The Packaging User s Handbook

Author: Frank A. Paine
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461314837
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The first version of this book, Packaging Materials and Containers was published in 1967 and was revised extensively ten years later under the title The Packaging Media. Some thirty or so authors were involved in producing the initial texts for these books, and I must acknowledge their material, much of which is still valid. It is now thirteen years since The Packaging Media-high time to take stock and incorporate the considerable advances in materials, forms, techniques and machinery that have taken place. In 1977, wherever possible, we asked the original authors to carry out the revisions, but retirements and job changes have now eliminated over twenty of the original authors. We have therefore appointed an Editorial Board to advise on this more extensive revision, and I wish to thank them for their detailed and helpful assistance: Dr C. J. Mackson and Professor Y. Dagel for general comments and guidance on the overall plan and, in particular, the Introduction (chapter 1); Graham Gordon and Harri Mostyn for assistance with much of Part D on Distribution Packages, and Dennis Hine and Susan Selke for their work in respect of paperboard and plastics retail packaging, respectively. A major contribution was made by the seventh member of the Editorial Board, David Osborne, who advised in the area of glass.

A Handbook of Food Packaging

Author: Frank A. Paine
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0216932106
Release Date: 1992-01-01
Genre: Reference

For longer than we like to remember, there has been a tendency among food technologists to regard packaging as an afterthought - sometghing to be dealt with as cheaply as possible when the more interesting problems of food technology have been tackled. Conversely, packaging producers have often regarded the food industry as one of their major markets, and have concentrated on pushing their own particular product, irrespective of whether it was best suited for the purpose. In fact, food packaging is about 50% food chemistry and 50% packaging, and product and package should be considered together.

Handbook of Material Weathering

Author: George Wypych
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781927885321
Release Date: 2018-02-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Handbook of Material Weathering, Sixth Edition, is an essential guide to the effects of weathering on polymers and industrial products, presenting theory, stress factors, methods of weathering and testing and the effects of additives and environmental stress cracking. The book provides graphical illustrations and numerical data to examine the weathering of major polymers and industrial products, including mechanisms of degradation, effect of thermal processes, and characteristic changes in properties. The book also discusses recycling, corrosion and weathering, and the weathering of stone. This sixth edition updates this seminal work with recent developments and the latest data. Polymers and industrial plastics products are widely used in environments where they are vulnerable to the effects of weathering. Weathering stress factors can lead to deterioration or even complete failure. Material durability is therefore vital, and products for outdoor usage or actinic exposure are designed so that the effects of artificial and natural weathering are minimized. This book is an important reference source for those involved in studying material durability, producing materials for outdoor use and actinic exposure, research chemists in the photochemistry field, chemists and material scientists designing new materials, users of manufactured products, those who control the quality of manufactured products and students who want to apply their knowledge to real materials. Offers detailed coverage of theory, stress factors and methods of weathering Provides specific information and numerical data for 52 polymers and 42 groups of industrial products, including characteristic changes and degradation mechanisms Discusses major additional topics, such as weathered materials for recycling and the interrelation between corrosion and weathering Provides graphical illustrations and numerical data to examine the weathering of major polymers and industrial products

Packaging of Pharmaceuticals and Healthcare Products

Author: Frank A. Paine
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461521259
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering

As was the case with Charles Ross's Packaging of Pharmaceuticals published by the UK Institute of Packaging in 1975 it is assumed that the reader of this book already has a broad understanding of the basics of packaging. If not the Packaging Users Handbook and the Handbook of Food Packaging are recommended. The packaging needs of pharmaceuticals are different in degree only from those of other perishable products such as processed foods. Because the required action of a medication can be nullified by any deterioration in its active principles the protection required from its packaging is at least an order of magnitude greater than that needed by foods for example. Functional efficiency is therefore of prime importance. Conversely the need for the packaging to 'sell' the medication is much less, hence the graphics required need only provide the right 'image' for the product when presented for use in hospital or surgery. Even when on sale at the pharmacy the 'appeal' required is that of providing hygiene and confidence more than anything else. Thus, the textual requirements are paramount including traceability (batch numbers, date-coding etc) in case of recall; while striking appearance to attract customer attention is in lower key. And with the increase in malicious tampering nowadays recall is more frequent.

Packaging

Author: Leonard
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0824797558
Release Date: 1996-07-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering

"Fourth Edition features four case histories of production and marketing problems caused by quality and communications gaps, a new perspective on the importance of bar coades, an updated and enlarged chapter on performance testing of unit loads and shipping regulations, new information on advanced flexible packaging, and more."

Handbook of Human Computer Interaction

Author: M.G. Helander
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781483295138
Release Date: 2014-06-28
Genre: Computers

This Handbook is concerned with principles of human factors engineering for design of the human-computer interface. It has both academic and practical purposes; it summarizes the research and provides recommendations for how the information can be used by designers of computer systems. The articles are written primarily for the professional from another discipline who is seeking an understanding of human-computer interaction, and secondarily as a reference book for the professional in the area, and should particularly serve the following: computer scientists, human factors engineers, designers and design engineers, cognitive scientists and experimental psychologists, systems engineers, managers and executives working with systems development. The work consists of 52 chapters by 73 authors and is organized into seven sections. In the first section, the cognitive and information-processing aspects of HCI are summarized. The following group of papers deals with design principles for software and hardware. The third section is devoted to differences in performance between different users, and computer-aided training and principles for design of effective manuals. The next part presents important applications: text editors and systems for information retrieval, as well as issues in computer-aided engineering, drawing and design, and robotics. The fifth section introduces methods for designing the user interface. The following section examines those issues in the AI field that are currently of greatest interest to designers and human factors specialists, including such problems as natural language interface and methods for knowledge acquisition. The last section includes social aspects in computer usage, the impact on work organizations and work at home.

Weed The User s Guide

Author: David Schmader
Publisher: Sasquatch Books
ISBN: 9781632170439
Release Date: 2016-04-05
Genre: Social Science

The United States is in the midst of a new Golden Age of legal weed. Recreational marijuana is now legal in four states--Washington, Colorado, Oregon, and Alaska--and Washington, DC, while medical marijuana is legal in 25 states and counting. This definitive, hands-on, and experienced guide to the new world of decriminalized recreational marijuana, written by the lovingly blunt and unfailingly witty David Schmader, will educate and entertain the novice and experienced user alike. Complete with history, ways to enjoy, recipes, safety and legality tips, and medical-use information, this witty guide is perfect for gift giving.

Hansen Solubility Parameters

Author: Charles M. Hansen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420006835
Release Date: 2007-06-15
Genre: Science

Hansen solubility parameters (HSPs) are used to predict molecular affinities, solubility, and solubility-related phenomena. Revised and updated throughout, Hansen Solubility Parameters: A User's Handbook, Second Edition features the three Hansen solubility parameters for over 1200 chemicals and correlations for over 400 materials including polymers, inorganic salts, and biological materials. To update his groundbreaking handbook with the latest advances and perspectives, Charles M. Hansen has invited five renowned experts to share their work, theories, and practical applications involving HSPs. New discussions include a new statistical thermodynamics approach for confirming existing HSPs and how they fit into other thermodynamic theories for polymer solutions. Entirely new chapters examine the prediction of environmental stress cracking as well as absorption and diffusion in polymers. Highlighting recent findings on interactions with DNA, the treatment of biological materials also includes skin tissue, proteins, natural fibers, and cholesterol. The book also covers the latest applications of HSPs, such as ozone-safe “designer” solvents, protective clothing, drug delivery systems, and petroleum applications. Presenting a comprehensive survey of the theoretical and practical aspects of HSPs, Hansen Solubility Parameters, Second Edition concludes with a detailed discussion on the necessary research, future directions, and potential applications for which HSPs can provide a useful means of prediction in areas such as biological materials, controlled release applications, nanotechnology, and self-assembly.

The Packaging media

Author: Frank Albert Paine
Publisher: Halsted Press
ISBN: STANFORD:36105037174377
Release Date: 1977
Genre: Technology & Engineering


Active Food Packaging

Author: M.L. Rooney
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461521754
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Food packaging materials have traditionally been chosen to avoid unwanted interactions with the food. During the past two decades a wide variety of packaging materials have been devised or developed to interact with the food. These packaging materials, which are designed to perform some desired role other than to provide an inert barrier to outside influences, are termed 'active packaging'. The benefits of active packaging are based on both chemical and physical effects. Active packaging concepts have often been presented to the food industry with few supporting results of background research. This manner of introduction has led to substantial uncertainty by potential users because claims have sometimes been based on extrapolation from what little proven information is available. The forms of active packaging have been chosen to respond to various food properties which are often unrelated to one another. For instance many packaging requirements for post harvest horticultural produce are quite different from those for most processed foods. The object of this book is to introduce and consolidate information upon which active packaging concepts are based. Scientists, technologists, students and regulators will find here the basis of those active packaging materials, which are either commercial or proposed. The book should assist the inquirer to understand how other concepts might be applied or where they should be rejected.

Flexible Food Packaging

Author: Arthur Hirsch
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461539087
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Packaging is an essential feature of modern life. The science and art of packaging is so vast that no single book or even a multivolume work could hope to cover the entire scope of topics, from Artwork to Zipper. This volume has selected some of the most commonly raised questions in the field of flexible packaging of food. No claim is made for comprehensive coverage of the field-nor even for an in-depth exploration of a limited number of topics. The novice should find sufficient material here to gain a broad understanding of flexible packaging. The expert's knowledge may be enriched by the case studies and the additional reading lists. The first topic covered is "Who needs packaging?" We conclude that everyone depends on packaging. Western civilization as we know it today would cease without modern packaging. The advantages of controlled atmosphere (CA) or modified atmosphere packaging (MAP are reviewed, especially as they apply to the preservation of meat cheese and produce. The need for a moisture and oxygen barrier is analyzed, and materials that provide these properties are presented. The legal aspects of packaging are confronted-including FDA and USDA oversight, EPA and toxic waste disposal, bar codes, and nutritional labeling. Machinery-especially form-fill-seal (ffs)-is covered in detail, and the influence of the computer on the modern packaging operation is discussed.

Handbook of Food Processing Equipment

Author: George D. Saravacos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306472767
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book covers the design, selection, and operation of industrial equipment, used in the processing, storage and packaging of foods. Equipment design is based on the principles of transport phenomena and unit operations of Process Engineering, and the physical and transport properties of foods. Food quality and food safety aspects, related to food processing equipment, are emphasized. Food processing equipment is classified and described according to the basic unit operations, including mechanical transport, mechanical processing and separations, heat transfer operations, evaporation, dehydration, thermal processing, refrigeration/freezing, and mass transfer. Special equipment used in food packaging and novel food processing is also described. Typical numerical examples illustrate the sizing and selection of some important food processing equipment. Selected equipment suppliers are also listed.

Applying S88

Author: Jim Parshall
Publisher: Isa
ISBN: 1556177038
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Annotation Process automation engineer Parshall and software manager Lamb were charged with implementing a more flexible batch control system at a well know ice cream producer. They focus on the ISA S88.01 standard, and here pass on what they learned as an example of how to understand, justify, and implement the standard in a wide range of process industries. The price for members is $20. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.

Food Processing Handbook

Author: James G. Brennan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527634378
Release Date: 2012-05-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The second edition of the Food Processing Handbook presents a comprehensive review of technologies, procedures and innovations in food processing, stressing topics vital to the food industry today and pinpointing the trends in future research and development. Focusing on the technology involved, this handbook describes the principles and the equipment used as well as the changes - physical, chemical, microbiological and organoleptic - that occur during food preservation. In so doing, the text covers in detail such techniques as post-harvest handling, thermal processing, evaporation and dehydration, freezing, irradiation, high-pressure processing, emerging technologies and packaging. Separation and conversion operations widely used in the food industry are also covered as are the processes of baking, extrusion and frying. In addition, it addresses current concerns about the safety of processed foods (including HACCP systems, traceability and hygienic design of plant) and control of food processes, as well as the impact of processing on the environment, water and waste treatment, lean manufacturing and the roles of nanotechnology and fermentation in food processing. This two-volume set is a must-have for scientists and engineers involved in food manufacture, research and development in both industry and academia, as well as students of food-related topics at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. From Reviews on the First Edition: "This work should become a standard text for students of food technology, and is worthy of a place on the bookshelf of anybody involved in the production of foods." Journal of Dairy Technology, August 2008 "This work will serve well as an excellent course resource or reference as it has well-written explanations for those new to the field and detailed equations for those needing greater depth." CHOICE, September 2006