Early Buddhism flourished because it was able to take up the challenge represented by buoyant economic conditions and the need for cultural uniformity in the newly emergent states in north-eastern India from the fifth century BCE onwards. This book begins with the apparent inconsistency of Buddhism, a renunciant movement, surviving within a strong urban environment, and draws out the implications of this. In spite of the Buddhist ascetic imperative, the Buddha and other celebrated monks moved easily through various levels of society and fitted into the urban landscape they inhabited. The Sociology of Early Buddhism tells how and why the early monks were able to exploit the social and political conditions of mid-first millennium north-eastern India in such a way as to ensure the growth of Buddhism into a major world religion. Its readership lies both within Buddhist studies and more widely among historians, sociologists and anthropologists of religion.
Author: Jason Neelis
Release Date: 2010-11-19
This book examines catalysts for Buddhist formation in ancient South Asia and expansion throughout and beyond the northwestern Indian subcontinent to Central Asia by investigating symbiotic relationships between networks of religious mobility and trade.
The book provides an updated chronology of the Amar?vat? st?pa and argues its close link with the long-term development of urbanization of this region between ca. 200 BCE-250 CE based on the latest archaeological, art-historical and epigraphic evidence.
Author: Max Weber
Release Date: 2015-02-26
Ein Klassiker der Religions- und Sozialwissenschaft: Max Webers dreibandiges Werk zur Religionssoziologie beschaftigt sich mit dem Einfluss der Weltreligionen auf Gesellschaftssysteme. Im zweiten Band widmet sich Weber der Kulturanalyse Indiens, untersucht dafur religiose Uberzeugungen in der Gesellschaft und beantwortet die zentrale Frage nach dem spaten Aufkommen des Kapitalismus in Indien. Der deutsche Soziologe und Okonom Max Weber gehort zu den einflussreichsten Denkern des 19. Jahrhunderts; seine Essays zu den wichtigsten Studien der modernen Soziologie. Die weiteren Bande dieser Trilogie sind erhaltlich unter den ISBN 978-3-95801-097-0 (Bd. 1) und 978-3-95801-156-4 (Bd. 3).
Author: Hermann Oldenberg
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date: 2015-10-20
Der Indologie Hermann Oldenberg veröffentlichte sein umfangreiches, auf vergleichende Studien der Überlieferungen basierendes Werk »Buddha – Sein Leben, seine Lehre, seine Gemeinde« erstmals 1881. Mit der Darstellung, die als Pionierleistung der Buddhismus-Forschung gilt, gelang ihm erstmals der Nachweis, dass Buddha keine mythische Figur, sondern eine reale historische Persönlichkeit war. – Nachdruck der 1890 erschienenen zweiten Auflage.
Author: Anthony J. Blasi
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Social Science
First ever collection of histories of American sociology of religion, including accounts of early dissertations changes in theory, and studies of denominations, globalization, feminism, new religions and Latino/a American religion.
Author: John Ross Carter
Publisher: SUNY Press
Release Date: 1993
Carter unfolds the cumulative traditions of Theravada Buddhism by showing how one "looks at the world through Buddhist eyes." Presenting evidence from the Buddhist heritage in Sri Lanka, he develops a disciplined, inclusive approach to understanding notions of ethical living and "faith," or how individuals live life religiously. The author examines Buddhism as a worldview, reviewing the process of its origins and the development of its important concepts such as the pursuit of dhamma by Buddhists; the "Four Noble Truths;" the notion of refuge and the process of transcending; the role of the Buddhist monk (bhikkhu); and the role of music in ritual chant and song.
Randall Collins traces the movement of philosophical thought in ancient Greece, China, Japan, India, the medieval Islamic and Jewish world, medieval Christendom, and modern Europe. What emerges from this history is a social theory of intellectual change, one that avoids both the reduction of ideas to the influences of society at large and the purely contingent local construction of meanings. Instead, Collins focuses on the social locations where sophisticated ideas are formed: the patterns of intellectual networks and their inner divisions and conflicts.
Author: Carl B. Becker
Publisher: SIU Press
Release Date: 1993
In this much-needed examination of Buddhist views of death and the afterlife, Carl B. Becker bridges the gap between books on death in the West and books on Buddhism in the East. Other Western writers have addressed the mysteries surrounding death and the afterlife, but few have approached the topic from a Buddhist perspective. Here, Becker resolves questions that have troubled scholars since the beginning of Buddhism: How can Buddhism reconcile its belief in karma and rebirth with its denial of a permanent soul? What is reborn? And when, exactly, is the moment of death? By systematically tracing Buddhism’s migration from India through China, Japan, and Tibet, Becker demonstrates how culture and environment affect Buddhist religious tradition. In addition to discussing historical Buddhism, Becker shows how Buddhism resolves controversial current issues as well. In the face of modern medicine’s trend toward depersonalization, traditional Buddhist practices imbue the dying process with respect and dignity. At the same time, Buddhist tradition offers documented precedents for decision making in cases of suicide and euthanasia.