Author: Michael R. Marrus
Release Date: 2017-09
Between November 1945 and October 1946, 22 high-ranking Nazi officials defended themselves before the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg. The new edition of this volume reproduces significant sections of the Nuremberg trial record, with a new introduction that outlines the background to the proceedings, traces the preparations made by the principle actors in the courtroom, and considers how the prosecution, defense, and the tribunal dealt with the counts against the accused. New documents include material on the preparation of the case against the German leaders, perceptions of the trial by a member of the American prosecution team, and a remarkable memorandum by Telford Taylor on the possibility of a future trial, focusing on the murder of European Jews. Along with the Chronology from the first edition, pedagogical aids for student comprehension include a new set of Questions for Consideration and an updated Selected Bibliography. Book jacket.
Author: Spencer C. Tucker
Release Date: 2016-09-06
With more than 1,700 cross-referenced entries covering every aspect of World War II, the events and developments of the era, and myriad related subjects as well as a documents volume, this is the most comprehensive reference work available on the war. • Provides a clear understanding of the causes of World War II, reaching back to World War I and the role of the Western democracies in its origin • Examines home front developments in major countries during the war, such as race and gender relations in the United States • Recognizes the important roles played by women in the war and describes how the United States mobilized its economy and citizenry for total war • Discusses the Holocaust and establishes responsibility for this genocide • Details the changing attitudes toward the war as expressed in film and literature
Author: W. Wagner
Release Date: 2014-03-30
Rogue states' have been high on the policy agenda for many years but their theoretical significance for international relations has remained poorly understood. In contrast to the bulk of writings on 'rogue states' that address them merely as a policy challenge, this book studies what we can learn from deviance about international politics.
Author: NA NA
Release Date: 2016-04-30
Genre: Juvenile Nonfiction
This volume introduces students to the most controversial incident of the Vietnam War - the My Lai massacre when almost 400 Vietnamese civilians were killed in four hours. The authors discuss the ramifications of the cover-up and the ensuing investigations for the American public, policymakers, the anti-War movement and the soldiers involved. They examine the causes of the massacre and the issues of culpability and human rights. The narrative is built around 70 primary documents drawn mainly from testimony and reports from the government enquiry into the outrage.
Author: Alexander Mikaberidze
Release Date: 2013-06-25
Genre: Political Science
Both concise and wide-ranging, this encyclopedia covers massacres, atrocities, war crimes, and genocides, including acts of inhumanity on all continents; and serves as a reminder that lest we forget, history will repeat itself. • Provides coverage of atrocities, massacres, and war crimes that is wide-ranging in scope and historical perspective, covering everything from genocides to isolated actions that constituted grave breaches of the laws of war • Comprises contributions from over 200 scholars, including international law experts currently prosecuting war crimes • Contains a lengthy chronology of major atrocities throughout history • Written in accessible and clear language appropriate for college freshmen and general readers
Author: Michael Bryant
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Release Date: 2015-12-17
A World History of War Crimes provides a truly global history of war crimes and the involvement of the legal systems faced with these acts. Documenting the long historical arc traced by human efforts to limit warfare, from codes of war in antiquity designed to maintain a religiously conceived cosmic order to the gradual use in the modern age of the criminal trial as a means of enforcing universal norms, this book provides a comprehensive one-volume account of war and the laws that have governed conflict since the dawn of world civilizations. Throughout his narrative, Michael Bryant locates the origin and evolution of the law of war in the interplay between different cultures. While showing that no single philosophical idea underlay the law of war in world history, this volume also proves that war in global civilization has rarely been an anarchic free-for-all. Rather, from its beginnings warfare has been subject to certain constraints defined by the unique needs and cosmological understandings of the cultures that produce them. Only in late modernity has law assumed its current international humanitarian form. The criminalization of war crimes in international courts today is only the most recent development of the ancient theme of constraining when and how war may be fought.
Author: Nathan Stoltzfus
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
Release Date: 2001
The Rosenstrasse protest was the climax of ten years of resistance by intermarried couples to Nazism. this book uses Nazi records and interviews with survivors to examine their struggle, and their success.
Author: Beth Van Schaack
Publisher: Foundation Press
Release Date: 2014-12-08
Genre: Crimes against humanity
This casebook provides comprehensive treatment of international criminal law in a problem-oriented way. It draws widely from the jurisprudence of the various international and hybrid criminal tribunals, United Nations bodies, regional human rights institutions, domestic courts, alternative or traditional courts, and transitional justice institutions. Its focus is on the core international crimes within the jurisdiction of the ICC, supplemented by chapters on the standalone crimes of torture and terrorism. This edition includes substantially more material from the International Criminal Court, including revised materials on the crime of aggression, and an entire chapter devoted to the creation and structure of the ICC.
Author: Maria Tatar
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Release Date: 1997
In a book that confronts our society's obsession with sexual violence and the image of the violated female corpse in our collective consciousness, Harvard culturist Maria Tatar examines images of sexual murder and studies how art and murder have intersected in sexual culture from Weimar Germany to the present. 44 photos.
Author: Michael Bryant
Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press
Release Date: 2014-07-30
One of the deadliest phases of the Holocaust, the Nazi regime’s “Operation Reinhard” produced three major death camps—Belzec, Treblinka, and Sobibor—which claimed the lives of 1.8 million Jews. In the 1960s, a small measure of justice came for those victims when a score of defendants who had been officers and guards at the camps were convicted of war crimes in West German courts. The conviction rates varied, however. While all but one of fourteen Treblinka defendants were convicted, half of the twelve Sobibor defendants escaped punishment, and only one of eight Belzec defendants was convicted. Also, despite the enormity of the crimes, the sentences were light in many cases, amounting to only a few years in prison. In this meticulous history of the Operation Reinhard trials, Michael S. Bryant examines a disturbing question: Did compromised jurists engineer acquittals or lenient punishments for proven killers? Drawing on rarely studied archival sources, Bryant concludes that the trial judges acted in good faith within the bounds of West German law. The key to successful prosecutions was eyewitness testimony. At Belzec, the near-total efficiency of the Nazi death machine meant that only one survivor could be found to testify. At Treblinka and Sobibor, however, prisoner revolts had resulted in a number of survivors who could give firsthand accounts of specific atrocities and identify participants. The courts, Bryant finds, treated these witnesses with respect and even made allowances for conflicting testimony. And when handing down sentences, the judges acted in accordance with strict legal definitions of perpetration, complicity, and action under duress. Yet, despite these findings, Bryant also shows that West German legal culture was hardly blameless during the postwar era. Though ready to convict the mostly workingclass personnel of the death camps, the Federal Republic followed policies that insulated the judicial elite from accountability for its own role in the Final Solution. While trial records show that the “bias” of West German jurists was neither direct nor personal, the structure of the system ensured that lawyers and judges themselves avoided judgment.
Author: Jeremy Noakes
Publisher: Liverpool University Press
Release Date: 1992-01-01
A collection of essays by specialist authors covering both belligerent and occupied countries: Britain, Germany, the United States, the former Soviet Union, Japan, Italy, Poland, France and the Netherlands. It explores the impact of the Second World War on the civilian population by looking at such aspects as propaganda, morale, labour mobilization, the role of women, resistance and collaboration within a comparative framework.
Author: Adam Roberts
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date: 2000
This new edition has been revised and updated to take account of the many diplomatic, legal and military developments of the last ten years. Conflicts in the Persian Gulf, the Balkans and Rwanda have ensured that the laws of war remain relevant.