The New Warfare

Author: J. Martin Rochester
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317276432
Release Date: 2016-02-19
Genre: Political Science

This book looks at the evolving relationship between war and international law, examining the complex practical and legal dilemmas posed by the changing nature of war in the contemporary world, whether the traditional rules governing the onset and conduct of hostilities apply anymore, and how they might be adapted to new realities. War, always messy, has become even messier today, with the blurring of interstate, intrastate, and extrastate violence. How can the United States and other countries be expected to fight honourably and observe the existing norms when they often are up against an adversary who recognizes no such obligations? Indeed, how do we even know whether an "armed conflict" is underway when modern wars tend to lack neat beginnings and endings and seem geographically indeterminate, as well? What is the legality of anticipatory self-defense, humanitarian intervention, targeted killings, drones, detention of captured prisoners without POW status, and other controversial practices? These questions are explored through a review of the United Nations Charter, Geneva Conventions, and other regimes and how they have operated in recent conflicts. Through a series of case studies, including the U.S. war on terror and the wars in Afghanistan, Iraq, Gaza, Kosovo, and Congo, the author illustrates the challenges we face today in the ongoing effort to reduce war and, when it occurs, to make it more humane.

International Relations as Negotiation

Author: Brian R Urlacher
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317257431
Release Date: 2015-12-03
Genre: Social Science

Negotiations are central to the operation of the international system, found at the heart of every conflict and every act of cooperation. Negotiation is the primary vehicle that states use to manage conflict and build prosperity in a complicated and dangerous international system. International Relations as Negotiation provides an overview of world politics that is both approachable and detailed. It explores the factors that help or undermine efforts to negotiate solutions to international problems. Key topics including international conflict and security, the global economy, international law and governance, and environmental sustainability are explored in turn. The history of the international system is traced through major treaty agreements and peace conferences, and the future of the international system is projected. The result is a survey of world politics that provides a seamless narrative about conflict and cooperation in the international system.

Global Democracy and the World Social Forums

Author: Jackie Smith
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317264842
Release Date: 2015-11-17
Genre: Political Science

The World Social Forum quickly became the largest political gathering in human history and continues to offer a direct challenge to the extreme inequities of corporate-led globalisation. It has expanded its presence and continues to be an exciting experiment in global and participatory democracy. The book's contributors have participated in World Social Forums around the globe. Recounting dozens of dramatic firsthand experiences, they draw on their knowledge of global politics to introduce the process, its foundations and relevance to ongoing transnational efforts toward democracy. This second edition of Global Democracy shows how the Forums have developed since their inception in 2001 and how they are now connected with other global movements including Occupy, the Arab Spring and beyond.

Violence Against Women and the Law

Author: David L Richards
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317249603
Release Date: 2015-11-17
Genre: Political Science

This book examines the strength of laws addressing four types of violence against women--rape, marital rape, domestic violence, and sexual harassment--in 196 countries from 2007 to 2010. It analyzes why these laws exist in some places and not others, and why they are stronger or weaker in places where they do exist. The authors have compiled original data that allow them to test various hypotheses related to whether international law drives the enactment of domestic legal protections. They also examine the ways in which these legal protections are related to economic, political, and social institutions, and how transnational society affects the presence and strength of these laws. The original data produced for this book make a major contribution to comparisons and analyses of gender violence and law worldwide.

Crimes of War

Author: Roy Gutman
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393328465
Release Date: 2007
Genre: History

An A-to-Z guidebook of wartime atrocities details the nature of war crimes and the international laws that define them, and contains entries on recent conflicts and miscellaneous subjects related to terrorism and war.

Realism and Democracy

Author: Elliott Abrams
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781108415620
Release Date: 2017-09-12
Genre: Political Science

This book makes a realpolitik argument for supporting democracy in the Arab world, drawing on four decades of policy experience.

The Economic Factor in International Relations

Author: Spyros Economides
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 186064662X
Release Date: 2001
Genre: Business & Economics

Economics seems to drive every political or social happening in the world. This book shows how political agendas and speculation have formed many of our assumptions about the workings of world economics and seeks to guard against exaggerations of the role of economics in international relations.

Water Justice

Author: Rutgerd Boelens
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107179080
Release Date: 2018-03-15
Genre: Business & Economics

An overview of critical conceptual approaches to water justice, illustrated with global historic and contemporary case studies of socio-environmental struggles.

Nuclear Coexistence

Author: William C. Martel
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 0788146637
Release Date: 1998-02
Genre:

This study seeks to address the emerging incongruence between the proliferation of nuclear weapons and the U.S. policy for managing this process. American society and its political leadership must accept the need to adapt its policy to the rapidly-changing circumstances in nuclear proliferation. Contents: proliferation in the emerging international order; nuclear proliferation incentives and disincentives; emerging nuclear states: thinking through issues and options (Ukraine, Pakistan, North Korea, Iran, and non-state actors); rethinking U.S. proliferation policy for the future; recommendations.

From Jicama to Jackfruit

Author: Kimberly A. Weir
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317259442
Release Date: 2015-11-17
Genre: Political Science

What did you have for breakfast? Did you ever stop to think about the people and steps involved with how your banana or cereal got on your plate? Nearly everyone is a part of the global food system, yet few people are aware of how it operates. Kimberly A. Weir starts by evaluating how we are connected with spice farmers, cocoa bean growers, soybean producers, tomato pickers, and tuna fishers not only gives insight into where we fit in the global food chain, but also offers a unique way to understand the aspects and concepts of the global political economy. The book begins by figuring out where readers fit in the global food chain, looking at what affects eating habits and choices, and situating these factors in a global context. From Jicama to Jackfruit provides that insight in abundance.

Cybersecurity

Author: Peter W. Singer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199918119
Release Date: 2014
Genre: Business & Economics

An authoritative, single-volume introduction to cybersecurity addresses topics ranging from phishing and electrical-grid takedowns to cybercrime and online freedom, sharing illustrative anecdotes to explain how cyberspace security works and what everyday people can do to protect themselves. Simultaneous.

The Green State

Author: Robyn Eckersley
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262262592
Release Date: 2004-03-05
Genre: Political Science

What would constitute a definitively "green" state? In this important new book, Robyn Eckersley explores what it might take to create a green democratic state as an alternative to the classical liberal democratic state, the indiscriminate growth-dependent welfare state, and the neoliberal market-focused state -- seeking, she writes, "to navigate between undisciplined political imagination and pessimistic resignation to the status quo." In recent years, most environmental scholars and environmentalists have characterized the sovereign state as ineffectual and have criticized nations for perpetuating ecological destruction. Going consciously against the grain of much current thinking, this book argues that the state is still the preeminent political institution for addressing environmental problems. States remain the gatekeepers of the global order, and greening the state is a necessary step, Eckersley argues, toward greening domestic and international policy and law.The Green State seeks to connect the moral and practical concerns of the environmental movement with contemporary theories about the state, democracy, and justice. Eckersley's proposed "critical political ecology" expands the boundaries of the moral community to include the natural environment in which the human community is embedded. This is the first book to make the vision of a "good" green state explicit, to explore the obstacles to its achievement, and to suggest practical constitutional and multilateral arrangements that could help transform the liberal democratic state into a postliberal green democratic state. Rethinking the state in light of the principles of ecological democracy ultimately casts it in a new role: that of an ecological steward and facilitator of transboundary democracy rather than a selfish actor jealously protecting its territory.

Rethinking Peace and Security

Author: Paula Duarte Lopes
Publisher:
ISBN: 8498302358
Release Date: 2009-01
Genre: Education

During ten days in July 2008, around fifty students and a dozen professors from twelve different European universities met at the University of Coimbra for the Fifth Intensive Seminar of the European Doctorate Enhancement Programme on Peace and Conflict (EDEN) and discussed the new dimensions of peace and security studies. Their contributions reflect the research agendas of a new generation, who continue to address enduring themes in peace and conflict studies, but whose formative influences are those of a complex post Cold War world.

Sites of Memory Sites of Mourning

Author: Jay Winter
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139952965
Release Date: 2014-05-15
Genre: History

Jay Winter's powerful study of the 'collective remembrance' of the Great War offers a major reassessment of one of the critical episodes in the cultural history of the twentieth century. Dr Winter looks anew at the culture of commemoration and the ways in which communities endeavoured to find collective solace after 1918. Taking issue with the prevailing 'modernist' interpretation of the European reaction to the appalling events of 1914–18, Dr Winter instead argues that what characterised that reaction was, rather, the attempt to interpret the Great War within traditional frames of reference. Tensions arose inevitably. Sites of Memory, Sites of Mourning is a profound and moving book of seminal importance for the attempt to understand the course of European history during the first half of the twentieth century.