The Jury Under Fire

Author: Brian H. Bornstein
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780190201364
Release Date: 2017-01-23
Genre: Law

Although the jury is often referred to as one of the bulwarks of the American justice system, it regularly comes under attack. Recent changes to trial procedures, such as reducing jury size, allowing non-unanimous verdicts, and rewriting jury instructions in plain English, were designed to promote greater efficiency and adherence to the law. Other changes, such as capping damages and replacing jurors with judges as arbiters in complex trials, seem designed to restrict the role of laypeople in trial outcomes. Whether these innovations are implemented to facilitate the administration of justice or due to the belief that juries have excessive power and make irrational decisions, they raise a host of questions about their effects on juries' judgments and about justice. Policymakers sometimes make incorrect assumptions about jury behavior, with the result that some reform efforts have had surprising and unintended consequences. The Jury Under Fire reviews a number of controversial beliefs about juries as well as the implications of these views for jury reform. It reviews up-to-date research on both criminal and civil juries that uses a variety of research methodologies: simulations, archival analyses, field studies, and juror interviews. Each chapter focuses on a mistaken assumption or myth about jurors or juries, critiques these myths, and then uses social science research findings to suggest appropriate reforms. Chapters discuss the experience of serving as a juror; jury selection and jury size; and the impact of evidence from eyewitnesses, experts, confessions, and juvenile offenders. The book also covers the process of deciding damages and punishment and the role of emotions in jurors' decision making, and it compares jurors' and judges' decisions. Finally, it reviews a broad range of efforts to reform the jury, including the most promising reforms that have a solid backing in research. Featuring highly visible trials to illustrate key points, The Jury Under Fire will interest researchers in psychology and the law, practicing attorneys, and policymakers, as well as students and trainees in these areas.

The SAGE Handbook of Applied Social Psychology

Author: Kieran C. O'Doherty
Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited
ISBN: 9781526417084
Release Date: 2019-01-26
Genre: Psychology

In the present epoch of global change, movement, interconnection and the intensification of social issues within and across many societies, applied social psychology is more relevant than ever. The SAGE Handbook of Applied Social Psychology offers an overview of the field and the disparate and evolving approaches. Through an international team of contributors, the handbook brings prominent research literature together and organises it around ten key areas: Part 01: Culture, race, indigeneity Part 02: Gender & Sexuality Part 03: Politics Part 04: Health and mental health Part 05: Work Part 06: Ageing Part 07: Communication Part 08: Education Part 09: Environment Part 10: Criminal Justice, Law, & Crime This handbook is a uniting and invigorating resource for the field of Applied Social Psychology.

Criminal Juries in the 21st Century

Author: Cynthia Najdowski
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780190658120
Release Date: 2018-08-20
Genre: Psychology

The jury is often hailed as one of the most important symbols of American democracy. Yet much has changed since the Sixth Amendment in 1791 first guaranteed all citizens the right to a jury trial in criminal prosecutions. Experts now have a much more nuanced understanding of the psychological implications of being a juror, and advances in technology and neuroscience make the work of rendering a decision in a criminal trial more complicated than ever before. Criminal Juries in the 21st Century explores the increasingly wide gulf between criminal trial law, procedures, and policy, and what scientific findings have revealed about the human experience of serving as a juror. Readers will contemplate myriad legal issues that arise when jurors decide criminal cases as well as cutting-edge psychological research that can be used to not only understand the performance and experience of the contemporary criminal jury, but also to improve it. Chapter authors grapple with a number of key issues at the intersection of psychology and law, guiding readers to consider everything from the factors that influence the initial selection of the jury to how jurors cope with and reflect on their service after the trial ends. Together the chapters provide a unique view of criminal juries with the goal of increasing awareness of a broad range of current issues in great need of theoretical, empirical, and legal attention. Criminal Juries in the 21st Century will identify how social science research can inform law and policy relevant to improving justice within the jury system, and is an essential resource for those who directly study jury decision making as well as social scientists generally, attorneys, judges, students, and even future jurors.

The Behavioral Science of Firearms

Author: Gianni Pirelli
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780190669782
Release Date: 2018-10-18
Genre: Psychology

The Behavioral Science of Firearms focuses on applying behavioral science principles and knowledge to inform and improve firearm-related policy, practice, and research. The authors provide comprehensive coverage of relevant case law and legal statutes, as well as issues pertaining to violence, suicide, and gun safety. Additional topics include civilian firearm ownership suitability; considerations for relevant professions (such as the military, law enforcement, and corrections); self-care; and more. Concepts are presented via a best-practices model that promotes empirically-supported decision-making. Drawing on a range of arenas such as psychology, sociology, criminal justice, and law, The Behavioral Science of Firearms is an essential resource for a wide readership, including practitioners, institutional and law enforcement personnel, legislators, and academicians and students in fields such as psychology, criminal justice, and public health.

Psychologie des Massen

Author: Gustave Le Bon
Publisher: FV Éditions
ISBN: 9791029900112
Release Date: 2015-03-12
Genre: Psychology

"Das Überraschendste an einer psychologischen Masse ist: welcher Art auch die einzelnen sein mögen, die sie bilden, wie ähnlich oder unähnlich ihre Lebensweise, Beschäftigungen, ihr Charakter oder ihre Intelligenz ist, durch den bloßen Umstand ihrer Umformung zu Masse besitzen sie eine Art Gemeinschaftsseele, vermöge deren sie in ganz andrer Weise fühlen, denken und handeln, als jedes von ihnen für sich fühlen, denken und handeln würde. Es gibt gewisse Ideen und Gefühle, die nur bei den zu Massen verbundenen einzelnen auftreten oder sich in Handlungen umsetzen." G. Le Bon

Die Schande von Missoula

Author: Jon Krakauer
Publisher: Piper ebooks
ISBN: 9783492973359
Release Date: 2016-11-02
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

Die meisten Vergewaltiger kannten ihre Opfer vorher, wodurch die Strafverfolgung und die gerichtliche Suche nach der Wahrheit oft komplex und undurchsichtig ist und die vergewaltigten Frauen ein zweites Mal traumatisiert werden. In seinem neuen Buch beschäftigt sich Jon Krakauer mit Vergewaltigungsfällen in der amerikanischen Universitätsstadt Missoula. Minutiös und doch einfühlsam skizziert er die Ereignisse, die eine ganze Gesellschaft an der Frage nach Recht und Unrecht, Wahrheit und Lüge verzweifeln lassen, er spricht mit den Beschuldigten und den Opfern und schildert packend, wie schmerzhaft die Suche nach Gerechtigkeit und Sühne bei Gericht sein kann.

Denken wie ein Neandertaler

Author: Thomas Wynn
Publisher: Philipp Von Zabern Verlag Gmbh
ISBN: 3805346042
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Science

The Neanderthal was more similar to us modern man than we think, he was not a primitive Caveman. He had his own language and a large, if not even sophisticated vocabulary. Archeological findings show that the Neanderthals were capable of complex technical process and that most of his life he spent in a small family group. The authors Thomas Wynn and Frederick L. Coolidge give a fascinating insight into the real life and culture of the Neanderthal.

S hne und Liebhaber

Author: D. H. Lawrence
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 9783743708815
Release Date: 2017-03-30
Genre: Fiction

D. H. Lawrence: Söhne und Liebhaber »Sons and Lovers«. Erstdruck: 1913. Hier in der Übersetzung von Franz Franzius, Leipzig, Insel-Verlag, 1925. Neuausgabe. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2017. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Odilon Redon, Ödipus im Garten der Illusion, um 1900. Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 11 pt.

Jerome Frank

Author: Jehiol Mitchell Rosenberg
Publisher:
ISBN: UOM:39015062375319
Release Date: 1970
Genre: Judges


Wie Demokratien sterben

Author: Steven Levitsky
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 9783641222918
Release Date: 2018-05-29
Genre: Political Science

Ausgezeichnet mit dem NDR Kultur Sachbuchpreis 2018 als bestes Sachbuch des Jahres Demokratien sterben mit einem Knall oder mit einem Wimmern. Der Knall, also das oft gewaltsame Ende einer Demokratie durch einen Putsch, einen Krieg oder eine Revolution, ist spektakulärer. Doch das Dahinsiechen einer Demokratie, das Sterben mit einem Wimmern, ist alltäglicher – und gefährlicher, weil die Bürger meist erst aufwachen, wenn es zu spät ist. Mit Blick auf die USA, Lateinamerika und Europa zeigen die beiden Politologen Steven Levitsky und Daniel Ziblatt, woran wir erkennen, dass demokratische Institutionen und Prozesse ausgehöhlt werden. Und sie sagen, an welchen Punkten wir eingreifen können, um diese Entwicklung zu stoppen. Denn mit gezielter Gegenwehr lässt sich die Demokratie retten – auch vom Sterbebett.

Aussetzer

Author: Daniel L. Schacter
Publisher:
ISBN: 3404605780
Release Date: 2007
Genre:


Congressional Record

Author: United States. Congress
Publisher:
ISBN: OSU:32437010716476
Release Date: 1970
Genre: Law

The Congressional Record is the official record of the proceedings and debates of the United States Congress. It is published daily when Congress is in session. The Congressional Record began publication in 1873. Debates for sessions prior to 1873 are recorded in The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States (1789-1824), the Register of Debates in Congress (1824-1837), and the Congressional Globe (1833-1873)