The Skeptic Way

Author: Sextus (Empiricus.)
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0195092139
Release Date: 1996
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Outlines of Pyrrhonism by the 2nd century A.D. Greek physician Sextus Empiricus was immensely influential in the history of Western philosophy. The rediscovery and publication of this work in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries led directly to the skepticism of Montaigne, Gassendi, Bayle, Descartes, Berkeley, Hume, and others, and eventually to the preoccupation of modern philosophy with attempts to refute or otherwise combat philosophical skepticism. In recent years, however, it has become apparent that Pyrrhonism--the form of skepticism professed by Sextus--is in several important respects quite different from the modern forms of skepticism to which the writings of Sextus have given rise. Some of these differences are of particular philosophic interest because they seem to render the ancient form immune to many of the standard responses to skepticism that are made today. In this book, which incorporates a new translation of the Outlines in their entirety, Benson Mates presents Pyrrhonism not as a mere historical curiosity, as has often been done, but as a philosophical position eminently worthy of serious philosophical consideration here and now. His thorough introduction sets the stage by explaining what Pyrrhonism is and what it is not, and by contrasting it in the relevant respects with modern skepticism. He gives particular attention to explicating a number of quasi-technical terms that occur frequently in the Outlines and have decisive bearing on the philosophical content. By rendering these terms more accurately and uniformly in his translation, he seeks to make the essential feautres of Sextus's Pyrrhonism more evident to the reader. The latter part of the book consists of a detailed Commentary, which endeavors to discuss and explain the work, section by section, from a philosophical (as contrasted with a philological) point of view.

Sextus Empiricus Outlines of Scepticism

Author: Sextus Empiricus
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521778093
Release Date: 2000-07-20
Genre: Philosophy

Outlines of Scepticism, by the Greek philosopher Sextus Empiricus, is a work of major importance for the history of Greek philosophy. It is the fullest extant account of ancient scepticism, and it is also one of our most copious sources of information about the other Hellenistic philosophies. Its first part contains an elaborate exposition of the Pyrrhonian variety of scepticism; its second and third parts are critical and destructive, arguing against 'dogmatism' in logic, epistemology, science and ethics - an approach that revolutionized the study of philosophy when Sextus' works were rediscovered and published in the sixteenth century. This volume presents the accurate and readable translation which was first published in 1994, together with a substantial new historical and philosophical introduction by Jonathan Barnes.

Studien zu Sextus Empiricus Diogenes Laertius und zur pyrrhonischen Skepsis

Author: Karel Janácek
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110209679
Release Date: 2008-12-10
Genre: Literary Criticism

Apart from both of his monographs on Sextus and his indices to Sextus and Diogenes Laertius, Karel Janáček (1906-1996) published fifty articles on Sextus and related topics. These are methodically strict lexical and stylistic studies which have shed new light on Sextus’ work. In addition Janáček also took a close look at the works of Diogenes Laertius, Hippolytus of Rome and Philo of Alexandria and how they are connected with Sextus. The results of these studies form the foundation of present scholarship on Sextus.

Grundriss der Geschichte der Philosophie Begr ndet von Friedrich Die Philosophie der Antike

Author: Christoph Riedweg
Publisher: Schwabe AG
ISBN: 9783796537189
Release Date: 2018-11-13
Genre: History

Mehr als fünfzig weltweit auf ihrem Gebiet führende Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler präsentieren in diesem Band, der die Reihe "Die Philosophie der Antike" abschliesst, das überaus facettenreiche pagane, jüdische und frühchristliche philosophische Erbe der ersten Jahrhunderte nach Christus, in denen die Grundlagen nicht nur der abendländischen und byzantinischen, sondern auch der islamischen Denktradition gelegt worden sind. Mit den detaillierten und umfassenden Darstellungen, die den neuesten Stand der philosophiegeschichtlichen Forschung reflektieren, erhebt das Werk den Anspruch, für die Philosophie der Kaiserzeit und der Spätantike auf lange Sicht die erste Anlaufstelle für Forschende nicht allein der Altertumswissenschaften, sondern auch der Theologie, der Philosophie, der Judaistik und der Islamwissenschaft sowie allgemein der Geisteswissenschaften zu bilden. Der Anlage des Bandes liegt die Überzeugung zugrunde, dass mit der paganen und der jüdisch-christlichen Philosophie nicht etwa zwei grosse weltanschauliche Blöcke gegeneinander abzugrenzen und somit isoliert zu betrachten sind, sondern dass es angemessener ist, diese in ihrem lebendigen Austausch miteinander darzustellen. Entsprechend wurde für den Bandaufbau ein Mischprinzip gewählt, bei dem die chronologische Folge die zentrale Rolle spielt, zu zudem aber auch das Lehrer-Schüler-Verhältnis, die Schulzugehörigkeit eines Autors und - in sekundärer Weise - auch seine Religionszugehörigkeit und seine geographische Situierung berücksichtigt werden. So gelingt es, die zum Teil überraschenden Interdependenzen zwischen Autoren und Schulen, die durchaus religionsübergreifend festzustellen sind, deutlich herausarbeiten. Die faszinierende, bis heute in unserer Kultur stark nachwirkende Epoche wird auf diese Art äusserst plastisch beschrieben und dadurch verständlich gemacht.

Argument und literarische Form in antiker Philosophie

Author: Michael Erler
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110338942
Release Date: 2013-10-14
Genre: Philosophy

At the Third Congress of the Society for Ancient Philosophy, philologists and philosophers gave presentations about this point of intersection between philosophical argument and literary forms. This volume seeks to provide insight into the discussion as well as stimulate further thought.

Sextus Empiricus and Pyrrhonean Scepticism

Author: Alan Bailey
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198238525
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Philosophy

Alan Bailey offers a clear and vigorous exposition and defence of the philosophy of Sextus Empiricus, one of the most influential of ancient thinkers, the father of philosophical scepticism. The subsequent sceptical tradition in philosophy has not done justice to Sextus: his views stand up today as remarkably insightful, offering a fruitful way to approach issues of knowledge, understanding, belief, and rationality. It is widely supposed that any form of scepticism that arrives at a global denial of the availability of rationally justified beliefs is self-refuting and unliveable. Bailey shows that the former objection can be disarmed by distinguishing between the mature Pyrrhonean sceptic's assessment of his negative epistemological arguments and the assessment forced upon his philosophical opponents by their own rationalistic code. The latter objection overlooks the role Sextus allocates to beliefs that are necessitated by the Pyrrhonist's psychological and biological constitution. Alan Bailey's refreshing presentation of Sextus to a modern philosophical readership rescues scepticism from the sceptics.

Backgrounds of Early Christianity

Author: Everett Ferguson
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
ISBN: 0802822215
Release Date: 2003
Genre: History

New to this expanded & updated edition are revisions of Ferguson's original material, updated bibliographies, & a fresh dicussion of first century social life, the Dead Sea Scrolls & much else.

Skepsis und Lebenspraxis

Author: Katja M. Vogt
Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH
ISBN: 9783495807958
Release Date: 2016-07-12
Genre: Philosophy

Der pyrrhonische Skeptiker nach Sextus Empiricus verzichtet auf Meinungen, er enthält sich jeglichen Urteils. Es stellen sich Fragen der Konsistenz: Wie kann der Skeptiker sprechen? Wie kann er sich verhalten, wie ein normales Leben führen? In der Darstellung seiner Philosophie muss der Pyrrhoneer sich mit der scharfsinnigen Kritik seiner stoischen Gegner auseinandersetzen. Die Untersuchung analysiert Sextus' Entwurf einer Sprache ohne Behauptungscharakter sowie eines Lebens, in dem der Skeptiker sich von "Erscheinungen" leiten lässt. Vogt fragt, wer in der Diskussion zwischen Stoikern und Skeptikern "gewinnt" – in vielen Hinsichten, so ihr Vorschlag, die Skeptiker.

Antike Skeptiker

Author: Friedo Ricken
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406346383
Release Date: 1994-01-01
Genre: Philosophy, Ancient


Doxographi Graeci

Author: Hermann Diels
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783111459165
Release Date: 1929-01-01
Genre: History