Author: David Coulby
Release Date: 2017-07-12
Genre: Social Science
This title was first published in 2001: This book explores the ways in which European educational systems influence culture, identity, ethnicity and politics and may reinforce ethnic or national cleavages, violence and warfare.
Die Renaissance war eine Revolution, die erst Europa und dann die ganze Welt für immer veränderte. In seinem grandios erzählten Buch entfaltet Bernd Roeck ein beeindruckendes Panorama dieser dramatischen Epoche. Zugleich erklärt er im Horizont der Globalgeschichte, wieso es in Europa zu dieser einzigartigen Verdichtung von weltbewegenden Ideen, spektakulären Entdeckungen und historischen Umwälzungen kommen konnte. Um die Wurzeln der Renaissance freizulegen, blickt Bernd Roeck weit ins Mittelalter und die Antike zurück – und weit über die Grenzen Europas hinaus. Mit analytischer Schärfe und darstellerischem Glanz lässt er die Epoche vor den Augen des Lesers auferstehen: die große Kunst, die unter Italiens Himmel entstand, und die Ideen der Humanisten ebenso wie die Religionskriege und die Anfänge der Unterwerfung fremder Erdteile. Er erzählt von Kaufleuten und Dichtern, Kaisern und Päpsten, klugen Frauen und monströsen Männern, von den Großen der Zeit und den Kleinen, die fern der Paläste mit Krankheit und Hunger kämpften. Schließlich zeigt dieses Opus magnum, dass die Renaissance mit ihren Innovationen nicht nur Sehnsuchtsorte der Schönheit und des Geistes schuf, sondern auch die Fundamente für unsere moderne Welt.
Maynard Adams (1919-2003) was a profound philosopher and civic humanist at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. A major intellectual figure of the second half of the twentieth century, Adams developed a comprehensive philosophy of civilization that applies to all humanity but has a distinctly Southern dimension. The essence of his philosophy is that value and meaning are dimensions of reality and we can gain knowledge about those dimensions. Adams contended that philosophers should get out of their ivory towers and engage in 'cultural criticism', thereby helping to improve and invigorate the ideas and values by which people guide their lives. He argues persuasively that modern civilization is 'naturalistic', in that modern people increasingly believe that the only reality is that revealed by sensory experience. As a result, modern civilization is economically and militarily impressive, but because of fundamental philosophical errors it has lost touch with value reality and meaning reality and therefore has no intellectual/spiritual foundation. Adams' humanistic philosophy is based on a philosophy of the person as a rational, moral being, and he demonstrates how humans can gain knowledge of value reality and meaning reality. He thus provides a positive alternative to the naturalistic world view that is undermining modern civilization. Adams was also a civil humanist who helped inspire and found several philosophical and educational organizations that continue to influence thousands of people. A notable example is the Program in the Humanities and Human Values at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
Author: David Gress
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
Release Date: 2010-05-11
An in-depth intellectual history of the Western idea and a passionate defense of its importance to America's future, From Plato to NATO is the first book to make sense of the legacy of the West at a time when it is facing its greatest challenges. Readers of Francis Fukuyama, John Gray, Samuel Huntington, and other analysts of the dilemmas of Western nations in the twenty-first century will find in David Gress's original account a fuller description of what the West really is and how, with the best of intentions, it has been misrepresented. Most important, they will encounter a new vision of Western identity and how it can be recovered. Early in the twentieth century, American educators put together a story of Western civilization, its origins, history, and promise that for the subsequent fifty years remained at the heart of American college education. The story they told was of a Western civilization that began with the Greeks and continued through 2,500 years of great books and great ideas, culminating in twentieth-century progressive liberal democracy, science, and capitalist prosperity. In the 1960s, this Grand Narrative of the West came under attack. Over the next thirty years, the critics turned this old story into its opposite: a series of anti-narratives about the evils, the failures, and the betrayals of justice that, so they said, constituted Western history. The victory of Western values at the end of the cold war, the spread of democracy and capitalism, and the worldwide impact of American popular culture have not revived the Grand Narrative in the European and American heartlands of the West. David Gress explains this paradox, arguing that the Grand Narrative of the West was flawed from the beginning: that the West did not begin in Greece and that, in morality and religion, the Greeks were an alien civilization whose contribution was mediated through Rome and Christianity. Furthermore, in assuming a continuity from the Greeks to modern liberalism, we have mistakenly downplayed or rejected everything in between, focusing on the great ideas and the great books rather than on real history with all its ambiguities, conflicts, and contradictions. The heart of Gress's case for the future of the West is that the New must remember its roots in the Old and seek a synthesis. For as the attacks have demonstrated, the New West cannot stand alone. Its very virtues -- liberty, reason, progress -- grew out of the Old West and cannot flourish when removed from that rich soil.
Das Werk von Brigitte Englisch ist eine Mentalitätsgeschichte des frühen und hohen Mittelalters, die kartographische Quellen unter methodisch neuen Aspekten erschließt. Die mittelalterlichen Aussagen zur Erschaffung der Welt lassen keinen Zweifel über Urheber und Gestaltungsprinzip. Die Erschaffung der aus Himmel, Erde und Meeren bestehenden Welt geschah nicht planlos: Die von Gott geschaffene Welt ist nach Maß, Zahl und Gewicht bis ins kleinste Detail geordnet. Diese Überzeugung einer vollendeten, planmäßigen Erschaffung der Welt bildet einen zentralen Faktor in der Mentalität der mittelalterlichen Menschen. Folglich sind auch die mittelalterlichen Abbildungen der Welt als Ausdruck dieser von Gott eingesetzten Ordnung zu betrachten und vor diesem Hintergrund zu interpretieren. Im Mittelpunkt der Untersuchung steht die Frage, ob und inwieweit sich die Prämisse der von Gott nach einem Weltplan eingerichteten Schöpfung, die damit bestimmten Kriterien der Ordnung unterworfen sein muss, in den Quellen, die den Faktor Raum im frühen und hohen Mittelalter behandeln, nachweisen lässt.
Author: Mark Greengrass
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Release Date: 2008
Genre: Business & Economics
This unique book critically evaluates the virtual representation of the past through digital media. A distinguished team of leading experts in the field approach digital research in history and archaeology from contrasting viewpoints, including philosoph
Mappings explores what mapping has meant in the past and how its meanings have altered. How have maps and mapping served to order and represent physical, social and imaginative worlds? How has the practice of mapping shaped modern seeing and knowing? In what ways do contemporary changes in our experience of the world alter the meanings and practice of mapping, and vice versa? In their diverse expressions, maps and the representational processes of mapping have constructed the spaces of modernity since the early Renaissance. The map's spatial fixity, its capacity to frame, control and communicate knowledge through combining image and text, and cartography's increasing claims to scientific authority, make mapping at once an instrument and a metaphor for rational understanding of the world. Among the topics the authors investigate are projective and imaginative mappings; mappings of terraqueous spaces; mapping and localism at the 'chorographic' scale; and mapping as personal exploration. With essays by Jerry Brotton, Paul Carter, Michael Charlesworth, James Corner, Wystan Curnow, Christian Jacob, Luciana de Lima Martins, David Matless, Armand Mattelart, Lucia Nuti and Alessandro Scafi
Author: Tonio Andrade
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Release Date: 2011-10-03
During the seventeenth century, Holland created the world's most dynamic colonial empire, outcompeting the British and capturing Spanish and Portuguese colonies. Yet, in the Sino-Dutch War--Europe's first war with China--the Dutch met their match in a colorful Chinese warlord named Koxinga. Part samurai, part pirate, he led his generals to victory over the Dutch and captured one of their largest and richest colonies--Taiwan. How did he do it? Examining the strengths and weaknesses of European and Chinese military techniques during the period, Lost Colony provides a balanced new perspective on long-held assumptions about Western power, Chinese might, and the nature of war. It has traditionally been asserted that Europeans of the era possessed more advanced science, technology, and political structures than their Eastern counterparts, but historians have recently contested this view, arguing that many parts of Asia developed on pace with Europe until 1800. While Lost Colony shows that the Dutch did indeed possess a technological edge thanks to the Renaissance fort and the broadside sailing ship, that edge was neutralized by the formidable Chinese military leadership. Thanks to a rich heritage of ancient war wisdom, Koxinga and his generals outfoxed the Dutch at every turn. Exploring a period when the military balance between Europe and China was closer than at any other point in modern history, Lost Colony reassesses an important chapter in world history and offers valuable and surprising lessons for contemporary times.