The Politics of Islamic Law

Author: Iza R. Hussin
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226323480
Release Date: 2016-03-31
Genre: Political Science

In The Politics of Islamic Law, Iza Hussin compares India, Malaya, and Egypt during the British colonial period in order to trace the making and transformation of the contemporary category of ‘Islamic law.’ She demonstrates that not only is Islamic law not the shari’ah, its present institutional forms, substantive content, symbolic vocabulary, and relationship to state and society—in short, its politics—are built upon foundations laid during the colonial encounter. Drawing on extensive archival work in English, Arabic, and Malay—from court records to colonial and local papers to private letters and visual material—Hussin offers a view of politics in the colonial period as an iterative series of negotiations between local and colonial powers in multiple locations. She shows how this resulted in a paradox, centralizing Islamic law at the same time that it limited its reach to family and ritual matters, and produced a transformation in the Muslim state, providing the frame within which Islam is articulated today, setting the agenda for ongoing legislation and policy, and defining the limits of change. Combining a genealogy of law with a political analysis of its institutional dynamics, this book offers an up-close look at the ways in which global transformations are realized at the local level.

The Oxford Handbook of Legal History

Author: Markus D. Dubber
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780192513137
Release Date: 2018-08-09
Genre: Law

Some of the most exciting and innovative legal scholarship has been driven by historical curiosity. Legal history today comes in a fascinating array of shapes and sizes, from microhistory to global intellectual history. Legal history has expanded beyond traditional parochial boundaries to become increasingly international and comparative in scope and orientation. Drawing on scholarship from around the world, and representing a variety of methodological approaches, areas of expertise, and research agendas, this timely compendium takes stock of legal history and methodology and reflects on the various modes of the historical analysis of law, past, present, and future. Part I explores the relationship between legal history and other disciplinary perspectives including economic, philosophical, comparative, literary, and rhetorical analysis of law. Part II considers various approaches to legal history, including legal history as doctrinal, intellectual, or social history. Part III focuses on the interrelation between legal history and jurisprudence by investigating the role and conception of historical inquiry in various models, schools, and movements of legal thought. Part IV traces the place and pursuit of historical analysis in various legal systems and traditions across time, cultures, and space. Finally, Part V narrows the Handbooks focus to explore several examples of legal history in action, including its use in various legal doctrinal contexts.

Sharia and Justice

Author: Abbas Poya
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 9783110574593
Release Date: 2018-05-22
Genre: Religion

Justice is considered the basic norm of human coexistence. Every legal order refers to the concept of justice, and Muslims also regard their religious norms (the Sharia) as offering just solutions to legal questions. But is the assumption that the Sharia is just merely an acceptance of a status quo correct? And is justice the necessary aim of the Sharia? In this volume, renowned scholars discuss these questions from different perspectives. In principle, the first normative source of Islam, the Qur'an, orders justice and fair conduct (Rohe). At the same time, an analysis of the concept of justice in the classical age of Islam (Ahmed and Poya) also shows that there existed ambivalent understandings of this concept. The relationship of the idea of justice in Islam to political questions (Ende), to war (Poya), and to modern reform (Mir-Hosseini) again confirms the importance of the concept for a critical reflection on traditional assumptions and existing circumstances. The discussion on the hijab in Western countries (Ladwig) shows paradigmatically how justice can regulate the relationship between the secular state and the Sharia. The essays in this volume endeavor to show that debates about justice, in Islam as well, express an underlying tension between the perception of an order as just on the one hand, and the feeling of injustice under the same order on the other. This discussion validates the idea that justice should be understood as a concept subject to a perpetual reexamination according to changing times and circumstances.

Afghanistan Rising

Author: Faiz Ahmed
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674971943
Release Date: 2017
Genre: History

Debunking conventional narratives, Faiz Ahmed presents a vibrant account of the first Muslim-majority country to gain independence, codify its own laws, and ratify a constitution after the fall of the Ottoman Empire. Afghanistan, he shows, attracted thinkers eager to craft a modern state within the interpretive traditions of Islamic law and ethics.

Kampf der Kulturen

Author: Samuel P. Huntington
Publisher:
ISBN: 3877630111
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Civilization, Modern


Karl Marx

Author: Gareth Stedman Jones
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 9783104905587
Release Date: 2017-09-21
Genre: Fiction

»Eine profunde Neubewertung von Marx und eine fesselnde Lektüre«, so urteilt Bestseller-Autor Christopher Clark über Gareth Stedman Jones‘ hochgelobte Studie »Karl Marx: Die Biographie«. Denn Karl Marx war kein Marxist – zum Marxisten haben ihn andere gemacht. Indem Gareth Stedman Jones Leben und Werk von Marx konsequent aus ihrem Kontext im 19. Jahrhundert beschreibt, gelingt ihm eine faszinierende neue Deutung dieses epochemachenden Denkers. Endlich verstehen wir Marx‘ Entwicklung aus seiner Zeit heraus und wie er die Gedanken von Kant, Hegel, Feuerbach, Ricardo und anderen zu neuen Ideen schmiedete. Und wir verstehen Marx‘ grundlegende Begriffe wie z.B. »Mehrwert«, »Kapital« »Entfremdung«, »Ausbeutung«, »Proletarier«, »Revolution« usw. In einer Epoche des industriellen und politischen Umbruchs erscheint Marx als Zeitgenosse, der versucht, Antworten auf die neuen Herausforderungen zu finden. Antworten, von denen er nicht ahnen konnte, wie sehr sie die Welt verändern würden. »Eine profunde Neubewertung von Marx und eine fesselnde Lektüre.« Christopher Clark

Guter Moslem b ser Moslem

Author: Mahmood Mamdani
Publisher:
ISBN: 389401475X
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Afghanistan

"Der in Uganda geborene Sohn indischer Einwanderer, heute Professor an der Columbia Universität in New York, schreibt über religiösen Fundamentalismus und seine politischen Auswirkungen. Er wendet sich gegen die Vorstellung vom "Clash of civilizations" zwischen dem Islam und dem Westen und schildert, wie die "Achse des Bösen" aus den von den US-Amerikanern geförderten antikommunistischen Stellvertreterkriegen nach der Niederlage in Vietnam entstand. In diesem Buch-protegiert von Edward Said-zeigt sich Mamdani als leidenschaftlicher Häretiker."

Der Kreml

Author: Catherine Merridale
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 9783104028354
Release Date: 2014-05-22
Genre: History

Eine packende neue Geschichte Russlands – über 500 Jahre Herrschaft und Macht im Kreml, von Iwan dem Schrecklichen bis Wladimir Putin Der Kreml ist das imposante Symbol der russischen Nation. Hier wurden die mächtigen Zaren gekrönt, hier paradierte die glorreiche Rote Armee nach dem Sieg über Deutschland. Im Kreml schlägt das Herz der russischen Macht, hier entscheidet sich Russlands Schicksal. Die bedeutende Historikerin Catherine Merridale erzählt die faszinierende Geschichte des Kreml mit all ihren Intrigen und blutigen Kämpfen um die Macht. Indem sie das verborgene Innere des russischen Staates freilegt, ermöglicht Catherine Merridale uns ein neues Verständnis der bewegten Geschichte Russlands bis in die Gegenwart.