The Law of Peoples

Author: John Rawls
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674005422
Release Date: 2001
Genre: Law

This work consists of two parts: The Idea of Public Reason Revisited and The Law of Peoples. Taken together, they are the culmination of more than 50 years of reflection on liberalism and on some pressing problems of our times. Originally published: 1999.

The Law of Peoples

Author: John Rawls
Publisher:
ISBN: UOM:49015002506617
Release Date: 1999
Genre: Philosophy

A Harvard professor offers his thoughts on the idea of a social contract regulating people's behavior toward one another.

Political Liberalism

Author: John Rawls
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231527535
Release Date: 2011-02-10
Genre: Philosophy

This book continues and revises the ideas of justice as fairness that John Rawls presented in A Theory of Justice but changes its philosophical interpretation in a fundamental way. That previous work assumed what Rawls calls a "well-ordered society," one that is stable and relatively homogenous in its basic moral beliefs and in which there is broad agreement about what constitutes the good life. Yet in modern democratic society a plurality of incompatible and irreconcilable doctrines—religious, philosophical, and moral—coexist within the framework of democratic institutions. Recognizing this as a permanent condition of democracy, Rawls asks how a stable and just society of free and equal citizens can live in concord when divided by reasonable but incompatible doctrines? This edition includes the essay "The Idea of Public Reason Revisited," which outlines Rawls' plans to revise Political Liberalism, which were cut short by his death. "An extraordinary well-reasoned commentary on A Theory of Justice...a decisive turn towards political philosophy." —Times Literary Supplement

Lectures on the History of Political Philosophy

Author: John Rawls
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674042568
Release Date: 2009-06-30
Genre: Philosophy

This last book by the late John Rawls, derived from written lectures and notes for his long-running course on modern political philosophy, offers readers an account of the liberal political tradition from a scholar viewed by many as the greatest contemporary exponent of the philosophy behind that tradition. Rawls's goal in the lectures was, he wrote, "to identify the more central features of liberalism as expressing a political conception of justice when liberalism is viewed from within the tradition of democratic constitutionalism." He does this by looking at several strands that make up the liberal and democratic constitutional traditions, and at the historical figures who best represent these strands--among them the contractarians Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau; the utilitarians Hume, Sidgwick, and J. S. Mill; and Marx regarded as a critic of liberalism. Rawls's lectures on Bishop Joseph Butler also are included in an appendix. Constantly revised and refined over three decades, Rawls's lectures on these figures reflect his developing and changing views on the history of liberalism and democracy--as well as how he saw his own work in relation to those traditions. With its clear and careful analyses of the doctrine of the social contract, utilitarianism, and socialism--and of their most influential proponents--this volume has a critical place in the traditions it expounds. Marked by Rawls's characteristic patience and curiosity, and scrupulously edited by his student and teaching assistant, Samuel Freeman, these lectures are a fitting final addition to his oeuvre, and to the history of political philosophy as well.

The Order of Public Reason

Author: Gerald Gaus
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139495073
Release Date: 2010-12-13
Genre: Philosophy

In this innovative and important work, Gerald Gaus advances a revised and more realistic account of public reason liberalism, showing how, in the midst of fundamental disagreement about values and moral beliefs, we can achieve a moral and political order that treats all as free and equal moral persons. The first part of this work analyzes social morality as a system of authoritative moral rules. Drawing on an earlier generation of moral philosophers such as Kurt Baier and Peter Strawson as well as current work in the social sciences, Gaus argues that our social morality is an evolved social fact, which is the necessary foundation of a mutually beneficial social order. The second part considers how this system of social moral authority can be justified to all moral persons. Drawing on the tools of game theory, social choice theory, experimental psychology and evolutionary theory, Gaus shows how a free society can secure a moral equilibrium that is endorsed by all, and how a just state respects, and develops, such an equilibrium.

The Duty to Obey the Law

Author: William Atkins Edmundson
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0847692558
Release Date: 1999
Genre: Philosophy

The question, "Why should I obey the law?" introduces a contemporary puzzle that is as old as philosophy itself. The puzzle is especially troublesome if we think of cases in which breaking the law is not otherwise wrongful, and in which the chances of getting caught are negligible. Philosophers from Socrates to H.L.A. Hart have struggled to give reasoned support to the idea that we do have a general moral duty to obey the law but, more recently, the greater number of learned voices has expressed doubt that there is any such duty, at least as traditionally conceived. The thought that there is no such duty poses a challenge to our ordinary understanding of political authority and its legitimacy. In what sense can political officials have a right to rule us if there is no duty to obey the laws they lay down? Some thinkers, concluding that a general duty to obey the law cannot be defended, have gone so far as to embrace philosophical anarchism, the view that the state is necessarily illegitimate. Others argue that the duty to obey the law can be grounded on the idea of consent, or on fairness, or on other ideas, such as community.

World Poverty and Human Rights

Author: Thomas W. Pogge
Publisher: Polity
ISBN: 9780745641430
Release Date: 2008-03-10
Genre: Philosophy

Thomas Pogge tries to explain how most of the population of this planet can excuse world poverty. A mere one or two % of the wealth of the richer nations could help in eradicating much of the poverty but there's a slim chance of that happening.

Making Sense of Human Rights

Author: James W. Nickel
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520059948
Release Date: 1987
Genre: Philosophy

This fully revised and extended edition of James Nickel's classic study explains and defends the conception of human rights found in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) and subsequent human rights treaties. Combining philosophical, legal, and political approaches, Nickel addresses questions about what human rights are, what their content should be, and whether and how they can be justified.

National Responsibility and Global Justice

Author: David Miller
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199235056
Release Date: 2007-11-22
Genre: Philosophy

Steering a middle course between cosmopolitanism and a narrow nationalism, the book develops an original theory of global justice that also addresses controversial topics such as immigration and reparations for historic wrongdoing.

Towards Justice and Virtue

Author: Onora O'Neill
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521485592
Release Date: 1996-08-28
Genre: Philosophy

Constructs an account of the basic principles for moving towards just institutions and virtuous lives.

Frontiers of Justice

Author: Martha C. NUSSBAUM
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674041578
Release Date: 2009-06-30
Genre: Philosophy

Theories of social justice, addressing the world and its problems, must respond to the real and changing dilemmas of the day. A brilliant work of practical philosophy, Frontiers of Justice is dedicated to this proposition. Taking up three urgent problems of social justice--those with physical and mental disabilities, all citizens of the world, and nonhuman animals--neglected by current theories and thus harder to tackle in practical terms and everyday life, Martha Nussbaum seeks a theory of social justice that can guide us to a richer, more responsive approach to social cooperation.

Rescuing Justice and Equality

Author: G. A Cohen
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674029651
Release Date: 2009-06-30
Genre: Philosophy

In this work of political philosophy, Cohen sets out to rescue the egalitarian thesis that in a society where distributive justice prevails, people’s material prospects are roughly equal. Arguing against the Rawlsian version of a just society, Cohen demonstrates that distributive justice does not tolerate deep inequality.

Collected Papers

Author: John Rawls
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674137396
Release Date: 1999
Genre: Philosophy

John Rawls' work on justice has perhaps drawn more commentary and aroused wider attention than any other work in moral or political philosophy in the 20th century. Some of these essays articulate views distinct from those in his books.