International Politics of the Persian Gulf

Author: Mehran Kamrava
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815651529
Release Date: 2011
Genre: National security

For much of the contemporary history of the Middle East, the Persian Gulf has stood at the center of the region's strategic significance. At the same time, the Gulf has been wracked by political instability and tension. Together, the essays in this volume present a comprehensive, detailed, and accessible account of the international politics of the region. Focusing on the key factors that give the Persian Gulf its strategic significance, contributors look at the influence of vast deposits of oil and natural gas on international politics, the impact of the competing centers of power of Iran and Saudi Arabia, the nature of relationships among countries within the Persian Gulf, and the evolving interaction between Islam and politics. Throughout the collection, issues of internal and international security are shown to be central.

The Modern Middle East Third Edition

Author: Mehran Kamrava
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520956858
Release Date: 2013-09-27
Genre: Political Science

From the fall of the Ottoman Empire through the Arab Spring, this completely revised and updated edition of Mehran Kamrava’s classic treatise on the making of the contemporary Middle East remains essential reading for students and general readers who want to gain a better understanding of this diverse region.

Kurdish Quasi State

Author: Denise Natali
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815651215
Release Date: 2010
Genre: History

Despite ongoing instability and underdevelopment in post-Saddam Iraq, some parts of the country have realized relative security and growth. The Kurdish north, once an isolated outpost for the Iraqi army and local militia, has become an internationally recognized autonomous region. In The Kurdish Quasi-State, Natali explains the nature of this transformation and how it has influenced the relationship between the Kurdistan region and Iraq's central government. This much-needed scholarship focuses on foreign aid as helping to create and sustain the Kurdish quasi-state. It argues that the generous nature of external assistance to the Kurdistan region over time has given it new forms of legitimacy and leverage in the country. Since 2003 the Kurdistan region has gained representation in the central government and developed commercial, investment, and political ties with regional states and foreign governments.

Political Economy of the Persian Gulf

Author: Mehran Kamrava
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199327793
Release Date: 2012-03-27
Genre: Political Science

Some Persian Gulf states have capitalized on the quick pace of globalized fiscal transactions, transforming themselves into important markets for foreign investment. Others have fallen victim to such risky speculation. This has led the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) to reevaluate the integrity of the "Dubai Model" of economic diversification, as they search for an ideal method to organize their economies and compete within the global order. While exploring the greater dimensions that globalizing forces have brought to the political economies of Persian Gulf states, this book also considers recent changes instituted during and following the global economic crisis of 2008. While mutually beneficial rentier arrangements have guided the GCC countries' formation of oil-based economies and labor relations in the past, will this necessarily be true in the future? In addition to addressing this key concern, this volume confronts future demographic changes within GCC countries; the feasibility of establishing a GCC monetary union; the effects of rentierism on state autonomy; and the successes and failures of sovereign wealth funds and Islamic banking models.

Pax Syriana

Author: Rola El-Husseini
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815633044
Release Date: 2012
Genre: History

The recent political history of Lebanon has been defined by the legacy of war. While much has been written about the tragedy of the civil war, this title is the first book focused on the evolution of the postwar political scene.

Raging Against the Machine

Author: Holger Albrecht
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815652267
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Authoritarianism

Albrecht's work presents a comprehensive account of contemporary Egyptian politics, with a particular focus on the years 2002-2007. The text contains a theoretical dimension that considers the role political opposition and the core working mechanisms of state-society relations under authoritarian rule.

Qatar

Author: Mehran Kamrava
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801454301
Release Date: 2015-05-26
Genre: History

The Persian Gulf state of Qatar has fewer than 2 million inhabitants, virtually no potable water, and has been an independent nation only since 1971. Yet its enormous oil and gas wealth has permitted the ruling al Thani family to exert a disproportionately large influence on regional and even international politics. Qatar is, as Mehran Kamrava explains in this knowledgeable and incisive account of the emirate, a "tiny giant": although severely lacking in most measures of state power, it is highly influential in diplomatic, cultural, and economic spheres. Kamrava presents Qatar as an experimental country, building a new society while exerting what he calls "subtle power." It is both the headquarters of the global media network Al Jazeera and the site of the U.S. Central Command's Forward Headquarters and the Combined Air Operations Center. Qatar has been a major player during the European financial crisis, it has become a showplace for renowned architects, several U.S. universities have established campuses there, and it will host the FIFA World Cup in 2022. Qatar's effective use of its subtle power, Kamrava argues, challenges how we understand the role of small states in the global system. Given the Gulf state's outsized influence on regional and international affairs, this book is a critical and timely account of contemporary Qatari politics and society.

The Essentials of Ibadi Islam

Author: Valerie J. Hoffman
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815650843
Release Date: 2012-05-22
Genre: RELIGION

Ibadi Islam is a distinct sect of Islam, neither Sunni nor Shi’ite, that emerged in the early Islamic period and remains active today in small pockets of North Africa and as the dominant sect of Oman. Despite its antiquity, it has often been misunderstood and remains little known. Seeking to redress this gap and to introduce this influential Islamic school to the non-Arabic-speaking world, Hoffman offers the first book-length overview of Ibadi theology published in English. Beginning with a concise overview of Ibadi history, Hoffman delineates the sectarian movement’s role in the development of Islamic thought, tracing its distinctive teachings and literary history. In the second section, she provides annotated translations of two complementary modern Ibadi theological texts. This unique volume elucidates the religious and political thought by allowing the Ibadi tradition to speak for itself. The Essentials of Ibadi Islam gives readers, specialists and nonspecialists alike, a rare opportunity to understand the major teachings of Ibadi Islam.

Power and Change in Iran

Author: Daniel Brumberg
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253020796
Release Date: 2016-04-04
Genre: History

This volume provides an unparalleled and timely look at political, social, economic, and ideological dynamics in contemporary Iran. Through chapters on social welfare and privatization, university education, the role and authority of the Supreme Leader, the rule of law, the evolving electoral system, and the intense debate over human rights within and outside the regime, the contributors offer a comprehensive overview of Iranian politics. Their case studies reveal a society whose multiple vectors of contestation, negotiation, and competition are creating possibilities for transformation that are yet to be realized but whose outcome will affect the Islamic Republic, the region, and relations with the United States.

Troubled Waters

Author: Mehran Kamrava
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9781501720369
Release Date: 2018-05-15
Genre: History

Troubled Waters looks at four dynamics in the Persian Gulf that have contributed to making the region one of the most volatile and tension-filled spots in the world. Mehran Kamrava identifies the four dynamics as: the neglect of human dimensions of security, the inherent instability involved in reliance on the United States and the exclusion of Iraq and Iran, the international and security policies pursued by inside and outside actors, and a suite of overlapping security dilemmas. These four factors combine and interact to generate long-term volatility and ongoing tensions within the Persian Gulf. Through insights from Kamrava’s interviews with Gulf elites into policy decisions, the consequences of security dilemmas, the priorities of local players, and the neglect of identity and religion, Troubled Waters examines the root causes of conflicts and crises that are currently unfolding in the region. As Kamrava demonstrates, each state in the region, including Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Qatar, has embarked on vigorous security-producing efforts as part of foreign policy, flooding the area with more munitions—thereby increasing insecurity and causing more mistrust in a part of the world that needs no more tension.

Foundations of Modern International Thought

Author: David Armitage
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521807074
Release Date: 2013
Genre: History

This insightful and wide-ranging volume traces the genesis of international intellectual thought, connecting international and global history with intellectual history.

The Political History of Modern Iran

Author: Mehran Kamrava
Publisher: Praeger Publishers
ISBN: UOM:39015029162396
Release Date: 1992-01-01
Genre: History

This book offers a concise and comprehensive examination of Iran's political history from the establishment of the Qajar dynasty in 1785 until the present. It focuses on both the historical evolution of Iranian political institutions as well as on the processes and phenomena to which these institutions have been exposed. Since politics do not occur within a culturally vacuous context, attention is also drawn to the dominant characteristics of Iran's political culture--from tribalism and religion to the cult of personality and political demagoguery--that have similarly shaped political life in Iran. Such characteristics have acquired added accent under the revolutionary regime of the Islamic Republic, although the revolution's gradual routinization has once again brought about a measure of political normalcy. Attention is drawn to the persistence of specific political dynamics that have proven to be particularly resilient throughout Iran's recent history. Throughout the reigns of the three regimes governing Iran since the eighteenth century--the Qajars, the Pahlavis, and the Islamic Republic--radically different from one another as they have been, the three themes of political autocracy, foreign intervention, and revolution have remained.

The New Voices of Islam

Author: mehran kamrava
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 184511275X
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Islam

Over the years, a significant discourse has emerged from a number of prominent Muslim thinkers who wish to reformulate Islamic theology & jurisprudence. This book talks about their work, on the themes of Islamic hermeneutics, Islam's relationship with modernity, & the relationship of Islam with democracy & civil rights.

Sectarianization

Author: Nader Hashemi
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780190862664
Release Date: 2017-03-15
Genre: Religion

As the Middle East descends ever deeper into violence and chaos, 'sectarianism' has become a catch-all explanation for the region's troubles. The turmoil is attributed to 'ancient sectarian differences', putatively primordial forces that make violent conflict intractable. In media and policy discussions, sectarianism has come to possess trans-historical causal power. This book trenchantly challenges the lazy use of 'sectarianism' as a magic-bullet explanation for the region's ills, focusing on how various conflicts in the Middle East have morphed from non-sectarian (or cross-sectarian) and nonviolent movements into sectarian wars. Through multiple case studies -- including Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Yemen and Kuwait -- this book maps the dynamics of sectarianisation, exploring not only how but also why it has taken hold. The contributors examine the constellation of forces -- from those within societies to external factors such as the Saudi-Iran rivalry -- that drive the sectarianisation process and explore how the region's politics can be de-sectarianised. Featuring leading scholars -- and including historians, anthropologists, political scientists and international relations theorists -- this book will redefine the terms of debate on one of the most critical issues in international affairs today.

The International Politics of the Persian Gulf

Author: Arshin Adib-Moghaddam
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781134171897
Release Date: 2006-09-27
Genre: Political Science

Adib-Moghaddam examines the causes and consequences of conflict in one of the most important regions of the world. Bridging the gap between critical theories of international relations and the empirical study of the Gulf area, this book expands on the many ideologies, cultural inventions and ideational constructs that have affected relations in the past three decades. Key issues explored include: the rise and fall of Arab and Persian nationalism the international repercussions of the Islamic revolution in Iran the events surrounding the three Gulf Wars the 'mindset' of terrorist networks such as al-Qaeda why US neo-conservatism is threatening regional order. Provocatively written, persuasively researched and conclusively argued, The International Politics of the Persian Gulf presents the first comprehensive analysis of international relations in the Gulf from an explicitly multidisciplinary perspective.