The Varieties of Economic Rationality

Author: Michel Zouboulakis
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317817499
Release Date: 2014-01-21
Genre: Business & Economics

The concept of economic rationality is important for the historical evolution of Economics as a scientific discipline. The common idea about this concept -even between economists- is that it has a unique meaning which is universally accepted. This new volume argues that "economic rationality" is not not a universal concept with one single meaning, and that it in fact has different, if not conflicting, interpretations in the evolution of discourse on economics. In order to achieve this, the book traces the historical evolution of the concept of economic rationality from Adam Smith to the present, taking in thinkers from Mill to Friedman, and encompassing approaches from neoclassical to behavioural economics. The book charts this history in order to reveal important instances of conceptual transformation of the meaning of economic rationality. In doing so, it presents a uniquely detailed study of the historical change of the many faces of the homo oeconomicus .

Democracy and an Open Economy World Order

Author: George C. Bitros
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319521688
Release Date: 2017-04-27
Genre: Political Science

The essays in this volume explore several key issues facing democracies today. They discuss the dilemma of how to protect civil liberties and individual freedoms in the light of external threats and assess the policies adopted by governments in this area. The book also addresses the question of how free, exactly, free markets should be in an economy in order to secure social peace, before going on to highlight the rudiments of the model of social market economy, as applied in Germany. It examines the problem of the democratic and legitimacy deficits that beset European integration and suggests reforms for a more democratic European Union. Last but not least, by looking back in history, they provide evidence and propose policies for the revitalization of institutions in present-day democracies. The book is of considerable interest to researchers and students in economics and political science, as well as to readers who wish to gain insights into the thorny social issues involved.

Essays in Contemporary Economics

Author: George C. Bitros
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319100432
Release Date: 2014-11-27
Genre: Business & Economics

This book is a collection of original essays grouped into four parts under the headings “Greece and European integration,” “Issues in the Methodology of Economics,” “Institutions and the Free Market Economy,” and “Insights for Today from Ancient Greece.” The essays appeal to both researchers in the corresponding fields of knowledge and also to policy makers who are looking for ideas and approaches to confront present day challenges. In particular, given the present state of turmoil in the European Union, the international economy, and democracies in general, most of the essays offer new insights for economic and social policies.

The German Historical School and European Economic Thought

Author: José Luís Cardoso
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317378808
Release Date: 2015-10-30
Genre: Business & Economics

The financial crisis of 2008 has revived interest in economic scholarship from a historical perspective. The most in depth studies of the relationship between economics and history can be found in the work of the so-called German Historical School (GHS). The influence of the GHS in the USA and Britain has been well documented, but far less has been written on the rest of Europe. This volume studies the interconnection between economic thought and economic policy from the mid-nineteenth century to the interwar period. It examines how the School’s ideas spread and was interpreted in different European countries between 1850 and 1930, analysing its legacies in these countries. In doing so, the book is able to trace the interconnection between economic thought and economic policy, adding new voices to the debate on the diffusion of ideas and flow of knowledge. This book identifies issues related to topics such as nationalism and cosmopolitanism in the history of ideas and clarifies themes in policy making that are still currently debated. These include monetary policy and benefits of free trade for all parties involved in international exchanges. This book will be of a great interest to those who study history of economic thought, economic theory and political economy.

Open Economics

Author: Richard Arena
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781134045686
Release Date: 2009-06-02
Genre: Business & Economics

Economics has developed into one of the most specialised social sciences. Yet at the same time, it shares its subject matter with other social sciences and humanities and its method of analysis has developed in close correspondence with the natural and life sciences. This book offers an up to date assessment of economics in relation to other disciplines. This edited collection explores fields as diverse as mathematics, physics, biology, medicine, sociology, architecture, and literature, drawing from selected contributions to the 2005 Annual Conference of the European Society for the History of Economic Thought (ESHET). There is currently much discussion at the leading edges of modern economics about openness to other disciplines, such as psychology and sociology. But what we see here is that economics has drawn on (as well as contributed to) other disciplines throughout its history. In this sense, in spite of the increasing specialisation within all disciplines, economics has always been an open discipline and the chapters in this volume provide a vivid illustration for this. Open Economics is a testament to the intellectual vibrancy of historical research in economics. It presents the reader with a historical introduction to the disciplinary context of economics that is the first of its kind, and will appeal to practising economists and students of the discipline alike, as well as to anybody interested in economics and its position in the scientific and social scientific landscape.

The Moralization of the Markets

Author: Nico Stehr
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412815878
Release Date: 2011-12-31
Genre: Political Science

Nothing affects the modern economy (and society) more than decisions made in the market place, especially, but not only, decisions made by consumers. Although it is not startling to suggest that decisions made in production are affected by choices consumers make, consumers have long been viewed, not only by academic economists, as individual, isolated rational actors that make or refrain from purchases purely on the basis of narrow financial considerations. Markets are not and never were morally neutral. Market relations have always had an often taken-for-granted moral underpinning. The moralization of the markets refers to the dissolution and replacement of the conventional moral underpinnings of market conduct, for example, in the music market, financial markets, and corporate governance. It further implies not only the heightened importance of new ethical precepts, but the significant change in the role of moral ideals in market behavior. These profound transformations of economic conduct are accompanied and co-determined by societal conflicts. The moralization of markets represents thus a new stage in the social evolution of markets. The book is divided into four parts, in which the twelve chapters, written by contributors from different social science disciplines, deal with the context of the moralization of the markets; the major social institutions; and present case studies that examine European and American attitudes and behavior towards tobacco and GMO; expansion of the private and ethics in business; and how workers respond to the new corporate norms. This volume will be of interest to sociologists, economists, social scientists, and the general consumer alike.

Allgemeine Theorie der Besch Ftigung des Zinses und des Geldes

Author: John Maynard Keynes
Publisher: Duncker & Humblot
ISBN: 9783428529124
Release Date: 2009-01-01
Genre: Business & Economics

"Die Lektüre von Keynes' Hauptwerk bereitete bisher gewisse Probleme. Das lag zum einen an der Organisation des Stoffes [...]. Der zweite Grund war die deutsche Übersetzung. Dass es besser geht, beweisen [...] Jürgen Kromphardt, Gründer der deutschen Keynes-Gesellschaft und ein früherer Wirtschaftsweiser, und Stephanie Schneider. Sie haben unzeitgemäße Ausdrücke ersetzt, die den Zugang zum Werk erschwert hatten, und sie besserten allerhand Übersetzungsfehler aus. [...] Also liest sich die neue Ausgabe leichter. Zudem bietet sie ein deutsch-englisches Lexikon volkswirtschaftlicher Begriffe und ein Symbolverzeichnis. Sie ist ein echter Gewinn." Reinhard Blomert, in: DIE ZEIT, März 2007Die neue 11. Auflage soll die Lesbarkeit von Keynes' Hauptwerk weiter erhöhen und sein Verständnis erleichtern. Deshalb wurde die Übersetzung erneut überarbeitet; außerdem wird von uns der Aufbau des Buches erläutert, damit der Stellenwert der einzelnen Kapitel und die Zusammenhänge zwischen ihnen leichter erkennbar werden.Jürgen Kromphardt und Stephanie Schneider

Gewalt und Gesellschaftsordnungen

Author: Douglass Cecil North
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 3161505905
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Political Science

English summary: This book integrates the problem of violence in societies in a larger historical and social science context, showing how economic and political behaviour are closely linked. Most societies limit violence by political manipulation of the economy to create privileged interests. Privileges limit the use of violence by powerful individuals, but hinder both economic and political development of such natural states . In contrast, modern societies are characterized by open access to economic and political organizations, thereby fostering political and economic competition (democracy and markets) and general development. Douglass C. North, John Joseph Wallis, and Barry R. Weingast provide a framework for understanding the two types of orders and show in which ways a number of countries have achieved the transition between them. German description: Alle Gesellschaften mussen sich mit der Moglichkeit wie der Realitat von Gewalt auseinandersetzen; sie tun das auf unterschiedliche Art. Douglass C. North, John Joseph Wallis und Barry R. Weingast stellen das Problem der Gewalt in einen grosseren sozialwissenschaftlichen und historischen Zusammenhang und zeigen, wie eng wirtschaftliches und politisches Verhalten verbunden sind. Die meisten aus der Geschichte bekannten Gesellschaften, von den Autoren als naturliche Staaten bezeichnet, begrenzen Gewaltanwendung vorbeugend, indem sie durch politische Einflussnahme auf die Wirtschaftstatigkeit privilegierte Interessen schaffen. Diese Privilegien reduzieren den Einsatz von Gewalt von Seiten machtiger Einzelner; es wird auf diese Weise jedoch die wirtschaftliche ebenso wie die politische Entwicklung solcher Staaten behindert. Denn fur die grosse Mehrheit der Nicht-Privilegierten ist der Zugang zu Politik und Wirtschaft dadurch beschrankt.Im Unterschied hierzu schaffen moderne Gesellschaften Zugangsfreiheit zu wirtschaftlichen und politischen Organisationen (Unternehmen, Markten, Parlamenten, hoheitlichen Einrichtungen) und fordern damit den politischen wie den wirtschaftlichen Wettbewerb und somit die gesellschaftliche Entwicklung. Das Buch bietet ein gedankliches Gerust zum Verstandnis der zwei Typen von Gesellschaftsordnungen, die es an historischen Beispielen von der romischen Antike bis ins 19. Jahrhundert veranschaulicht. Anhand dieses Konzepts wird erklart, wieso Gesellschaften mit Zugangsfreiheit sowohl politisch wie wirtschaftlich hoher entwickelt sind und auf welche Weise seit dem 19. Jahrhundert rund 25 Lander den Ubergang vom einen Typus zum anderen geschafft haben.

The Origin of Wealth

Author: Eric D. Beinhocker
Publisher: Random House Business Books
ISBN: IND:30000109304539
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Complexity (Philosophy)

A new economics for the new economy: how science and economics are being brought together.

Economic Theories

Author: B. N. Ghosh
Publisher:
ISBN: NWU:35556034024588
Release Date: 2001
Genre: Economics

The basic desideratum of the present volume is to threadbare the fundamental theories of economics and their evolutionary trajectory in a simplified way devoid of verbosity and rigmarole. The traces of economic theories have been analysed with reference to, inter alia, their methodological foundations and historical genesis. Past and present theories have been categorised under taxonomical schema into major schools to properly appreciate and differentiate their respective contributions. The historicity of some of the important micro and macro theories have depicted in a very precise way so as to keep the subject well within the area of bounded rationality of the average reader. The final part of the study briefly recapitulates the contemporary issues and changes in macro and monetary economics, and also the substantive development in development economics. It is believed that this little volume will enable the readers to have a bird's eye view of the broad panorama of economic theories both past and present. B.N. Ghosh, PhD (India), M.CIM (UK), GFCR (Harvard), is currently a Professor of Economics, Eastern Mediterranean University, North Cyprus. A specialist in Human resource Development and Political Economy, he has published extensively in refereed journals. His books are published, among others, by Arnold Heinemann, Longman, Macmillan, Routledge, Nova Science Publications of New York, Ashgate Publishing and Wisdom House of England. He has undertaken short-term consultancies for various organizations including the University Grants Commission and the United Nations Development Programme. Professor Ghosh is the Director (Hon.) of the Centre for the Study of Human Development in Leeds (England), and the Editor of International Journal of Human Development, Leeds (England). Professor Ghosh's research has ranged over a number of areas including political economy, human resource development, economics, sociology, and anthropology. Some of his recent publications include: Global Financial Crises and Reforms (ed.), (Routledge, London and New York, 2001); Privatisation: The ASEAN Connection (Nova Science Publications, New York, 2000); Gandhian Political Economy (Ashgate Publishing, London, 2006); Contemporary Issues in Development Economics (Routledge, London and New York); Economic Theories: Past and Present (Wisdom House, England, 2001); Contemporary Issues in Modern Macroeconomic Management ((Wisdom House, England, 2005) and Globalization and the Third World (co-ed.), (Macmillan, London and New York. 2006). Professor Ghosh is the recipient of the Emerald Award (UK) for 2005.