The Responsive City

Author: Stephen Goldsmith
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118910931
Release Date: 2014-08-11
Genre: Business & Economics

Leveraging Big Data and 21st century technology to renew cities and citizenship in America The Responsive City is a guide to civic engagement and governance in the digital age that will help leaders link important breakthroughs in technology and data analytics with age-old lessons of small-group community input to create more agile, competitive, and economically resilient cities. Featuring vivid case studies highlighting the work of pioneers in New York, Boston, Chicago and more, the book provides a compelling model for the future of governance. The book will help mayors, chief technology officers, city administrators, agency directors, civic groups and nonprofit leaders break out of current paradigms to collectively address civic problems. The Responsive City is the culmination of research originating from the Data-Smart City Solutions initiative, an ongoing project at Harvard Kennedy School working to catalyze adoption of data projects on the city level. The book is co-authored by Professor Stephen Goldsmith, director of Data-Smart City Solutions at Harvard Kennedy School, and Professor Susan Crawford, co-director of Harvard's Berkman Center for Internet and Society. Former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg penned the book’s foreword. Based on the authors’ experiences and extensive research, The Responsive City explores topics including: Building trust in the public sector and fostering a sustained, collective voice among communities; Using data-smart governance to preempt and predict problems while improving quality of life; Creating efficiencies and saving taxpayer money with digital tools; and Spearheading these new approaches to government with innovative leadership.

The Responsive City

Author: Stephen Goldsmith
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118910900
Release Date: 2014-08-25
Genre: Business & Economics


A New City O S

Author: Stephen Goldsmith
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 9780815732877
Release Date: 2017-11-28
Genre: Political Science

Proposing an entirely new governance model to unleash innovation throughout local government At a time when trust is dropping precipitously and American government at the national level has fallen into a state of long-term, partisan-based gridlock, local government can still be effective—indeed more effective and even more responsive to the needs of its citizens. Based on decades of direct experience and years studying successful models around the world, the authors of this intriguing book propose a new operating system (O/S) for cities. Former mayor and Harvard professor Stephen Goldsmith and New York University professor Neil Kleiman suggest building on the giant leaps that have been made in technology, social engagement, and big data. Calling their approach "distributed governance," Goldsmith and Kleiman offer a model that allows public officials to mobilize new resources, surface ideas from unconventional sources, and arm employees with the information they need to become pre-emptive problem solvers. This book highlights lessons from the many innovations taking place in today’s cities to show how a new O/S can create systemic transformation. For students of government, A New City O/S: The Power of Distributed Governance presents a groundbreaking strategy for rethinking the governance of cities, marking an important evolution of the current bureaucratic authority-based model dating from the 1920s. More important, the book is designed for practitioners, starting with public-sector executives, managers, and frontline workers. By weaving real-life examples into a coherent model, the authors have created a step-by-step guide for all those who would put the needs of citizens front and center. Nothing will do more to restore trust in government than solutions that work. A New City O/S: The Power of Distributed Governance puts those solutions within reach of those public officials responsible for their delivery.

Beyond Smart Cities

Author: Tim Campbell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781136489563
Release Date: 2013-07-03
Genre: Architecture

The promise of competitiveness and economic growth in so-called smart cities is widely advertised in Europe and the US. The promise is focussed on global talent and knowledge economies and not on learning and innovation. But to really achieve smart cities – that is to create the conditions of continuous learning and innovation – this book argues that there is a need to understand what is below the surface and to examine the mechanisms which affect the way cities learn and then connect together. This book draws on quantitative and qualitative data with concrete case studies to show how networks already operating in cities are used to foster and strengthen connections in order to achieve breakthroughs in learning and innovation. Going beyond smart cities means understanding how cities construct, convert and manipulate relationships that grow in urban environments. Cities discussed in this book – Amman, Barcelona, Bilbao, Charlotte,Curitiba, Juarez, Portland, Seattle and Turin – illuminate a blind spot in the literature. Each of these cities has achieved important transformations, and learning has played a key role, one that has been largely ignored in academic circles and practice concerning competitiveness and innovation.

Smart Cities

Author: Houbing Song
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781119226390
Release Date: 2017-07-12
Genre: Social Science

Cyber physical systems in smart cities : mastering technological, economic and social challenges / Martina Fromhold-Eisebith -- Big data analytics processes and platforms facilitating smart cities / Pethuru Raj, Sathish A.P Kumar -- Multi-scale computing for a sustainable built environment / Massimiliano Manfren -- Autonomous radios and open spectrum in smart cities / Corey D. Cooke, Adam L. Anderson -- Mobile crowdsensing for smart cities / Chandreyee Chowdhury, Sarbani Roy -- Wide-area monitoring and control of smart energy CPS / Nilanjan Ray Chaudhuri -- Smart technologies and vehicle-to-x (V2X) infrastructures for smart mobility cities / Bernard Fong, Lixin Situ, A. C. M. Fong -- Smart ecology of cities : integrating development impacts on ecosystem services / Marc Morrison, Ravi Srinivasan, Cynnamon Dobbs -- Data driven modeling, control and tools for smart cities / Madhur Behl, Rahul Mangharam -- Bringing named data networks into smart cities / Syed Hassan Ahmed, Safdar Hussain Bouk, Dongkyun Kim, Mahasweta Sarkar -- Human context sensing in smart cities / Juhi Ranjan, Kamin Whitehouse -- Smart cities and the symbiotic relationship between citizen engagement and smart governance / Tori Onker -- Smart economic development / Madhavi Venkatesan -- Managing the cyber security life-cycle of smart cities / Mridul Sankar Barik, Anirban Sengupta, Chandan Mazumdar -- Mobility as a service / Christopher Expósito-Izquierdo, Airam Expósito-Márquez, Julio Brito-Santana -- Clustering and fuzzy reasoning as data mining methods for the development of retrofit strategies for building stocks / Philipp Geyer, Arno Schlüter -- A framework to achieve large scale energy savings for building stocks through targeted occupancy interventions / Aslihan Karatas, Allisandra Stoiko, Carol Menassa -- Smart cities sustainability assessment : balancing social, economic, and environmental performance / Ali Komeily, Ravi Srinivasan -- Resilient electric grid for smart cities / Jiankang Wang -- Smart energy and grid : novel approaches for the efficient generation, storage and usage of energy in the smart home and the smart grid link-up / Julian Prass, Johannes Weber, Sebastian Staub, Johannes Bürner, Ralf Böhm, Thomas Braun, Moritz Hein, Markus Michl, Michael Beck, Jörg Franke -- Building cyber-physical systems : a smart building use case / Jupiter Bakakeu, Franziska Schäfer, Jochen Bauer, Markus Michl, Jörg Franke -- Climate resilience and the design of smart buildings / Saranya Gunasingh, Nora Wang, Doug Alh, Scott Schuetter -- Smart audio sensing based HVAC monitoring / Nirjon Shahriar, Ravi Srinivasan, Tamim Sookoor -- Smart lighting / Jie Lian -- Large-scale air quality monitoring in smart and sustainable cities / Xiaofan Jiang -- The smart city production system / Patrick Hennelly, Roy Meriton, Gary Graham, Jag Srai -- Smart health monitoring using smart systems / Carl Chalmers -- Significance of automated driving in japan / Sadayuki Tsugawa -- Environment-assisted vehicular data in smart city / Wei Chang, Huanyang Zheng, Jie Wu, Chiu C. Tan, and Haibin Ling

Smart Cities Big Data Civic Hackers and the Quest for a New Utopia

Author: Anthony M. Townsend
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 9780393241532
Release Date: 2013-10-07
Genre: Social Science

An unflinching look at the aspiring city-builders of our smart, mobile, connected future. We live in a world defined by urbanization and digital ubiquity, where mobile broadband connections outnumber fixed ones, machines dominate a new "internet of things," and more people live in cities than in the countryside. In Smart Cities, urbanist and technology expert Anthony Townsend takes a broad historical look at the forces that have shaped the planning and design of cities and information technologies from the rise of the great industrial cities of the nineteenth century to the present. A century ago, the telegraph and the mechanical tabulator were used to tame cities of millions. Today, cellular networks and cloud computing tie together the complex choreography of mega-regions of tens of millions of people. In response, cities worldwide are deploying technology to address both the timeless challenges of government and the mounting problems posed by human settlements of previously unimaginable size and complexity. In Chicago, GPS sensors on snow plows feed a real-time "plow tracker" map that everyone can access. In Zaragoza, Spain, a "citizen card" can get you on the free city-wide Wi-Fi network, unlock a bike share, check a book out of the library, and pay for your bus ride home. In New York, a guerrilla group of citizen-scientists installed sensors in local sewers to alert you when stormwater runoff overwhelms the system, dumping waste into local waterways. As technology barons, entrepreneurs, mayors, and an emerging vanguard of civic hackers are trying to shape this new frontier, Smart Cities considers the motivations, aspirations, and shortcomings of them all while offering a new civics to guide our efforts as we build the future together, one click at a time.

The City of Tomorrow

Author: Carlo Ratti
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300221138
Release Date: 2016-06-28
Genre: Science

Since cities emerged ten thousand years ago, they have become one of the most impressive artifacts of humanity. But their evolution has been anything but linear—cities have gone through moments of radical change, turning points that redefine their very essence. In this book, a renowned architect and urban planner who studies the intersection of cities and technology argues that we are in such a moment. The authors explain some of the forces behind urban change and offer new visions of the many possibilities for tomorrow’s city. Pervasive digital systems that layer our cities are transforming urban life. The authors provide a front-row seat to this change. Their work at the MIT Senseable City Laboratory allows experimentation and implementation of a variety of urban initiatives and concepts, from assistive condition-monitoring bicycles to trash with embedded tracking sensors, from mobility to energy, from participation to production. They call for a new approach to envisioning cities: futurecraft, a symbiotic development of urban ideas by designers and the public. With such participation, we can collectively imagine, examine, choose, and shape the most desirable future of our cities.

Data and the City

Author: Rob Kitchin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781315407364
Release Date: 2017-08-15
Genre: Business & Economics

There is a long history of governments, businesses, science and citizens producing and utilizing data in order to monitor, regulate, profit from and make sense of the urban world. Recently, we have entered the age of big data, and now many aspects of everyday urban life are being captured as data and city management is mediated through data-driven technologies. Data and the City is the first edited collection to provide an interdisciplinary analysis of how this new era of urban big data is reshaping how we come to know and govern cities, and the implications of such a transformation. This book looks at the creation of real-time cities and data-driven urbanism and considers the relationships at play. By taking a philosophical, political, practical and technical approach to urban data, the authors analyse the ways in which data is produced and framed within socio-technical systems. They then examine the constellation of existing and emerging urban data technologies. The volume concludes by considering the social and political ramifications of data-driven urbanism, questioning whom it serves and for what ends. This book, the companion volume to 2016’s Code and the City, offers the first critical reflection on the relationship between data, data practices and the city, and how we come to know and understand cities through data. It will be crucial reading for those who wish to understand and conceptualize urban big data, data-driven urbanism and the development of smart cities.

Captive Audience

Author: Susan P. Crawford
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300167375
Release Date: 2013-01-08
Genre: Law

Ten years ago, the United States stood at the forefront of the Internet revolution. With some of the fastest speeds and lowest prices in the world for high-speed Internet access, the nation was poised to be the global leader in the new knowledge-based economy. Today that global competitive advantage has all but vanished because of a series of government decisions and resulting monopolies that have allowed dozens of countries, including Japan and South Korea, to pass us in both speed and price of broadband. This steady slide backward not only deprives consumers of vital services needed in a competitive employment and business market—it also threatens the economic future of the nation. This important book by leading telecommunications policy expert Susan Crawford explores why Americans are now paying much more but getting much less when it comes to high-speed Internet access. Using the 2011 merger between Comcast and NBC Universal as a lens, Crawford examines how we have created the biggest monopoly since the breakup of Standard Oil a century ago. In the clearest terms, this book explores how telecommunications monopolies have affected the daily lives of consumers and America's global economic standing.

Smart Cities

Author: Schahram Dustdar
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319600307
Release Date: 2017-05-28
Genre: Computers

This book presents a coherent, novel vision of Smart Cities, built around a value-driven architecture. It describes the limitations of the contemporary notion of the Smart City and argues that the next developmental step must actively include not only the physical infrastructure, but information technology and human infrastructure as well, requiring the intensive integration of technical solutions from the Internet of Things (IoT) and social computing. The book is divided into five major parts, the first of which provides both a general introduction and a coherent vision that ties together all the components that are required to realize the vision for Smart Cities. Part II then discusses the provisioning and governance of Smart City systems and infrastructures. In turn, Part III addresses the core technologies and technological enablers for managing the social component of the Smart City platform. Both parts combine state-of-the-art research with cutting-edge industrial efforts in the respective fields. Lastly, Part IV details a road map to achieving Cyber-Human Smart Cities. Rounding out the coverage, it discusses the concrete technological advances needed to move beyond contemporary Smart Cities and toward the Smart Cities of the future. Overall, the book provides an essential overview of the latest developments in the areas of IoT and social computing research, and outlines a research roadmap for a closer integration of the two areas in the context of the Smart City. As such, it offers a valuable resource for researchers and graduate students alike.

The Twenty first Century City

Author: Stephen Goldsmith
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0847692515
Release Date: 1999-01-01
Genre: Political Science

A hopeful glimpse of the city of the future--a city where less bureaucracy means lower costs, safer streets and better service. Major Goldsmith has proved that this new philosophy of urban goverance--of government acting as a business and treatingng its citizens as customers--can make America's cities once again buzz with the sounds of success.

The PerformanceStat Potential

Author: Robert D. Behn
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 9780815725282
Release Date: 2014-06-24
Genre: Political Science

It started two decades ago with CompStat in the New York City Police Department, and quickly jumped to police agencies across the U.S. and other nations. It was adapted by Baltimore, which created CitiStat—the first application of this leadership strategy to an entire jurisdiction. Today, governments at all levels employ PerformanceStat: a focused effort by public executives to exploit the power of purpose and motivation, responsibility and discretion, data and meetings, analysis and learning, feedback and follow-up—all to improve government's performance. Here, Harvard leadership and management guru Robert Behn analyzes the leadership behaviors at the core of PerformanceStat to identify how they work to produce results. He examines how the leaders of a variety of public organizations employ the strategy—the way the Los Angeles County Department of Public Social Services uses its DPSSTATS to promote economic independence, how the City of New Orleans uses its BlightStat to eradicate blight in city neighborhoods, and what the Federal Emergency Management Agency does with its FEMAStat to ensure that the lessons from each crisis response, recovery, and mitigation are applied in the future. How best to harness the strategy's full capacity? The PerformanceStat Potential explains all.

City Power

Author: Richard Schragger
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780190246679
Release Date: 2016-09-01
Genre: Political Science

In 2013, Detroit filed the largest municipal bankruptcy in US history. That dubious honor marked the end of a long decline, during which city leaders slashed municipal costs and desperately sought to attract private investment. That same year, an economically resurgent New York City elected a progressive mayor intent on reducing income inequality and spurring more equitable economic development. Whether or not Mayor Bill de Blasio realizes his legislative vision, his agenda raises a fundamental question: can American cities govern, or are they powerless in the face of global capital? Conventional economic wisdom asserts that cities cannot do very much. Conventional political wisdom asserts that cities should not do very much. In City Power, Richard Schragger challenges both these claims, arguing that cities can govern, but only if we let them. In the past decade, city leaders across America have raised the minimum wage, expanded social services, put conditions on incoming development, and otherwise engaged in social welfare redistribution. These cities have not suffered from capital flight - in fact, many are experiencing an economic renaissance. Schragger argues that the range of city policies is not limited by the requirements of capital, but instead by a constitutional structure that serves the interests of state and federal officials. Maintaining weak cities is a political choice. City Power shows how cities can govern despite constitutional limitations - and why we should want them to. In an era of global capital, municipal power is more relevant than ever to citizen well-being. A dynamic vision of city politics for the new urban age, City Power demonstrates that the city should be at the very center of our economic, legal, and political thinking.

Responsive Legality

Author: Zach Richards
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9780429953057
Release Date: 2018-08-06
Genre: Law

Responsive Legality is an important book about twenty first century justice. It explores the legal and moral values that twenty-first-century public officials use to make their decisions, engaging existing theoretical models of administrative justice and updating them to reflect changed twenty-first-century conditions. Together, these features of twenty-first century public administration are coined ‘responsive legality’. Whereas twentieth-century public officials were generally driven by their concern for bureaucratic rationality, professional treatment, moral judgement and – towards the end of the century – the logics of ‘new managerialism’, the twenty-first-century public official embodies greater complexity in their characteristic pursuit of substantive and procedural justice. In responsive legality, government decision makers show a distinct concern for the protective parameters of the rule of law, a purposive pursuit of fair outcomes and a commitment to flexible decision making.

Putting Faith in Neighborhoods

Author: Stephen Goldsmith
Publisher: Hudson Inst
ISBN: 1558131280
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Political Science

In this text on successful urban empowerment, former Indianapolis Major Stephen Goldsmith describes how he devolved key descisionmaking from city officials to grassroots leaders and worked closely with neighbourhood-based organizations to effect change. The book shows how a wide array of initiatives, from Goldsmith's work with Indianapolis faith-based organizations to his early successes in competitive contracting for city services, served to empower neighbourhoods. As a way of illustrating Goldsmith's empowerment initiatives, the book also contains an in-depth case study of three Indianapolis neighbourhoods by Ryan Streeter.