The Scheduled Tribes and Their India

Author: Nandini Sundar
ISBN: 0199459711
Release Date: 2016-07-26

A people in need of quick modernization and mainstreaming, or a powerful defense against the advancing march of capitalist growth---these are the two most prominent and stereotypical images of Adivasis in contemporary India, and both do grave injustice to the ground realities. The category Scheduled Tribes, which is purely an administrative category, and does not reflect the immense diversity among the 500 different communities of tribals in India, comprising 8.6 per cent of Indias population, has acquired over a period of time, a distinct political and discursive salience. This collection of essays, divided in three parts, brings together a range of predominantly sociological and anthropological but broadly social science writing that reflects on and illuminates the jungle of dilemmas and conflicts that the scheduled tribes face as they navigate their way through everyday life. It highlights the enormity of social, cultural, linguistic, and politico-economic diversity among the so-called Scheduled Tribes in India, and aims to provide an intellectual platform for an engagement between the scheduled tribes and their India, as also to map the state of current sociological/anthropological writing and debate on the scheduled tribes.

Anthropology in the East

Author: Patricia Uberoi
Publisher: Seagull Books
ISBN: IND:30000110593054
Release Date: 2008-05-01
Genre: Social Science

Anthropology and sociology have long histories in India. Yet, with the exception of fieldwork experience, there is little research available on the institutional and material contexts of these disciplines or on the practices of pioneering anthropologists and sociologists. Filling this important gap, this book spans a century of life and work, from the late nineteenth to the late twentieth century, and focuses on scholars with varying research trajectories. The book shows how local influences and personalities played a major role in shaping the field and it examines their common concern with nation-building, social reform and the value of science.

Indigeneity In India

Author: Bengt T. Karlsson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781136219221
Release Date: 2013-10-28
Genre: Social Science

First published in 2006. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Social Exclusion and Adverse Inclusion

Author: Dev Nathan
Publisher: OUP India
ISBN: 9780198078937
Release Date: 2012-04-24
Genre: Social Science

This volume discusses the themes of exclusion and inclusion vis-à-vis the Adivasis in India. It locates Adivasis' development and impediments to their growth within a larger regional, national, and global, context, and provides a framework to overcome deprivation faced by them.

Subalterns and Sovereigns

Author: Nandini Sundar
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: UOM:39015043237513
Release Date: 1997
Genre: History

Challenging dominant theories of kingship, this book explores the transformation of the polity under indirect rule as well as in independent India. It documents the growing restrictions on popular access to land and forest and the multiple historical understandings that shaped the encounter between different actors.

The Burning Forest

Author: Nandini Sundar
ISBN: 178873145X
Release Date: 2019-01-22
Genre: Political Science

The war between Maoists and the state in the heart of India The Burning Forest is an empathetic, moving account of what drives indigenous peasants to support armed struggle despite severe state repression, including lives lost, homes and communities destroyed. Over the past decade, the heavily forested,mineral-rich region of Bastar in central India has emerged as one of the most militarized sites in the country. The government calls the Maoist insurgency the "biggest security threat" to India. In 2005, a state-sponsored vigilante movement, the Salwa Judum, burnt hundreds of villages, driving their inhabitants into state-controlled camps, drawing on counterinsurgency techniques developed in Malaysia, Vietnam and elsewhere. Apart from rapes and killings, hundreds of 'surrendered' Maoist sympathisers were conscripted as auxiliaries. The conflict continues to this day, taking a toll on the lives of civilians, security forces and Maoist cadres. In 2007, Sundar and others took the Indian government to the Supreme Court over the human rights violations arising out ofthe conflict. In a landmark judgment, the Court in 2011 banned state supportfor vigilantism. The Burning Forest describes this brutal war in the heart of India, and what it tells us about the courts, media and politics of the country. The result is a granular and critical ethnography of Indian democracy over a decade.

Savage Attack

Author: Crispin Bates
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9781351587440
Release Date: 2017-07-06

In Savage Attack: Tribal Insurgency in India the authors ask whether there is anything particularly adivasi about the forms of resistance that have been labelled as adivasi movements. What does it mean to speak about adivasi as opposed to peasant resistance? Can one differentiate adivasi resistance from that of other lower castes such as the dalits? In this volume the authors move beyond stereotypes of tribal rebellion to argue that it is important to explore how and why particular forms of resistance are depicted as adivasi issues at particular points in time. Interpretations that have depicted adivasis as a united and highly politicised group of people have romanticised and demonized tribal society and history, thus denying the individuals and communities involved any real agency. Both the interpretations of the state and of left-wing supporters of tribal insurgencies have continued to ignore the complex realities of tribal life and the variety in the expressions of political activism that have resulted across the length and breadth of the Indian subcontinent.

In the Belly of the River

Author: Amita Baviskar
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: UCSC:32106018338431
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Science

The new edition provides a detailed update on the contemporary controversy over the construction of India's largest system of dams that have led to the displacement of tribals villagers and played havoc with the eco-system.

We Were Adivasis

Author: Megan Moodie
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226253046
Release Date: 2015-08-20
Genre: History

Anthropologist Megan Moodie examines the Indian state's relationship to 'scheduled tribes', or adivasis - historically oppressed groups that are now entitled to affirmative action quotas in educational and political institutions. Through a deep ethnography of the Dhanka in Jaipur, Moodie brings readers inside the creative imaginative work of these long-marginalised tribal communities.

Education and Society

Author: Meenakshi Thapan
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199451311
Release Date: 2014-11-13
Genre: Social Science

Through an excellent selection of essays arranged in six thematic sections, this volume provides an overview of the major underlying concepts, processes and practices that explicate education in contemporary India. Most essays are grounded on empirical research and use ethnography in seeking to understand education from the perspective of students, teachers, as well as the institutional and non-institutional settings within which educational practices occur.

Citizens First

Author: Meena Radhakrishna
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 019945969X
Release Date: 2016-02-11

This volume traces the trajectory of some 'names' with which this vulnerable section in India is addressed: tribals, adivasis, indigenous people or scheduled tribes. Straddling the historical with the contemporary, scholarly papers engage with shifting identities, forced migrations and absorption into informal economies.

Social Movements Issues of identity

Author: T. K. Oommen
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 019806327X
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Political Science

In the ongoing process of social transformation, new identities are often constructed, while existing identities may mutate or transform, and some might even be rendered obsolete. Social Movements I: Issues of Identity, part of the Oxford in India Readings in Sociology and Social Anthropology series, examines the phenomenon of social movements in India with respect to the construction and perception of identity. It brings together a selection of readings on movements related to religion and caste, as well as regionalism, and linguistic and tribal movements in India. It specifically addresses (a) the abbreviation and even abrogation of identities versus elaboration of identities; (b) the tensions between group identity and individual equality believed to be pulling in opposite directions; (c) identity as the basis of inclusion and exclusion of citizens in the participatory processes in the polity and economy; and (d) perceiving identity of minorities as a source of threat for the nation and the state by the dominant majority, as against invoking identity as the route to justice by the weak/dominated minorities. These issues are relevant in situating identitarian movements in the wider context. This reader will be useful for students and scholars of sociology, anthropology, social history, Indian politics, and those studying Indian society and social movements in particular.

Social Conflict

Author: N. Jayaram
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198074913
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Political Science

This volume examines the functioning of societies through a systematic study of a wide range of perspectives on conflict, including the historical implications in various spheres like family, culture, politics, and labour. It also discusses conflict resolution

Cultivating Development An Ethnography Of Aid Policy And Practice

Author: David Mosse
ISBN: 8178296012
Release Date: 2010-09-05
Genre: Economic assistance

Based on a detailed account of an actual development project, this book addresses an important question: Is development practice actually driven by policy? Development agencies and researchers are preoccupied with policy; with exerting influence over policy; linking research to policy, and with implementing policy around the world. In this book, David Mosse argues that rather than being driven by policy, development practice is actually shaped by the exigencies of organisations and the need to maintain relationships. At the same time, however, development actors work hard at maintaining the fiction of representing authorised policy in their actions. This book (which can be characterised as being a social investigation) asks pertinent questions about international aid, in particular of British aid for rural development. It does so by examining in depth the experience of a development project in western India over a period of more than ten years and as it falls under different policy regimes. Mosse analyses development processes in the light of the broad experience of the project workers (which included himself), even if it means destabilising policy representations. The book is a compelling re-examination of the politics and ethics of engaging with development and a rare self-critical reflection practice.