The New World in Early Modern Italy 1492 1750

Author: Elizabeth Horodowich
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107122871
Release Date: 2017-10-31
Genre: History

Italians became fascinated by the New World in the early modern period. While Atlantic World scholarship has traditionally tended to focus on the acts of conquest and the politics of colonialism, these essays consider the reception of ideas, images and goods from the Americas in the non-colonial state of Italy. Italians began to venerate images of the Peruvian Virgin of Copacabana, plant tomatoes, potatoes, and maize, and publish costume books showcasing the clothing of the kings and queens of Florida, revealing the powerful hold that the Americas had on the Italian imagination. By considering a variety of cases illuminating the presence of the Americas in Italy, this volume demonstrates how early modern Italian culture developed as much from multicultural contact - with Mexico, Peru, Brazil, and the Caribbean - as it did from the rediscovery of classical antiquity.

Soldiers of Empire

Author: Tarak Barkawi
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107169586
Release Date: 2017-06-08
Genre: History

How are soldiers made? Why do they fight? Re-imagining the study of armed forces and society, Barkawi examines the imperial and multinational armies that fought in Asia in the Second World War, especially the British Indian army in the Burma campaign. Going beyond conventional narratives, Barkawi studies soldiers in transnational context, from recruitment and training to combat and memory. Drawing on history, sociology and anthropology, the book critiques the 'Western way of war' from a postcolonial perspective. Barkawi reconceives soldiers as cosmopolitan, their battles irreducible to the national histories that monopolise them. This book will appeal to those interested in the Second World War, armed forces and the British Empire, and students and scholars of military sociology and history, South Asian studies and international relations.

Menagerie

Author: Caroline Grigson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780191024115
Release Date: 2016-01-28
Genre: History

Menagerie is the story of the panoply of exotic animals that were brought into Britain from time immemorial until the foundation of the London Zoo — a tale replete with the extravagant, the eccentric, and — on occasion — the downright bizarre. From Henry III's elephant at the Tower, to George IV's love affair with Britain's first giraffe and Lady Castlereagh's recalcitrant ostriches, Caroline Grigson's tour through the centuries amounts to the first detailed history of exotic animals in Britain. On the way we encounter a host of fascinating and outlandish creatures, including the first peacocks and popinjays, Thomas More's monkey, James I's cassowaries in St James's Park, and Lord Clive's zebra — which refused to mate with a donkey, until the donkey was painted with stripes. But this is not just the story of the animals themselves. It also the story of all those who came into contact with them: the people who owned them, the merchants who bought and sold them, the seamen who carried them to our shores, the naturalists who wrote about them, the artists who painted them, the itinerant showmen who worked with them, the collectors who collected them. And last but not least, it is about all those who simply came to see and wonder at them, from kings, queens, and nobles to ordinary men, women, and children, often impelled by no more than simple curiosity and a craving for novelty.

European Encounters with the New World

Author: Anthony Pagden
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300059507
Release Date: 1993
Genre: Political Science

For more than three centuries after Columbus' voyages to America, Europeans pondered how the Old World's encounters with the New World affected European sensibilities and intellectual horizons. In this book Anthony Pagden examines some of the varied ways in which Europeans interpreted these encounters with America.

The JPS Guide to Jewish Women

Author: Emily Taitz
Publisher: Jewish Publication Society
ISBN: 9780827607521
Release Date: 2003-02-01
Genre: History

This is an indispensable resource about the role of Jewish women from post-biblical times to the twentieth century. Unique in its approach, it is structured so that each chapter, which is divided into three parts, covers a specific period and geographical area. The first section of the book contains an overview, explaining how historical events affected Jews in general and Jewish women in particular. This is followed by a section of biographical entries of women of the period whose lives are set in their economic, familial, and cultural backgrounds. The third and last part of each chapter, "The World of Jewish Women," is organized by topic and covers women's activities and interests and how Jewish laws concerning women developed and changed. This comprehensive work is an easy-to-use sourcebook, synopsizing rich and diverse resources. By examining history and analyzing the dynamics of Jewish law and custom, it illuminates the circumstances of Jewish women's lives and traces the changes that have occurred throughout the centuries. It casts a new and clear light on Jewish women as individuals and sets women firmly within the context of their own cultural and historical periods. The book contains illustrations, boxed text, extensive endnotes, and indices that list each woman by name. It is ideal for women's groups and study groups as well as students and scholars.

A Brief History of Venice

Author: Elizabeth Horodowich
Publisher: Robinson
ISBN: 9781472107749
Release Date: 2013-02-07
Genre: History

In this colourful new history of Venice, Elizabeth Horodowich, one of the leading experts on Venice, tells the story of the place from its ancient origins, and its early days as a multicultural trading city where Christians, Jews and Muslims lived together at the crossroads between East and West. She explores the often overlooked role of Venice, alongside Florence and Rome, as one of the principal Renaissance capitals. Now, as the resident population falls and the number of tourists grows, as brash new advertisements disfigure the ancient buildings, she looks at the threat from the rising water level and the future of one of the great wonders of the world.

The Confucian legalist State

Author: Dingxin Zhao
Publisher: Oxford Studies in Early Empire
ISBN: 9780199351732
Release Date: 2015
Genre: History

"The Confucian-Legalist State proposes a new theory of social change and, in doing so, analyzes the patterns of Chinese history, such as the rise and persistence of a unified empire, the continuous domination of Confucianism, and China's impossibility to develop industrial capitalism without being compelled by Western imperialism"--

A Transitory Star

Author: Claudia Lehmann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 9783110386899
Release Date: 2015-07-24
Genre: Art

Examining Bernini's works from 1665 on, from Paris and Rome, the essays collected here use visual and material examination, archival research, and comparative textual analysis to illuminate the growing distance of Gallic absolutism from the fading dream of papal hegemony over Europe, and the complexities of Bernini's role as mouthpiece, obstacle, and flatterer of the Princes of the Papal States.

Modern Empires

Author: Bonnie G. Smith
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199375925
Release Date: 2017-06-29
Genre: History

Based on the central role that the study of documents plays in the history classroom, Modern Empires: A Reader presents the history of modern empires across the globe from the late fifteenth century to the present. The chronological, geographical, and thematic range found in this anthologyprovides special pedagogical benefits in light of the growing attention to world history and to the history of empire. The selection of sources in Modern Empires portrays an imperial panorama and charts the wide-ranging effects upon individual nations as well as upon the unfolding history of theworld and its peoples. Modern Empires: A Reader is perfect for readers interested in the connections between imperialism and modern globalization.

The Venetian Discovery of America

Author: Elizabeth Horodowich
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781108687249
Release Date: 2018-08-31
Genre: History

Few Renaissance Venetians saw the New World with their own eyes. As the print capital of early modern Europe, however, Venice developed a unique relationship to the Americas. Venetian editors, mapmakers, translators, writers, and cosmographers represented the New World at times as a place that the city's mariners had discovered before the Spanish, a world linked to Marco Polo's China, or another version of Venice, especially in the case of Tenochtitlan. Elizabeth Horodowich explores these various and distinctive modes of imagining the New World, including Venetian rhetorics of 'firstness', similitude, othering, comparison, and simultaneity generated through forms of textual and visual pastiche that linked the wider world to the Venetian lagoon. These wide-ranging stances allowed Venetians to argue for their different but equivalent participation in the Age of Encounters. Whereas historians have traditionally focused on the Spanish conquest and colonization of the New World, and the Dutch and English mapping of it, they have ignored the wide circulation of Venetian Americana. Horodowich demonstrates how with their printed texts and maps, Venetian newsmongers embraced a fertile tension between the distant and the close. In doing so, they played a crucial yet heretofore unrecognized role in the invention of America.

Imagining the Americas in Medici Florence

Author: Lia Markey
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 9780271078229
Release Date: 2016-08-24
Genre: History

The first full-length study of the impact of the discovery of the Americas on Italian Renaissance art and culture, Imagining the Americas in Medici Florence demonstrates that the Medici grand dukes of Florence were not only great patrons of artists but also early conservators of American culture. In collecting New World objects such as featherwork, codices, turquoise, and live plants and animals, the Medici grand dukes undertook a “vicarious conquest” of the Americas. As a result of their efforts, Renaissance Florence boasted one of the largest collections of objects from the New World as well as representations of the Americas in a variety of media. Through a close examination of archival sources, including inventories and Medici letters, Lia Markey uncovers the provenance, history, and meaning of goods from and images of the Americas in Medici collections, and she shows how these novelties were incorporated into the culture of the Florentine court. More than just a study of the discoveries themselves, this volume is a vivid exploration of the New World as it existed in the minds of the Medici and their contemporaries. Scholars of Italian and American art history will especially welcome and benefit from Markey’s insight.

Language and Statecraft in Early Modern Venice

Author: Elizabeth Horodowich
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521894968
Release Date: 2008-04-21
Genre: History

This book demonstrates that a crucial component of statebuilding in Venice was the management of public speech. Using a variety of historical sources, Horodowich shows that the Venetian state constructed a normative language - a language based on standards of politeness, civility, and piety - to protect and reinforce its civic identity.

Jabotinsky s Children

Author: Daniel Kupfert Heller
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400888627
Release Date: 2017-08-15
Genre: History

How interwar Poland and its Jewish youth were instrumental in shaping the ideology of right-wing Zionism By the late 1930s, as many as fifty thousand Polish Jews belonged to Betar, a youth movement known for its support of Vladimir Jabotinsky, the founder of right-wing Zionism. Poland was not only home to Jabotinsky’s largest following. The country also served as an inspiration and incubator for the development of right-wing Zionist ideas. Jabotinsky’s Children draws on a wealth of rare archival material to uncover how the young people in Betar were instrumental in shaping right-wing Zionist attitudes about the roles that authoritarianism and military force could play in the quest to build and maintain a Jewish state. Recovering the voices of ordinary Betar members through their letters, diaries, and autobiographies, Jabotinsky’s Children paints a vivid portrait of young Polish Jews and their turbulent lives on the eve of the Holocaust. Rather than define Jabotinsky as a firebrand fascist or steadfast democrat, the book instead reveals how he deliberately delivered multiple and contradictory messages to his young followers, leaving it to them to interpret him as they saw fit. Tracing Betar’s surprising relationship with interwar Poland’s authoritarian government, Jabotinsky’s Children overturns popular misconceptions about Polish-Jewish relations between the two world wars and captures the fervent efforts of Poland’s Jewish youth to determine, on their own terms, who they were, where they belonged, and what their future held in store. Shedding critical light on a vital yet neglected chapter in the history of Zionism, Jabotinsky’s Children provides invaluable perspective on the origins of right-wing Zionist beliefs and their enduring allure in Israel today.

Cities in Ruins

Author: Cecilia Enjuto Rangel
Publisher: Purdue University Press
ISBN: 9781557535719
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Literary Criticism

The presence of urban ruins in modern poetry awakens readers to the real-life remains of violence and destruction in our cities. The attacks in New York on September 11.2001. and in Madrid on March 11.2004. provoked diverse political reactions, but the imminence of the ruins triggered a collective historical awakening. An awakening can take the shape of bombs in Kabul and Baghdad. or political change in government policies, but it is also palpable when poetry voices a critique of the technological warfare and its versions of progress. Contemporary events and modern ruins are reminiscent of the political impact that the Spanish Civil War and two World Wars had on poetry. In Cities in Ruins: The Politics of Modern Poetics. Cecilia Enjuto Rangel argues that the portrayal in poetry of the modern city as a disintegrated, ruined space is part of a critique visions of progress and modernization that developed during the nineteenth century and the first half of the twentieth century. Enjuto Rangel analyzes how Charles Baudelaire, Luis Cernuda. T. S. Eliot. Octavio Paz and Pablo Neruda poetizized ruins as the cornerstones of cultural and political memory, and used the imagery of ruins to reinterpret their historical and literary traditions. As a literary commonplace, the topos of ruins has been thoroughly examined in Baroque and Romantic literary studies, but Enjuto Rangel's study investigates the virtually unexplored map of modern ruins in modern poetry. For Enjuto Rangel. images of ruins empower text and reader with political and historical agency. This triggers a conscious re-evaluation of the past, as exemplilied by the Transatlantic poetics of the Spanish Civil War and the current politics of memory. Enjuto Rangel's book offers an original interpretation of how modern poems historicize ruins and avoid narcissistic readings of destruction. "This work is a brilliant composite of Modernity's major poetic quests for meaning, The notion of ruins brings the literary, historical. and political issues to the fore with a scholarly depth that is matched by the breadth and urgency of the poetic statements examined."---Ronald Puppo, University of Vic Purdue Studies in Romance Literatures publishes studies on topics of literary, theoretical, or philological importance that make a significant contribution to scholarship in French. Italian. Luso Brazilian, Spanish, and Spanish American literatures.