The Noether Theorems

Author: Yvette Kosmann-Schwarzbach
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387878688
Release Date: 2010-11-17
Genre: Mathematics

In 1915 and 1916 Emmy Noether was asked by Felix Klein and David Hilbert to assist them in understanding issues involved in any attempt to formulate a general theory of relativity, in particular the new ideas of Einstein. She was consulted particularly over the difficult issue of the form a law of conservation of energy could take in the new theory, and she succeeded brilliantly, finding two deep theorems. But between 1916 and 1950, the theorem was poorly understood and Noether's name disappeared almost entirely. People like Klein and Einstein did little more then mention her name in the various popular or historical accounts they wrote. Worse, earlier attempts which had been eclipsed by Noether's achievements were remembered, and sometimes figure in quick historical accounts of the time. This book carries a translation of Noether's original paper into English, and then describes the strange history of its reception and the responses to her work. Ultimately the theorems became decisive in a shift from basing fundamental physics on conservations laws to basing it on symmetries, or at the very least, in thoroughly explaining the connection between these two families of ideas. The real significance of this book is that it shows very clearly how long it took before mathematicians and physicists began to recognize the seminal importance of Noether's results. This book is thoroughly researched and provides careful documentation of the textbook literature. Kosmann-Schwarzbach has thus thrown considerable light on this slow dance in which the mathematical tools necessary to study symmetry properties and conservation laws were apparently provided long before the orchestra arrives and the party begins.

Variational Formulation of Fluid and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics

Author: Gualtiero Badin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319596952
Release Date: 2017-10-03
Genre: Science

This book describes the derivation of the equations of motion of fluids as well as the dynamics of ocean and atmospheric currents on both large and small scales through the use of variational methods. In this way the equations of Fluid and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics are re-derived making use of a unifying principle, that is Hamilton’s Principle of Least Action. The equations are analyzed within the framework of Lagrangian and Hamiltonian mechanics for continuous systems. The analysis of the equations’ symmetries and the resulting conservation laws, from Noether’s Theorem, represent the core of the description. Central to this work is the analysis of particle relabeling symmetry, which is unique for fluid dynamics and results in the conservation of potential vorticity. Different special approximations and relations, ranging from the semi-geostrophic approximation to the conservation of wave activity, are derived and analyzed. Thanks to a complete derivation of all relationships, this book is accessible for students at both undergraduate and graduate levels, as well for researchers. Students of theoretical physics and applied mathematics will recognize the existence of theoretical challenges behind the applied field of Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, while students of applied physics, meteorology and oceanography will be able to find and appreciate the fundamental relationships behind equations in this field.

Recent Progress and Modern Challenges in Applied Mathematics Modeling and Computational Science

Author: Roderick Melnik
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781493969692
Release Date: 2017-09-05
Genre: Mathematics

This volume is an excellent resource for professionals in various areas of applications of mathematics, modeling, and computational science. It focuses on recent progress and modern challenges in these areas. The volume provides a balance between fundamental theoretical and applied developments, emphasizing the interdisciplinary nature of modern trends and detailing state-of-the-art achievements in Applied Mathematics, Modeling, and Computational Science. The chapters have been authored by international experts in their respective fields, making this book ideal for researchers in academia, practitioners, and graduate students. It can also serve as a reference in the diverse selected areas of applied mathematics, modelling, and computational sciences, and is ideal for interdisciplinary collaborations.

Difference Equations by Differential Equation Methods

Author: Peter E. Hydon
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139991704
Release Date: 2014-08-07
Genre: Mathematics

Most well-known solution techniques for differential equations exploit symmetry in some form. Systematic methods have been developed for finding and using symmetries, first integrals and conservation laws of a given differential equation. Here the author explains how to extend these powerful methods to difference equations, greatly increasing the range of solvable problems. Beginning with an introduction to elementary solution methods, the book gives readers a clear explanation of exact techniques for ordinary and partial difference equations. The informal presentation is suitable for anyone who is familiar with standard differential equation methods. No prior knowledge of difference equations or symmetry is assumed. The author uses worked examples to help readers grasp new concepts easily. There are 120 exercises of varying difficulty and suggestions for further reading. The book goes to the cutting edge of research; its many new ideas and methods make it a valuable reference for researchers in the field.

Groups and Symmetries

Author: Yvette Kosmann-Schwarzbach
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387788661
Release Date: 2009-10-16
Genre: Mathematics

- Combines material from many areas of mathematics, including algebra, geometry, and analysis, so students see connections between these areas - Applies material to physics so students appreciate the applications of abstract mathematics - Assumes only linear algebra and calculus, making an advanced subject accessible to undergraduates - Includes 142 exercises, many with hints or complete solutions, so text may be used in the classroom or for self study

Gesammelte Abhandlungen Collected Papers

Author: Emmy Noether
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540115048
Release Date: 1983-05-01
Genre: Mathematics

Emmy Noether (1882-1935) was one of the most influential mathematicians of the 20th century. The development of abstract algebra, which is one of the most distinctive innovations of 20th century mathematics, can largely be traced back to her - in her published papers, lectures and her personal influence on her contemporaries. By now her contributions have become so thoroughly absorbed into our mathematical culture that only rarely are they specifically attributed to her. This book presents an extensive collection of her work. Albert Einstein wrote in a letter to the New York Times of May 1st, 1935: "In the judgment of the most competent living mathematicians, Fräulein Noether was the most significant creative mathematical genius thus far produced since the higher education of women began. In the realm of algebra, in which the most gifted mathematicians have been busy for centuries, she discovered methods which have proved of enormous importance in the development of the present-day younger generation of mathematicians."

Symmetrien der Natur

Author: Klaus Mainzer
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110853650
Release Date: 1988-01-01
Genre: Philosophy


Das Kontinuum

Author: Hermann Weyl
Publisher:
ISBN: UVA:X000579326
Release Date: 1932
Genre: Mathematics


Endliche Gruppen

Author: H. Kurzweil
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783642953132
Release Date: 2013-03-08
Genre: Mathematics


Kombinatorische Optimierung

Author: Bernhard Korte
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783642254017
Release Date: 2012-05-04
Genre: Mathematics

Das umfassende Lehrbuch zur Kombinatorischen Optimierung beruht auf Vorlesungen, die die Autoren an der Universität Bonn gehalten haben. Sie geben den neuesten Stand des Fachgebiets wieder – mit Schwerpunkt auf theoretischen Resultaten und Algorithmen mit guten Laufzeiten und Ergebnissen. Der Band enthält vollständige Beweise, einige davon wurden bisher nicht in der Lehrbuchliteratur publiziert. Die deutschsprachige Neuauflage enthält alle Ergänzungen und Aktualisierungen der 5. englischsprachigen Auflage, darunter mehr als 60 neue Übungsaufgaben.

SF spekulative Fabulation und String Figuren

Author: Donna Jeanne Haraway
Publisher: Hatje Cantz Pub
ISBN: 3775728821
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Art

The author of the influential Cyborg Manifestodevises a formula for a possible world named Terrapolis, connecting it to the making of Najavo string figures.