Author: Joshua L. Dratel
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2005-01-01
Gathers documents written by U.S. government officials seeking to establish legal justification for the use of coercive interrogation and torture and to absolve those implementing the policies of any wrongdoing.
Author: Karen J. Greenberg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2006
As a result of the work assembling the documents, memoranda, and reports that constitute the material in The Torture Papers the question of the rationale behind the Bush administration's decision to condone the use of coercive interrogation techniques in the interrogation of detainees suspected of terrorist connections was raised. The condoned use of torture in any society is questionable but its use by the United States, a liberal democracy that champions human rights and is a party to international conventions forbidding torture, has sparked an intense debate within America. The Torture Debate in America captures these arguments with essays from individuals in different discipines. This volume is divided into two sections with essays covering all sides of the argument from those who embrace absolute prohibition of torture to those who see it as a viable option in the war on terror and with documents complementing the essays.
Author: Werner Binder
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Release Date: 2014-03-31
Genre: Social Science
Die Missbrauchsfälle im irakischen Abu-Ghraib-Gefängnis sorgten im Mai 2004 für weltweite Empörung. Diese Studie untersucht den amerikanischen Diskurs zu Abu Ghraib. Sie bietet eine Interpretation der Skandalfotografien und eine umfangreiche Analyse von Presseartikeln und Fernsehtranskripten (2004-2009), die erstmals die Spätfolgen des Skandals für Politik, Recht, Kunst, Populärkultur und den Folterdiskurs aufdeckt. Werner Binder schließt damit nicht nur eine Forschungslücke zu Abu Ghraib, sondern liefert zugleich einen eigenständigen Beitrag zur kultursoziologischen Theoriebildung.
For the Bush administration 9/11 started a new kind of war. In reaction to the attacks the president and his legal advisors created the term unlawful enemy combatant in addition to the Geneva Conventions' distinction of combatants and civilians. Alluding to international law, the term suggests legality and seeks to legitimize a new kind of detention, yet leading to the torture scandal and Guantanamo Bay Detention Camp. This empirical study traces the term's development throughout the first year after 9/11 and reveals the legitimation strategies for detainee treatment of the Bush administration. (Series: Studies on Peace Research / Studien zur Friedensforschung, Vol. 19) [Subject: Politics]
This book analyses and compares how the USA's liberal allies responded to the use of torture against their citizens after 9/11. Did they resist, tolerate or support the Bush Administration's policies concerning the mistreatment of detainees when their own citizens were implicated and what were the reasons for their actions? Australia, the UK and Canada are liberal democracies sharing similar political cultures, values and alliances with America; yet they behaved differently when their citizens, caught up in the War on Terror, were tortured. How states responded to citizens' human rights claims and predicaments was shaped, in part, by demands for accountability placed on the executive government by domestic actors. This book argues that civil society actors, in particular, were influenced by nuanced differences in their national political and legal contexts that enabled or constrained human rights activism. It maps the conditions under which individuals and groups were more or less likely to become engaged when fellow citizens were tortured, focusing on national rights culture, the domestic legal and political human rights framework, and political opportunities.
Author: Jamal Barnes
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Release Date: 2017-04-07
Genre: Political Science
This book examines the historical genealogy of the torture taboo. The dissonance between the absolute prohibition against torture and its widespread violation raises important questions about the torture taboo in world politics. Does the torture taboo matter? Or are political realists correct in arguing that power politics rules? Barnes argues that despite the torture taboo’s violation, it still matters, and paradoxically, its strength can be seen by studying its violation. States hide, deny, re-define and outsource their torture, as well as torture without leaving marks to avoid being stigmatised as a norm violating state. Tracing a genealogy of the torture taboo from the eighteenth to the twenty-first century Barnes shows how the taboo has developed over time, and how violations have played an important role in that development. Through six historical and contemporary case studies, it is argued that the taboo’s humanitarian pressures do not cease when states violate the norm, but continue to shape actors in unexpected ways. Building upon the constructivist norm literature that has shown how norms shape state actions and interests, the book also widens our understanding of the complex role norm violations play in international society. Making a contribution to existing public debates on the use of torture in counter-terrorism policy, it will be of great use to scholars, postgraduates and practitioners in the fields of human rights, international relations theory (in particular constructivism), security studies and international law.
Author: Thomas Jäger
Release Date: 2011-11-11
Genre: Political Science
Im Jahr 2001 hielten die Anschläge vom 11. September die Welt in Atem. Zehn Jahre danach wird mit diesem Band erstmals umfassend Bilanz gezogen, welche Wirkungen vom Terror des 11. September ausgingen. Untersucht werden Entwicklungen in verschiedenen Staaten, Auswirkungen auf die zwischenstaatlichen Beziehungen und Transformationen des gesellschaftlichen Lebens. Die Effekte auf internationale Organisationen werden ebenso analysiert wie die unterschiedlichen Wirkungen auf Öffentlichkeit, Medien, Religion und Kultur. Dabei dokumentiert der Band die tiefen Spuren, die der 11. September hinterlassen hat. Er zeichnet nach, auf welchen Gebieten zuvor schon beobachtbare Tendenzen verstärkt oder abgeschwächt wurden, aber auch, welche neuen politischen und gesellschaftlichen Entwicklungen hier erst ihren Ausgang nahmen. Die politische Kraft dieses gewalttätigen und symbolträchtigen Tages wird dabei in ihren vielen Gestalten deutlich.
Author: David Cole
Publisher: The New Press
Release Date: 2006-03-01
Genre: Political Science
Tracing the history of government intrusions on Constitutional rights in response to threats from abroad, Cole and Dempsey warn that a society in which civil liberties are sacrificed in the name of national security is in fact less secure than one in which they are upheld. A new chapter includes a discussion of domestic spying, preventive detention, the many court challenges to post-9/11 abuses, implementation of the PATRIOT ACT, and efforts to reestablish the checks and balances left behind in the rush to strengthen governmental powers.
Author: Guy Westwell
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Release Date: 2014-10-21
Genre: Performing Arts
Parallel Lines describes how post-9/11 cinema, from Spike Lee's 25th Hour (2002) to Kathryn Bigelow's Zero Dark Thirty (2012), relates to different, and competing, versions of US national identity in the aftermath of the September 11 terrorist attacks. The book combines readings of individual films (World Trade Center, United 93, Fahrenheit 9/11, Loose Change) and cycles of films (depicting revenge, conspiracy, torture and war) with extended commentary on recurring themes, including the relationship between the US and the rest of the world, narratives of therapeutic recovery, questions of ethical obligation. The volume argues that post-9/11 cinema is varied and dynamic, registering shock and upheaval in the immediate aftermath of the attacks, displaying capacity for critique following the Abu Ghraib prisoner abuse scandal mid-decade, and seeking to reestablish consensus during Obama's troubled second term of office.
Author: David Jenkins
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2014-03-18
The terrorist attacks of 9/11 precipitated significant legal changes over the ensuing ten years, a "long decade" that saw both domestic and international legal systems evolve in reaction to the seemingly permanent threat of international terrorism. At the same time, globalization produced worldwide insecurity that weakened the nation-state's ability to monopolize violence and assure safety for its people. The Long Decade: How 9/11 Changed the Law contains contributions by international legal scholars who critically reflect on how the terrorist attacks of 9/11 precipitated these legal changes. This book examines how the uncertainties of the "long decade" made fear a political and legal force, challenged national constitutional orders, altered fundamental assumptions about the rule of law, and ultimately raised questions about how democracy and human rights can cope with competing security pressures, while considering the complex process of crafting anti-terrorism measures.
Author: Michelle Brown
Publisher: NYU Press
Release Date: 2009-10-15
Genre: Social Science
Analyzes social aspects of prison, covering various theories about the role and function of punishment in society in the United States, including how the culture of imprisonment carries over into everyday life through television shows, movies, prison tourism, and other avenues, and examines the negative impact of penal spectatorship.
Author: Marvin E. Gettleman
Publisher: Open Road + Grove/Atlantic
Release Date: 2012-04-10
“The many facets of Middle Eastern history and politics are admirably represented in this far-ranging anthology” (Publishers Weekly). In this insightful anthology, historians Marvin E. Gettleman and Stuart Schaar have assembled a broad selection of documents and contemporary scholarship to give a view of the history of the peoples from the core Islamic lands, from the Golden Age of Islam to today. With carefully framed essays beginning each chapter and brief introductory notes accompanying over seventy readings, the anthology reveals the multifaceted societies and political systems of the Islamic world. Selections range from theological texts illuminating the differences between Shiite and Sunni Muslims, to diplomatic exchanges and state papers, to memoirs and literary works, to manifestos of Islamic radicals. This newly revised and expanded edition covers the dramatic changes in the region since 2005, and the popular uprisings that swept from Tunisia in January 2011 through Egypt, Libya, and beyond. The Middle East and Islamic World Reader is a fascinating historical survey of complex societies that—now more than ever—are crucial for us to understand. “Ambitious . . . A timely work, it focuses mainly on sociopolitical texts dating from the rise of Islam to the debates concerning U.S. foreign policy in the post-9/11 world.” —Choice