Author: Jonathan D. London
Release Date: 2018-03-20
Genre: Political Science
The world-scale expansion of markets and market relations ranks among the most transformative developments of our times. We can refer to this process by way of a generic if inelegant term – marketization. This book explores how processes of marketization have registered across East Asia’s diverse social landscape and its implications for patterns of welfare and inequality. While there has been great interest in East Asia’s economic rise, treatments of welfare and inequality in the region have been largely relegated to specialist literatures. Proceeding from a synthetic critique of political economy, this book places welfare and inequality at the center of a more encompassing comparative approach to political economy that construes countries as dynamic, globally embedded social orders defined and animated by distinctive social relational and institutional features.
This text, specifically for AQA specifications, is designed to be easy and encouraging for students to use. The book contains updated material and activities together with a new chapter on study skills. It also indicates clearly where activities meet the new evidence requirements for key skills.
Author: Craig Johnson
Release Date: 2008-11-28
Scholars have become increasingly concerned about the impact of neo-liberalism on the field of development. Governments around the world have for some time been exposed to the forces of globalization and macro-economic reform, reflecting the power and influence of the world’s principal international economic institutions and a broader commitment to the principles of neo-classical economics and free trade. Concerns have also been raised that neo-classical theory now dominates the ways in which scholars frame and ask their questions in the field of development. This book is about the ways in which ideologies shape the construction of knowledge for development. A central theme concerns the impact of neo-liberalism on contemporary development theory and research. The book’s main objectives are twofold. One is to understand the ways in which neo-liberalism has framed and defined the ‘meta-theoretical’ aims and assumptions of what is deemed relevant, important and appropriate to the study of development. A second is to explore the theoretical and ideological terms on which an alternative to neo-classical theory may be theorized, idealized and pursued. By tracing the impact of Marxism, postmodernism and liberalism on the study of development, Arresting Development contends that development has become increasingly fragmented in terms of the theories and methodologies it uses to understand and explain complex and contextually-specific processes of economic development and social change. Outside of neo-classical economics (and related fields of rational choice), the notion that social science can or should aim to develop general and predictive theories about development has become mired in a philosophical and political orientation that questions the ability of scholars to make universal or comparative statements about the nature of history, cultural diversity and progress. To advance the debate, a case is made that development needs to re-capture what the American sociologist Peter Evans once called the ‘comparative institutional method.’ At the heart of this approach is an inductive methodology that searches for commonalities and connections to broader historical trends and problems while at the same time incorporating divergent and potentially competing views about the nature of history, culture and development. This book will be of interest to scholars and students of Development, Social and Political Studies and it will also be beneficial to professionals interested in the challenge of constructing "knowledge for development."
Author: Raymond Apthorpe
Release Date: 2014-06-23
This collection shows how policy discourses in the fields of national and international developments are constructed and operate and how they can be analysed. Dominant discourses screen out certain aspects: they frame' issues to include some matters and typically exclude important others. More generally, different policy discourses construct the world in distinctive ways, through language that requires deconstruction and careful review.
Author: Doctor Stefan Andreasson
Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.
Release Date: 2013-07-04
Orthodox strategies for socio-economic development have failed spectacularly in Southern Africa. Neither the developmental state nor neoliberal reform seems able to provide a solution to Africa's problems. In Africa's Development Impasse, Stefan Andreasson analyses this failure and explores the potential for post-development alternatives. Examining the post-independence trajectories of Botswana, Zimbabwe and South Africa, the book shows three different examples of this failure to overcome a debilitating colonial legacy. Andreasson then argues that it is now time to resuscitate post-development theory's challenge to conventional development. In doing this, he claims, we face the enormous challenge of translating post-development into actual politics for a socially and politically sustainable future and using it as a dialogue about what the aims and aspirations of post-colonial societies might become. This important fusion of theory with empirical case studies will be essential reading for students of development politics and Africa.
Author: Jan Nederveen Pieterse
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Business & Economics
This book rejects a fatalistic stance in the face of the problems that accelerating globalization is throwing up. The contributors argue that humanity must seek to shape globalization. In a sequence of tightly argued essays, they suggest a variety of innovative perspectives, changes, policies, and institutional reforms that we ought to strive for in our increasingly inter-connected world. The exciting range of topics discussed include global governance and democratization; international finance and reform of the world economy; Third World development; the environment; the position of women; poverty and social exclusion; technology and culture; and the future shape of urban growth.
Author: Lewis A. Coser
Release Date: 2009-06-16
Genre: Social Science
Lewis A. Coser versucht in diesem Klassiker der modernen Sozialwissenschaften im Anschluß an Georg Simmels berühmter Untersuchung über den "Streit" den Begriff des sozialen Konfliktes zu klären und dessen empirische Anwendungsmöglichkeiten aufzuzeigen. Als eines der wichtigsten Bücher der neueren Konfliktforschung hat es in der zweiten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts die in diesem Zusammenhang geführten theoretischen Kontroversen maßgeblich bestimmt und eine Vielzahl von empirischen Untersuchungen angeregt.
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