The Male Body at War

Author: Christina S. Jarvis
Publisher:
ISBN: 0875806384
Release Date: 2010-03-01
Genre: History

Muscular, fearless, youthful, athletic--the World War II soldier embodied masculine ideals and represented the manhood of the United States. In The Male Body at War, Christina Jarvis examines the creation of this national symbol, from military recruitment posters to Hollywood war films to the iconic flag-raisers at Iwo Jima. A poignant selection of illustrations brings together comics, advertisements, media images, and government propaganda intended to impress U.S. citizens and foreign nations with America's strength. Jarvis recognizes, however, that the male body was more than a mere symbol. During the war, the nation literally invested its survival in the corps of servicemen, and the armed forces set about crafting them into soldiers. Drawing upon medical journals, War Department documents, and government health reports, Jarvis scrutinizes the ways in which physical inspections defined male bodies by fitness and race while training molded those bodies for action. At the same time, she gives servicemen a voice through war memoirs and a survey of over 130 veterans. Her searching analysis reveals not only how the men mediated popular culture and military regimen to forge an understanding of their own masculinity but how, in the face of dead and wounded comrades, they tempered such body-centered ideals with an emphasis on compassion and tenderness. Theoretically sophisticated and methodologically innovative, The Male Body at War makes a major contribution to the literature on the body as a cultural construction. With its compelling narrative and engaging style, it will appeal to a broad range of readers with interests in gender studies as well as to students of American history and culture.

M nnlichkeit

Author: Stefan Horlacher
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783476051967
Release Date: 2016-03-18
Genre: Social Science

Männlichkeitsbilder im Wandel. Männlichkeit ist ein Forschungsfeld, das sich in den letzten drei Jahrzehnten innerhalb der Geschlechterforschung immer stärker profiliert hat. Mittlerweile ist die Beschäftigung mit Männlichkeit auch in Medizin, Psychologie, Soziologie, Film- und Literaturwissenschaft zu einem festen Bestandteil geworden. Das Handbuch stellt einen Dialog zwischen den etablierten anglo-amerikanischen Masculinity Studies und der in Europa betriebenen Männlichkeitsforschung her, beleuchtet die wissenschaftlichen Fragestellungen und führt die wichtigsten natur-, sozial- und geisteswissenschaftlichen Perspektiven in einem interdisziplinären Ansatz zusammen. Dabei wird das jeweils fachspezifisch hervorgebrachte Wissen über Männlichkeit von führenden Forschern bilanziert und weitergedacht.

Das Bild vom Menschen

Author: Rüstem Ülker
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 9783643102331
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Christianity and other religions


Harte M nner

Author: Philipp Kutzelmann
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 9783839427088
Release Date: 2014-06-30
Genre: Social Science

Professional Wrestling ist ein genuin amerikanisches Showgenre. Philipp Kutzelmann arbeitet die grundlegenden Organisations- und Funktionsweisen der amerikanischen Wrestlingindustrie heraus, analysiert einzelne Kampfveranstaltungen und zeichnet nach, wie sich die Showkämpfe über Jahrzehnte hinweg verändert haben. Es zeigt sich, dass die Shows immer auch ein Spiegel kultureller, sozialer und politischer Entwicklungen und zeithistorischer Erfahrungen in den USA waren. Die Studie, die zugleich eine Einführung in die strukturelle Genese der US-Wrestlingindustrie bietet, richtet sich an Historiker_innen, an USA-Experten, an Forscher_innen im Bereich der Geschlechterstudien sowie an Kulturwissenschaftler_innen, die sich für die performativen Aspekte von Sport interessieren.

Men Masculinities and Male Culture in the Second World War

Author: Linsey Robb
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781349952908
Release Date: 2017-11-04
Genre: History

This edited collection brings together cutting-edge research on British masculinities and male culture, considering the myriad ways British men experienced, understood and remembered their exploits during the Second World War, as active combatants, prisoners and as civilian workers. It examines male identities, roles and representations in the armed forces, with particular focus on the RAF, army, volunteers for dangerous duties and prisoners of war, and on the home front, with case studies of reserved occupations and Bletchley Park, and examines the ways such roles have been remembered in post-war years in memoirs, film and memorials. As such this analysis of previously underexplored male experiences makes a major contribution to the historiography of Britain in the Second World War, as well as to socio-cultural history, cultural studies and gender studies.

The Routledge History of Gender War and the U S Military

Author: Kara D. Vuic
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317449089
Release Date: 2017-08-15
Genre: History

The Routledge History of Gender, War, and the U.S. Military is the first examination of the interdisciplinary, intersecting fields of gender studies and the history of the United States military. In twenty-one original essays, the contributors tackle themes including gendering the "other," gender and war disability, gender and sexual violence, gender and American foreign relations, and veterans and soldiers in the public imagination, and lay out a chronological examination of gender and America’s wars from the American Revolution to Iraq. This important collection is essential reading for all those interested in how the military has influenced America's views and experiences of gender.

Retiring Men

Author: Gregory Wood
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 9780761856801
Release Date: 2012-01-18
Genre: Business & Economics

This book explores how aging men struggled to sustain identities as workers, breadwinners, and patriarchs—the core ideals of twentieth-century masculinity—in the midst of increasing employer demands for the speed and stamina of youth in workplaces and the expansion of mandatory retirement policies in the age of Social Security.

Last Team Standing

Author: Matthew Algeo
Publisher: Chicago Review Press
ISBN: 9781613748886
Release Date: 2013-09-01
Genre: Sports & Recreation

During World War II, the National Football League faced a crisis unimaginable today: a shortage of players. By 1943, so many players were in the armed forces that the league was forced to fold one team (the Cleveland Rams) and merge two others: the Pittsburgh Steelers and the Philadelphia Eagles. And so the Steagles were born, with a roster that included military draft rejects, aging stars lured out of retirement, and even a couple of active servicemen who managed to get leave for the games. The team’s center was deaf in one ear, its wide receiver was blind in one eye, and its halfback had bleeding ulcers. One player was so old he'd never played football with a helmet. Yet, somehow, this motley bunch managed to post a winning record—the first for the Eagles and just the second for the Steelers. But Last Team Standing isn’t just about football. It’s also about life in the United States during World War II, a time of fear and hope, of sacrifice and momentous change. It’s about rationing, racism, and Rosie the Riveter. It’s about draft boards, bond drives, and movie stars. Above all, it’s about the men and women of the Greatest Generation who couldn’t fight, but helped win the war in immeasurable ways. Matthew Algeo is the author of Harry Truman’s Excellent Adventure and The President Is a Sick Man. An award-winning journalist, Algeo has reported from four continents for public radio’s All Things Considered, Marketplace, and Morning Edition.

Angry White Men

Author: Michael Kimmel
Publisher: Orell Füssli Verlag
ISBN: 9783280038987
Release Date: 2015-08-21
Genre: Social Science

Die Supermacht USA befindet sich in einer tiefen Identitätskrise. Einst berühmt für ihre pragmatische Kompromissbereitschaft stehen sich Republikaner und Demokraten unversöhnlich gegenüber, gewinnen ehemals politische Randgruppen wie die Tea Party enormen politischen und gesellschaftlichen Einfluss. Das Land radikalisiert sich und die weiße männliche Bevölkerung spielt dabei eine entscheidende Rolle. Wer sind die zornigen weißen Amerikaner, die ihren "Way of Life" so gefährdet sehen, dass sie zum radikalen Widerstand gegen jeden bereit sind, der ihre Anschauungen nicht teilt? Woher rührt die Wut auf Frauenemanzipation und Immigranten, auf Farbige und Homosexuelle, auf die Gleichstellung der Geschlechter und generell auf "die im Weißen Haus"? Dieses Buch zeichnet das beklemmende Porträt einer vorrangig männlichen Bewegung, deren Angst vor dem eigenen Bedeutungsverlust, vor dem Verlust amerikanischer Männlichkeit und Dominanz nicht nur die kommenden Präsidentschaftswahlen bestimmen wird, sondern darüber hinaus auch die amerikanische Außenpolitik - also uns.

Sing Not War

Author: James Marten
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 9780807877685
Release Date: 2011-06-01
Genre: History

After the Civil War, white Confederate and Union army veterans reentered--or struggled to reenter--the lives and communities they had left behind. In Sing Not War, James Marten explores how the nineteenth century's "Greatest Generation" attempted to blend back into society and how their experiences were treated by nonveterans. Many soldiers, Marten reveals, had a much harder time reintegrating into their communities and returning to their civilian lives than has been previously understood. Although Civil War veterans were generally well taken care of during the Gilded Age, Marten argues that veterans lost control of their legacies, becoming best remembered as others wanted to remember them--for their service in the war and their postwar political activities. Marten finds that while southern veterans were venerated for their service to the Confederacy, Union veterans often encountered resentment and even outright hostility as they aged and made greater demands on the public purse. Drawing on letters, diaries, journals, memoirs, newspapers, and other sources, Sing Not War illustrates that during the Gilded Age "veteran" conjured up several conflicting images and invoked contradicting reactions. Deeply researched and vividly narrated, Marten's book counters the romanticized vision of the lives of Civil War veterans, bringing forth new information about how white veterans were treated and how they lived out their lives.

Deleuze and Race

Author: Arun Saldanha
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 9780748669615
Release Date: 2012-12-01
Genre: Philosophy

The first collection of essays on the Deleuzian study of race. An international and multidisciplinary team of scholars inaugurates this field with this wide-ranging and evocative array of case studies.

Borderline

Author: Stan Goff
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 9781630878535
Release Date: 2015-02-11
Genre: Religion

What if the sanctification of war and contempt for women are both grounded in a fear that breeds hostility, and a hostility that rationalizes conquest? The anti-Gospel Christian history of war-loving and women-hating are not merely similar but two aspects of the same dynamic, argues Stan Goff, in an "autobiography" that spans millennia. Borderline is the historical and conceptual autobiography of a former career army veteran transformed by Jesus into a passionate advocate for nonviolence, written by a man who narrates his conversion to Christianity through feminism.

Acts of Conscience

Author: Joseph Kip Kosek
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231513050
Release Date: 2009-02-04
Genre: History

In response to the massive bloodshed that defined the twentieth century, American religious radicals developed a modern form of nonviolent protest, one that combined Christian principles with new uses of mass media. Greatly influenced by the ideas of Mohandas Gandhi, these "acts of conscience" included sit-ins, boycotts, labor strikes, and conscientious objection to war. Beginning with World War I and ending with the ascendance of Martin Luther King Jr., Joseph Kip Kosek traces the impact of A. J. Muste, Richard Gregg, and other radical Christian pacifists on American democratic theory and practice. These dissenters found little hope in the secular ideologies of Wilsonian Progressivism, revolutionary Marxism, and Cold War liberalism, all of which embraced organized killing at one time or another. The example of Jesus, they believed, demonstrated the immorality and futility of such violence under any circumstance and for any cause. Yet the theories of Christian nonviolence are anything but fixed. For decades, followers have actively reinterpreted the nonviolent tradition, keeping pace with developments in politics, technology, and culture. Tracing the rise of militant nonviolence across a century of industrial conflict, imperialism, racial terror, and international warfare, Kosek recovers radical Christians' remarkable stance against the use of deadly force, even during World War II and other seemingly just causes. His research sheds new light on an interracial and transnational movement that posed a fundamental, and still relevant, challenge to the American political and religious mainstream.

Unbroken deutsch

Author: Laura Hillenbrand
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 9783608102390
Release Date: 2011-10-01
Genre: Fiction

Louis Zamperini, Sohn italienischer Einwanderer, wird vom jugendlichen Schlitzohr zum Mittelstreckenläufer von Weltrang. Nach seinem fulminanten Schlussspurt beim Finale der Olympischen Spiele in Berlin 1936 beginnt seine Odyssee während des Zweiten Weltkriegs im Pazifik. Er gerät mitten ins Inferno der Gefangenschaft, wo er Folter und Hunger erträgt und überlebt. Laura Hillenbrand, die zurzeit erfolgreichste Sachbuchautorin der USA, erzählt mitreißend und erzeugt eine atemlose Spannung: den Flugzeugabsturz, die 47-tägige Irrfahrt im Schlauchboot durch den Pazifik, den Kampf gegen Haie, die Kriegsgefangenschaft unter einem der grausamsten Verbrecher des Zweiten Weltkriegs.