In this translated classic, Rousseau argues for the preservation of individual freedom in political society. He says that we can only be free under the law by voluntarily embracing that law as our own. Hence, being free in society requires each of us to subjugate all our desires to the collective good, the general will.
Author: Jean Jacques Rousseau
Release Date: 2017-07-04
Genre: Biography & Autobiography
Diese Ausgabe von "Die Bekenntnisse" wurde mit einem funktionalen Layout erstellt und sorgfältig formatiert. Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) war ein französischsprachiger Schriftsteller, Philosoph, Pädagoge, Naturforscher und Komponist der Aufklärung. Rousseau hatte großen Einfluss auf die politische Theorie des späten 18. sowie des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts in ganz Europa. Er war ein wichtiger Wegbereiter der Französischen Revolution. Sein Werk ist unlösbarer Bestandteil der französischen und europäischen Literatur- und Geistesgeschichte. In Rousseaus pädagogischem Hauptwerk Émile oder über die Erziehung wird die fiktive Erziehung eines Jungen beschrieben. Rousseaus Theorien beeinflussten Immanuel Kant und viele namhafte Pädagogen, so z. B. Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Joachim Heinrich Campe, Adolph Diesterweg, Maria Montessori, Ellen Key, Hartmut von Hentig und Dietrich Benner. "
This is among the permanent classics of political theory. It argues concisely and effectively that the basis of any legitimate society must be the agreement of its members. Censored in its own time for its revolutionary tendencies, and still controversial in many respects, it is a main source of democratic belief.
Author: Roger Scruton
Publisher: Profile Books
Release Date: 2017-08-10
Genre: Political Science
Roger Scruton looks at the central ideas of conservatism over the centuries. He examines conservative thinking on civil society, the rule of law and the role of the state on the one hand; and freedom (including freedom of expression and association), morality, equality, property and rights on the other. He traces the origins and development of the conservative ideology in the philosophies and thoughts of, among others, John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, David Hume, Edmund Burke, Adam Smith, John Stuart Mill, John Ruskin, Michael Oakeshott, Friedrich Hayek, Milton Friedman and Robert Nozick. He shows how conservative ideas have worked out in the politics and policies of leading figures people such as Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Disraeli, the Earl of Salisbury, Calvin Coolidge, Winston Churchill, Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher. He also looks closely at the degree to which capitalism and free markets have been, and are integral to, conservative ideology and politics in the UK and in the USA. Professor Scruton's clear, incisive guide is essential reading for anyone wishing to understand the politics and policies of the west now and over the last three centuries.
'Man was born free, and everywhere he is in chains.' These are the famous opening words of a treatise that has stirred vigorous debate ever since its first publication in 1762. Rejecting the view that anyone has a natural right to wield authority over others, Rousseau argues instead for a pact, or 'social contract', that should exist between all the citizens of a state and that should be the source of sovereign power. From this fundamental premise, he goes on to consider issues of liberty and law, freedom and justice, arriving at a view of society that has seemed to some a blueprint for totalitarianism, to others a declaration of democratic principles.Translated by Quintin HoareWith a new introduction by Christopher Bertram
Author: Christopher W. Morris
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Release Date: 1999
This rich collection will introduce students of philosophy and politics to the contemporary critical literature on the classical social contract political thinkers Thomas Hobbes (1599-1697), John Locke (1632-1704), and Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778). A dozen essays and book excerpts have been selected to guide students through the texts and to introduce them to current scholarly controversies surrounding the contractarian political theories of these three thinkers. Visit our website for sample chapters!
This work is a frank treatment of Rousseau's sexual and intellectual development. It offers a model for the reflective life: the solitary, uncompromising individual; the enemy of servitude and habit; and the selfish egoist who dedicates himself to a particular ideal.
Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date: 2016-08-09
Mit seiner 1762 veröffentlichten Abhandlung übte der französische Philosoph Jean-Jacques Rousseau einen wesentlichen Einfluss auf die politische Theorie der Französischen Revolution aus, zugleich sind seine radikalen Schlussfolgerungen bis heute umstritten: Im Zentrum des Buchs steht die These, dass zwischen den Individuen der Gesellschaft ein unausgesprochener Gesellschaftsvertrag existiert. Orientiert ist dieser Vertrag jedoch nicht an den Rechten des Einzelnen. Vielmehr dient der Vertrag ausschließlich dem Gemeinwohl, das in Rousseaus Augen das zugleich Vernünftige und deshalb allein Gerechte ist.
'These hours of solitude and meditation are the only time of the day when I am completely myself' Reveries of the Solitary Walker is Rousseau's last great work, the product of his final years of exile from the society that condemned his political and religious views. Returning to Paris the philosopher determines to keep a faithful record of the thoughts and ideas that come to him on his perambulations. Part reminiscence, part reflection, enlivened by anecdote and encounters, the Reveries form a kind of sequel to his Confessions, but they are more introspective and less defensive: Rousseau finds happiness in solitude, walks in nature, botanizing, and meditation. Writing an account of his walks becomes a means of achieving self-knowledge and safeguarding for himself the pleasure that others, he is convinced, seek to deny him. The Reveries, shaped by the unmediated nature of Rousseau's thought processes, give powerfully lyrical expression to a painfully tortured soul in search of peace. This new translation is accompanied by an introduction and notes that explore the nature of the work and its historical, literary, and intellectual contexts. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.