The New Warfare

Author: J. Martin Rochester
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317276432
Release Date: 2016-02-19
Genre: Political Science

This book looks at the evolving relationship between war and international law, examining the complex practical and legal dilemmas posed by the changing nature of war in the contemporary world, whether the traditional rules governing the onset and conduct of hostilities apply anymore, and how they might be adapted to new realities. War, always messy, has become even messier today, with the blurring of interstate, intrastate, and extrastate violence. How can the United States and other countries be expected to fight honourably and observe the existing norms when they often are up against an adversary who recognizes no such obligations? Indeed, how do we even know whether an "armed conflict" is underway when modern wars tend to lack neat beginnings and endings and seem geographically indeterminate, as well? What is the legality of anticipatory self-defense, humanitarian intervention, targeted killings, drones, detention of captured prisoners without POW status, and other controversial practices? These questions are explored through a review of the United Nations Charter, Geneva Conventions, and other regimes and how they have operated in recent conflicts. Through a series of case studies, including the U.S. war on terror and the wars in Afghanistan, Iraq, Gaza, Kosovo, and Congo, the author illustrates the challenges we face today in the ongoing effort to reduce war and, when it occurs, to make it more humane.

International Relations as Negotiation

Author: Brian R Urlacher
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317257431
Release Date: 2015-12-03
Genre: Social Science

Negotiations are central to the operation of the international system, found at the heart of every conflict and every act of cooperation. Negotiation is the primary vehicle that states use to manage conflict and build prosperity in a complicated and dangerous international system. International Relations as Negotiation provides an overview of world politics that is both approachable and detailed. It explores the factors that help or undermine efforts to negotiate solutions to international problems. Key topics including international conflict and security, the global economy, international law and governance, and environmental sustainability are explored in turn. The history of the international system is traced through major treaty agreements and peace conferences, and the future of the international system is projected. The result is a survey of world politics that provides a seamless narrative about conflict and cooperation in the international system.

Global Democracy and the World Social Forums

Author: Jackie Smith
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317264842
Release Date: 2015-11-17
Genre: Political Science

The World Social Forum quickly became the largest political gathering in human history and continues to offer a direct challenge to the extreme inequities of corporate-led globalisation. It has expanded its presence and continues to be an exciting experiment in global and participatory democracy. The book's contributors have participated in World Social Forums around the globe. Recounting dozens of dramatic firsthand experiences, they draw on their knowledge of global politics to introduce the process, its foundations and relevance to ongoing transnational efforts toward democracy. This second edition of Global Democracy shows how the Forums have developed since their inception in 2001 and how they are now connected with other global movements including Occupy, the Arab Spring and beyond.

Violence Against Women and the Law

Author: David L Richards
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317249603
Release Date: 2015-11-17
Genre: Political Science

This book examines the strength of laws addressing four types of violence against women--rape, marital rape, domestic violence, and sexual harassment--in 196 countries from 2007 to 2010. It analyzes why these laws exist in some places and not others, and why they are stronger or weaker in places where they do exist. The authors have compiled original data that allow them to test various hypotheses related to whether international law drives the enactment of domestic legal protections. They also examine the ways in which these legal protections are related to economic, political, and social institutions, and how transnational society affects the presence and strength of these laws. The original data produced for this book make a major contribution to comparisons and analyses of gender violence and law worldwide.

Crimes of War

Author: Roy Gutman
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393328465
Release Date: 2007
Genre: History

An A-to-Z guidebook of wartime atrocities details the nature of war crimes and the international laws that define them, and contains entries on recent conflicts and miscellaneous subjects related to terrorism and war.

Global Activism

Author: Ruth Reitan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9780415455510
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Political Science

This comprehensive study traces the transnationalization of activist networks, analyzing their changing compositions and characters and examining the roles played by the World Social Forum in this process. Comparing four of the largest global networks targeting the 'neoliberal triumvirate' of the World Bank, the IMF and the World Trade Organization: the Jubilee anti-debt campaigners Via Campesina peasant farmers Our World Is Not For Sale and the anarchistic Peoples' Global Action. Written by a scholar-activist, the book highlights that despite their diversity, these collective actors follow a similar globalizing path and that networks in which solidarity is based on a shared identity perceived as threatened by neoliberal change are gaining strength. Social forums are depicted as a fertile ground to strengthen networks and a common ground for cooperative action among them, but also a battleground over the future of the forum process, the global anti-neoliberal struggle, and 'other possible worlds' in the making. Global Activism will appeal to students and scholars interested in globalization, international relations, IPE and social movements.

Nuclear Coexistence

Author: William C. Martel
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 0788146637
Release Date: 1998-02
Genre:

This study seeks to address the emerging incongruence between the proliferation of nuclear weapons and the U.S. policy for managing this process. American society and its political leadership must accept the need to adapt its policy to the rapidly-changing circumstances in nuclear proliferation. Contents: proliferation in the emerging international order; nuclear proliferation incentives and disincentives; emerging nuclear states: thinking through issues and options (Ukraine, Pakistan, North Korea, Iran, and non-state actors); rethinking U.S. proliferation policy for the future; recommendations.

The Global Cold War

Author: Odd Arne Westad
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139643825
Release Date: 2007-03-01
Genre: History

The Cold War shaped the world we live in today - its politics, economics, and military affairs. This book shows how the globalization of the Cold War during the last century created the foundations for most of the key conflicts we see today, including the War on Terror. It focuses on how the Third World policies of the two twentieth-century superpowers - the United States and the Soviet Union - gave rise to resentments and resistance that in the end helped topple one superpower and still seriously challenge the other. Ranging from China to Indonesia, Iran, Ethiopia, Angola, Cuba, and Nicaragua, it provides a truly global perspective on the Cold War. And by exploring both the development of interventionist ideologies and the revolutionary movements that confronted interventions, the book links the past with the present in ways that no other major work on the Cold War era has succeeded in doing.

From Jicama to Jackfruit

Author: Kimberly A. Weir
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317259442
Release Date: 2015-11-17
Genre: Political Science

What did you have for breakfast? Did you ever stop to think about the people and steps involved with how your banana or cereal got on your plate? Nearly everyone is a part of the global food system, yet few people are aware of how it operates. Kimberly A. Weir starts by evaluating how we are connected with spice farmers, cocoa bean growers, soybean producers, tomato pickers, and tuna fishers not only gives insight into where we fit in the global food chain, but also offers a unique way to understand the aspects and concepts of the global political economy. The book begins by figuring out where readers fit in the global food chain, looking at what affects eating habits and choices, and situating these factors in a global context. From Jicama to Jackfruit provides that insight in abundance.

The American Ascendancy

Author: Michael H. Hunt
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 9780807830901
Release Date: 2007
Genre: History

A historical study that looks at America's path to global preeminence examines such key elements as wealth, confidence, and leadership in its rise to power, from the nineteenth century to today, and offers insight into the nation's problematic role in the modern-day world and options for the future.

The Economic Factor in International Relations

Author: Spyros Economides
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 186064662X
Release Date: 2001
Genre: Business & Economics

Economics seems to drive every political or social happening in the world. This book shows how political agendas and speculation have formed many of our assumptions about the workings of world economics and seeks to guard against exaggerations of the role of economics in international relations.

The Green State

Author: Robyn Eckersley
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262262592
Release Date: 2004-03-05
Genre: Political Science

What would constitute a definitively "green" state? In this important new book, Robyn Eckersley explores what it might take to create a green democratic state as an alternative to the classical liberal democratic state, the indiscriminate growth-dependent welfare state, and the neoliberal market-focused state -- seeking, she writes, "to navigate between undisciplined political imagination and pessimistic resignation to the status quo." In recent years, most environmental scholars and environmentalists have characterized the sovereign state as ineffectual and have criticized nations for perpetuating ecological destruction. Going consciously against the grain of much current thinking, this book argues that the state is still the preeminent political institution for addressing environmental problems. States remain the gatekeepers of the global order, and greening the state is a necessary step, Eckersley argues, toward greening domestic and international policy and law.The Green State seeks to connect the moral and practical concerns of the environmental movement with contemporary theories about the state, democracy, and justice. Eckersley's proposed "critical political ecology" expands the boundaries of the moral community to include the natural environment in which the human community is embedded. This is the first book to make the vision of a "good" green state explicit, to explore the obstacles to its achievement, and to suggest practical constitutional and multilateral arrangements that could help transform the liberal democratic state into a postliberal green democratic state. Rethinking the state in light of the principles of ecological democracy ultimately casts it in a new role: that of an ecological steward and facilitator of transboundary democracy rather than a selfish actor jealously protecting its territory.

Strategic Studies and World Order

Author: Bradley S. Klein
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 052146644X
Release Date: 1994-05-05
Genre: History

In this book Bradley Klein draws on recent debates in international relations theory to raise important questions about the nature of strategic studies and nuclear deterrence. In clear and uncluttered language, he explores the links among modernity, state-building and strategic violence, and argues that American foreign policy, and NATO, undertook a set of dynamic political practices to make and remake world order in the image of Western identity. The book will be of interest to students of international relations theory, strategic studies, peace studies, and US foreign policy.

Sites of Memory Sites of Mourning

Author: Jay Winter
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139952965
Release Date: 2014-05-15
Genre: History

Jay Winter's powerful study of the 'collective remembrance' of the Great War offers a major reassessment of one of the critical episodes in the cultural history of the twentieth century. Dr Winter looks anew at the culture of commemoration and the ways in which communities endeavoured to find collective solace after 1918. Taking issue with the prevailing 'modernist' interpretation of the European reaction to the appalling events of 1914–18, Dr Winter instead argues that what characterised that reaction was, rather, the attempt to interpret the Great War within traditional frames of reference. Tensions arose inevitably. Sites of Memory, Sites of Mourning is a profound and moving book of seminal importance for the attempt to understand the course of European history during the first half of the twentieth century.

The King s Army

Author: James B. Wood
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521525136
Release Date: 2002-07-18
Genre: History

A study of warfare and society during the wars of religion in France.