Configurational Theory and Methods in Organizational Research

Author: Peer C. Fiss
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 9781781907788
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Business & Economics

Some 20 years after the emergence of configurational theory as a key perspective in organization studies in the 1990s, this approach has yet to deliver on its promise. While we know that configurations – the relative arrangement of parts and elements - matters, empirical research on configurations is just beginning to deliver on its promise. The starting point of the edited volume is the revival and evolution of a configurational perspective on organizations, both in terms of the use of configurational set-theoretic methods such as Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) and in terms of configurational theorizing that has emerged from the use of such methods. The volume brings together a variety of scholars working with set theoretic configurational methods to apply these methods to a range of prominent fields in organization studies, ranging from organizational design, international business, and human resource practices to networks and the management of information systems. Each author or group of authors pays specific attention to assessing the potential of set-theoretical configurational methods for organization studies. Two extensive introductory chapters discuss the state of the art with regard to different set-theoretic (fuzzy set and crisp set) methods. In three response pieces leading scholars offer a reflection on the potential of set-theoretic methods for organizational analysis. The volume aims to provide both inspiration and practical advice on how to conduct configurational analysis. The chapters illustrate the breadth of organizational fields and the growing range of topics for which the configurational perspective can provides insights. This volume vividly illustrates that the configurational approach is maturing. It aims to inspire organizational scholars to develop theories and methods that truly consider organizations as clusters of interconnected structures and practices that have to be studied as configurations.

Rethinking Power in Organizations Institutions and Markets

Author: Damon Golsorkhi
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 9781780526652
Release Date: 2012-03-29
Genre: Business & Economics

Organizations are central actors of modern society. No understanding of our world is complete without a theory of how they work. Successful organizations must engage in power-projects. Such is the overarching argument of this volume, a collection of papers by many of the world's leading social scientists and organizational scholars.

New Forms of Governance in Research Organizations

Author: Dorothea Jansen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402058318
Release Date: 2007-03-14
Genre: Law

This book undertakes to develop a sector specific theory of governance of the public research sector and applies it to the German research system. The book is the outcome of a large interdisciplinary project. It analyzes the reforms in the German research system from an integrated perspective of law, economics and social sciences. The case of Germany is compared to reforms in other European countries such as Austria, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.

Sociology of Organizations

Author: Mary Godwyn
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 9781412991964
Release Date: 2011-06-28
Genre: Social Science

The sociological study of organizations encompasses both planned and formal organizations as well as spontaneous and informal ones. Sociologists examine organizations with attention to structure and objectives, interactions among members and among organizations, the relationship between the organization and its environment and the social significance or social meaning of the organization. The ways of defining and examining organizations vary depending on the theoretical emphasis. This book focuses on three things: * providing a wide and historically accurate portrait of the diversity of sociological theories and their application to organizational studies * updating selections that reflect a variety of ways that new technology affects methods of organizing and types of organizations * including readings that examine a range of both formal and informal structures, and both deliberate and impromptu interactions. Lively and provocative, this textbook is theoretically rigorous, disciplinarily informed and representative of heterogeneity within organizational studies.

Finance The Discreet Regulator

Author: I. Huault
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781137033604
Release Date: 2012-09-14
Genre: Business & Economics

The financial sector is the talk of the global village. This book highlights that, before asserting that the institutions of the financial sector deserve to be regulated, one should consider that these very institutions are themselves the discreet regulators of the markets where their activity takes place.

Corporate Governance Employee Voice and Work Organization

Author: Inge Lippert
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199681075
Release Date: 2014-05-15
Genre: Business & Economics

Corporate Governance, Employee Voice, and Work Organization explores the dynamic relations between corporate governance, employee voice, and the organization of work in the automotive supply industry. It reports on research undertaken in three countries--Germany, Sweden, and the United States--that has sought to explore and compare historical patterns of the relationships between changing governance regimes, voice, and work at plant level in an era of financialization. It also explores the prospects for high-road, sustainable jobs in the sector. Three detailed case histories from each of the countries are presented which contrast companies facing three different levels of exposure to capital markets: companies relatively sheltered from stock markets; companies that are highly exposed to them; and thirdly companies owned by private equity firms. This design allows for analysis not just across different national contexts but also within them, and questions the usefulness of the 'varieties of capitalism' appraoch in understanding these differences. The cases show that governance compromises matter, that is, that recognising the role of employee voice in corporate governance regimes is essential in any comparative analysis and understanding of corporate governance.

Organizational Ecology

Author: Michael T. HANNAN
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674643496
Release Date: 1993-01
Genre: Social Science

Hannan and Freeman examine the ecology of organizations by exploring the competition for resources and by trying to account for rates of entry and exit and for the diversity of organizational forms. They show that the destinies of organizations are determined more by impersonal forces than by the intervention of individuals.

Corporate Governance and Firm Organization

Author: Anna Grandori
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199269769
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Business & Economics

Recent scandals involving large firms, in the USA and elsewhere, have brought into focus the role and conduct of major multinationals. This text looks at issues surrounding the organisation of such companies, and the ways in which it impacts on corporate governance.

Crafting Qualitative Research Working in the Postpositivist Traditions

Author: Pushkala Prasad
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317473695
Release Date: 2015-02-24
Genre: Business & Economics

Courses in management research have traditionally focused on quantitative techniques, and no available text adequately covers the many different perspectives within the qualitative model or shows which qualitative techniques work best in different settings. "Crafting Qualitative Research" fills this need. In clear and readable prose, this comprehensive text offers a detailed guide to the rich diversity of qualitative research traditions, with examples and applications specifically designed for the field of management. Each of the book's four main sections includes a descriptive "tree" diagram that lays out the historical origins of that section's traditions. Each chapter is devoted to a specific methodology and includes historical origins and development; techniques and applications; current controversies and emerging issues; and a summary box highlighting that method's utility. With its detailed and easy-to-understand coverage, this will be the text of choice for any instructor who wants to include the qualitative approach in a research methods course, as well as a useful resource for anyone doing research in the post-positivist traditions.

Handbook of Decision Making

Author: Paul C. Nutt
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444323121
Release Date: 2010-09-07
Genre: Business & Economics

Wiley's new Handbook of Decision Making is a vital reference text for all students and professionals of management, organization and decision making. The handbook offers a wide range of theoretical and empirical approaches to the understanding of organizational and strategic decisions. Contributors are internationally known experts drawn from North America, Canada and Europe who have spent many years in the study of decision making, and decision making relevant topics. We believe the handbook will become a tour de force in the understanding decision making, offering a wide variety of perspectives, topics, and summative understanding of the field. Chapters in the Handbook were prepared by the leading experts in their field and include cutting edge empirical, theoretical, and review chapters. The chapters bring together for the first time a critical mass of writing on decision making as an organizational and research activity. The Editors are two of the leading international experts in decision making and contribute to the Handbook with five original Chapters that offer an appraisal of the field and suggestions for research, as well as the current status of decision making practice and suggestion for improvement.

A New Theory of Industrial Relations

Author: Conor Cradden
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317299912
Release Date: 2017-12-01
Genre: Business & Economics

Most existing theoretical approaches to industrial relations and human resources management (IR/HRM) build their analyses and policy prescriptions on one of two foundational assumptions. They assume either that conflict between workers and employers is the natural and inevitable state of affairs; or that under normal circumstances, cooperation is what employers can and should expect from workers. By contrast, A New Theory of Industrial Relations: People, Markets and Organizations after Neoliberalism proposes a theoretical framework for IR/HRM that treats the existence of conflict or cooperation at work as an outcome that needs to be explained rather than an initial presupposition. By identifying the social and organizational roots of reasoned, positively chosen cooperation at work, this framework shows what is needed to construct a genuinely consensual form of capitalism. In broader terms, the book offers a critical theory of the governance of work under capitalism. ‘The governance of work’ refers to the structures of incentives and sanctions, authority, accountability and direct and representative participation within and beyond the workplace by which decisions about the content, conditions and remuneration of work are made, applied, challenged and revised. The most basic proposition made in the book is that work will be consensual—and, hence, that employees will actively and willingly cooperate with the implementation of organizational plans and strategies—when the governance of work is substantively legitimate. Although stable configurations of economic and organizational structures are possible in the context of a bare procedural legitimacy, it is only where work relationships are recognized as right and just that positive forms of cooperation will occur. The analytic purpose of the theory is to specify the conditions under which substantive legitimacy will arise. Drawing in particular on the work of Alan Fox, Robert Cox and Jürgen Habermas, the book argues that whether workers fight against, tolerate or willingly accept the web of relationships that constitutes the organization depends on the interplay between three empirically variable factors: the objective day-to-day experience of incentives, constraints and obligations at work; the subjective understanding of work as a social relationship; and the formal institutional structure of policies, rules and practices by which relationships at work are governed.

Research Actionable Knowledge and Social Change

Author: Edward P. St. John
Publisher: Stylus Publishing, LLC
ISBN: 9781579227371
Release Date: 2013-10-01
Genre: Education

A professional text written for social science researchers and practitioners, Research, Actionable Knowledge and Social Change provides strategies and frameworks for using social science research to engage in critical social and educational problem solving. Combining the best practices of critical analysis and traditional research methods, this professional text offers guidance for using the Action Inquiry Model (AIM), a transformative model that explains how to successfully conduct action-oriented research in a multitude of professional service organizations. The aim of the text is to encourage a new generation of research-based partnerships reforms that promote equity and access for underserved populations. Topics discussed include: • The historical precedents for universities engaged in social change • The limitations of current social science theory and methods • The critical-empirical approach to social research • The issues relating to social justice within the policy decision process • The use of social research to integrate an emphasis of social justice into economic and policy decision making Research, Actionable Knowledge and Social Change does not propose different foundations for social research, but rather argues that it is necessary to reconsider how to work with theory and research methods to inform change. This text can also be used by students enrolled in graduate and Ed.D/Ph.D Higher Education Leadership programs and graduate programs across professional fields including K-12, public administration, sociology, health, cultural studies, organizational development and organizational theory. It further offers students guidance for research design and dissertation research.

SOCIOLOGY OF ORGANISATIONS

Author: PHILIPPE SCIEUR
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 9788120345300
Release Date: 2012-03-10
Genre: Social Science

This book, in its second edition, continues to present the main models of Sociology that have been conceptualised to apprehend the world of organisations. From the theories of bureaucracy and human relations to contemporary approaches, this book focuses on all the key aspects of Sociology of an organisation. The concepts defined are marked by the consideration of modes of rationality, types of cooperation, of networks and power games, of systems of decision-making and logics of action. The book cites the contributions made and the definitions given by the great Sociologists like Max Weber, Talcott Parsons, Michel Crozier, Renaud Sainsanlieu, to help the students understand the topics more clearly. This second edition is enriched with studies of discussed cases, charts, and of extracts of texts pertinent to the productive system, to the public sphere and the associative fact. The book is intended for the undergraduate students of sociology. It will also be of interest to those who, on a personal or professional level, wish to understand better how companies, administrations, etc. function.

Reconnecting Marketing to Markets

Author: Luis Araujo
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191501449
Release Date: 2010-12-09
Genre: Business & Economics

The historical link between marketing and markets, prevalent until the 1960s, has given way to the view of marketing as a portable set of tools applicable to markets and non-markets alike. By re-establishing the connection between the two, this book examines the argument that marketing produces markets: marketing practices and theories play a very significant role in the production of markets and the kinds of entities and phenomena that populate markets. This interdisciplinary book brings together theoretical and empirical contributions from marketing and economic sociologists to analyse and develop novel approaches to interpreting the relationship between marketing theory, marketing practices, and markets across a variety of market settings and countries.

Strategy

Author: David Faulkner
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 0415251540
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Business planning

This is the most comprehensive collection to date on all aspects of strategy. The articles selected here discuss key themes, including:* different conceptions of strategy, such as the classical, rational models of Porter, the empirical, emergent emphasis of Mintzberg, and the competence based models of Grant and others * the relationship between strategy and other subjects including economics and organizational studies * scenario planning, networks, strategic groups and knowledge, and other key new developments * the implications of globalization and international management * key strategic decisions including diversification and mergers and acquisitionsWith a new introduction by the editor and an extensive index, this collection is an invaluable reference tool and teaching aid.