Author: Melvin Richter
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 1995-09-07
Genre: Political Science
Since the 1960s, German scholars have developed distinctive methods for writing the history of political, social, and philosophical concepts. Applied to France as well as Germany, their work has set new standards for the historical study of political and social language, Begriffsgeschichte. The questions these scholars address, and the methods they apply systematically to a broad range of sources, differ as much from the styles of Hegel, Dilthey, and Meinecke as from those of A.O. Lovejoy, J.G.A. Pocock, and Quentin Skinner. Begriffsgeschichte treats political language neither as autonomous discourse, nor as the product of ideology, social structure, or elite manipulation. Although conceptual historians agree that the field of action is defined by language, they place concept formation and use within historical contexts. By surveying political and social discourses systematically, this genre traces how the great modern revolutions have been conceptualized in sharply contested forms by competing political and social formations, as well as by individual thinkers. Combining intellectual with social history, historians of concepts track linguistically the advent, mentalities, and effects of modernity. In The History of Political and Social Concepts, Melvin Richter analyzes the theories which have generated conceptual history, and their reinterpretation of key concepts such as Max Weber's three types of legitimate Herrschaft, and that of civilit?? in France. What is it that we know when we learn the history of a concept? What difference does it make that we know it? After assessing the programs and achievements of Begriffsgeschichte, the author argues the need for an analogous project to chart the careers of political and social concepts used in English-speaking societies. Addressed not only to historians of political and social thought, this work will interest students and scholars of political culture, social historians, and historians of ideas, historiography, law, language, and rhetoric.
The language of political debate and analysis has changed dramatically in recent years. Today, both academics and practitioners have largely abandoned the vocabulary of the left and replaced it with a set of concepts that structure debate and set the political agenda. Thus, the world economy is discussed in terms of globalization instead of international capitalism, analysis of the capitalist state has given way to the study of governance, and gender and ethnicity are treated as more significant dimensions of inequality than class. Moreover, the apparently benign concepts of civil society, citizenship and stakeholder have replaced those of class and class conflict, poverty is about social exclusion rather than exploitation, and consumer choice and worker empowerment have replaced the pursuit of class interests. In today's political climate, socialism is seen as old-fashioned or utopian. In contrast, capitalism is seen as realistic, and the 'third way' is presented as the solution to all our ills.This book explores the real issues behind these catchphrases of modern politics, explaining what they mean, and offering a critique of the ideology of which they are a part. With chapters written by experts in each field, this is an excellent guide for students of politics, and anybody who is looking for a critical introduction to the key ideas, so often shrouded in rhetoric, that we hear about in the news. Chapters cover postmodernism, gender, citizenship, civil society, stakeholding, globalization, governance, the Third Way, ethnicity, social exclusion, empowerment and sustainable development.
Author: Stephan A. Jansen
Release Date: 2010-06-25
Genre: Social Science
Der Ruf nach Transparenz ist mit Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts – nicht zuletzt aufgrund von Krisen, Terrorismus, Korruption – lauter geworden. Transparenz erscheint als Heilmittell mit der Komplexität unserer unübersichtlichen und undurchsichtigen Welt umzugehen. Aber ist die Forderung nicht zu durchsichtig? Ist umgekehrt Intransparenz immer schon ein Hinweis auf ein Problem oder auf eine besondere Ressource? Ist in einer medialisierten Gesellschaft auch der persönliche Alltag nicht zunehmend eine Ausverhandlung zwischen Transparenz und privatem Rückzug – bei „sozialen Medien“, „gläsernen Kunden bzw. Mitarbeitern“? Oszilliert Transparenz nicht immer zwischen Überwachung und Sicherheit – vom Nacktscanner bis zur Anti-Korruption? Der sechste Jahresband der Zeppelin Universität befasst sich mit diesen und vielen anderen Fragen rund um Transparenz und nimmt eine differenzierte Verortung von Transparenz in unterschiedlichen Lebensbereichen von Wirtschaft, Kultur und Politik vor. Die Beiträge des Bandes spannen einen Bogen von der Transparenz in privaten wie öffentlichen Organisationen über die Transparenz politischer Rhetorik bis hin zur Transparenz im alltäglichen Konsum.
Author: George Klosko
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2011-05-26
Fifty distinguished contributors survey the entire history of political philosophy. They consider questions about how the subject should best be studied; they examine historical periods and great theorists in their intellectual contexts; and they discuss aspects of the subject that transcend periods, such as democracy, the state, and imperialism.
Author: Ludwig Gasteiger
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Release Date: 2015-09-30
Genre: Social Science
Eine Pluralität theoretischer Angebote kann nur dann produktiv sein, wenn statt einer Beliebigkeit des unvermittelten Nebeneinanders ein intensiver Dialog über die Möglichkeiten und Grenzen von Theorie und Kritik zwischen den Theorietraditionen geführt wird. Ausgehend von diesem Verständnis wird in dem Band die Problematik der Theorienpluralität in den Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften aus unterschiedlichen Perspektiven diskutiert. Die Beiträge zeichnen Rezeptionslinien nach, machen Konflikte um das Erbe von Theorieschulen sichtbar und behandeln Auseinandersetzungen über verschiedene Konzeptionen von Kritik.
Author: Reinhart Koselleck
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Release Date: 2004-06-16
Modernity in the late eighteenth century transformed all domains of European life -intellectual, industrial, and social. Not least affected was the experience of time itself: ever-accelerating change left people with briefer intervals of time in which to gather new experiences and adapt. In this provocative and erudite book Reinhart Koselleck, a distinguished philosopher of history, explores the concept of historical time by posing the question: what kind of experience is opened up by the emergence of modernity? Relying on an extraordinary array of witnesses and texts from politicians, philosophers, theologians, and poets to Renaissance paintings and the dreams of German citizens during the Third Reich, Koselleck shows that, with the advent of modernity, the past and the future became 'relocated' in relation to each other.The promises of modernity -freedom, progress, infinite human improvement -produced a world accelerating toward an unknown and unknowable future within which awaited the possibility of achieving utopian fulfillment. History, Koselleck asserts, emerged in this crucial moment as a new temporality providing distinctly new ways of assimilating experience. In the present context of globalization and its resulting crises, the modern world once again faces a crisis in aligning the experience of past and present. To realize that each present was once an imagined future may help us once again place ourselves within a temporality organized by human thought and humane ends as much as by the contingencies of uncontrolled events.
Author: S. H. Rigby
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Release Date: 1998
Marx's theory of history is often regarded as the most enduring and fruitful aspect of his intellectual legacy. His "historical materialism" has been the inspiration for some of the best historical writing in the works of scholars such as Eric Hobsbawm, E.P.Thompson, Rodney Hilton and Robert Brenner. S.H. Rigby establishes Marx's claims about social structure and historical change, discusses their use in his own and his followers' writings, and assesses the validity of his theories. He argues that Marx's social theories were profoundly contradictory and that Marxism has proved most useful when it is seen as a source of questions, concepts and hypotheses rather than as a philosophy of historical development.
Riccardo Pozzo und Marco Sgarbi Eine Typologie der Formen der Begriffsgeschichte (s. Leseprobe) --- Die Geschichte der Begriffsgeschichte Walter Tinner: Das Unternehmen Historisches Wörterbuch der Philosophie Matthias Kemper: Der Problembegriff der Philosophiegeschichtsschreibung. Zum problemgeschichtlichen Geschichtsverständnis Wilhelm Windelbands Jean Grondin: Gadamer und die Metaphysik Frank Beck Lassen: "Metaphorically Speaking" - Begriffsgeschichte and Hans Blumenberg's Metaphorologie --- Begriffsgeschichte und die politische Philosophie Merio Scattola: Begriffsgeschichte und Geschichte der politischen Lehren Kari Palonen: Der Parlamentarismus als Begriff --- Begriffsgeschichte und Problemgeschichte Carlos Spoerhase: Dramatisierungen und Entdramatisierungen der Problemgeschichte Ulrich Johannes Schneider: Über das Stottern in Gedanken. Gegen die Begriffsgeschichte Maurizio Ferraris: Social Ontology and Documentality Martin J. Burke: Histories of Concepts and Histories of Ideas. Practices and Prospects Massimo Marassi: Feld-Begriff und Problemgeschichte Riccardo Pozzo: The Studium Generale Program and the Effectiveness of the History of Concepts Marco Sgarbi: Umriß der Theorie der Problemgeschichte
This new edition of a well–regarded book provides a concise and exceptionally clear introduction to Habermas′s work, from his early writings on the public sphere, through his work on law and the state, to his more recent discussion of science, religion and contemporary Europe. Outhwaite examines all of Habermas′s major works and steers a steady course through the many debates to which they have given rise. A major feature of the book is that it provides a detailed critical analysis of Habermas′s most important work, The Theory of Communicative Action. As well as looking at Habermas′s appraisal of figures such as Foucault and Derrida, the book also examines his resolute defence of the Enlightenment project, his work on law and democracy and its implications for the important topic of European integration. This book quickly became established as an authoritative guide to Habermas′s work, and this updated new edition will be an invaluable critical introduction for students and scholars across the social sciences and humanities, especially sociology, politics, philosophy and social theory.
Author: Jeremy Black
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Release Date: 2015-03-28
Political decisions are never taken in a vacuum but are shaped both by current events and historical context. In other words, long-term developments and patterns in which the accumulated memory of what came earlier, can greatly (and sometimes subconsciously) influence subsequent policy choices. Working forward from the later seventeenth century, this book explores the ‘deep history’ of the changing and competing understandings within the Tory party of the role Britain has aspired to play on a world stage. Conservatism has long been one of the major British political tendencies, committed to the defence of established institutions, with a strong sense of the ‘national interest’, and embracing both ‘liberal’ and ‘authoritarian’ views of empire. The Tory party has, moreover, at several times been deeply divided, if not convulsed, by different perspectives on Britain’s international orientation and different positions on foreign and imperial policy. Underlying Tory beliefs upon which views of Britain’s global role were built were often not stated but assumed. As a result they tend to be obscured from historical view. This book seeks to recover and reconsider those beliefs, and to understand how the Tory party has sought to navigate its way through the difficult pathways of foreign and imperial politics, and why this determination outlasted Britain’s rapid decolonisation and was apparently remarkably little affected by it. With a supporting cast from Pitt to Disraeli, Churchill to Thatcher, the book provides a fascinating insight into the influence of history over politics. Moreover it argues that there has been an inherent politicisation of the concept of national interests, such that strategic culture and foreign policy cannot be understood other than in terms of a historically distorted political debate.
Author: Stuart McAnulla
Publisher: A&C Black
Release Date: 2006-02-06
Genre: Political Science
This book provides students with a critical introduction to the British political system and the context of contemporary British policy making. Too often the importance of interpretation, to any understanding of British politics is neglected. Attention to conveying factual information takes precedence over developing theoretical understandings. This book is different, in that it provides an account of British politics that is conceptually and theoretically driven. It not only outlines the key features of British politics but which also provides critical perspectives on them. McAnulla uses particular concepts and theories to illuminate the key dynamics of British politics i.e. to the ideas, practices and relationships that sustain the political system. Particular attention is devoted to understanding contemporary developments through an appreciation of the traditional dynamics of British politics. >
Author: Martin Burke
Release Date: 2012-05-11
The volume explores distinctive issues involved in translating political and social thought. Thirteen contributors consider problems arising from the study of translation and cultural transfers of texts, in particular in terms of translation studies, and the history of concepts (Begriffsgeschichte).
Author: Simon Thompson
Release Date: 2006-10-06
Genre: Political Science
In recent years the political landscape has changed: established ideas about class, economy, nation and equality have been challenged by a new politics of identity, culture, ethnicity and difference. The political theory of recognition is a response to these challenges. In this, the first introductory book on the subject, Simon Thompson analyses the argument that a just society is one that shows all its members due recognition. Focusing on the work on Charles Taylor, Axel Honneth and Nancy Fraser, he discusses how political theorists have conceptualised recognition, the different accounts they have given and the criticisms made of the very idea of a politics of recognition. Through the political theory of recognition, Thompson argues, we gain a better understanding of identity and difference. Practically, the concept of recognition can serve as a basis for determining which individual rights should be protected, whether cultures ought to be valued, and whether a case can be made for group representation. This clear and accessible book provides an excellent guide through the ongoing and increasingly significant debate between multiculturalism and its critics.