The Role of Business in Global Governance

Author: A. Flohr
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9780230277533
Release Date: 2010-01-13
Genre: Political Science

The Role of Business in Global Governance offers an empirically rich analysis of the new political role of corporations in the co-performance of governance functions beyond the state. Within comparative case studies, potential explanations of the political role of transnational corporations are systematically tested.

DAX Firms and Human Rights

Author: Carlo Manuel Drauth
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783658198831
Release Date: 2017-11-07
Genre: Political Science

Carlo Manuel Drauth explores under which conditions multinational enterprises systematically manage their human rights impacts with a view to preventing corporate human rights violations across their operations. Using a multi-method research design and focusing on the 30 largest German firms, the author finds that it is neither institutional forces (e.g., standards or norms) nor stakeholder pressures (e.g., from NGOs or trade unions) alone, but their combined effect that leads to a systematic human rights management at the firm-level. This finding informs a new theoretical approach to the study of CSR, integrating institutional and stakeholder theories while taking an explicit value chain perspective.

Global Governance and Corporate Responsibility in Conflict Zones

Author: M. Feil
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9780230355392
Release Date: 2011-12-02
Genre: Political Science

Corporations in conflict zones and their provision of security are particularly relevant for understanding whether private actors are increasingly sources of governance contributions that regulate public goods. Feil highlights the discrepancies between political and theoretical expectations of corporate engagement and governance contributions.

Back to Basics

Author: Martha Finnemore
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199339716
Release Date: 2013-04-11
Genre: Political Science

No scholar better exemplifies the intellectual challenges foisted on the Neorealist school of international relations than prominent scholar Stephen Krasner (Graham H. Stuart Professor of International Studies, the Senior Associate Dean for the Social Sciences, School of Humanities & Sciences, and Director of Policy Planning at the US State Department 2005-2007). Throughout his career he has wrestled with realism's promises and limitations. Krasner has always been a prominent defender of realism and the importance of power understood in material terms, whether military or economic. Yet realist frameworks rarely provided a complete explanation for outcomes, in Krasner's analyses, and much of his work involved understanding power's role in situations not well explained by realism. If states seek power, why do we see cooperation? If hegemony promotes cooperation why does cooperation continue in the face of America's decline? Do states actually pursue their national interests or do domestic structures and values derail the rational pursuit of material objectives? Krasner's explanations were as diverse as were the problems. They pushed, to use his phrase, "the limits of realism." Edited by Martha Finnemore and Judith Goldstein, Back to Basics asks scholars to reflect on the role power plays in contemporary politics and how a power politics approach is influential today. The arguments made by the authors in this volume speak to one of three themes that run through Krasner's work: state power and hegemony; the relationship between states and markets; conceptions of the nation state in international politics. These themes appeared regularly in Krasner's scholarship as he wrestled, over his career, with fundamental questions of inter-state politics. Contributors largely agree on the centrality of power but diverge substantially on the ways power is manifest and should be measured and understood. Many of the contributors confronted the same intellectual dilemmas as Krasner in struggling to define power and its relationship to interests, yet their responses are different. Together, these essays explore new ways of thinking about power's role in contemporary politics and demonstrate the concepts continued relevance for both policy and theory.

Governance of Earth Systems

Author: Robert Boardman
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: STANFORD:36105215372611
Release Date: 2010-08-15
Genre: Political Science

Science and politics are closely connected in today's global environmental issues. This book focuses on these links in relation to climate change, the threats to wildlife species, and natural hazards and disasters. Close study of these links of these reveals the need for more effective international cooperation and the limits of global governance.

The Rise of Global Corporate Social Responsibility

Author: Hevina S. Dashwood
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107015531
Release Date: 2012-08-23
Genre: Business & Economics

Shows how emerging global corporate social responsibility norms influence CSR adoption, using the experience of the global mining industry.

Making Corporate Social Responsibility a Global Concern

Author: Lisbeth Segerlund
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317102519
Release Date: 2016-05-06
Genre: Political Science

In recent decades, claims have increasingly been made on transnational corporations to take responsibility for the promotion and protection of human and labour rights in countries where they operate. This behavioural obligation results from the persistent advocacy of non-governmental organizations and is commonly known as corporate social responsibility (CSR). Driven by the theory of the 'norm life cycle model', the book uses an interesting range of case studies, including Nike and the anti-apartheid movement, to trace the development of CSR as an international norm. The development is examined through five selected non-governmental organizations: Clean Clothes Campaign, Fairtrade Labelling Organizations International, Global Exchange, International Business Leaders Forum and the International Labor Rights Fund. The book makes a lucid contribution to an emerging scholarship, and will interest researchers and practitioners involved in issues of global governance and global civil society.

Global Governance and the Role of Non state Actors

Author: Gunnar Folke Schuppert
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh & Company
ISBN: 3832917373
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Political Science

This book represents a conference organized by the Social Science Research Centre Berlin (WZB), the Alfred Herrhausen Society, The International Forum of the Deutsche Bank, and the Centre for the Analysis of Risk and Regulation (CARR) at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) in November 2004 in London. Changes in statehood are one of the main indicators of a shift in the focus of governance onto the global level. This is manifested most clearly in the emergence and growing importance of actors that are no longer tied to national or state contexts in the traditional way, as with national parliaments, government ministries, or administrative bodies. The age of global governance is an age of international actors, such as the WTO, and of non-state actors, such as non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and transnational corporations (TNCs). The aim of the conference was to take a closer look at these non-state actors, the scope of their activities, the way they operate, and the extent to which they are perhaps more appropriately classified as "governance actors", given their function as regulators and standard setters, tasks more traditionally associated with the state.

The Global Compact Corporate Social Responsibility and Textile and Garment Companies in the Philippines

Author: Patrick Bolte
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 9783638388467
Release Date: 2005-06-18
Genre: Political Science

Diploma Thesis from the year 2004 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Globalization, Political Economics, grade: 1,3, Free University of Berlin (Otto-Suhr-Institut für Politikwissenschaft), 82 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Over the first four years of its existence, the Global Compact has made significant progress in terms of outputs, but is threatened by its participants’ poor performance in rule-compliance. It has managed to secure small but reasonable funding, and improved in the fields of guidance to participants, inclusiveness, and transparency. It has proved to be adaptable to challenges, as the introduction of the integrity measures and the addition of a tenth principle (on anti-corruption) indicate. However, the lack of any enforcement of its rules that persisted until June 2004 appears to have been a model deficiency. Up until the introduction of the integrity measures in that month, the voluntary nature of Kofi Annan’s initiative seems to have been over-stretched, as poor outcomes suggest. While it has gained hundreds of new participants and now consists of nearly 1,700, most of these participants failed to fulfil their obligations of (1) integrating the principles into business operations, (2) publicly advocating the Compact, and (3) annually reporting on progress. At least 1015 participants did not submit the required “communication on progress” (COP). Although this paper recognises the achievements of some participants as well as indirect outcomes amongst participants (such as strengthening champions of reform within companies), these successes do not make up for the huge reporting gap. Conceivably, all participants that did not submit COPs might have acted upon the principles nonetheless; but even were this so in all cases, the reporting gap posed at the very least a threat to the initiative’s transparency and integrity. However, it is more likely that the reporting gap represents an actual implementation gap – a gap that poses a much greater danger to the Global Compact’s credibility and long-term viability. The Philippine Global Compact network was established in September 2001; its 137 members make it the third-largest of the 44 networks (after France and Spain). Its dynamics reveal some of the root causes behind the participants’ poor performance in reporting. The network’s inception was spearheaded by the Employers’ Confederation of the Philippines (ECOP) and the International Labour Organisation (ILO); the initiative soon gained the support of the Philippine Chamber of Commerce and Industry (PCCI), Philippine Business for Social Progress (PBSP) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). [...]

Norm Antipreneurs and the Politics of Resistance to Global Normative Change

Author: Alan Bloomfield
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9781317479574
Release Date: 2016-10-04
Genre: Political Science

Over recent decades International Relations scholars have investigated norm dynamics processes at some length, with the ‘norm entrepreneur’ concept having become a common reference point in the literature. The focus on norm entrepreneurs has, however, resulted in a bias towards investigating the agents and processes of successful normative change. This book challenges this inherent bias by explicitly focusing on those who resist normative change - norm ‘antipreneurs’. The utility of the norm antipreneur concept is explored through a series of case studies encompassing a range of issue areas and contributed by a mix of well-known and emergent scholars of norm dynamics. In examining the complexity of norm resistance, particular attention is paid to the nature and intent of the actors involved in norm-contestation, the sites and processes of resistance, the strategies and tactics antipreneurs deploy to defend the values and interests they perceive to be threatened by the entrepreneurs, and whether it is the entrepreneurs or the antipreneurs who enjoy greater inherent advantages. This text will therefore be of interest to scholars and students of International Relations, International Law, Political Science, Sociology and History.

Governance Entrepreneurs

Author: Liliana Andonova
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781316738672
Release Date: 2017-09-30
Genre: Political Science

Global partnerships have transformed international institutions by creating platforms for direct collaboration with NGOs, foundations, companies and local actors. They introduce a model of governance that is decentralized, networked and voluntary, and which melds public purpose with private practice. How can we account for such substantial institutional change in a system made by states and for states? Governance Entrepreneurs examines the rise and outcomes of global partnerships across multiple policy domains: human rights, health, environment, sustainable development and children. It argues that international organizations have played a central role as entrepreneurs of such governance innovation in coalition with pro-active states and non-state actors, yet this entrepreneurship is risky and success is not assured. This is the first study to leverage comprehensive quantitative and qualitative analysis that illuminates the variable politics and outcomes of public-private partnerships across multilateral institutions, including the UN Secretariat, the World Bank, UNEP, the WHO and UNICEF.

Private Institutions and Global Governance

Author: Philipp H. Pattberg
Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub
ISBN: STANFORD:36105123306974
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Political Science

'Philipp Pattberg's excellent study explores much uncharted ground and provides new insights in analysing the growing role of private institutions in an emerging system of governance.' - Karl Kaiser, Harvard University, US This book analyses the recent emergence of transnational forms of environmental regulation within the larger conceptual context of global governance research and institutional theory. Increasingly, private policies at the transnational level complement, and in some cases even replace, public interventions. the author takes a deep and broad look at the phenomenon to account for both the emergence and the influence of private institutions in global governance and sustainability.

The Responsible Corporation in a Global Economy

Author: Colin Crouch
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199592173
Release Date: 2011-10-27
Genre: Business & Economics

The book examines the issue of corporate social responsibility from a public policy perspective, considering the implications of corporations' involvement in global economic governance.

Disease Diplomacy

Author: Sara E. Davies
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9781421416496
Release Date: 2015-03-10
Genre: Political Science

In the age of air travel and globalized trade, pathogens that once took months or even years to spread beyond their regions of origin can now circumnavigate the globe in a matter of hours. Amid growing concerns about such epidemics as Ebola, SARS, MERS, and H1N1, disease diplomacy has emerged as a key foreign and security policy concern as countries work to collectively strengthen the global systems of disease surveillance and control. The revision of the International Health Regulations (IHR), eventually adopted by the World Health Organization’s member states in 2005, was the foremost manifestation of this novel diplomacy. The new regulations heralded a profound shift in international norms surrounding global health security, significantly expanding what is expected of states in the face of public health emergencies and requiring them to improve their capacity to detect and contain outbreaks. Drawing on Martha Finnemore and Kathryn Sikkink’s "norm life cycle" framework and based on extensive documentary analysis and key informant interviews, Disease Diplomacy traces the emergence of these new norms of global health security, the extent to which they have been internalized by states, and the political and technical constraints governments confront in attempting to comply with their new international obligations. The authors also examine in detail the background, drafting, adoption, and implementation of the IHR while arguing that the very existence of these regulations reveals an important new understanding: that infectious disease outbreaks and their management are critical to national and international security. The book will be of great interest to academic researchers, postgraduate students, and advanced undergraduates in the fields of global public health, international relations, and public policy, as well as health professionals, diplomats, and practitioners with a professional interest in global health security.