The Stone Skeleton

Author: Jacques Heyman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521629632
Release Date: 1997-07-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Cambridge's Jacques Heyman provides a thorough and intuitive understanding of masonry structures, such as arch bridges, Greek temples, and Gothic cathedrals. Although his approach is firmly scientific, Heyman does not use complex mathematics. Instead, he introduces the basis of masonry analysis, then considers individual structures, through lucid and informative text. 5 photos. 100 line diagrams. 3 tables.

The Science of Structural Engineering

Author: Jacques Heyman
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9781783261925
Release Date: 1999-11-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Structures cannot be created without engineering theory, and design rules have existed from the earliest times for building Greek temples, Roman aqueducts and Gothic cathedrals — and later, for steel skyscrapers and the frames for aircraft. This book is, however, not concerned with the description of historical feats, but with the way the structural engineer sets about his business. Galileo, in the seventeenth century, was the first to introduce recognizably modern science into the calculation of structures; he determined the breaking strength of beams. In the eighteenth century engineers moved away from this ‘ultimate load’ approach, and early in the nineteenth century a formal philosophy of design had been established — a structure should remain elastic, with a safety factor on stress built into the analysis. This philosophy held sway for over a century, until the first tests on real structures showed that the stresses confidently calculated by designers could not actually be measured in practice. Structural engineering has taken a completely different path since the middle of the twentieth century; plastic analysis reverts to Galileo's objective of the calculation of ultimate strength, and powerful new theorems now underpin the activities of the structural engineer. This book deals with a technical subject, but the presentation is completely non-mathematical. It makes available to the engineer, the architect and the general reader the principles of structural design. Contents:The Civil EngineerPre ‘Scientific’ TheoryArch Bridges, Domes and VaultsStresses and StrainsFlexure and BucklingThe Theory of StructuresPlastic Theory Readership: Undergraduates in civil engineering, civil, structural and mechanical engineers; architects. Keywords:History of Science;Structural Engineering;Civil Engineering;Arches;Domes;Masonry Vaults;Buckling;Plasticity Theory;Church Architecture

Structural Analysis

Author: Jacques Heyman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521622492
Release Date: 1998-05-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This volume provides a concise, historical review of the methods of structural analysis and design - from Galileo in the seventeenth century, to the present day. Through it, students in structural engineering and professional engineers will gain a deeper understanding of the theory behind the modern software packages they use daily in structural design. This book also offers the reader a lucid examination of the process of structural analysis and how it relates to modern design. The first three chapters cover questions about the strength of materials, and how to calculate local effects. An account is then given of the development of the equations of elastic flexure and buckling, followed by a separate chapter on masonry arches. Three chapters on the overall behaviour of elastic structures lead to a discussion of plastic behaviour, and a final chapter indicates that there are still problems needing solution.

Modern Practical Masonry

Author: Edmund George Warland
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317742630
Release Date: 2015-06-03
Genre: Architecture

This work provides a clear and simple guide to the subject, based on meticulous and beautiful drawings. Organized in three sections, it includes chapters on construction details; methods of working particular structural shapes; both basic and advanced geometry and setting-out. It also includes forms and tables omitted from later editions to be used as templates for costing and estimating work. These are as relevant today as they were in the 1920s. It includes a new introduction by Christopher Weeks.

How to Build a Cathedral

Author: Malcolm Hislop
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1408171775
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Architecture, Medieval

Gothic cathedrals are monuments to God, witnesses to the historic power of the Church, and symbols of the faith of the thousands of believers who contributed to their creation. They are also astonishing feats of construction and engineering, from a period before steel-making, machine tools and computer simulation; breathtaking in their scale and grandeur even hundreds of years after the religious impulse that produced them has largely faded away. How to Build a Cathedral is a visual exploration of the building of these masterpieces, from the initial groundplan to the topping out of the spire. Illustrated throughout with beautiful engravings, it looks at each element of the structure in turn, explaining the process of construction and the methods that were used. At intervals though the book, special gatefold pages offer a detailed snapshot of the evolution of the building as it rises into the heavens. A 16-page colour section allows for appreciation of stained glass and decorative stonework. With text written by a leading architectural historian, How to Build a Cathedral is an illuminating portrait of the genius of the medieval architect.

Gothic Architecture

Author: Paul Frankl
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300087993
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Architecture

This study of Gothic architecture traces the meaning and development of the Gothic style through medieval churches across Europe. Ranging geographically from Poland to Portugal and from Sicily to Scotland and chronologically from 1093 to 1530, the book analyzes changes from Romanesque to Gothic as well as the evolution within the Gothic style and places these changes in the context of the creative spirit of the Middle Ages.

Building Construction Before Mechanization

Author: John Fitchen
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 026256047X
Release Date: 1989-01-01
Genre: Architecture

Discusses building stresses, falsework, lifting devices, ropes, ladders, wood construction, masonry, native homes, the pyramids, safety, and the cultural and physical aspects of architecture

Constructing Architecture

Author: Andrea Deplazes
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783764371906
Release Date: 2005-07-25
Genre: Architecture

Now in its second edition: the trailblazing introduction and textbook on construction includes a new section on translucent materials and an article on the use of glass.

An Architect and His Son

Author: Rafael Guastavino
Publisher: Heritage Books
ISBN: 9780788441431
Release Date: 2009-05-01
Genre: Reference

Ita s the late nineteenth century and New York City is booming. In the midst of an industrial revolution, with growth and opportunity everywhere, the city attracts those with ambition and talent like a magnet. Caught in the pull is a young and accomplished

Elements of Stress Analysis

Author: Jacques Heyman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521245230
Release Date: 1982-04
Genre: Science

This book analyses problems in elasticity theory, highlighting elements of structural analysis in a simple and straightforward way.

Basic Structural Theory

Author: Jacques Heyman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139473224
Release Date: 2008-05-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This text introduces the basic equations of the theory of structures. Conventional presentations of these equations follow the ideas of elastic analysis, introduced nearly two hundred years ago. The book is written against the background of advances made in structural theory during the last fifty years, notably by the introduction of so-called plastic theory. The emphasis throughout is on the derivation and application of the structural equations, rather than on details of their solution (nowadays best done by computer), and the numerical examples are deliberately kept simple.

The Bridges of Medieval England

Author: David Featherstone Harrison
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199272747
Release Date: 2004
Genre: History

Medieval bridges are startling achievements of design and engineering comparable with the great cathedrals of the period, and are also proof of the great importance of road transport in the middle ages and of the size and sophistication of the medieval economy. Dr Harrison has undertaken the first thorough study of bridges and in this book he rewrites their history from early Anglo-Saxon England right up to the Industrial Revolution, providing new insights into many aspects of the subject. Dr Harrison looks at the role of bridges in the creation of a new road system, which was significantly different from its Roman predecessor and which largely survived until the twentieth century. He examines the design of bridges, which were built in the most difficult circumstances - broad flood plains, deep tidal waters, and steep upland valleys - and withstood all but the most catastrophic floods. He also investigates the immense efforts put into their construction and upkeep, rangingfrom the mobilization of large work forces by the old English state to the role of resident hermits and the charitable donations which produced bridge trusts with huge incomes. The evidence presented in The Bridges of Medieval England shows that the network of bridges, which had been in place since the thirteenth century, was capable of serving the needs of the economy on the eve of the Industrial Revolution. This has profound implications for our understanding of pre-industrial society, challenging accepted accounts of the development of medieval trade and communications, and bringing to the fore the continuities from the late Anglo-Saxon period to the eighteenth century. This book is essential reading for those interested in architecture, engineering, transport, and economics, and any historian sceptical about the achievements of medieval England.

Persian Architectural Heritage

Author: Mehrdad Hejazi
Publisher: WIT Press
ISBN: 9781784660703
Release Date: 2014-12-08
Genre: Architecture

During its long history Persian culture has played a fundamental role in, and has made major contributions to, human civilisation. During the last few decades, scholarly interest in Persian culture, including its history, archaeology, art and architecture, has accelerated research into Persian cultural heritage. Scientific studies have provided information about knowledge on which Persian traditional buildings are based and methodologies used for their preservation. This book gives comprehensive information about Persian architectural heritage for scholars, students and practicing engineers in civil, structural, architectural, hydraulic, and restoration engineering, and other related disciplines.

Persian Architectural Heritage

Author: M. M. Hejazi
Publisher: WIT Press
ISBN: 9781845648824
Release Date: 2014-03-05
Genre: Architecture

During its long history Persian culture has played a fundamental role in, and has made major contributions to, human civilisation. During the last few decades, scholarly interest in Persian culture, including its history, archaeology, art and architecture, has accelerated research into Persian cultural heritage. Scientific studies have provided information about knowledge on which Persian traditional buildings are based and methodologies used for their preservation. This book gives comprehensive information about Persian architectural heritage for scholars, students and practicing engineers in civil, structural, architectural, hydraulic, and restoration engineering, and other related disciplines. The book focuses on the structural features of heritage architecture. It describes the construction materials used in architectural heritage structures, traditional construction technology and structural analysis of architectural heritage, arches, vaults, and domes. The book is not only a reference work but also contains theory written in such a way that it appeals to practising engineers, as well as students and researchers.

Statics of Historic Masonry Constructions

Author: Mario Como
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642301322
Release Date: 2012-12-14
Genre: Science

Masonry constructions are the great majority of the buildings in Europe’s historical centres and the most important monuments in its architectural heritage and the demand for their safety assessments and restoration projects is pressing and constant. Nevertheless, there is a lack of a widely accepted approach to studying the statics of masonry structures. This book aims to help fill these gaps by presenting a new comprehensive, unified theory of statics of masonry constructions. The book, result of thirty years of research and professional experience, through an interdisciplinary approach combining engineering, architecture, advances from the simple to the complex and analyses statics of a large variety of masonry constructions, as arches, domes, cross and cloister vaults, piers, towers, cathedrals and buildings under seismic actions.