Author: Aline L. Jaeckel
Publisher: Publications on Ocean Developm
Release Date: 2017-01-19
In The International Seabed Authority and the Precautionary Principle, Aline L. Jaeckel offers an insightful analysis of the work of the International Seabed Authority and examines whether the Authority is implementing the precautionary principle in regulating and managing deep seabed minerals.
Taking the North-East Atlantic Ocean as an example of regional practice, this book addresses the dual approach to ocean governance in international law. It examines the interaction between zonal and integrated management approaches and the conservation of marine living resources and marine biological diversity. The study examines the limitations of the traditional zonal approach and suggests new possibilities for conformity between sovereign states, international law and sustainable development.
Author: Sybille van den Hove
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Business & Economics
The objective of this report is to provide an overview of the key socio-economic, management and governance issues relating to the conservation and sustainable use of deep-sea ecosystems and biodiversity. The report highlights our current understanding of these issues and identifies topics and areas that need further investigation to close gaps in knowledge. It also explores the needs and means for interfacing research with policy with a view to contributing to the political processes regarding deep-sea and high-seas governance, which are currently ongoing in various international flora within and outside the UN system. In addition, the report provides guidance on the future direction and focus of research on environmental, socio-economic and governance aspects in relation to the deep-sea.
This comprehensive handbook, prepared by leading ocean policy academics and practitioners from around the world, presents in-depth analyses of the experiences of fifteen developed and developing nations and four key regions of the world that have taken concrete steps toward cross-cutting and integrated national and regional ocean policy. All chapters follow a common framework for policy analysis. While most coastal nations of the world already have a variety of sectoral policies in place to manage different uses of the ocean (such as shipping, fishing, oil and gas development), in the last two decades, the coastal nations covered in the book have undertaken concerted efforts to articulate and implement an integrated, ecosystem-based vision for the governance of ocean areas under their jurisdiction. This includes goals and procedures to harmonize existing uses and laws, to foster sustainable development of ocean areas, to protect biodiversity and vulnerable resources and ecosystems, and to coordinate the actions of the many government agencies that are typically involved in oceans affairs. The book highlights the serious conflicts of use in most national ocean zones and the varying attempts by nations to follow the prescriptions emanating from the 1982 UN Law of the Sea Convention and the outcomes of the 1992, 2002, and 2012 sustainable development summits. The interrelationship among uses and processes in the coast and ocean requires that ocean governance be integrated, precautionary, and anticipatory. Overall, the book provides a definitive state-of-the-art review and analysis of national and regional ocean policies around the world.
Author: James Harrison
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2017-09-21
The oceans cover more than seventy per cent of the surface of the planet and they provide many vital ecosystem services. However, the health of the world's oceans has been deteriorating over the past decades and the protection of the marine environment has emerged as one of the most pressing legal and political challenges for the international community. An effective solution depends upon the cooperation of all states towards achieving agreed objectives. This book provides a critical assessment of the role that international law plays in this process, by explaining and evaluating the various legal instruments that have been negotiated in this area, as well as key trends in global ocean governance. Starting with a detailed analysis of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, the book considers the main treaties and other legal texts that seeks to prevent, reduce, and control damage to the marine environment caused by navigation, seabed exploitation, fishing, dumping, and land-based activities, as well as emerging pressures such as ocean noise and climate change. The book demonstrates how international institutions have expanded their mandates to address a broader range of marine environmental issues, beyond basic problems of pollution control to include the conservation of marine biological diversity and an ecosystems approach to regulation. It also discusses the development of diverse regulatory tools to address anthropogenic impacts on the marine environment and the extent to which states have adopted a precautionary approach in different maritime sectors. Whilst many advances have been made in these matters, this book highlights the need for greater coordination between international institutions, as well as the desirability of developing stronger enforcement mechanisms for international environmental rules.
Author: Myron H. Nordquist
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Release Date: 2003-01-01
This collection of essays commemorates the Thirtieth Anniversary of the 1972 Stockholm Declaration on the Human Environment. The opening presentation is by the distinguished former Foreign Minister of Sweden, Dr. Hans Blix, a primary author of the Stockholm Declaration. A second keynote abstract is by Professor Bjorn Lomborg, the renowned author of The Skeptical Environmentalist. The third keynote essay is by the United Nations Under Secretary-General of Legal Affairs, Hans Correl. The remainder of the volume includes contributions by six judges from the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the Secretary-General of the International Seabed Authority, senior representatives from the Food and Agriculture Organization, International Maritime Organization, World Bank, Swedish Foreign Ministry and United States Department of State along with 25 professors and environmental law experts from 15 countries. The collection provides a comprehensive, in-depth review of the historic achievement as well as current relevance of the 1972 Stockholm Declaration as a landmark achievement in international environmental law.
Author: David Kenneth Leary
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Release Date: 2007
Deep-sea genetic resources and the interest of the biotechnology industry in their exploitation are emerging as a significant challenge for international oceans governance. This book is the first comprehensive examination of this issue and explores its relationship with marine scientific research and other activities in the deep sea. As well as a detailed survey of the state of industry interest in this new field of biotechnology it also sets out proposals for future sustainable management of these resources utilizing many existing international law and policy regimes.
Independent, high-quality analysis of the growing number of international agreements on environment and developmentEssential reference for lawyers, policy makers and professionals in international affairsCompiled and edited by the Fridjtof Nansen Institute, Norway, this is an authoritative and comprehensive reference to all international agreements on environment and development. It details the objectives, status, rules, funding and implementation of each instrument. Essays by leading authorities assess the achievements and shortcomings of international co-operation. International governmental organizations (IGOs), non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and participating countries are profiled.
Author: Kees Bastmeijer
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Release Date: 2008
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a well-established instrument of Environmental Law and policy that aims to ensure that potential adverse environmental effects of human activities are assessed before decisions on such activities are made. The instrument is increasingly being applied in respect of activities that may cause environmental effects across the borders of a state. In this book, thirteen systems of Transboundary Environmental Impact Assessment (TEIA) are assessed that exist or are in development in different parts of the world. Although TEIA is generally associated with EIA between territorial states, this book takes a broader approach and is divided into three sub-parts: Transboundary EIA between states, EIA for activities in international and shared areas, and EIA required by international financial institutions. Knowledgeable experts (scholars and practitioners) provide an overview of the history, content, and practice of the individual systems and, based on these discussions, the state of the art concerning TEIA and possible future developments are discussed.
Author: Thomas Giegerich
Release Date: 2013-03-09
Genre: Social Science
Das Buch beschreibt die rechtlichen Kriterien, anhand derer Staaten die zur dauernden Niederlassung in Frage kommenden Ausländer auswählen, und untersucht die rechtlichen Mechanismen, mit deren Hilfe diese Einwanderer integriert werden. Es arbeitet damit das international- und supranationalrechtliche sowie rechtsvergleichende Umfeld auf, in das sich ein zukünftiges deutsches Einwanderungsgesetz rechtlich bzw. politisch einfügen wird. Nach einer Darstellung des Völker- und europarechtlichen Rahmens, der bei der Neugestaltung des deutschen Einwanderungsrechts einzuhalten ist (I. Teil), wird das Einwanderungsrecht von neun europäischen und fünf außereuropäischen Staaten nach einer im wesentlichen einheitlichen Gliederung in seinen Grundzügen (unter Einbeziehung der Flüchtlingsproblematik) näher erarbeitet: Belgien, Frankreich, Italien, Niederlande, Österreich, Schweden, Schweiz, Spanien, Vereinigtes Königreich/Australien, Kanada, Neuseeland, Südafrika, USA. Im III. Teil schließt eine vergleichende Analyse an, die die teilweise parallele, häufig aber auch unterschiedliche Struktur der nationalen Einwanderungsrechte verdeutlicht und versucht, unter Beachtung der Völker- und europarechtlichen Vorgaben Regelungsmodelle zu definieren.
The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists is the premier public resource on scientific and technological developments that impact global security. Founded by Manhattan Project Scientists, the Bulletin's iconic "Doomsday Clock" stimulates solutions for a safer world.