The Homoerotics of Orientalism

Author: Joseph A. Boone
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231521826
Release Date: 2014-02-25
Genre: Literary Criticism

One of the largely untold stories of Orientalism is the degree to which the Middle East has been associated with “deviant” male homosexuality by scores of Western travelers, historians, writers, and artists for well over four hundred years. And this story stands to shatter our preconceptions of Orientalism. To illuminate why and how the Islamicate world became the locus for such fantasies and desires, Boone deploys a supple mode of analysis that reveals how the cultural exchanges between Middle East and West have always been reciprocal and often mutual, amatory as well as bellicose. Whether examining European accounts of Istanbul and Egypt as hotbeds of forbidden desire, juxtaposing Ottoman homoerotic genres and their European imitators, or unlocking the homoerotic encoding in Persian miniatures and Orientalist paintings, this remarkable study models an ethics of crosscultural reading that exposes, with nuance and economy, the crucial role played by the homoerotics of Orientalism in shaping the world as we know it today. A contribution to studies in visual culture as well as literary and social history, The Homoerotics of Orientalism draws on primary sources ranging from untranslated Middle Eastern manuscripts and European belles-lettres to miniature paintings and photographic erotica that are presented here for the first time.

Brown Boys and Rice Queens

Author: Eng-Beng Lim
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814760895
Release Date: 2013-11-22
Genre: Social Science

Honorable Mention for the 2015 Cultural Studies Best Book presented by the Association of Asian American Studies Winner of the 2013 CLAGS Fellowship Award for Best First Book Project in LGBT Studies A transnational study of Asian performance shaped by the homoerotics of orientalism, Brown Boys and Rice Queens focuses on the relationship between the white man and the native boy. Eng-Beng Lim unpacks this as the central trope for understanding colonial and cultural encounters in 20th and 21st century Asia and its diaspora. Using the native boy as a critical guide, Lim formulates alternative readings of a traditional Balinese ritual, postcolonial Anglophone theatre in Singapore, and performance art in Asian America. Tracing the transnational formation of the native boy as racial fetish object across the last century, Lim follows this figure as he is passed from the hands of the colonial empire to the postcolonial nation-state to neoliberal globalization. Read through such figurations, the traffic in native boys among white men serves as an allegory of an infantilized and emasculated Asia, subordinate before colonial whiteness and modernity. Pushing further, Lim addresses the critical paradox of this entrenched relationship that resides even within queer theory itself by formulating critical interventions around “Asian performance.”

Orientalism Eroticism and Modern Visuality in Global Cultures

Author: Julie Codell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781351555517
Release Date: 2017-07-05
Genre: Art

In Orientalism, Eroticism and Modern Visuality in Global Cultures scholars look afresh at representations of nineteenth-century ?oriental? bodies, inquiring deeply into their erotic dimensions, tracing their global dissemination at cross-cultural intersections of the visual and the political. Authors consider the impact of eroticized orientalist representations registered on racial and gendered bodies at historical moments across the globe in the media of photography, painting, prints and sculpture by contextualizing the visual within social practices, ethnography, literature, travel writing and the dynamics of imperialism. Authors examine orientalism?s politico-erotic import across not only imperial Britain and France but also throughout India and the Middle East initiating cross-cultural analyses of orientalism outside of Europe. Works studied include Orientalist and homoerotic works by canonic artists such as Ingres, G?me, Delacroix and Girodet, and lesser-known artists such as sculptor Raffaele Monti and painter Elisabeth Jerichau-Baumann. Contributors explore Turkish and European writings, explorer Richard Burton?s self-fashioning, and popular Orientalist photography in India and the Middle East. Authors draw on methods from gender studies, semiotics, material culture and psychoanalysis to explore art, national identity, homoerotic subcultures, female agency, class, sexuality and colonialism. The book is directed to interdisciplinary scholars and students in art history, literature, history, and postcolonial studies.

Photography s Orientalism

Author: Ali Behdad
Publisher: Getty Publications
ISBN: 9781606062678
Release Date: 2013-10-01
Genre: Photography

The Middle East played a critical role in the development of photography as a new technology and an art form. Likewise, photography was instrumental in cultivating and maintaining Europe’s distinctively Orientalist vision of the Middle East. As new advances enhanced the versatility of the medium, nineteenth-century photographers were able to mass-produce images to incite and satisfy the demands of the region’s burgeoning tourist industry and the appetites of armchair travelers in Europe. In this way, the evolution of modern photography fueled an interest in visual contact with the rest of the world. Photography’s Orientalism offers the first in-depth cultural study of the works of European and non- European photographers active in the Middle East and India, focusing on the relationship between photographic, literary, and historical representations of this region and beyond. The essays explore the relationship between art and politics by considering the connection between the European presence there and aesthetic representations produced by traveling and resident photographers, thereby contributing to how the history of photography is understood.

Postcolonial Queer

Author: John C. Hawley
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 0791450910
Release Date: 2001-08-30
Genre: History

Uses postcolonial theory to critique the globalization of gay culture.

Interrogating Orientalism

Author: Diane Long Hoeveler
Publisher: Ohio State University Press
ISBN: 9780814210321
Release Date: 2006-01-01
Genre: Literary Criticism

Introduction : mapping orientalism : representations and pedagogies / Diane Long Hoeveler and Jeffrey Cass -- Interrogating orientalism : theories and practices / Jeffrey Cass -- The female captivity narrative : blood, water, and orientalism / Diane Long Hoeveler -- "Better than the reality" : the Egyptian market in nineteenth-century travel writing / Emily A. Haddad -- Colonial counterflow : from orientalism to Buddhism / Mark Lussier -- Homoerotics and orientalism in William Beckford's Vathek: liberalism and the problem of pederasty / Jeffrey Cass -- Orientalism in Disraeli's Alroy / Sheila A. Spector -- Teaching the quintessential Turkish tale : Montagu's Turkish embassy letters / Jeanne Dubino -- Representing India in drawing-room and classroom : or, Miss Owenson and "those gay gentlemen, Brahma, Vishnu, and Co." / Michael J. Franklin -- "Unlettered tartars" and "torpid barbarians" : teaching the figure of the Turk in Shelley and De Quincey / Filiz Turhan -- "Boundless thoughts and free souls" : teaching Byron's Sardanapalus, Lara, and The corsair / G. Todd Davis -- Byron's The giaour : teaching orientalism in the wake of September 11 / Alan Richardson -- Teaching nineteenth-century orientalist entertainments / Edward Ziter

Libidinal Currents

Author: Joseph Allen Boone
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226064670
Release Date: 1998-02-03
Genre: Literary Criticism

According to scholar Joseph Allen Boone, modern fiction with its strong currents of sexuality creates a poetics of the perverse with the power to influence how we think. Challenging common theories, Boone constructs a model for interpreting sexuality that reaches from Freud's theory of the libidinal instincts to Foucault's theory of sexual discourse. A landmark work in the study of modernist fiction and the study of sexuality and gender.

Engendering Men

Author: Joseph A. Boone
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781136321948
Release Date: 2012-08-21
Genre: Literary Criticism

Over the past several years, the question of men’s relation to feminism has become a fiercely and sometimes bitterly debated subject. Engendering Men demonstrates the creative impact that feminist modes of inquiry have already had on a new generation of male critics. In the wake of feminism, many men have found it imperative to begin the task of retheorizing the male position in our culture. This collection of new essays brings together seventeen male critics whose work – on poetry, fiction, the Broadway stage, film and television, and broader cultural and psychoanalytic texts – is opening up new avenues in criticism, as well as in gender and feminist theory.

Islamicate Sexualities

Author: Kathryn Babayan
Publisher: Harvard CMES
ISBN: 0674032047
Release Date: 2008
Genre: Psychology

Islamicate Sexualities: Translations across Temporal Geographies of Desire explores different genealogies of sexuality and questions some of the theoretical emphases and epistemic assumptions affecting current histories of sexuality. Concerned with the dynamic interplay between cultural constructions of gender and sexuality, the anthology moves across disciplinary fields, integrating literary criticism with social and cultural history, and establishes a dialogue between historians (Kathryn Babayan, Frédéric Lagrange, Afsaneh Najmabadi, and Everett Rowson), comparative literary scholars (Sahar Amer and Leyla Rouhi), and critical theorists of sexualities (Valerie Traub, Brad Epps, and Dina al-Kassim). As a whole, the anthology challenges Middle Eastern Studies with questions that have arisen in recent studies of sexualities, bringing into conversation Euro-American scholarship of sexuality with that of scholars engaged in studies of sexualities across a vast cultural (Iberian, Arabic, and Iranian) and temporal field (from the tenth century to the medieval and the modern).

Desiring Arabs

Author: Joseph A. Massad
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226509600
Release Date: 2008-09-15
Genre: Social Science

Sexual desire has long played a key role in Western judgments about the value of Arab civilization. In the past, Westerners viewed the Arab world as licentious, and Western intolerance of sex led them to brand Arabs as decadent; but as Western society became more sexually open, the supposedly prudish Arabs soon became viewed as backward. Rather than focusing exclusively on how these views developed in the West, in Desiring Arabs Joseph A. Massad reveals the history of how Arabs represented their own sexual desires. To this aim, he assembles a massive and diverse compendium of Arabic writing from the nineteenth century to the present in order to chart the changes in Arab sexual attitudes and their links to Arab notions of cultural heritage and civilization. A work of impressive scope and erudition, Massad’s chronicle of both the history and modern permutations of the debate over representations of sexual desires and practices in the Arab world is a crucial addition to our understanding of a frequently oversimplified and vilified culture. “A pioneering work on a very timely yet frustratingly neglected topic. . . . I know of no other study that can even begin to compare with the detail and scope of [this] work.”—Khaled El-Rouayheb, Middle East Report “In Desiring Arabs, [Edward] Said’s disciple Joseph A. Massad corroborates his mentor’s thesis that orientalist writing was racist and dehumanizing. . . . [Massad] brilliantly goes on to trace the legacy of this racist, internalized, orientalist discourse up to the present.”—Financial Times

Belated Travelers

Author: Ali Behdad
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822314711
Release Date: 1994-08-12
Genre: History

In Belated Travelers, Ali Behdad offers a compelling cultural critique of nineteenth-century travel writing and its dynamic function in European colonialism. Arriving too late to the Orient, at a time when tourism and colonialism had already turned the exotic into the familiar, late nineteenth-century European travelers to the Middle East experienced a sense of belatedness, of having missed the authentic experience once offered by a world that was already disappearing. Behdad argues that this nostalgic desire for the other contains an implicit critique of Western superiority, a split within European discourses of otherness. Working from these insights and using analyses of power derived from Foucault, Behdad engages in a new critique of orientalism. No longer viewed as a coherent and unified phenomenon or a single developmental tradition, it is seen as a complex and shifting field of practices that has relied upon its own ambivalence and moments of discontinuity to ensure and maintain its power as a discourse of dominance. Through readings of Flaubert, Nerval, Kipling, Blunt, and Eberhardt, and following the transition in travel literature from travelog to tourist guide, Belated Travelers addresses the specific historical conditions of late nineteenth-century orientalism implicated in the discourses of desire and power. Behdad also views a broad range of issues in addition to nostalgia and tourism, including transvestism and melancholia, to specifically demonstrate the ways in which the heterogeneity of orientalism and the plurality of its practice is an enabling force in the production and transformation of colonial power. An exceptional work that provides an important critique of issues at the forefront of critical practice today, Belated Travelers will be eagerly awaited by specialists in nineteenth-century British and French literatures, and all concerned with colonial and post-colonial discourse.

Oriental Interiors

Author: John Potvin
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 9781472596659
Release Date: 2015-12-17
Genre: Architecture

Since the publication of Edward Said's groundbreaking work Orientalism 35 years ago, numerous studies have explored the West's fraught and enduring fascination with the so-called Orient. Focusing their critical attention on the literary and pictorial arts, these studies have, to date, largely neglected the world of interior design. Oriental Interiors is the first book to fully explore the formation and perception of eastern-inspired interiors from an orientalist perspective. Orientalist spaces in the West have taken numerous forms since the 18th century to the present day, and the fifteen chapters in this collection reflect that diversity, dealing with subjects as varied and engaging as harems, Turkish baths on RMS Titanic, Parisian bachelor quarters, potted palms, and contemporary yoga studios. It explores how furnishings, surface treatments, ornament and music, for example, are deployed to enhance the exoticism and pleasures of oriental spaces, looking across a range of international locations. Organized into three parts, each introduced by the editor, the essays are grouped by theme to highlight critical paths into the intersections between orientalist studies, spatial theory, design studies, visual culture and gender studies, making this essential reading for students and researchers alike.

Queer Roots for the Diaspora

Author: Jarrod Hayes
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472053162
Release Date: 2016-08-11
Genre: Literary Criticism

Uses comparative narratives to explore the dualism between marginalization and the desire for roots within a rooted identity

Queer Frontiers

Author: Joseph Allen Boone
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 0299160904
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Social Science

“An eloquent and convincingly articulated anthology. The relavance of its contribution cannot be overstated.”—Suzanne Chávez-Silverman, Pomona College “Suggests the expansive—and explosive—significance of queer theory both inside and outside of the academy.”—Bruce Burgett, University of Wisconsin–Madison “In their sophisticated attention not only to sexuality but also to bodies, genders, identities, and the social spaces that structure how desire plays itself out, this host of fresh voices from the queer frontier provides an encouraging preview of the shape of queer studies in the decade ahead.”—Susan Stryker, Stanford University “This wide-ranging anthology takes us unexpected places and makes provocative connections. Queer Frontiers is a stimulating and lively contribution to the ongoing cultural debates.”—Neil Miller, author of Out in the World and In Search of Gay America “What feminism was for the 1970s and 1980s—the galvanizing political and intellectual force reorganizing mainstream culture’s understanding of gender and sexuality—queer theory is for the 1990s.”—from the Introduction by Joseph A. Boone In the first collection of its kind, twenty-three scholars, artists, and critics forecast the impact of queer theory on the future of sexuality. Arguing that queer theory is poised to transform society’s perception of gender itself, this thoroughly interdisciplinary anthology locates itself at the forefront of various debates both inside and outside the academy. From the history of gay and lesbian studies to the emergence of video bars, from an interview with playwright Cherrie Moraga to a photo record of 1950s gay Los Angeles, these original essays tackle the past, present, and future of queer sexuality from all directions. Queer Frontiers brings together the most vital and energetic voices around; whether promising young scholar or veteran of gay activism, each contributor is helping to move the debate into uncharted territory.