The International Criminal Court is at a crossroads. In 1998, the Court was still a fiction. A decade later, it has become operational and faces its first challenges as a judicial institution. This volume examines this transition. It analyses the first jurisprudence and policies of the Court. It provides a systematic survey of the emerging law and practice in four main areas: the relationship of the Court to domestic jurisdictions, prosecutorial policy and practice, the treatment of the Courta (TM)s applicable law and the shaping of its procedure. It revisits major themes, such as jurisdiction, complementarity, cooperation, prosecutorial discretion, modes of liability, pre-trial, trial and appeals procedure and the treatment of victims and witnesses, as well as their criticisms. It also explores some of challenges and potential avenues for future reform.
Some parts of this publication are open access, available under the terms of a CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 International licence. Chapters 2, 4, 10, 47 and 49 are offered as a free PDF download from OUP and selected open access locations. The International Criminal Court is a controversial and important body within international law; one that is significantly growing in importance, particularly as other international criminal tribunals close down. After a decade of Court practice, this book takes stock of the activities of the International Criminal Court, identifying the key issues in need of re-thinking or potential reform. It provides a systematic and in-depth thematic account of the law and practice of the Court, including its changes context, the challenges it faces, and its overall contribution to international criminal law. The book is written by over forty leading practitioners and scholars from both inside and outside the Court. They provide an unparallelled insight into the Court as an institution, its jurisprudence, the impact of its activities, and its future development. The work addresses the ways in which the practice of the International Criminal Court has emerged, and identifies ways in which this practice could be refined or improved in future cases. The book is organised along six key themes: (i) the context of International Criminal Court investigations and prosecutions; (ii) the relationship of the Court to domestic jurisdictions; (iii) prosecutorial policy and practice; (iv) the applicable law; (v) fairness and expeditiousness of proceedings; and (vi) its impact and lessons learned. It shows the ways in which the Court has offered fresh perspectives on the theorization and conception of crimes, charges and individual criminal responsibility. It examines the procedural framework of the Court, including the functioning of different stages of proceedings. The Court's decisions have significant repercussions: on domestic law, criminal theory, and the law of other international courts and tribunals. In this context, the book assesses the extent to which specific approaches and assumptions, both positive and negative, regarding the potential impact of the Court are in need of re-thinking. This book will be essential reading for practitioners, scholars, and students of international criminal law.
This volume presents an overview of the principal features of the legacy of International Tribunals and an assessment of their impact on the International Criminal Court and on the review process of the Rome Statute. It illustrates the foundation of a system of international criminal law and justice through the case-law and practices of the UN ad hoc tribunals and other internationally assisted tribunals and courts. These examples provide advice for possible future developments in international criminal procedure and law, with particular reference to their impact on the ICC and on national jurisdictions. The review process of the Rome Statute is approached as a step of a review process to provide a perspective of the developments in the field since the Statute’s adoption in 1998.
Author: Larissa van den Herik
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Release Date: 2012
This volume deals with the tension between unity and diversification which has gained a central place in the debate under the label of ‘fragmentation’. It explores the meaning, articulation and risks of this phenomenon in a specific area: International Criminal Justice. It brings together established and fresh voices who analyse different sites and contestations of this concept, as well as its context and specific manifestations in the interpretation and application of International Criminal Law. The volume thereby connects discourse on ‘fragmentation’ with broader inquiry on the merits and discontents of legal pluralism in ‘Public International Law’.
Author: Benjamin Dürr
Publisher: Edition Körber
Release Date: 2016-10-17
Genre: Political Science
Vor dem Internationalen Strafgerichtshof in Den Haag werden Kriegsverbrechen und schwerste Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit verhandelt. Warlords, Milizionären und sogar Präsidenten kann der Prozess gemacht werden. Zum ersten Mal in der Geschichte der Menschheit gibt es ein Gericht, das fast weltweit eingreifen kann. Mehr als 120 Staaten sind zurzeit Mitglied und haben sich einem großen Ideal verpflichtet: Gerechtigkeit soll über Krieg triumphieren, Recht über Straflosigkeit. Diese Idee ist überzeugend, nahezu heroisch - doch der Alltag ist eine wahre Sisyphusarbeit aus kriminalistischem Handwerk und juristischer Hartnäckigkeit. Daneben wächst in der Öffentlichkeit die Ungeduld über die Machtlosigkeit und die Abhängigkeit von politischen Interessen Aber trotz dieser Widrigkeiten versucht der IStGH jeden Tag aufs Neue, an jenen Orten für Gerechtigkeit zu sorgen, um die sich sonst niemand kümmert. Benjamin Dürr verbindet Analyse und Reportagen, spricht mit Anwälten, die brutale Milizenanführer vertreten: mit Richtern, die ein gerechtes Urteil finden müssen; mit Anklägern, Ermittlern und Menschenrechtsaktivisten. Und schreibt so ein aufrüttelndes Porträt dieses ersten säkularen Weltgerichts.
The International Criminal Court (ICC) is the first permanent international criminal tribunal, which has jurisdiction over the most serious crimes of concern to the international community as a whole: genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and crime of aggression. This book critically analyses the law and practice of the ICC and its contribution to the development of international criminal law and policy. The book focuses on the key procedural and substantive challenges faced by the ICC since its establishment. The critical analysis of the normative framework aims to elaborate ways in which the Court may resolve difficulties, which prevent it from reaching its declared objectives in particularly complex situations. Contributors to the book include leading experts in international criminal justice, and cover a range of topics including, inter alia, terrorism, modes of liability, ne bis in idem, victims reparations, the evidentiary threshold for the confirmation of charges, and sentencing. The book also considers the relationship between the ICC and States, and explores the impact that the new regime of international criminal justice has had on countries where the most serious crimes have been committed. In drawing together these discussions, the book provides a significant contribution in assessing how the ICC’s practice could be refined or improved in future cases. The book will be of great use and interest to international criminal law and public international law.
Author: Kai Ambos
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2016-08-11
Since the adoption of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court in 1998, international criminal law has rapidly grown in importance. This three-volume treatise on international criminal law presents a foundational, systematic, consistent, and comprehensive analysis of the field. Taking into account the scholarly literature, not only sources written in English but also in French, German, Italian, Portuguese, and Spanish, the book draws on the author's extensive academic and practical work in international criminal law. This third volume offers a comprehensive analysis of the procedures and implementation of international law by international criminal tribunals and the International Criminal Court. Through analysis of the framework of international criminal procedure, the author considers each stage in the process of proceedings before the ICC, including the role of legal participants, the scope of jurisdiction, and the enforcement of sentences. The full three-volume treatise addresses the entirety of international criminal law, re-stating and re-examining the fundamental principles upon which it rests, the manner it is enacted, and the key issues that are shaping its future. It is essential reading for practitioners, scholars, and students of international criminal law alike.
Author: Karim A. A. Khan
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date: 2010-01-01
Genre: Evidence (Law)
Principles of Evidence in International Criminal Justice provides an overview of the procedure and practice concerning the admission and evaluation of evidence before the international criminal tribunals. The book is both descriptive and critical and its emphasis is on day-to-day practice, drawing on the experience of the Yugoslavia, Rwanda and Sierra Leone Tribunals. This book is an attempt to define and explain the core principles and rules that have developed at those ad hoc Tribunals; the rationale and origin of those rules; and to assess the suitability of those rules in the particular context of the International Criminal Court which is still at its early stages. The ICC differs in structure from the ad hoc Tribunals and approaches the legal issues it has to resolve differently from its predecessors. The ICC is however confronted with many of the same questions. The book examines the differences between the ad hoc Tribunals and the ICC and seeks to offer insights as to how and in which circumstances the principles established over years of practice at the ICTY, ICTR and SCSL may serve as guidance to the ICC practitioners of today and the future. The contributors represent a cross-section of the practicing international criminal bar, drawn from the ranks of the Bench, the Prosecution and the Defence and bringing with them different legal domestic cultures. Their mixed background underlines the recurring theme in this book which is the manner in which a legal culture has gradually taken shape in the international Tribunals, drawing on the various traditions and experiences of its participants.
Professor Rosenne's books on the law and practice of the Court have not only grown in size and number of volumes, but also in authority. They can be found on the desks of judges, counsel, scholars and university students alike and for all of them they are the indispensable guide to the Court's jurisprudence.
Author: John R. W. D. Jones
Publisher: Brill - Nijhoff
Release Date: 2003
There are currently four international criminal courts: the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (the "ICTY"), the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (the "ICTR"), the International Criminal Court (the "ICC") and the Special Court for Sierra Leone (albeit one that is a mixed international-domestic court) (the "SCSL"). Their predecessors, the International Military Tribunals at Nuremberg and Tokyo, for all the criticism that they were "victors' tribunals", were nonetheless international) and are therefore included in this study of international criminal courts and tribunals. The ICTY and ICTR have both held extensive trials and appeals, while the ICC and SCSL are not in operation at the time of publication. Accordingly, the approach adopted here is to examine the law and practice of the ICTY and ICTR in parallel, with a comparison being made to the ICC and SCSL, where appropriate, at the end of each section. Unlike the first two editions of this work, this edition is presented thematically, rather than as an article-by-article, rule-by-rule commentary. Given the emerging corpus of international criminal law generated by the Statutes, Rules of Procedure and Evidence and jurisprudence of the ICTY, ICTR, ICC and the courts in East Timor, Sierra Leone and Kosovo, among others, a subject-matter approach appears more logical and, indeed, user-friendly. Where, however, readers seek exegesis of a specific article, they have only to make reference to the article-by-article, rule-by-rule index to find the appropriate page(s). This is in addition to the subject-matter index.
Author: Paolo Lobba
Release Date: 2017-08-28
Genre: Political Science
The book presents a critical assessment on the use of human rights case law by international criminal tribunals. Based on the inadequacies highlighted though this analysis, the book propounds a coherent method to transfer human rights standards into international criminal justice.
Author: Christian De Vos
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2015-12-18
The International Criminal Court emerged in the early twenty-first century as an ambitious and permanent institution with a mandate to address mass atrocity crimes such as genocide and crimes against humanity. Although designed to exercise jurisdiction only in instances where states do not pursue these crimes themselves (and are unwilling or unable to do so), the Court's interventions, particularly in African states, have raised questions about the social value of its work and its political dimensions and effects. Bringing together scholars and practitioners who specialise on the ICC, this collection offers a diverse account of its interventions: from investigations to trials and from the Court's Hague-based centre to the networks of actors who sustain its activities. Exploring connections with transitional justice and international relations, and drawing upon critical insights from the interpretive social sciences, it offers a novel perspective on the ICC's work. This title is also available as Open Access.
This book is a guide to the law and practice of victims’ roles before the International Criminal Court, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. The various chapters focus on the provisions relevant to victim participation at these courts and the case law interpreting and applying those provisions. The book thus informs the reader on the principal ways in which the relevant practice is developing, the distinct avenues taken in the application of similar provisions as well as the ensuing advantages and challenges. Unlike other volumes focusing on relevant academic literature, this volume is written mainly by practitioners and is addressed to those lawyers, legal advisers and victimologists who work or wish to work in the field of victim participation in international criminal justice. Kinga Tibori-Szabó is legal officer for the Kosovo Specialist Chambers in The Hague and has previously worked for the Legal Representative of Victims at the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. Megan Hirst is a barrister at Doughty Street Chambers in London and has worked on victims' participation issues in the Registries of the International Criminal Court and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, as well as in an LRV team in Prosecutor v. Dominic Ongwen.
Author: Olympia Bekou
Release Date: 2016-04-25
In Cooperation and the International Criminal Court: Perspectives from Theory and Practice, Olympia Bekou and Daley J. Birkett bring together expert contributions from both academia and practice, providing detailed insight into the cooperation regime of the International Criminal Court.