Author: Stephen Goldsmith
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2014-08-11
Genre: Business & Economics
Leveraging Big Data and 21st century technology to renew cities and citizenship in America The Responsive City is a guide to civic engagement and governance in the digital age that will help leaders link important breakthroughs in technology and data analytics with age-old lessons of small-group community input to create more agile, competitive, and economically resilient cities. Featuring vivid case studies highlighting the work of pioneers in New York, Boston, Chicago and more, the book provides a compelling model for the future of governance. The book will help mayors, chief technology officers, city administrators, agency directors, civic groups and nonprofit leaders break out of current paradigms to collectively address civic problems. The Responsive City is the culmination of research originating from the Data-Smart City Solutions initiative, an ongoing project at Harvard Kennedy School working to catalyze adoption of data projects on the city level. The book is co-authored by Professor Stephen Goldsmith, director of Data-Smart City Solutions at Harvard Kennedy School, and Professor Susan Crawford, co-director of Harvard's Berkman Center for Internet and Society. Former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg penned the book’s foreword. Based on the authors’ experiences and extensive research, The Responsive City explores topics including: Building trust in the public sector and fostering a sustained, collective voice among communities; Using data-smart governance to preempt and predict problems while improving quality of life; Creating efficiencies and saving taxpayer money with digital tools; and Spearheading these new approaches to government with innovative leadership.
Author: Juval Portugali
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-02-04
Today, our cities are an embodiment of the complex, historical evolution of knowledge, desires and technology. Our planned and designed activities co-evolve with our aspirations, mediated by the existing technologies and social structures. The city represents the accretion and accumulation of successive layers of collective activity, structuring and being structured by other, increasingly distant cities, reaching now right around the globe. This historical and structural development cannot therefore be understood or captured by any set of fixed quantitative relations. Structural changes imply that the patterns of growth, and their underlying reasons change over time, and therefore that any attempt to control the morphology of cities and their patterns of flow by means of planning and design, must be dynamical, based on the mechanisms that drive the changes occurring at a given moment. This carefully edited post-proceedings volume gathers a snapshot view by leading researchers in field, of current complexity theories of cities. In it, the achievements, criticisms and potentials yet to be realized are reviewed and the implications to planning and urban design are assessed.
In the last few decades, many European and American cities and towns experienced economic, social and spatial structural change. Strategies for urban regeneration include investments in infrastructures for production, consumption and communication, as well as marketing and branding measures, and urban design schemes. Bringing together leading academics from across a range of disciplines, including Douglas Kelbaugh, Ali Madanipour, Saskia Sassen, Gregory Ashworth, Nan Elin, Emily Talen, and many others, Emergent Urbanism identifies the specific issues dominating today’s urban planning and urban design discourse, arguing that urban planning and design not only results from deliberate planning and design measures, but how these combine with infrastructure planning, and derive from economic, social and spatial processes of structural change. Combining explorations from urban planning, urban theory, human geography, sociology, urban design and architecture, the volume provides a comprehensive and state-of-the-art overview, highlighting the complexities of these interactions in space and place, process and design.
Author: Diego Ramirez-Lovering
Publisher: RMIT Publishing
Release Date: 2008
Genre: City planning
"The work presented here is the result of an academic exchange between the architecture program at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology and Escuela Superior de Arquitectura in Guadalajara, Mexico. The book is the result of a process of urban interrogation, an attempt to make some sense of the activities that shape the city."--Provided by publisher.
Author: Anthony H. Pascal
Release Date: 1982
Genre: Municipal finance
The financing of local government is becoming increasingly problematical as the American federal system begins to negotiate the final decades of the Twentieth Century. New ways to pay for, produce and deliver the services traditionally provided by municipal government are being sought. This paper attempts to sketch the rudiments of a new approach to local public finance. In searching for solutions it stresses the stripping away of non-essentials, the employment of market-oriented mechanisms, and the imposition of direct changes to beneficiaries. At the same time the paper seeks to deal with the equity issues posed by the suggested reforms. The ideas contained here are offered in the hope that they will stimulate a wide-ranging exchange on possible futures for the local public sector.
Cities affect every person's life, yet across the traditional divides of class, age, gender and political affiliation, armies of people are united in their dislike of the transformations that cities have undergone in recent times. The physical form of the urban environment is not a designer add-on to 'real' social issues; it is a central aspect of the social world. Yet in many people's experience, the cumulative impacts of recent urban development have created widely un-loved urban places. To work towards better-loved urban environments, we need to understand how current problems have arisen and identify practical action to address them. Urban Transformations examines the crucial issues relating to how cities are formed, how people use these urban environments and how cities can be transformed into better places. Exploring the links between the concrete physicality of the built environment and the complex social, economic, political and cultural processes through which the physical urban form is produced and consumed, Ian Bentley proposes a framework of ideas to provoke and develop current debate and new forms of practice.
Author: Timothy A. Gibson
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Social Science
City leaders now confront a global competition for economic investment, and urban elites are casting about for strategies that promise to secure a share of this future of global economic growth. However, many of these strategies are largely symbolic in nature. City leaders, for example, compete for the Olympics so they can broadcast spectacular urban vistas to global television audiences. Officials pour public funds into tourist amenities to cultivate an image of vitality and renewal. But how are the local politics of urban redevelopment intertwined with the global politics of circulating vital urban images? Urban Communication brings together scholars from communication, cultural studies, and urban sociology to explore the symbolic dimensions of contemporary city-building, drawing on case studies from around the world.
Bahnbrechend. Inspirierend. Eines der faszinierendsten Bücher zur Organisationsentwicklung des letzten Jahrzehnts. Dies ist ein sehr wichtiges Buch, bedeutsam in vielerlei Hinsicht: Sowohl angesichts der bahnbrechenden Forschungsergebnisse, Einsichten, Ratschläge und Empfehlungen, die es enthält, als auch aufgrund der genauso wichtigen Fragen und Herausforderungen, auf die es hinweist.“ Ken Wilber aus dem Nachwort „Die programmatische Aufforderung ‚Reinventing Organizations‘ mündet in einem Organisationsmodell, das Strukturen wie Praktiken nach neuartigen, evolutionär-integralen Prinzipien ausrichtet. Im Ergebnis steht die Erkenntnis, dass das Leben und Arbeiten in Organisationen, ebenso wie deren Leistungsbeiträge für die Gesellschaft, radikal zum Positiven verändert werden können. Aber hierzu muss nicht zuletzt die Führung eine fortgeschrittene Entwicklungsebene erreichen.“ Prof. Dr. Jürgen Weibler, Autor des Standardwerkes „Personalführung“ „Das Buch gibt Hoffnung und ganz konkrete Hilfe zur Lösung der Probleme, die wir an der Schwelle von der Postmoderne zu einem neuen Zeitalter erleben, in denen die traditionellen oder modernen Organisationsformen den Anforderungen und Bedürfnissen der Menschen nicht mehr gerecht werden.“ Eine Leserin auf Amazon.com Frederic Laloux hat mit Reinventing Organizations das Grundlagenbuch für die integrale Organisationsentwicklung verfasst. Die Breite sowie Tiefe seiner Analyse und Beschreibung – ganzheitlich, selbstorganisierend und sinnerfüllend operierender Unternehmen – ist einzigartig. Das erste Kapitel des Buches gibt einen Überblick über die historische Entwicklung von Organisationsparadigmen, bevor im zweiten Kapitel Strukturen, die Praxis und die Kultur von Organisationen, die ein erfüllendes und selbstbestimmtes Handeln der Menschen ermöglichen, anhand von ausgewählten Beispielen vorgestellt werden. Auf die Bedingungen, Hindernisse sowie Herausforderungen bei der Entwicklung dieser evolutionären Organisationen wird in Kapitel 3 eingegangen. Hier entwirft Frederic Laloux einen Leitfaden für den Weg hin zu einer ganzheitlich orientierten und sinnstiftenden Organisation. Frederic Laloux ist auch aufgrund dieses Buches ein mittlerweile gefragter Berater und Coach für Führungskräfte, die nach fundamental neuen Wegen der Organisation eines Unternehmens suchen. Er war Associate Partner bei McKinsey & Company und hält einen MBA vom INSEAD.
Author: Jeffrey M. Berry
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
Release Date: 2002-09-13
Genre: Political Science
In an era when government seems remote and difficult to approach, participatory democracy may seem a hopelessly romantic notion. Yet nothing is more crucial to the future of American democracy than to develop some way of spurring greater citizen participation. In this important book, Jeffrey Berry, Ken Portney, and Ken Thompson examine cities that have created systems of neighborhood government and incorporated citizens in public policymaking. Through careful research and analysis, the authors find that neighborhood based participation is the key to revitalizing American democracy. The Rebirth of Urban Democracy provides a thorough examination of five cities with strong citizen participation programs--Birmingham, Dayton, Portland, St. Paul, and San Antonio. In each city, the authors explore whether neighborhood associations encourage more people to participate; whether these associations are able to promote policy responsiveness on the art of local governments; and whether participation in these associations increases the capacity of people to take part in government. Finally, the authors outline the steps that can be taken to increase political participation in urban America. Berry, Portney, and Thomson show that citizens in participatory programs are able to get their issues on the public agenda and develop a stronger sense of community, greater trust in government officials, and more confidence in the political system. From a rigorous evaluation of surveys and interviews with thousands of citizens and policymakers, the authors also find that central governments in these cities are highly responsive to their neighborhoods and that less conflict exists among citizens and policymakers. The authors assert that these programs can provide a blueprint for major reform in cities across the country. They outline the components for successful participation programs and offer recommendations for those who want to get involved. They demonstrate that participation systems can influence citizens to become more knowledgeable, more productive, and more confident in government; and can provide more governments with a mechanism for being more responsive in setting priorities and formulating polices that closely approximate the true preferences of the people.
Politische Entscheidungen können im politischen System der Bundesrepublik Deutschland nicht von Parlamentsmehrheit und Regierung alleine getroffen werden, sondern werden durch vielfältige Abstimmungszwänge und Vetomöglichkeiten der Bundesländer beschränkt. Dieses Studienbuch führt systematisch in die Grundlagen des kooperativen Föderalismus ein und analysiert umfassend alle Bereiche der Politikverflechtung in Deutschland und ihre Europäisierung im Zuge der europäischen Integration.
Author: John Michael MacDonald
Publisher: Rand Corporation
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Political Science
Business improvement districts (BIDs) collect assessments and invest in local service provisions and activities, such as place promotion, street cleaning, and public safety. Such activities can help reduce crime and youth violence by increasing informal social control, reducing signs of disorder and blight, improving order maintenance, and enriching job opportunities. This report examines BIDs1 impact on crime and youth violence in Los Angeles.
Author: Shahid Yusuf
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Release Date: 2001-01-01
Genre: Business & Economics
Since 1985, national economies have become increasingly integrated into a global network. At the same time, both population and production in developing countries are becoming concentrated in urban regions. This, in turn, has generated demands for more local autonomy, shifting more decision making to sub-national levels. Globalization is expected to continue leading to greater openness and international mobility of capital and people. There are few reasons to believe that these trends will abateif anything, they are likely to intensify the focus on cities and sharpen competition among these for international and local resources. This volume underscores the transformative role of globalization and urbanization and shows the interplay between the two forces.
Author: Stephen Goldsmith
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
Release Date: 2017-11-28
Genre: Political Science
Proposing an entirely new governance model to unleash innovation throughout local government At a time when trust is dropping precipitously and American government at the national level has fallen into a state of long-term, partisan-based gridlock, local government can still be effective—indeed more effective and even more responsive to the needs of its citizens. Based on decades of direct experience and years studying successful models around the world, the authors of this intriguing book propose a new operating system (O/S) for cities. Former mayor and Harvard professor Stephen Goldsmith and New York University professor Neil Kleiman suggest building on the giant leaps that have been made in technology, social engagement, and big data. Calling their approach "distributed governance," Goldsmith and Kleiman offer a model that allows public officials to mobilize new resources, surface ideas from unconventional sources, and arm employees with the information they need to become pre-emptive problem solvers. This book highlights lessons from the many innovations taking place in today’s cities to show how a new O/S can create systemic transformation. For students of government, A New City O/S: The Power of Distributed Governance presents a groundbreaking strategy for rethinking the governance of cities, marking an important evolution of the current bureaucratic authority-based model dating from the 1920s. More important, the book is designed for practitioners, starting with public-sector executives, managers, and frontline workers. By weaving real-life examples into a coherent model, the authors have created a step-by-step guide for all those who would put the needs of citizens front and center. Nothing will do more to restore trust in government than solutions that work. A New City O/S: The Power of Distributed Governance puts those solutions within reach of those public officials responsible for their delivery.