The Legacies of Law

Author: Jens Meierhenrich
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139475174
Release Date: 2008-10-13
Genre: Political Science

Focusing on South Africa during the period 1650–2000, this book examines the role of law in making democracy work in changing societies. The Legacies of Law sheds light on the neglected relationship between path dependence and the law. Meierhenrich argues that legal norms and institutions, even illiberal ones, have an important - and hitherto undertheorized - structuring effect on democratic outcomes. Under certain conditions, law appears to reduce uncertainty in democratization by invoking common cultural backgrounds and experiences. In instances where interacting adversaries share qua law reasonably convergent mental models, transitions from authoritarian rule are shown to be less intractable. Meierhenrich's historical analysis of the evolution of law - and its effects - in South Africa during the period 1650–2000, compared with a short study of Chile from 1830–1990, shows how, and when, legal norms and institutions serve as historical causes to both liberal and illiberal rule.

Vom Sp tsozialismus zur Privatrechtsordnung

Author: Bruno Schönfelder
Publisher: BWV Verlag
ISBN: 9783830527800
Release Date: 2012-01-01
Genre: Banks and banking

HauptbeschreibungGemn einer landlnufigen Vorstellung lnsst sich eine Marktwirtschaft nur ertragen, wenn sie durch einen rechtlichen und regulatorischen Rahmen kultiviert wird, den die Politik zu schaffen habe. Tatsnchlich ist dieser Rahmen aber selbst nur als Ergebnis einer langwierigen und berraschungsreichen Evolution zu haben, die sich nicht durch politische Entscheidungen ersetzen und auch nur begrenzt beeinflussen lnsst. Deswegen wird hier die Gegenthese vertreten, dass die Freigabe der Wirtschaft von politischer Bevormundung recht oft berhaupt erst die Voraussetzungen dafr schafft, dass das Rechtssystem eine Entwicklung nehmen kann, die wirtschaftliche Hochleistungen ermAglicht. Gezeigt wird dies am Beispiel von vier postkommunistischen Lnndern: Bulgarien, Kroatien, Slowakei und Tschechien. Das theoretische Instrumentarium wird insbesondere von der Luhmannschen Rechtssoziologie bezogen, ferner von der Freiburger Schule und der Posnerschen RechtsAkonomik. Das Buch wendet sich vor allem an Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftler, aber auch an Juristen und Zeithistoriker."

Law s Fragile State

Author: Mark Fathi Massoud
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107067509
Release Date: 2013-05-27
Genre: Law

How do a legal order and the rule of law develop in a war-torn state? Using his field research in Sudan, the author uncovers how colonial administrators, postcolonial governments and international aid agencies have used legal tools and resources to promote stability and their own visions of the rule of law amid political violence and war in Sudan. Tracing the dramatic development of three forms of legal politics - colonial, authoritarian and humanitarian - this book contributes to a growing body of scholarship on law in authoritarian regimes and on human rights and legal empowerment programs in the Global South. Refuting the conventional wisdom of a legal vacuum in failed states, this book reveals how law matters deeply even in the most extreme cases of states still fighting for political stability.

Jewish Resistance Against the Nazis

Author: Patrick Henry
Publisher: CUA Press
ISBN: 9780813225890
Release Date: 2014-04-20
Genre: History

This volume puts to rest the myth that the Jews went passively to the slaughter like sheep. Indeed Jews resisted in every Nazi-occupied country - in the forests, the ghettos, and the concentration camps.The essays presented here consider Jewish resistance to be resistance by Jewish persons in specifically Jewish groups, or by Jewish persons working within non-Jewish organizations. Resistance could be armed revolt; flight; the rescue of targeted individuals by concealment in non-Jewish homes, farms, and institutions; or by the smuggling of Jews into countries where Jews were not objects of Nazi persecution. Other forms of resistance include every act that Jewish people carried out to fight against the dehumanizing agenda of the Nazis - acts such as smuggling food, clothing, and medicine into the ghettos, putting on plays, reading poetry, organizing orchestras and art exhibits, forming schools, leaving diaries, and praying. These attempts to remain physically, intellectually, culturally, morally, and theologically alive constituted resistance to Nazi oppression, which was designed to demolish individuals, destroy their soul, and obliterate their desire to live.

The Politico Legal Dynamics of Judicial Review

Author: Theunis Roux
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781108670470
Release Date: 2018-09-30
Genre: Law

Comparative scholarship on judicial review has paid a lot of attention to the causal impact of politics on judicial decision-making. However, the slower-moving, macro-social process through which judicial review influences societal conceptions of the law/politics relation is less well understood. Drawing on the political science literature on institutional change, The Politico-Legal Dynamics of Judicial Review tests a typological theory of the evolution of judicial review regimes - complexes of legitimating ideas about the law/politics relation. The theory posits that such regimes tend to conform to one of four main types - democratic or authoritarian legalism, or democratic or authoritarian instrumentalism. Through case studies of Australia, India, and Zimbabwe and a comparative chapter analyzing ten additional societies, the book then explores how actually-existing judicial review regimes transition between these types. This process of ideational development, Roux concludes, is distinct both from the everyday business of constitutional politics and changes to the formal constitution.

Making and Unmaking Nations

Author: Scott Straus
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801455674
Release Date: 2015-03-24
Genre: Political Science

In Making and Unmaking Nations, Scott Straus seeks to explain why and how genocide takes place—and, perhaps more important, how it has been avoided in places where it may have seemed likely or even inevitable. To solve that puzzle, he examines postcolonial Africa, analyzing countries in which genocide occurred and where it could have but did not. Why have there not been other Rwandas? Straus finds that deep-rooted ideologies—how leaders make their nations—shape strategies of violence and are central to what leads to or away from genocide. Other critical factors include the dynamics of war, the role of restraint, and the interaction between national and local actors in the staging of campaigns of large-scale violence. Grounded in Straus's extensive fieldwork in contemporary Africa, the study of major twentieth-century cases of genocide, and the literature on genocide and political violence, Making and Unmaking Nations centers on cogent analyses of three nongenocide cases (Côte d’Ivoire, Mali, and Senegal) and two in which genocide took place (Rwanda and Sudan). Straus’s empirical analysis is based in part on an original database of presidential speeches from 1960 to 2005. The book also includes a broad-gauge analysis of all major cases of large-scale violence in Africa since decolonization. Straus’s insights into the causes of genocide will inform the study of political violence as well as giving policymakers and nongovernmental organizations valuable tools for the future.

The Constitution of South Africa

Author: Heinz Klug
Publisher: Hart Pub
ISBN: STANFORD:36105215364626
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Law

South Africa's constitution is the crowning achievement of the country's dramatic transition to democracy. This transition began with the unbanning of the liberation movements and release of Nelson Mandela from prison in February 1990. This book presentsthe South African constitution in its historical and social context.

Political Trials in Theory and History

Author: Jens Meierhenrich
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107079465
Release Date: 2017-02-27
Genre: Political Science

This book presents an empirically rigorous and theoretically sophisticated account of political trials.

Wem geh rt das Wasser

Author: Klaus Lanz
Publisher: Lars Muller Publishers
ISBN: 3037780150
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Water resources development

Who owns the Water? discusses the phenomenon of water, marvels at its uniqueness and addresses the dangers and opportunities water offers to life. The book looks at the most important questions about providing drinking water and producing food, but also deals with water as a destructive force, and investigates the chemical qualities of the molecule. Who owns the Water? points out the risks of unlimited privatization of water, and records how dependence on water is exploited. Committed picture sequences and detailed texts explain how water can belong to no one, but has to be treated responsibly and held in appropriate esteem by the whole of mankind.

Laute Bilder Texte

Author: Alf Lüdtke
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 9783847002369
Release Date: 2015-06-17
Genre: History

Laute, Bilder und Texte bezeichnen unterschiedliche Materialien und mediale Formate, die in Archiven gelagert und von Interessierten genutzt und ausgewertet werden. Die Beiträgerinnen und Beiträger dieses Bandes sondieren anhand alltagshistorischer Studien die Praktiken der Akteure im Umgang mit diesen Spuren und Überresten und decken dabei ein breites Medienspektrum ab: Tonaufnahmen, Manuskripte, Fotografien, Filme, Videos sowie all die vergessenen Dinge, die in den Mappen und Kartons der Archive gelagert sind. Dabei geraten auch die Unterschiede zwischen ›kolonialen‹ und ›indigenen‹ Archiven sowie die monopolistische Stellung der westlich geprägten Wissenschaften in den Blick.