The Reagan Reversal

Author: Beth A. Fischer
Publisher: University of Missouri Press
ISBN: 9780826273123
Release Date: 2013-10-10
Genre: Political Science

It is often assumed that Ronald Reagan's administration was reactive in bringing about the end of the cold war, that it was Mikhail Gorbachev's "new thinking" and congenial personality that led the administration to abandon its hard- line approach toward Moscow. In The Reagan Reversal, now available in paperback, Beth A. Fischer convincingly demonstrates that President Reagan actually began seeking a rapprochement with the Kremlin fifteen months before Gorbachev took office. She shows that Reagan, known for his long-standing antipathy toward communism, suddenly began calling for "dialogue, cooperation, and understanding" between the superpowers. This well-written and concise study challenges the conventional wisdom about the president himself and reveals that Reagan was, at times, the driving force behind United States-Soviet policy.

The History of American Foreign Policy From 1895

Author: Jerald A. Combs
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
ISBN: 9780765633521
Release Date: 2012-06-04
Genre: History

This affordable text offers a clear, concise and readable narrative and analytical history of American foreign policy since the Spanish-American War. Special attention is given to the controversial issues and contrasting views that surround major wars and foreign policy decisions that the United States has made from 1895 to the present. The book narrates events and policies but goes further to emphasize the international setting and constraints within which American policy-makers had to operate, the domestic pressures on those policy-makers, and the ideologies, preferences, and personal idiosyncrasies of the leaders themselves.

Presidential Faith and Foreign Policy

Author: W. Steding
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781137477118
Release Date: 2014-11-19
Genre: Political Science

This book explores the relationship between the religious beliefs of presidents and their foreign policymaking. Through the application of a new methodological approach that provides a cognetic narrative of each president, this study reveals the significance of religion's impact on U.S. foreign policy.

Making the Unipolar Moment

Author: Hal Brands
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9781501703423
Release Date: 2016-05-19
Genre: History

In the late 1970s, the United States often seemed to be a superpower in decline. Battered by crises and setbacks around the globe, its post–World War II international leadership appeared to be draining steadily away. Yet just over a decade later, by the early 1990s, America's global primacy had been reasserted in dramatic fashion. The Cold War had ended with Washington and its allies triumphant; democracy and free markets were spreading like never before. The United States was now enjoying its "unipolar moment"—an era in which Washington faced no near-term rivals for global power and influence, and one in which the defining feature of international politics was American dominance. How did this remarkable turnaround occur, and what role did U.S. foreign policy play in causing it? In this important book, Hal Brands uses recently declassified archival materials to tell the story of American resurgence. Brands weaves together the key threads of global change and U.S. policy from the late 1970s through the early 1990s, examining the Cold War struggle with Moscow, the rise of a more integrated and globalized world economy, the rapid advance of human rights and democracy, and the emergence of new global challenges like Islamic extremism and international terrorism. Brands reveals how deep structural changes in the international system interacted with strategies pursued by Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, and George H. W. Bush to usher in an era of reinvigorated and in many ways unprecedented American primacy. Making the Unipolar Moment provides an indispensable account of how the post–Cold War order that we still inhabit came to be.

The Triumph of Improvisation

Author: James Graham Wilson
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801470219
Release Date: 2014-01-21
Genre: Political Science

In The Triumph of Improvisation, James Graham Wilson takes a long view of the end of the Cold War, from the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in December 1979 to Operation Desert Storm in January 1991. Drawing on deep archival research and recently declassified papers, Wilson argues that adaptation, improvisation, and engagement by individuals in positions of power ended the specter of a nuclear holocaust. Amid ambivalence and uncertainty, Mikhail Gorbachev, Ronald Reagan, George Shultz, George H. W. Bush, and a host of other actors engaged with adversaries and adapted to a rapidly changing international environment and information age in which global capitalism recovered as command economies failed. Eschewing the notion of a coherent grand strategy to end the Cold War, Wilson paints a vivid portrait of how leaders made choices; some made poor choices while others reacted prudently, imaginatively, and courageously to events they did not foresee. A book about the burdens of responsibility, the obstacles of domestic politics, and the human qualities of leadership, The Triumph of Improvisation concludes with a chapter describing how George H. W. Bush oversaw the construction of a new configuration of power after the fall of the Berlin Wall, one that resolved the fundamental components of the Cold War on Washington's terms.

The Long Road to Baghdad

Author: Lloyd Gardner
Publisher: The New Press
ISBN: 9781595586018
Release Date: 2010-03-01
Genre: History

Places the Iraq War in the context of U.S. foreign policy since Vietnam

The Long War

Author: Andrew J. Bacevich
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231505864
Release Date: 2007-07-03
Genre: History

Essays by a diverse and distinguished group of historians, political scientists, and sociologists examine the alarms, emergencies, controversies, and confusions that have characterized America's Cold War, the post-Cold War interval of the 1990s, and today's "Global War on Terror." This "Long War" has left its imprint on virtually every aspect of American life; by considering it as a whole, The Long War is the first volume to take a truly comprehensive look at America's response to the national-security crisis touched off by the events of World War II. Contributors consider topics ranging from grand strategy and strategic bombing to ideology and economics and assess the changing American way of war and Hollywood's surprisingly consistent depiction of Americans at war. They evaluate the evolution of the national-security apparatus and the role of dissenters who viewed the myriad activities of that apparatus with dismay. They take a fresh look at the Long War's civic implications and its impact on civil-military relations. More than a military history, The Long War examines the ideas, policies, and institutions that have developed since the United States claimed the role of global superpower. This protracted crisis has become a seemingly permanent, if not defining aspect of contemporary American life. In breaking down the old and artificial boundaries that have traditionally divided the postwar period into neat historical units, this volume provides a better understanding of the evolution of the United States and U.S. policy since World War II and offers a fresh perspective on our current national security predicament.

KGB

Author: Christopher M. Andrew
Publisher:
ISBN: 3570062643
Release Date: 1990
Genre: Intelligence service

Umfassende Darstellung der Geschichte des sowjetischen Geheimdienstes und seiner Auslandsoperationen seit Lenin.

Das Schwarzbuch des Kommunismus

Author: Stéphane Courtois
Publisher:
ISBN: 3492046649
Release Date: 2004
Genre:

Das >Schwarzbuch des Kommunismus hat den Blick auf das 20. Jahrhundert tiefgreifend verändert. Von den Autoren minutiös recherchiert, zieht es die grausige Bilanz des Kommunismus, der prägenden Idee unserer Zeit. Mehr als 80 Millionen Tote, so rechnen die Autoren vor, hat die Vision der klassenlosen Gesellschaft gekostet - mehr als der Nationalsozialismus zu verantworten hat. Das Buch hat eine beispiellose Kontroverse ausgelöst, denn es beläßt es nicht bei einer Generalinventur des roten Terrors, es benennt auch Mitwisser und intellektuelle Mittäter im Westen: Das Schwarzbuch ist auch eine Unglücksgeschichte jener >willigen Helfer

Zweiter Kalter Krieg und Friedensbewegung

Author: Philipp Gassert
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 9783110591088
Release Date: 2018-01-22
Genre: History

Am 12. Dezember 1979 beschloss die NATO, ihr Arsenal nuklearer Mittelstreckenwaffen als Gegengewicht zu neuen sowjetischen SS-20-Raketen zu modernisieren, falls Rüstungskontrollverhandlungen mit der UdSSR erfolglos bleiben würden. Neben dem sowjetischen Einmarsch in Afghanistan markierte der NATO-Doppelbeschluss die Wende von der Entspannungsära hin zur verschärften Ost-West-Konfrontation. Im Westen mobilisierte die "Nachrüstung" gesellschaftlichen Protest unbekannten Ausmaßes mit Menschenketten, Sitzblockaden und Großdemonstrationen. Auch jenseits des "Eisernen Vorhangs" bewegte das Friedensthema zahllose Menschen. Die Studie analysiert diesen Wendepunkt des Kalten Krieges im deutsch-deutschen, europäischen und transatlantischen Kontext auf diplomatie- und gesellschaftsgeschichtlicher Ebene. Wie kam es zu der Entscheidung, die zunächst einen Klimasturz im Ost-West-Verhältnis nach sich zog? Welche langfristigen gesellschaftlichen Folgen hatte die Konfrontation zwischen politischem "Establishment" und Friedensbewegung? Wurde mit dem Doppelbeschluss sogar paradoxer Weise der Grundstein zur Überwindung des Kalten Krieges gelegt?

Hitlers Wehrmacht 1935 1945

Author: Rolf-Dieter Müller
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 9783486854701
Release Date: 2012-01-01
Genre: History

Die kurze Episode der "Wehrmacht" hat zu einer ungeheuren militärischen Kraftentfaltung des Deutschen Reiches geführt, zu überwältigenden Siegen und katastrophalen Niederlagen, zugleich zur Mitverantwortung für eine verbrecherische Kriegführung, wie sie in der deutschen Geschichte ohne Beispiel ist. Der Band bietet zunächst einen Überblick über die Wehrmacht im Dritten Reich, ihre Führungsprinzipien, Gliederung, Ausrüstung, Ausbildung und Fronterfahrung. Im zweiten Teil wird erkennbar, wie sich die militarisierte "Volksgemeinschaft" der Deutschen im Zweiten Weltkrieg unter dem Druck der totalen Mobilmachung veränderte. Der dritte Teil analysiert die militärische Kriegführung vom "Blitzkrieg" bis zum Untergang von Reich und Wehrmacht. Der Ausblick auf den Umgang mit diesem schwierigen Erbe in der Bundesrepublik zeigt, wie tief der Bruch in der deutschen Militärgeschichte gewesen ist.

Beyond the Security Dilemma

Author: Jason G. Ralph
Publisher: Ashgate Pub Limited
ISBN: 075461249X
Release Date: 2001-01-01
Genre: Political Science

The security dilemma has long been at the heart of the security studies discipline. Moving beyond this, this book attacks the asumptions of the traditional concept and redefines the security dilemma in a way intended to be more useful for examining security policy. By exposing the historical and social contingency of the traditional concept, the book argues that the security dilemma is an important though not a permanently operating feature of international politics. An examination of US policy towards the Soviet Union demonstrates the limits of perceiving the Cold War and challenges the role that American security policy has played in the process of constructing a transatlantic security community.

The Reagan Presidency

Author: W. Elliot Brownlee
Publisher:
ISBN: UOM:39015059990997
Release Date: 2003
Genre: History

This first comprehensive, archivally grounded assessment of the Reagan presidency offers balanced "second generation" evaluations of the ideas and policies that made up the so-called Reagan Revolution. Drawing on recently opened records, seventeen scholars from history, political science, and economics focus on important areas of national policy during the Reagan administration. --From publisher description.