Author: John Marenbon
Release Date: 2006-10-02
This new introduction replaces Marenbon's best-selling editions Early Medieval Philosophy (1983) and Later Medieval Philosophy (1987) to present a single authoritative and comprehensive study of the period. It gives a lucid and engaging account of the history of philosophy in the Middle Ages, discussing the main writers and ideas, the social and intellectual contexts, and the important concepts used in medieval philosophy. Medieval Philosophy gives a chronological account which: treats all four main traditions of philosophy that stem from the Greek heritage of late antiquity: Greek Christian philosophy, Latin philosophy, Arabic philosophy and Jewish philosophy provides a series of 'study' sections for close attention to arguments and shorter 'interludes' that point to the wider questions of the intellectual context combines philosophical analysis with historical background includes a helpful detailed guide to further reading and an extensive bibliography All students of medieval philosophy, medieval history, theology or religion will find this necessary reading.
Richard Kilvington’s commentary on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics (14th century) offers a unique perspective of argumentation by applying concepts and terminology from the fields of logic and physics to ethical dilemmas.
Author: Sylvain Auroux
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Release Date: 2000-01-01
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
Writing in English, German, or French, more than 300 authors provide a historical description of the beginnings and of the early and subsequent development of thinking about language and languages within the relevant historical context. The gradually emerging institutions concerned with the study, organisation, documentation, and distribution are considered as well as those dealing with the utilisation of language related knowledge. Special emphasis has been placed on related disciplines, such as rhetoric, the philosophy of language, cognitive psychology, logic and neurological science.
Author: David Edward Luscombe
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Release Date: 1997
The Middle Ages span a period of well over a millennium: from the emperor Constantine's Christian conversion in 312 to the early sixteenth century. David Luscombe's clear and accessible history of medieval thought steers a clear path through this long period, beginning with the three greatest influences on medieval philosophy: Augustine, Boethius, and Pseudo-Denis, and focusing on Abelard, Anselm, Aquinas, Ockham, Duns Scotus, and Eckhart among others in the twelfth to fifteenth centuries.
Author: Mikko Yrjönsuuri
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2001
Central topics in medieval logic are here treated in a way that is congenial to the modern reader, without compromising historical reliability. The achievements of medieval logic are made available to a wider philosophical public then the medievalists themselves. The three genres of logica moderna arising in a later Middle Ages are covered: obligations, insolubles and consequences - the first time these have been treated in such a unified way. The articles on obligations look at the role of logical consistence in medieval disputation techniques. Those on insolubles concentrate on medieval solutions to the Liar Paradox. There is also a systematic account of how medieval authors described the logical content of an inference, and how they thought that the validity of an inference could be guaranteed.
Author: Richard Kilvington
Publisher: Auctores Britannici Medii Aevi S.
Release Date: 1990
A sophisma is a puzzling sentence designed to bring some abstract issue into sharper focus while accompanied by arguments to resolve the paradox. This is the first printed edition of Richard Kilvington's Sophismata, perhaps one of the earliest works from the group of fourteenth-century philosophers known as the Oxford Calculators. The Sophismata is an ordered collection of philosophical puzzles on such topics as the logic of change, velocity, knowing, and doubting. Kilvington pursues those issues of natural philosophy by exploring the conceptual foundations of mathematics and physics.
Author: Neil Lewis
Publisher: OUP/British Academy
Release Date: 2011-10-13
One of the first to teach the new Aristotle, Richard Rufus of Cornwall here presents exciting accounts of divisibility, growth, and Aristotelian mixture which transform our understanding of the introduction of Aristotelian natural philosophy to the West and provide insight into the early history and prehistory of chemistry.
Author: Norman Kretzmann
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 1988-07-29
This 1982 book is a history of the great age of scholastism from Abelard to the rejection of Aristotelianism in the Renaissance, combining the highest standards of medieval scholarship with a respect for the interests and insights of contemporary philosophers, particularly those working in the analytic tradition. The volume follows on chronologically from The Cambridge History of Later Greek and Early Medieval Philosophy, though it does not continue the histories of Greek and Islamic philosophy but concentrates on the Latin Christian West. Unlike other histories of medieval philosophy that divide the subject matter by individual thinkers, it emphasises the parts of more historical and theological interest. This volume is organised by those topics in which recent philosophy has made the greatest progress.
Author: A. M. Peden
Publisher: British Academy
Release Date: 2003
This is the first edition to provide the complete text of both the fifth-century Calculus of Victorius of Aquitaine and Abbo of Fleury's Commentary on it (written 980/5). These two works shed light on the early history of mathematics, before the introduction of Arabic numerals. The wide range of Abbo's thought is reflected in the Commentary, covering the nature of wisdom, the philosophy of number, the relationship of unity and plurality, and the arithmetic of the Calculus - all of it set in the broader context of his theology of Creation. This edition (which includes an English summary of the text) is crucial for our current reappraisal of Abbo of Fleury as a major figure of the tenth century, who had a profound impact on later medieval English thought.
Author: Richard Rufus (of Cornwall)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2003
As one of the earliest Western physics teachers, Richard Rufus of Cornwall helped transform Western natural philosophy in the 13th century. But despite the importance of Rufus's works, they were effectively lost for 500 years, and the Physics commentary is the first complete work of his ever to be printed. Rufus taught at the Universities of Paris and Oxford from 1231 to 1256, at the very time when exposure to Aristotle's libri naturales was revolutionizing the academic curriculum; indeed Rufus gave the earliest surviving lectures on physics and metaphysics. Rufus's challenges to the views of Aristotle and the commentator Averroes proved to be enormously influential: his accounts of projectile motion, the place of the heavens, and creation, were to be taken up by the likes of Franciscus de Marchia, Roger Bacon, Thomas Aquinas and Bonaventure.
Author: Henrik Lagerlund
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2010-12-07
Research on medieval philosophy has advanced greatly in the last thirty years, but there has not been a comprehensive encyclopedia summarizing the current research available. This two-volume reference work fills that void. The Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy covers all areas of philosophy in the Middle Ages and part of the Renaissance, ranging from 500 to 1500 CE. It contains general entries on medieval philosophers and medieval philosophies and on the key terms and concepts in the subject area, but it also provides more in-depth details and analyses of particular theories. Furthermore, in order to gain an insight into the social and cultural context of the material, entries are included on the teaching of philosophy, the career of philosophers, and the place of philosophy within the universities. Complete with cross-references between key words and related essays to enable efficient searches, this Encyclopedia is exhaustive, unprecedented, and user-friendly. It is indispensable for scholars of medieval philosophy and of the history of ideas, and it is also useful for anyone interested in medieval ideas and thought.
This volume makes available a collection of previously unedited letters by the famous medieval correspondent Peter of Blois. Though Peter never attained a rank higher than archdeacon during his fifty years of service in the church, his works were widely read in the Middle Ages. The most original of his writings were his letters, and this volume contains seventy-eight letters written in the last years of Peter's life, mostly while he was Archdeacon of London during the reign of John. Unlike his earlier letters, which Peter himself edited and published, these later letters did not circulate widely. Sixty-four are printed for the first time, while others have improved readings and sometimes additional paragraphs from manuscripts previously unknown. Peter wrote vividly and fluently about contemporary events and problems, in particular the Interdict. More than half his correspondents in the collection are members of monastic orders, several being Cistercians. New light is also thrown on Peter's career, his family and friendships, and his struggles with age and death.
Author: Richard Normann
Release Date: 2001-01-17
Genre: Business & Economics
In the world of industry and management producing 'intangible products' poses unique challenges. This book provides a comprehensive framework on these unique management issues and looks into the special characteristics of services and conditions necessary for success in the management of service organizations This classic book, as relevant as ever and updated, provides a set of ideas which has proved its power and validity beyond the fads of the moment, over an extended period of time. A book that is at the same time very holistic and conceptual, and yet both easy to grasp and to translate into practical action. It also evokes an alternative perspective on services, namely that of refocusing attention from the production and the product to the value creation process of customers. With these perspectivess every company todays needs to see itself as a service company. The book stresses the need for a streamlined service management system and analyses and illustrates growth strategies and the nature of innovation -but above all it emphasizes the special role played by good leadership. In particular, this edition looks at the role of technology in services as well as - more generally -the role of services in society. Of great value to managers and academics involved in the service industry this practical book, which has been translated into eight languages, will stimulate people to analyse and act on their situations.