Author: Donald Quataert
Publisher: Berghahn Books
Release Date: 2006
The story of the miners of Zonguldak presents a particularly graphic local lens through which to examine questions that have been of major concern to historians—most prominently, the development of the state, the emergence of capitalism, and the role of the working classes in these large processes. This book examines such major issues through the actual experiences of coal miners in the Ottoman Empire. The encounters of mine workers with state mining officials and private mine operators do not follow the expected patterns of labor-state-capital relations as predicted by the major explanatory paradigms of modernization or dependency. Indeed, as the author clearly shows, few of the outcomes are as predicted. The fate of these miners has much to offer both Ottoman and Middle East specialists as well as scholars of the developing world and, more generally, those interested in the connections between economic development and social and political change.
Author: Birsen Bulmus
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
Release Date: 2012-04-04
Did you know that many of the greatest and most colourful Ottoman statesmen and literary figures from the 15th to the early 20th century considered plague as a grave threat to their empire? And did you know that many Ottomans applauded the establishment of a quarantine against the disease in 1838 as a tool to resist British and French political and commercial penetration? Or that later Ottoman sanitation effort to prevent urban outbreaks would help engender the Arab revolt against the empire in 1916? Birsen Bulmus explores these facts in an engaging study of Ottoman plague treatise writers throughout their almost 600-year struggle with this epidemic disease. Along the way, she addresses the political, economic and social consequences of the methods they used to combat it.
Author: Virginia Aksan
Release Date: 2014-01-14
The Ottoman Empire had reached the peak of its power, presenting a very real threat to Western Christendom when in 1683 it suffered its first major defeat, at the Siege of Vienna. Tracing the empire’s conflicts of the next two centuries, The Ottoman Wars: An Empire Besieged examines the social transformation of the Ottoman military system in an era of global imperialism Spanning more than a century of conflict, the book considers challenges the Ottoman government faced from both neighbouring Catholic Habsburg Austria and Orthodox Romanov Russia, as well as - arguably more importantly – from military, intellectual and religious groups within the empire. Using close analysis of select campaigns, Virginia Aksan first discusses the Ottoman Empire’s changing internal military context, before addressing the modernized regimental organisation under Sultan Mahmud II after 1826. Featuring illustrations and maps, many of which have never been published before, The Ottoman Wars draws on previously untapped source material to provide an original and compelling account of an empire near financial and societal collapse, and the successes and failures of a military system under siege. The book is a fascinating study of the decline of an international power, raising questions about the influence of culture on warfare.
Author: Orhan Pamuk
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
Release Date: 2016-02-29
Ein junger Venezianer wird in die Türkei entführt, um dort einem Schriftgelehrten zu dienen. Die beiden ähneln sich auf nahezu unheimliche Weise und der Herr ist begierig, von seinem Diener mehr über die Kultur, die Erfindungen und die erworbenen Kenntnisse des Abendlands zu erfahren. Nach den absonderlichsten gemeinsamen Erfindungen und einem vergeblichen Feldzug des Sultans trennen sich nach vielen Jahren ihre Wege - einer kehrt nach Venedig zurück, der andere in die türkische Provinz ... Ein Roman über das Zusammentreffen zweier Kulturen im Istanbul des 17. Jahrhunderts.
Author: Christian Marek
Release Date: 2017-08-29
Christian Marek und Peter Frei geben einen souveränen Überblick über 10.000 Jahre Historie eines menschheitsgeschichtlich hochbedeutenden Territoriums, wo sich der Prozess der Sesshaftwerdung des Menschen vollzog. Seit dem Auftreten der altorientalischen Hochkulturen lag es im Kraftfeld der Großreiche. Ägypter, Hethiter, Urartäer, Lykier, Karer, Phryger, Lyder, Assyrer, Griechen, Perser und Römer haben das Gebiet geprägt, das mit über 750.000 km2 ziemlich genau dem Staatsgebiet der heutigen Türkei entspricht. Hier fand der Zug der Zehntausend statt, hier wurde das Geld erfunden, hier kämpfte Alexander der Große, hier zerfleischten sich die Diadochen, hier schuf Pompeius seine Neuordnung des Ostens, hier blühten Dichtung und Philosophie, hier missionierte der Apostel Paulus, hier verbreiteten sich die Häresien des Christentums. All diese und viele weitere Aspekte der Geschichte Kleinasiens in der Antike werden in diesem einzigartigen, reich bebilderten und mit zahlreichen Karten, Stammbäumen und Herrscherlisten ausgestatteten Werk lebendig und anschaulich dargestellt.
Author: Erik Jan Zurcher
Release Date: 2004-06-25
This revised edition builds upon and updates its twin themes of Turkey's continuing incorporation into the capitalist world and the modernization of state and society. It begins with the forging of closer links with Europe after the French Revolution, and the changing face of the Ottoman Empire in the 19th century. Zürcher argues that Turkey's history between 1908 and 1950 should be seen as a unity, and offers a strongly revisionist interpretation of Turkey's "founding father", Kemal Atatürk.; In his account of the period since 1950, Zürcher focuses on the growth of mass politics; the three military coups; the thorny issue of Turkey's human right's record; integration into the global economy; the alliance with the West and relations with the European Community; Turkey's ambivalent relations with the Middle East; the increasingly explosive Kurdish question; the worst economic crisis in 15 years in 1994; and the continuing political instability and growth of Islam. '...a valuable addition to scholarly literature.' Andrew Mango, TLS 'exceptionally well-written and offering a perspective that is unique in the field of Turkish studies.' Donald Quataert, State University of New York at Binghamton 'a very valuable book which should interest a wide readership...as a text book it meets a very real need: there is no real rival.' William Hale, SOAS, University of London
Author: Zion Zohar
Publisher: NYU Press
Release Date: 2005-06-01
Sephardic Jews have contributed some of the most important Jewish philosophers, poets, biblical commentators, Talmudic and Halachic scholars, and scientists, and have had a significant impact on the development of Jewish mysticism. Sephardic and Mizrahi Jewry brings together original work from the world's leading scholars to present a deep introductory overview of their history and culture over the past 1500 years.
This volume analyzes the political and socio-economic roles of the Muslim community of Jerusalem in the Ottoman period by focusing upon the rebellion of 1834 against Muhammad Ali from a natural law perspective using the archives of the Islamic court.
Author: Marek Jan Chodakiewicz
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Release Date: 2012-11-06
History and collective memories influence a nation, its culture, and institutions; hence, its domestic politics and foreign policy. That is the case in the Intermarium, the land between the Baltic and Black Seas in Eastern Europe. The area is the last unabashed rampart of Western Civilization in the East, and a point of convergence of disparate cultures. Marek Jan Chodakiewicz focuses on the Intermarium for several reasons. Most importantly because, as the inheritor of the freedom and rights stemming from the legacy of the Polish-Lithuanian/Ruthenian Commonwealth, it is culturally and ideologically compatible with American national interests. It is also a gateway to both East and West. Since the Intermarium is the most stable part of the post-Soviet area, Chodakiewicz argues that the United States should focus on solidifying its influence there. The ongoing political and economic success of the Intermarium states under American sponsorship undermines the totalitarian enemies of freedom all over the world. As such, the area can act as a springboard to addressing the rest of the successor states, including those in the Caucasus, Central Asia, and the Russian Federation. Intermarium has operated successfully for several centuries. It is the most inclusive political concept within the framework of the Commonwealth. By reintroducing the concept of the Intermarium into intellectual discourse the author highlights the autonomous and independent nature of the area. This is a brilliant and innovative addition to European Studies and World Culture.
Author: Klaus Kreiser
Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag
Release Date: 2008-01-01
Die wissenschaftliche Beschäftigung mit dem Osmanischen Staat reicht in Europa bis in das 18. Jahrhundert zurück. Die Öffnung der Archive in der Türkei und den anderen Nachfolgestaaten hat seit Jahrzehnten zu einer fast explosiven Ausdehnung der Forschungsliteratur geführt. Klaus Kreiser stellt die 600-jährige Geschichte des Osmanenstaats vor und bespricht eine große Auswahl von wichtigen Monographien. Besonderer Wert wurde auf eine gleichmäßige Berücksichtigung von "innerer" und "äußerer" Geschichte gelegt.
Author: Wim Klooster
Release Date: 2009
The twelve essays explore three connected aspects of European expansion in the period between 1500 and 1900 - migration, trade, and slavery - with some attention given to present-day echoes from that era. The book's first section deals with European migration to transatlantic and Asian destinations, the second and third sections focus on the Atlantic slave trade and representations of slavery, and the final section analyzes the demise and legacy of slavery. The authors reach surprising conclusions: European expansion did not entail major economic benefits; the small scale of the Europeans' intercontinental migration never jeopardized their colonial projects; and the unique popular nature of British abolitionism can be explained in part by the growth of the newspaper press in the mid-eighteenth century, which regularly reported about slave ship revolts.
This volume presents research on craft workers within and outside the guild structure from the modern and contemporary Mediterranean world. Several of the essays are based on research relating to the late sixteenth-century Ottoman Empire while other studies deal with traditional style crafts in twentieth-century Turkey and Egypt such as tanning or the manual production of copper vessels where Ottoman craft traditions were still of significance.