Logic and Theism

Author: Jordan Howard Sobel
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139449982
Release Date: 2003-11-10
Genre: Philosophy

This is a wide-ranging 2004 book about arguments for and against beliefs in God. The arguments for the belief are analysed in the first six chapters and include ontological arguments from Anselm to Gödel, the cosmological arguments of Aquinas and Leibniz, and arguments from evidence for design and miracles. The next two chapters consider arguments against belief. The last chapter examines Pascalian arguments for and against belief in God. There are discussions of Cantorian problems for omniscience, of challenges to divine omnipotence, and of the compatibility of everlasting complete knowledge of the world with free-will. There are appendices that present formal proofs in a system for quantified modal logic, a theory of possible worlds, notes on Cantorian set theory, and remarks concerning non-standard hyperreal numbers. This book will be a valuable resource for philosophers of religion and theologians and will interest logicians and mathematicians as well.

Atheism or Theism

Author: Hakan Gok
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 9781532646812
Release Date: 2018-08-22
Genre: Religion

"Is there a God?" is one of those irrepressible questions that has been debated throughout human history, with scholars from opposites camps making the case for or against the existence of God. It is a never-ending debate. This book first examines the theistic arguments developed by Islamic scholar Said Nursi in the twentieth century. Although his arguments initially seem to be mere presentations of well-established theistic arguments for God--such as teleological and cosmological, and arguments from miracles and morals--it is clear that Nursi takes a fresh approach to these existing philosophical defences. The book then analyses how Nursi tackles certain atheistic arguments--such as the problem of evil and the possibility of existence without a creator--and criticism leveled against the prophets and the Qur'an.

Enzyklop die Philosophie und Wissenschaftstheorie

Author: Jürgen Mittelstraß
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783476001351
Release Date: 2016-08-27
Genre: Philosophy

Philosophie und Wissenschaftstheorie in über 4.400 Artikeln von A bis Z. Lückenlos belegt das größte allgemeine Lexikon zur Philosophie in deutscher Sprache den heutigen Kenntnisstand: alle zentralen Begriffe, alle wichtigen Theorien, alle prägenden Philosophen. Was ist neu in der 2. Auflage? Über 400 zusätzliche Artikel dokumentieren die jüngste Entwicklung in Logik, Erkenntnis- und Wissenschaftstheorie sowie Sprachphilosophie. In der Neuauflage, erweitert auf acht Bände, liefert die Enzyklopädie zusätzlich aktuelle und ausführliche Literaturhinweise und vollständige Werkverzeichnisse auf dem jüngsten Stand. Jetzt legt der Herausgeber den 3. Band der Enzyklopädie vor. Rund 100 neue Artikel sind im Band G bis J enthalten. Darunter die Einträge: Stephen Hawking, Alexander von Humboldt, Roman Jakobson, Theodor Gomperz, Genetik, Gesundheit, Hirnforschung und Interdisziplinarität. Gehört auf den Schreibtisch eines jeden, der sich mit Philosophie und Wissenschaftstheorie beschäftigt.

Naturalism Theism and the Cognitive Study of Religion

Author: Aku Visala
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317089612
Release Date: 2016-04-22
Genre: Religion

This book provides a critical philosophical analysis of the claim that contemporary cognitive approaches to religion undermine theistic beliefs. Recent scientific work into the evolution and cognition of religion has been driven by and interpreted in terms of a certain kind of philosophical and methodological naturalism. The book argues that such naturalism is not necessary for the cognitive study of religion and develops an alternative philosophical and methodological framework. This alternative framework opens the cognitive study of religion to theological and philosophical considerations and clarifies its relationship to other approaches to religious phenomena. This unique contribution to discussions regarding the philosophical and theological implications of the cognitive study of religion summarizes the so far fragmentary discussion, exposes its underlying assumptions, and develops a novel framework for further discussion.

Reenchantment Without Supernaturalism

Author: Kathleen E. Smith
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801486572
Release Date: 2001
Genre: Philosophy

Kathleen E. Smith examines the use of collective memories in Russian politics during the Yeltsin years, surveying the various issues that became battlegrounds for contending notions of what it means to be Russian.

Essays and Reviews

Author: Bernard Williams
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400848393
Release Date: 2014-01-19
Genre: Philosophy

Bernard Williams was one of the most important philosophers of the past fifty years, but he was also a distinguished critic and essayist with an elegant style and a rare ability to communicate complex ideas to a wide public. This is the first collection of Williams's popular essays and reviews. Williams writes about a broad range of subjects, from philosophy to science, the humanities, economics, feminism, and pornography. Included are reviews of major books such as John Rawls’s Theory of Justice, Richard Rorty’s Consequences of Pragmatism, and Martha Nussbaum’s Therapy of Desire. But many of these essays extend beyond philosophy, providing an intellectual tour through the past half century, from C. S. Lewis to Noam Chomsky. No matter the subject, readers see a first-class mind grappling with landmark books in "real time," before critical consensus had formed and ossified.

Die gro en Fragen Gott

Author: Mark Vernon
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783642330087
Release Date: 2015-04-13
Genre: Psychology

Die großen Fragen behandeln grundlegende Probleme und Konzepte in Wissenschaft und Philosophie, die Forscher und Denker seit jeher umtreiben. Anspruch der ambitionierten Reihe ist es, die Antworten auf diese Fragen zu präsentieren und damit die wichtigsten Gedanken der Menschheit in einzigartigen Übersichten zu bündeln. Im vorliegenden Band Gott widmet sich Mark Vernon 20 bedeutenden Fragen zu Glaube, Religion und Spiritualität.

Die Allmacht Gottes

Author: Jan Bauke-Ruegg
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110800265
Release Date: 1998-01-01
Genre: Religion

The Existence of God

Author: Richard Swinburne
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 9780191533945
Release Date: 2004-03-25
Genre: Philosophy

Richard Swinburne presents a substantially rewritten and updated edition of his most celebrated book. No other work has made a more powerful case for the probability of the existence of God. Swinburne gives a rigorous and penetrating analysis of the most important arguments for theism: the cosmological argument; arguments from the existence of laws of nature and the 'fine-tuning' of the universe; from the occurrence of consciousness and moral awareness; and from miracles and religious experience. He claims that while none of these arguments are deductively valid, they do give inductive support to theism and that, even when the argument from evil is weighed against them, taken together they offer good grounds to support the probability that there is a God. The overall structure of the discussion and its conclusion have been retained for this new edition, but much has been changed in order to strengthen the argumentation and to take account of Swinburne's subsequent work on the nature of consciousness and the problem of evil, and of the latest philosophical and scientific writing, especially in respect of the laws of nature and the argument from fine-tuning. This is now the definitive version of a classic in the philosophy of religion.

The Physics of Theism

Author: Jeffrey Koperski
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118932773
Release Date: 2014-11-05
Genre: Science

The Physics of Theism provides a timely, critical analysis of the ways in which physics intertwines with religion. Koperski brings clarity to a range of arguments including the fine-tuning argument, naturalism, the laws of nature, and the controversy over Intelligent Design. A single author text providing unprecedented scope and depth of analysis of key issues within the Philosophy of Religion and the Philosophy of Science Critically analyses the ways in which physics is brought into play in matters of religion Self-contained chapters allow readers to directly access specific areas of interest The area is one of considerable interest, and this book is a timely and well-conceived contribution to these debates Written by an accomplished scholar working in the philosophy of physics in a style that renders complex arguments accessible