The Lion and the Tiger

Author: Denis Judd
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192805797
Release Date: 2005-03-24
Genre: History

How did a few thousand people from a small, windswept island in the northern seas end up ruling a far distant subcontinent with a population of millions? Were the British in India intent on development or exploitation? Were they really the 'civilizing' influence they claimed? And what were Britain's greatest legacies - democracy and the rule of law, or cricket and an efficient railway system? Best-selling historian Denis Judd tells the epic story of the British impact upon India, capturing the essence of what the Raj really meant both for the British and their Indian subjects.

The Lion and the Tiger

Author: Denis Judd
Publisher:
ISBN: 661076283X
Release Date: 2005
Genre: India

The British experience in India began in earnest over four hundred years ago, during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. For many years the English interlopers and traders who made contact with the subcontinent were viewed by Indians as little more than pirates and potentially troublesome conquering barbarians. After a series of titanic struggles against the French and various local rulers during the eighteenth century, by the end of the Napoleonic Wars Britain had gained mastery of the subcontinent. This period, and the century and a half that followed, saw two powerful cultures locked in an often bloody battle over political control, land, trade, and a way of life. Denis Judd tells the fascinating story of the remarkable British impact upon India.; All aspects of this long and controversial relationship are discussed, such as the first tentative contacts between East and West, the foundation of the East India Company in 1600, the Victorian Raj in all its pomp and splendour, Gandhi's revolutionary tactics to overthrow the Raj and restore Indian to the Indians, and Lord Mountbatten's 'swift surgery of Partition' in 1947, creating the two independent Commonwealth states of India and Pakistan. Against this epic backdrop, and using many revealing contemporary accounts, Denis Judd explores the consequences of British rule for both rulers and ruled. Were the British intent on development or exploitation? Were they the 'civilizing' force they claimed? What were Britain's greatest legacies: democracy and the rule of law, or cricket and an efficient railway system? Easy answers are avoided in this immensely readable, lively, and authoritative book.

Asiaten in Europa

Author: Andreas Weiß
Publisher: Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh
ISBN: 9783657783953
Release Date: 2017-01-23
Genre: History

Asiaten beteiligten sich im 19. Jahrhundert in vielen Bereichen an innereuropäischen Debatten über Moderne und Dekadenz, ausgetragen auf so unterschiedlichen Feldern wie den Wissenschaften, aber auch in Kunst und Religion.Schon vor dem Ersten Weltkrieg war die Verunsicherung der Europäer mit Händen zu greifen, Debatten um die Dekadenz der westlichen Kultur nahmen zu. Das Buch fragt danach, welche Rolle Asiaten in diesem Prozess spielten und an welchen kulturellen und wissenschaftlichen Debatten sie sich beteiligten. Es untersucht beispielsweise, was sie zur künstlerischen Moderne (wie dem Impressionismus) beitrugen, aber auch, welche Rolle der zunehmende Rassismus für sie spielte. Die untersuchten Beiträge reichen dabei von Club-Gesprächen über Zeitungsartikel hin zu Fachartikeln.

Sowjetisch indische Beziehungen 1941 1966

Author: Andreas Hilger
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 9783412500184
Release Date: 2018-11-12
Genre: History

Für die Sowjetunion war das unabhängige Indien über Jahrzehnte hinweg ein zentraler Ansprechpartner in der Dritten Welt. Am Beispiel der sowjetisch-indischen Beziehungen sollten Vorteile der friedlichen Koexistenz sowie sozialistischer Politik, Wirtschaft und Kultur zugleich demonstriert werden. Aus der Sicht Delhis bot die Zusammenarbeit die Chance, selbständige Entwicklung und internationale Friedenspolitik voranzutreiben. Die Studie zeichnet den schwierigen Start der Beziehungen und ihre zunehmende Verdichtung nach. Die genaue Analyse der politischen, wirtschaftlichen und kulturellen Verbindungen mit ihren unterschiedlichen Zielsetzungen zeigt die Möglichkeiten und Grenzen der Verbindung zwischen Nationalstaat und Imperium unter den Bedingungen von Kaltem Krieg und Dekolonisierung nach 1945 auf.

Indian Summer

Author: Alex Von Tunzelmann
Publisher: Henry Holt and Company
ISBN: 9781466818637
Release Date: 2008-09-30
Genre: History

An extraordinary story of romance, history, and divided loyalties -- set against the backdrop of one of the most dramatic events of the twentieth century The stroke of midnight on August 15, 1947, liberated 400 million people from the British Empire. With the loss of India, its greatest colony, Britain ceased to be a superpower, and its king ceased to sign himself Rex Imperator. This defining moment of world history had been brought about by a handful of people. Among them were Jawaharlal Nehru, the fiery Indian prime minister; Mohammed Ali Jinnah, the leader of the new Islamic Republic of Pakistan; Mohandas Gandhi, the mystical figure who enthralled a nation; and Louis and Edwina Mountbatten, the glamorous but unlikely couple who had been dispatched to get Britain out of India. Within hours of the midnight chimes, their dreams of freedom and democracy would turn to chaos, bloodshed, and war. Behind the scenes, a secret personal drama was also unfolding, as Edwina Mountbatten and Jawaharlal Nehru began a passionate love affair. Their romance developed alongside Cold War conspiracies, the beginning of a terrible conflict in Kashmir, and an epic sweep of events that saw one million people killed and ten million dispossessed. Steeped in the private papers and reflections of the participants, Alex von Tunzelmann's Indian Summer reveals, in vivid, exhilarating detail, how the actions of a few extraordinary people changed the lives of millions and determined the fate of nations.

The Politics and Security of the Gulf

Author: Jeffrey R. Macris
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781135189433
Release Date: 2010-01-21
Genre: History

Since the 19th century the Gulf region has been an area of intense interest, having been influenced first by the British and more recently by the Americans. This book charts the changing security and political priorities of these two powers and how they have shaped the region. Adopting a narrative approach, the author provides background history on British involvement from the 19th century and a detailed analysis of the years after the Second World War, when oil supply became more critical. He covers the growth of US influence and the British withdrawal, and follows more recent changes as the US built up its military presence following Desert Storm and the invasion of Iraq. Looking at the three enduring missions fulfilled by the British - maintaining interstate order, protecting the free flow of commerce, which later included petroleum; and keeping out other Great Powers – the book demonstrates how these had by 1991 been assumed almost entirely by the American leaders. A comprehensive and thorough look at the history of the Gulf and the contemporary issues affecting the region, this will be essential reading for students of Middle East history, military history and diplomatic history. Visit the author's website at www.thepoliticsandsecurityofthegulf.com

Indien 1857 Widerstand gegen die britische Kolonialherrschaft Meuterei oder Unabh ngigkeitskrieg

Author: Marlen Frömmel
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 9783640108787
Release Date: 2008
Genre:

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2005 im Fachbereich Geschichte - Asien, Note: 1,7, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universitat Greifswald, Veranstaltung: Geschichte Indiens, 30 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Anmerkungen: Bemerkungen des Ersatzkorrektors: - ansprechende Argumentation einige formale Fehler/Inkonsequenzen, Abstract: We must not forget that in the sky of India, serene as it is, a small cloud may arise, at first no bigger than a man's hand, but which growing bigger and bigger, may at least threaten to overwhelm us with ruin." Dass Canning, der erste Vizekonig Indien, damit 1855 nicht nur den Monsun meinte und vermeintlich hellseherische Krafte offenbarte, wird deutlich, wenn man sich dem Verhaltnis von indischer Bevolkerung und Grossbritannien auf dem Subkontinent nahert. Ihre erste Begegnung fand aufgrund von Handelsbeziehungen statt, die durch die britische Ostindien-Kompanie geknupft wurden, und war daher gleichsam auf derselben Ebene [...]" . Nachdem die Briten in Indien Fuss gefasst hatten, indem sie ein System hilfeleistender Allianzen mit den indischen Herrschern eingegangen waren, ging die Ostindische Kompanie dazu uber, ihre wirtschaftliche Vormachtstellung in eine politische umzuwandeln. Diese Territorialpolitik sowie die rasche und ungezugelte Verwestlichung [im sozialen und wirtschaftlichen Bereich] blieb nun keinesfalls folgenlos" . Die kleine Wolke der Unzufriedenheit, die immer mehr an Grosse gewann, brach unerwartet uber die Kolonialherren herein, denn im fruhen 19. Jahrhundert hatten die Briten noch ein ungebrochenes zivilisatorisches Sendungsbewusstsein, und es kam ihnen gar nicht in den Sinn, dass die Inder, denen sie die Segnungen dieser Zivilisation gebracht hatten, ihnen Widerstand leisten konnten" . Diese Ereignisse von 1857, die mit einer Meuterei begannen und deren wissenschaftliche Bezeichnung unter den Historiker umstritten ist, markieren eine Wende in der Geschichte Indiens. Um zu entscheiden, ob die Jahre 1857 bis 185

Right left right revolving commitments

Author: Jennifer Birkett
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: UOM:39015077685512
Release Date: 2008
Genre: History

By the late 1920s, the European mood had changed from postwar disenchantment, nihilism or apolitical hedonism to a more serious engagement with a politics of crisis, economic collapse and social and cultural disintegration. The emergence of fascist movements throughout Europe, the failure of the social democracies to respond adequately to their threat, and the consequent rise to influence of an authoritarian, Moscow-dominated Communism found the European intelligentsia in ferment in the early 1930s. The deeply ambiguous mood of the years preceding Hitler's accession to power in 1933 led many writers to espouse authoritarian and radical allegiances of Left or Right, or to vacillate between extremes. In the mid 1930s, a shift in Comintern policy to class collaboration strategies against fascism appeared to be vindicated by the election of Popular Front governments in Spain and France. The Spanish Civil War and Hitler's seizure of Austria and Czechoslovakia in 1938 put such strategies under strain, until they were destroyed by the Nazi-Soviet Pact and the partition of Poland in late 1939. The Second World War saw the final dissolution of the old Left consensus, bringing new disillusions, or the hardening of commitments to rigid dogmas, or renunciation of political commitment altogether. Extending from the origins of the European crisis in the late 1920s to its consequences in the aftermath of World War II, this collection of essays examines the complex and contradictory responses in British and French intellectual and cultural circles to that key political moment of the twentieth century, when, as Leon Trotsky put it in 1932, history was poised like a ball on top of a pyramid, and "the slightest impact [could] cause it to roll down either to the left or to the right." It offers a review of the radical shifts and reversals of political allegiance over this period in France and Britain, seeks to explore some of the tensions and confusions in cultural and everyday life that produced them, and presents a comparative account of writers who have shaped subsequent understanding of these two momentous decades.