowledge in (inter)organizational research focusing on the logic of interorganizational networks and the logic of management. Part II presents concepts and discourses in organizational research, dealing with conceptualizations of organizational development and decline, of enterprising excellence, as well as with understanding the subcontracting relationship. Part III comprises two contributions regarding non-profit organizations and voluntary associations: what are the challenges to create and maintain non-profits in newly emerging market economies? And can non-profit sporting leagues be analyzed as markets within bureaucracies?. Part IV takes up the issue of industrial districts and regional competition, focusing on contemporary relationships between firms in a classic industrial district and on the competitive advantages of regions. Finally, in Part V the much-debated problem of managing the economic transformation in Central-Eastern Europe and China and of post-socialist governance is dealt with both conceptually as well as through country case-studies.

Organizational Transition and Systematic Governance

Author: Jingdong Qu
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789811073779
Release Date: 2018-01-22
Genre: Social Science

By assessing the transition in enterprise-employee relations in China over the six decades since the founding of the nation and the three decades since the implementation of a reform and opening up policy, this book investigates these changes from three key perspectives: occupation, operation and governance. The book chiefly analyzes the unit system structure of enterprises and mechanisms such as apprentice systems inside organizations and proposes a combination of systematic governance and civic governance. Further, it investigates in detail the transition in labor relations in township, state-owned and private enterprises under the contract system, market system and project system, reviews the factors contributing to contradictions in labor relations at different periods, and puts forward options for modifying labor relations in various ways, including their system and structure.

Corporate Governance Employee Voice and Work Organization

Author: Inge Lippert
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199681075
Release Date: 2014-05-15
Genre: Business & Economics

Corporate Governance, Employee Voice, and Work Organization explores the dynamic relations between corporate governance, employee voice, and the organization of work in the automotive supply industry. It reports on research undertaken in three countries--Germany, Sweden, and the United States--that has sought to explore and compare historical patterns of the relationships between changing governance regimes, voice, and work at plant level in an era of financialization. It also explores the prospects for high-road, sustainable jobs in the sector. Three detailed case histories from each of the countries are presented which contrast companies facing three different levels of exposure to capital markets: companies relatively sheltered from stock markets; companies that are highly exposed to them; and thirdly companies owned by private equity firms. This design allows for analysis not just across different national contexts but also within them, and questions the usefulness of the 'varieties of capitalism' appraoch in understanding these differences. The cases show that governance compromises matter, that is, that recognising the role of employee voice in corporate governance regimes is essential in any comparative analysis and understanding of corporate governance.

Handbook of Decision Making

Author: Paul C. Nutt
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444323121
Release Date: 2010-09-07
Genre: Business & Economics

Wiley's new Handbook of Decision Making is a vital reference text for all students and professionals of management, organization and decision making. The handbook offers a wide range of theoretical and empirical approaches to the understanding of organizational and strategic decisions. Contributors are internationally known experts drawn from North America, Canada and Europe who have spent many years in the study of decision making, and decision making relevant topics. We believe the handbook will become a tour de force in the understanding decision making, offering a wide variety of perspectives, topics, and summative understanding of the field. Chapters in the Handbook were prepared by the leading experts in their field and include cutting edge empirical, theoretical, and review chapters. The chapters bring together for the first time a critical mass of writing on decision making as an organizational and research activity. The Editors are two of the leading international experts in decision making and contribute to the Handbook with five original Chapters that offer an appraisal of the field and suggestions for research, as well as the current status of decision making practice and suggestion for improvement.

Crafting Qualitative Research Working in the Postpositivist Traditions

Author: Pushkala Prasad
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317473695
Release Date: 2015-02-24
Genre: Business & Economics

Courses in management research have traditionally focused on quantitative techniques, and no available text adequately covers the many different perspectives within the qualitative model or shows which qualitative techniques work best in different settings. "Crafting Qualitative Research" fills this need. In clear and readable prose, this comprehensive text offers a detailed guide to the rich diversity of qualitative research traditions, with examples and applications specifically designed for the field of management. Each of the book's four main sections includes a descriptive "tree" diagram that lays out the historical origins of that section's traditions. Each chapter is devoted to a specific methodology and includes historical origins and development; techniques and applications; current controversies and emerging issues; and a summary box highlighting that method's utility. With its detailed and easy-to-understand coverage, this will be the text of choice for any instructor who wants to include the qualitative approach in a research methods course, as well as a useful resource for anyone doing research in the post-positivist traditions.

Organizational Ecology

Author: Michael T. HANNAN
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674643496
Release Date: 1993-01
Genre: Social Science

Hannan and Freeman examine the ecology of organizations by exploring the competition for resources and by trying to account for rates of entry and exit and for the diversity of organizational forms. They show that the destinies of organizations are determined more by impersonal forces than by the intervention of individuals.