Author: Michael R. Marrus
Release Date: 2017-09
Between November 1945 and October 1946, 22 high-ranking Nazi officials defended themselves before the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg. The new edition of this volume reproduces significant sections of the Nuremberg trial record, with a new introduction that outlines the background to the proceedings, traces the preparations made by the principle actors in the courtroom, and considers how the prosecution, defense, and the tribunal dealt with the counts against the accused. New documents include material on the preparation of the case against the German leaders, perceptions of the trial by a member of the American prosecution team, and a remarkable memorandum by Telford Taylor on the possibility of a future trial, focusing on the murder of European Jews. Along with the Chronology from the first edition, pedagogical aids for student comprehension include a new set of Questions for Consideration and an updated Selected Bibliography. Book jacket.
Release Date: 1997
Genre: Nuremberg Trial of Major German War Criminals, Nuremberg, Germany, 1945-1946
Commemorating the fiftieth anniversary of the most important judicial proceeding of the twentieth century, this is the first book to examine historically the indictment of 22 Nazi leaders at the end of World War II. Skillfully weaving text and documents, the author presents the complex trial in its dramatic setting, in its historical context, and in legal perspective. The wide array of 73 primary documents - including journalistic accounts, private reflections, and tribunal transcripts - lets students evaluate first-hand the words of both prosecutors and defendants. Also provided are photographs of the trial, a chronology, brief biographies of the defendants, a selected bibliography, and an index.
Author: Spencer C. Tucker
Release Date: 2016-09-06
With more than 1,700 cross-referenced entries covering every aspect of World War II, the events and developments of the era, and myriad related subjects as well as a documents volume, this is the most comprehensive reference work available on the war. • Provides a clear understanding of the causes of World War II, reaching back to World War I and the role of the Western democracies in its origin • Examines home front developments in major countries during the war, such as race and gender relations in the United States • Recognizes the important roles played by women in the war and describes how the United States mobilized its economy and citizenry for total war • Discusses the Holocaust and establishes responsibility for this genocide • Details the changing attitudes toward the war as expressed in film and literature
Author: W. Wagner
Release Date: 2014-03-30
Rogue states' have been high on the policy agenda for many years but their theoretical significance for international relations has remained poorly understood. In contrast to the bulk of writings on 'rogue states' that address them merely as a policy challenge, this book studies what we can learn from deviance about international politics.
Author: NA NA
Release Date: 2016-04-30
Genre: Juvenile Nonfiction
This volume introduces students to the most controversial incident of the Vietnam War - the My Lai massacre when almost 400 Vietnamese civilians were killed in four hours. The authors discuss the ramifications of the cover-up and the ensuing investigations for the American public, policymakers, the anti-War movement and the soldiers involved. They examine the causes of the massacre and the issues of culpability and human rights. The narrative is built around 70 primary documents drawn mainly from testimony and reports from the government enquiry into the outrage.
Author: Alexander Mikaberidze
Release Date: 2013-06-25
Both concise and wide-ranging, this encyclopedia covers massacres, atrocities, war crimes, and genocides, including acts of inhumanity on all continents; and serves as a reminder that lest we forget, history will repeat itself.
Author: Michael Bryant
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Release Date: 2015-12-17
A World History of War Crimes provides a truly global history of war crimes and the involvement of the legal systems faced with these acts. Documenting the long historical arc traced by human efforts to limit warfare, from codes of war in antiquity designed to maintain a religiously conceived cosmic order to the gradual use in the modern age of the criminal trial as a means of enforcing universal norms, this book provides a comprehensive one-volume account of war and the laws that have governed conflict since the dawn of world civilizations. Throughout his narrative, Michael Bryant locates the origin and evolution of the law of war in the interplay between different cultures. While showing that no single philosophical idea underlay the law of war in world history, this volume also proves that war in global civilization has rarely been an anarchic free-for-all. Rather, from its beginnings warfare has been subject to certain constraints defined by the unique needs and cosmological understandings of the cultures that produce them. Only in late modernity has law assumed its current international humanitarian form. The criminalization of war crimes in international courts today is only the most recent development of the ancient theme of constraining when and how war may be fought.
Author: Michael Bryant
Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press
Release Date: 2014-07-30
One of the deadliest phases of the Holocaust, the Nazi regime’s “Operation Reinhard” produced three major death camps—Belzec, Treblinka, and Sobibor—which claimed the lives of 1.8 million Jews. In the 1960s, a small measure of justice came for those victims when a score of defendants who had been officers and guards at the camps were convicted of war crimes in West German courts. The conviction rates varied, however. While all but one of fourteen Treblinka defendants were convicted, half of the twelve Sobibor defendants escaped punishment, and only one of eight Belzec defendants was convicted. Also, despite the enormity of the crimes, the sentences were light in many cases, amounting to only a few years in prison. In this meticulous history of the Operation Reinhard trials, Michael S. Bryant examines a disturbing question: Did compromised jurists engineer acquittals or lenient punishments for proven killers? Drawing on rarely studied archival sources, Bryant concludes that the trial judges acted in good faith within the bounds of West German law. The key to successful prosecutions was eyewitness testimony. At Belzec, the near-total efficiency of the Nazi death machine meant that only one survivor could be found to testify. At Treblinka and Sobibor, however, prisoner revolts had resulted in a number of survivors who could give firsthand accounts of specific atrocities and identify participants. The courts, Bryant finds, treated these witnesses with respect and even made allowances for conflicting testimony. And when handing down sentences, the judges acted in accordance with strict legal definitions of perpetration, complicity, and action under duress. Yet, despite these findings, Bryant also shows that West German legal culture was hardly blameless during the postwar era. Though ready to convict the mostly workingclass personnel of the death camps, the Federal Republic followed policies that insulated the judicial elite from accountability for its own role in the Final Solution. While trial records show that the “bias” of West German jurists was neither direct nor personal, the structure of the system ensured that lawyers and judges themselves avoided judgment.
Author: Götz Aly
Publisher: Metropolitan Books
Release Date: 2008-01-08
A stunning account of the economic workings of the Third Reich—and the reasons ordinary Germans supported the Nazi state In this groundbreaking book, historian Götz Aly addresses one of modern history's greatest conundrums: How did Hitler win the allegiance of ordinary Germans? The answer is as shocking as it is persuasive: by engaging in a campaign of theft on an almost unimaginable scale—and by channeling the proceeds into generous social programs—Hitler literally "bought" his people's consent. Drawing on secret files and financial records, Aly shows that while Jews and citizens of occupied lands suffered crippling taxation, mass looting, enslavement, and destruction, most Germans enjoyed an improved standard of living. Buoyed by millions of packages soldiers sent from the front, Germans also benefited from the systematic plunder of conquered territory and the transfer of Jewish possessions into their homes and pockets. Any qualms were swept away by waves of government handouts, tax breaks, and preferential legislation. Gripping and important, Hitler's Beneficiaries makes a radically new contribution to our understanding of Nazi aggression, the Holocaust, and the complicity of a people.
Author: Nathan Stoltzfus
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
Release Date: 2001
The Rosenstrasse protest was the climax of ten years of resistance by intermarried couples to Nazism. this book uses Nazi records and interviews with survivors to examine their struggle, and their success.
Author: Adam Roberts
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date: 2000
A revised and updated edition of a book which has become widely accepted internationally as a standard work on international humanitarian law. The book contains authoritative texts of the main treaties and other key documents covering a wide variety of issues.
Author: Beth Van Schaack
Publisher: Foundation Press
Release Date: 2014-12-08
Genre: Crimes against humanity
This casebook provides comprehensive treatment of international criminal law in a problem-oriented way. It draws widely from the jurisprudence of the various international and hybrid criminal tribunals, United Nations bodies, regional human rights institutions, domestic courts, alternative or traditional courts, and transitional justice institutions. Its focus is on the core international crimes within the jurisdiction of the ICC, supplemented by chapters on the standalone crimes of torture and terrorism. This edition includes substantially more material from the International Criminal Court, including revised materials on the crime of aggression, and an entire chapter devoted to the creation and structure of the ICC.