Social Ecology of Crime Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author: Oxford University Press
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199803633
Release Date: 2010-05-01
Genre: Social Science

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of criminology find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In criminology, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Criminology, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study and practice of criminology. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.

Social Ecological and Environmental Theories of Crime

Author: JefferyT. Walker
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781351548380
Release Date: 2017-07-05
Genre: Social Science

One of the oldest and most extensive forms of criminology falls within what is referred to, among other names, as social ecology. Beginning with the work of Guerry and Quetelet, this theory became the dominate paradigm in explaining crime with the work of the Chicago School in the early 1900s, social disorganization theory, and neighborhood research attempting to deal with crime in deteriorating cities. Social ecology is also the basis for the research being conducted in environmental criminology. This volume offers a selection of the most influential works in social ecology and environmental criminology. It begins with research from human ecology and the Chicago School, extending through some of the research in social disorganization theory. It encompasses some of the major journal articles from the 1980s and 1990s in neighborhoods and crime, and then addresses some of the quintessential works in environmental criminology. It ends with groundbreaking work in this area that may indicate the future direction of the field. This valuable collection includes an excellent introduction by Jeff Walker.

Contemporary Issues in the Empirical Study of Crime

Author: Marc Cools
Publisher: Maklu
ISBN: 9789046602171
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Law

In today's globalized society, an international exchange of ideas and views is indispensable within the field of social sciences, including criminology and criminal justice studies. The research group Governance of Security (GofS) fosters contemporary international discourses on issues of crime and crime control. In 2008, GofS started a research paper series, combining theoretical and empirical articles on issues reflecting the research activities of GofS. This research group is a collaboration between Ghent University and Ghent University College in Belgium. GofS concentrates its research around the study of administrative and judicial policy that have been developed with respect to new issues of crime and insecurity. The GofS series - Governance of Security Research Papers (GofS) - is published by Maklu Publishing (Belgium). Contemporary Issues in the Empirical Study of Crime - Volume 1 of GofS's series Governance of Security Research Papers - includes the following: Drugs and Crime: Are They Hand in Glove? A Review of Literature * The Study of Public Expenditure on Drugs: A Useful Evaluation Tool for Policy * Corporations as a Blind Spot in Research: Explanations for a Criminological Tunnel Vision * The Nominal Group Technique: A Participative Research Technique Holding Great Potential for Criminology * Analytical Criminology: A Style of Theorizing and Analyzing the Micro-Macro Context of Acts of Crime * The Geography of Social Cohesion and Crime at the Municipality Level * Disentangling Neighbourhood and School Contextual Variation in Serious Offending: Assessing the Effect of Ecological Disadvantage * Itinerant Crime Groups: Mobility Attributed to Anchor Points? * Patterns of Drug Use Before, During and After Detention: A Review of Epidemiological Literature.

Technocrime and Criminological Theory

Author: Kevin F. Steinmetz
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781498745598
Release Date: 2017-09-22
Genre: Law

Cybercrime, computer crime, Internet crime, and technosecurity have been of increasing concern to citizens, corporations, and governments since their emergence in the 1980s. Addressing both the conventional and radical theories underlying this emerging criminological trend, including feminist theory, social learning theory, and postmodernism, this text paves the way for those who seek to tackle the most pertinent areas in technocrime. Technocrime and Criminological Theory challenges readers to confront the conflicts, gaps, and questions faced by both scholars and practitioners in the field. This book serves as an ideal primer for scholars beginning to study technocrime or as a companion for graduate level courses in technocrime or deviance studies.

Environmental Criminology

Author: Martin A. Andresen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781135006235
Release Date: 2014-03-14
Genre:

The field of environmental criminology is a staple theoretical framework in contemporary criminological theory. With this book, Martin Andresen presents the first comprehensive and sole-authored textbook on this influential and compelling school of criminological thought. He covers a wide range of topics, including: the origins of environmental criminology; the primary theoretical frameworks, such as routine activity theory, geometric theory of crime, rational choice theory, and the pattern theory of crime; the practical application of environmental criminology; an examination of how theories are operationalized and tested; policy implications for the practice of crime prevention. As well as these "popular topics", Andresen also discusses also a number of topics that are at the leading edge of research within environmental criminology. This text will be ideal for courses on crime prevention, where students are often encouraged to consider policy problems and apply theory to practice. This book offers up environmental criminology as a theoretical framework for making sense of complex neighbourhood problems, meaning that it will be perfect for modules on geography of crime, crime analysis and indeed, environmental criminology. It would also be a good supplement for courses on criminological theory.

The Criminal Area

Author: Professor Terence Morris
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781136265600
Release Date: 2013-08-21
Genre: Reference

First published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Contemporary Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice

Author: Gilbert Geis
Publisher: Pearson College Division
ISBN: 0130875856
Release Date: 2001
Genre: True Crime

Assembled in honor of the preeminent criminologist and scholar, Gilbert Geis, on the occasion of his seventy-fifth birthday, this volume features original, interesting, cutting-edge essays written by internationally known contributors in such areas as white collar crime, punishment and social control, public policy issues, comparative criminology, law, victimology, and policing. Features writing, for example, by Braithwaite, Vaughn, Short, Farrington, Levi, Pontell, Calavita, Meier, Simpson, Huff, Cullen on a broad array of topics in THEORY AND METHOD IN CRIMINOLOGICAL RESEARCH; WHITE-COLLAR CRIME AND CORPORATE CRIME; SOCIAL CONTROL; INTERNATIONAL AND COMPARATIVE STUDIES; And Various FORMS OF CRIME. For scholars, students, and practitioners of criminal justice.

The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Research Methods

Author: David Gadd
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781446254462
Release Date: 2011-10-19
Genre: Social Science

Conducting research into crime and criminal justice carries unique challenges. This Handbook focuses on the application of 'methods' to address the core substantive questions that currently motivate contemporary criminological research. It maps a canon of methods that are more elaborated than in most other fields of social science, and the intellectual terrain of research problems with which criminologists are routinely confronted. Drawing on exemplary studies, chapters in each section illustrate the techniques (qualitative and quantitative) that are commonly applied in empirical studies, as well as the logic of criminological enquiry. Organized into five sections, each prefaced by an editorial introduction, the Handbook covers: • Crime and Criminals • Contextualizing Crimes in Space and Time: Networks, Communities and Culture • Perceptual Dimensions of Crime • Criminal Justice Systems: Organizations and Institutions • Preventing Crime and Improving Justice Edited by leaders in the field of criminological research, and with contributions from internationally renowned experts, The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Research Methods is set to become the definitive resource for postgraduates, researchers and academics in criminology, criminal justice, policing, law, and sociology. David Gadd is Professor of Criminology at Manchester University School of Law where he is also Director of the Centre for Criminology and Criminal Justice. Susanne Karstedt has a Chair in Criminology and Criminological Justice at the University of Leeds. Steven F. Messner is Distinguished Teaching Professor of Sociology, University at Albany, State University of New York.

Criminology

Author: Gennaro F. Vito
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
ISBN: 0763730017
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Law

Across America, Crime Is A Constant Public Concern. Criminology: Theory, Research, And Policy, Second Edition Provides Comprehensive Coverage Of The Leading Criminological Theories Using Sociology, Psychology, Biology, And Ecology To Explain How And Why Crime Occurs. The Text Combines Classical Criminology With Timely Topics Including Substance Abuse, Gang Violence, Internet Crimes, And Terrorism. Using A Social Sciences Approach, The Authors Discuss How Criminology Influences Public Policy Throughout The Text.

Challenging Criminological Theory

Author: Francis T. Cullen
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9781412855358
Release Date: 2015-02-28
Genre: Social Science

This volume is divided into five sections that, when taken together, offer an informative account of the impact of Ruth Rosner Kornhauser’s Social Sources of Delinquency on the development of American criminological thought. This classic book was her major contribution to the field. Section I tells the story of Kornhauser’s brief but influential academic career. Section II probes deeply into the specific ways in which she challenged criminological theory and the subsequent responses that were forthcoming. Section III then presents commentary on specific lines of inquiry inspired by Kornhauser’s book and orientation to criminological theory. Section IV explores recent efforts to move beyond Kornhauser’s insights on communities and crime. Section V concludes with three critical essays contending that Social Sources of Delinquency paid insufficient attention to criminal motivation, the role of opportunity in offending, and gangs and girls. This volume—authored by prominent scholars—shows that Kornhauser’s way of thinking about crime continues to be a starting point for much criminological theory today.

Urban Crime Criminals and Victims

Author: Per-Olof H. Wikström
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461390770
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Psychology

Crime is largely an urban phenomenon, but the specifically urban and area dimen sions of the social processes that are connected with crime have been seriously understated in much recent criminological work ... Such a claim could not have been made forty years ago. (Baldwin & Bottoms, 1976, p. 1). The above statement by Baldwin and Bottoms about the neglect in crimi nology of the urban dimension of crime was made in the mid-1970s. However, in the last decade there has been a significant upswing in theory and research on crime in the urban environment. Also, new areas oftheory and research into urban crime have come into focus. (For overviews see Brantingham & Brantingham, 1984; Davidson, 1981.) One very good example of the increasing interest in urban crime is the recent volume of Crime and Justice entitled "Communities and Crime" (Reiss & Tonry, 1986), in which Reiss makes a strong argument for the importance of the study of crime in urban communities and for the linking of the ecological and individual traditions in theory and research on crime. A review of the literature on crime in urban environments shows, not unexpectedly, that Anglo-American research heavily dominates the scene (Wikstrom, 1982; 1987b). Hence, much of the experience we have on urban crime is based on North American and British research and theory.

Male Criminal Activity from Childhood Through Youth

Author: Marc Le Blanc
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461235705
Release Date: 2013-03-07
Genre: Medical

Male Criminal Activity From Childhood Through Youth reports the results of a large longitudinal study from 1972 to 1985 on a sample of delinquents and a comparison sample of the population in Montreal. A clarification emerges from this extensive study: how to describe criminal activity in a comprehensive theory of crime which integrates the offense, offending, and patterns of offending. Using a developmental approach, Drs. Le Blanc and Fréchette observed a gradation of crimes with subjects progressing through five distinct stages of offending. In all, the research investigates the factors that sustain the development of offending and the mechanisms which accelerate, stabilize, and decelerate the commission of crimes. This book represents a significant advance in the understanding of the development of criminal activity.

Classics in Environmental Criminology

Author: Martin A. Andresen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439817803
Release Date: 2016-04-19
Genre: Law

A careful analysis of environmental factors is key to understanding the causes of crime, to solving crimes, and eventually helping to predict and prevent them. Classics in Environmental Criminology is a comprehensive collection of seminal pieces from legendary contributors who focus on the role that the immediate environment plays in the occurrence of a crime. Defines the field Divided into three parts, the book begins by highlighting the development of environmental criminology as a discipline through its origins in spatial criminology. It examines social disorganization theory, which explains criminal activity with reference to the characteristics of the community that delinquents live in. It then discusses the ecology of crime with reference to macroenvironments and microenvironments. The next section introduces concepts such as routine activity theory, the geometric theory of crime, the rational choice theory of offending, and crime pattern theory. Offers perspectives on prevention The last part focuses on the concept of crime prevention, examines the idea of altering the environment in order to prevent crime, and discusses situational crime factors and efforts to reduce the opportunities for crimes to be committed. It considers the impact of routine activities on crime prevention initiatives and advocates a flexible approach to crime prevention based on the dynamic nature of our environment. The book concludes with a chapter outlining how environmental criminology has evolved in recent years and provides a future outlook on where it may be headed. Invaluable as a textbook and as a professional reference, this volume is a comprehensive survey of a critical field in contemporary criminological theory. Offering insight assembled by top academic figures within the criminology community, this work is destined to provoke further inquiry and research.

Social Deviance

Author: Henry N. Pontell
Publisher:
ISBN: 0130407747
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Social Science

For undergraduate courses in Deviance, Social Deviance, and Deviance and Society. This collection of classic and contemporary readings in social deviance provides a balanced overview of theories, concepts and research. It can serve as either a stand-alone reader or a supplement to a major text. *NEW- Replaced dated or less relevant material with 4 new articles. *NEW- Modified section presenting theoretical perspectives with the addition of new pieces representing developments in both feminist scholarship and the labeling perspective. *NEW- Added new readings on professional misconduct by psychotherapists and on statutory rape. *Introductions to each major section- Summarizes the readings and places them into larger theoretical and substantive contexts. *Specific deviant behaviors examined- Also the research issues in studying them, and the application theories to specific behavior through the use of various research methodologies.