Theory and Methods in Sociology

Author: John Hughes
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 9781137111609
Release Date: 2007-09-11
Genre: Social Science

This book offers a guide to sociology that explores its theoretical and methodological dimensions. Aiming to provide the reader with a sense of the reasoned character of the discipline, it traces how different theories and methods relate to one another, exploring the particular problems they spawn and the debates that have arisen in response.

Knowledge and the Social Sciences

Author: David Goldblatt
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0415329752
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Social Science

Is knowledge what counts in today's society? How does knowledge shape social change? Do we trust experts less now than in the past? How do we decide which knowledge counts and which experts to trust? Knowledge and the Social Sciences: Theory, Method, Practice looks at the role of the social sciences in explaining and exploring what has been called the explosion of knowledge in the contemporary world. It takes as its starting point the claim that all forms of knowledge, including the social sciences, must be understood in their social context. It argues that the social sciences both describe and transform what they study and introduces students to some of the key concepts and arguments that are essential for further study in the social sciences. In a radical and practical introduction to ways of thinking and knowing in the social sciences, this text investigates the origins and consequences of different types of knowledge in areas of social change both in everyday thinking and in more academic fields, in medical science, religious belief systems and the environment and political responses to environmental change. These issues are explored in th context of the emergence of what has

Theory and Method

Author: Mel Churton
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 9781137021632
Release Date: 2009-11-27
Genre: Social Science

Knowledge of theory is essential to study, but it often seems quite abstract and distant from the 'real world'. Research methods, on the other hand, are strategies that allow us to gather evidence from the people around us to help explain social phenomena. This book explores these two key areas and shows new sociologists how they can understand, appreciate and use both theory and method. Written with student needs firmly in mind, this new edition begins by exploring the most important theories and debates that are essential to understanding sociology. It then goes on to examine the concepts, techniques and trends in research methods, and explains how these link back to theory. Whilst continuing to cover traditional ideas, debates and methodologies, the book has also been updated to address recent thinking and research techniques. It explains how sociologists have responded to contemporary developments in sociology, including postmodernists' views on science, and introduces contemporary research techniques, such as cyberethnography. Exploring the basics of quantitative and qualitative methods, and explaining how to choose the right method, the book combines practical and theoretical coverage throughout. Part of the Skills-Based Sociology series, Theory and Method 2e continues to encourage an active approach to learning. Each chapter uses a variety of tasks, activities and practice questions that promote critical thinking and develop interpretation, analysis and evaluation skills. It is an invaluable guide for those learning about theory and research for the first time.

A Brief Introduction to Social Work Theory

Author: David Howe
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 9780230365247
Release Date: 2009-05-29
Genre: Social Science

Learning about social work theory is a bit like hot air ballooning – it's about looking at the world from above and going on a voyage of discovery to find out what guides social work practice. In 25 clearly labelled chapters, this book explains and discusses social work theory in a crisp, clear and accessible way. Whether you're a student, a newly qualified social worker or a 'seasoned' professional you will find plenty in this book to inform, enlighten and refresh you. Written by David Howe, one of the top British writers in social work, his simple, easy-to-read style makes this text ideal for quick reference in lectures, on placement or in practice. A Brief Introduction to Social Work Theory manages to be both compact and comprehensive. You will return to this 'can't live without it' text time and time again.

Introduction to Gender

Author: Jennifer Marchbank
Publisher: Pearson Education
ISBN: 1405858443
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Social Science

"Introduction to Gender "offers a broad, multidisciplinary introduction to the themes and debates within gender studies, interweaving theory with application. Comprehensive and highly topical in its scope it explores gender through the disciplines of history, sociology, social policy, anthropology, psychology, politics, pedagogy and geography. The authors also interrogate the gendered aspects of 8 issues including health and illness, work and leisure, and culture and media to provide a truly interdisciplinary insight into the role of gender in every aspect of life. Each chapter highlights the importance of studies on masculinity alongside a substantial body of feminist work, offering a genuinely integrated and cutting-edge investigation of gender studies. Main Features A logical thematic structure provides a clear exploration of each debate without losing sight of the interconnections between disciplines. The book is divided into three sections; Part I providing an introduction to the gendered approach, Part II exploring each of the 8 disciplines one-by-one and Part III offering a more complex discussion of gender within 8 topical issues including sex and sexuality, and violence and resistance. "World in Focus "and international case studies offer a broad global perspective on gender studies A broad array of in-text features and student exercises, including "Controversies, Critical Look "and "Stop and Think," allow the reader to engage in the debates and revise the material covered Hotlinks throughout the text make explicit connections between chapters, highlighting the interconnections between disciplines, and allowing the reader to follow the path of particular issues and debates between topics "Introduction to Gender" is an essential introductory textbook for Gender Studies across the disciplinary spectrum, particularly in Sociology, Women's Studies and Men's Studies, as well as more broadly across the Social Sciences and humanities. Jennifer Marchbank is Director of Explorations in Arts and Social Sciences at Simon Fraser University in Canada Gayle Letherby is Professor of Sociology in the School of Law and Social Science at the University of Plymouth Contributing Authors: Gill Valentine and Nicola Wood, Department of Geography, University of Leeds Katherine Johnson, School of Applied Social Science, University of Brighton Lorraine Nencel, Department of Social Research Methodology, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam ""This is an innovative and exciting new textbook which manages to be both scholarly and accessible, looking at gender in interesting and thought-provoking ways, across a range of disciplines and issues. Wide in scope, but also very thorough, it is suitable for those interested in gender across the social sciences and humanities"" " " Victoria Robinson, University of Sheffield ""A superb introduction to the study of gender providing a comprehensive and accessible overview of key debates from a social science perspective. For students encountering the academic analysis of gender for the first time, this text will prove an invaluable resource"" " " Rachel Alsop, University of Hull "

Naturalizing Critical Realist Social Ontology

Author: Tuukka Kaidesoja
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781135014179
Release Date: 2013-07-18
Genre: Social Science

This important book provides detailed critiques of the method of transcendental argumentation and the transcendental realist account of the concept of causal power that are among the core tenets of the bhaskarian version of critical realism. Kaidesoja also assesses the notions of human agency, social structure and emergence that have been advanced by prominent critical realists, including Roy Bhaskar, Margaret Archer and Tony Lawson. The main line of argument in this context indicates that the uses of these concepts in critical realism involve ambiguities and problematic anti-naturalist presuppositions. As a whole, these arguments are intended to show that to avoid these ambiguities and problems, critical realist social ontology should be naturalized. This not only means that transcendental arguments for ontological doctrines are firmly rejected and the notion of causal power interpreted in a non-transcendental realist way. Naturalization of the critical realist social ontology also entails that many of the core concepts of this ontology should be modified so that attention is paid to the ontological presuppositions of various non-positivist explanatory methods and research practices in the current social sciences as well as to new approaches in recent cognitive and neurosciences. In addition of providing a detailed critique of the original critical realism, the book develops a naturalized version of the critical realist social ontology that is relevant to current explanatory practices in the social sciences. In building this ontology, Kaidesoja selectively draws on Mario Bunge’s systemic and emergentist social ontology, William Wimsatt’s gradual notion of ontological emergence and some recent approaches in cognitive science (i.e. embodied, situated and distributed cognition). This naturalized social ontology rejects transcendental arguments in favor of naturalized arguments and restricts the uses of the notion of causal power to concrete systems, including social systems of various kinds. It is also compatible with a naturalized version of scientific realism as well as many successful explanatory practices in the current social sciences. By employing the conceptual resources of this ontology, Kaidesoja explicates many of the basic concepts of social ontology and social theory, including social system, social mechanism, social structure, social class and social status.

Sociology and Social Practice

Author: Niko Yahiel
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781483149974
Release Date: 2013-10-22
Genre: Social Science

Sociology and Social Practice: A Sociological Analysis of Contemporary Social Processes and Their Interrelationship with Science reviews the interaction of sociological knowledge and social practice, with emphasis on the role of the practical functions of sociological science in the various spheres of society. This treatise examines from the sociological standpoint some fundamental problems that have arisen in the process of building the new society in Bulgaria and how science can help solve these problems. This book is comprised of 10 chapters organized into three sections. After an introduction to the theoretical aspects of the relationship between sociological knowledge and social practice (political practice and policy-making in particular), the discussion turns to some topical and interrelated problems such as the scientific and technical revolution; the intellectualization of social practice; the intensification of socio-economic development; the efficiency of science; and the essence of the multiplier approach. The last section explores some key problems of science as a social institution and includes chapters that discuss the scientific manpower potential in Bulgaria; scientific-information activity; and the scientific community as a collective subject of scientific activity. This monograph will be useful to sociologists and social scientists.

Theory and Practice in Sociology

Author: Ian Marsh
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317904847
Release Date: 2014-05-12
Genre: Social Science

Theory and Practise in Sociology provide's students with a comprehensive, clear and accessible introduction to the main methods of research and the main theoretical approaches in sociology, and help's them examine the relationship between methods and theory.

Power and Everyday Practices

Author: Deborah Rose Brock
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9780176502034
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Equality

Power and Everyday Practices is a unique, contributed text: one that takes up sociological theory and methods in the approachable context of everyday objects and practices primarily through Foucaultian and Marxist lenses. Rather than focusing first on abstract concepts, many of the chapters are organized around a familiar everyday activity for students, which engages the students and seeks to "trouble" their normative assumptions about the everyday world (for example, the chapter on coffee examines how our everyday activity of drinking coffee is linked to global economic relations and inequalities). This text uniquely focuses on "unpacking the centre" rather than concentrating on the margins (as an example, rather than focus on people of colour, the chapter on whiteness unpacks how whiteness works to occupy the centre and thus reproduce privilege). Students are asked to explore not only why questions but also how questions; to make visible not only why things are as they are, but how they have come to be historically, socially, and culturally organized. Deftly edited by Brock, Raby, and Thomas, a group of renowned Canadian sociologists have gathered to write a perfect core text for undergraduate and graduate courses on the subject of power and inequality.

Making Sense of Social Theory

Author: Charles H. Powers
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0742530477
Release Date: 2004-01-01
Genre: Social Science

In this short introductory sociology textbook, Powers (anthropology and sociology, Santa Clara U.) aims to provide a conceptual and historical map of the discipline, explain some of its major theoretical principles, and demonstrate the links between research and theory. He offers chapters on Durkhei

An Introduction to Social Work Theory

Author: David Howe
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1857421388
Release Date: 1987-01
Genre: Social Science

Social workers need to recognize the critical role that theory plays both in the way they make sense of what is going on and in the way they order their work. Such recognition clarifies practice for both the worker and the client. This classic text provides a framework to help social workers develop an understanding of the theories which inescapably underpin their thoughts and actions. The result is a stimulating guide to social work theory which is proven to help social workers both to understand their practices and to practise in a disciplined and imaginative way.

The Rules of Sociological Method

Author: Emile Durkheim
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 9781439118375
Release Date: 2014-02-25
Genre: Social Science

Revised for the first time in over thirty years, this edition of Emile Durkheim’s masterful work on the nature and scope of sociology is updated with a new introduction and improved translation by leading scholar Steven Lukes that puts Durkheim’s work into context for the twenty-first century reader. The Rules of Sociological Method represents Emile Durkheim’s manifesto for sociology. He argues forcefully for the objective, scientific, and methodological underpinnings of sociology as a discipline and establishes guiding principles for future research. The substantial new introduction by leading Durkheim scholar Steven Lukes explains and sets into context Durkheim’s arguments. Lukes examines the still-controversial debates about The Rules of Sociological Method’s six chapters and explains their relevance to present-day sociology. The edition also includes Durkheim’s subsequent thoughts on method in the form of articles, debates with scholars from other disciplines, and letters. The original translation has been revised and reworked in order to make Durkheim’s arguments clearer and easier to read. This is an essential resource for students and scholars hoping to deepen their understanding of one of the pioneering voices in modern sociology and twentieth-century social thought.

Social Science Theories in Adult Education Research

Author: Agnieszka Bron
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 3825857875
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Education

The relationship between adult education research and theory is one of tension. On the one hand, there are several empirical studies carried out without any theoretical guidance. On the other hand, there is theorizing and theory building taking place without any empirical support. Social Science Theories in Adult Education Research, the third volume of the Bochum Studies in International Adult Education series, pleads for the importance of the combination of empirical and theoretical work in a symbiotic way. Good empirical studies need theoretical guidance and good theory building needs a solid empirical basis; thus the book explores and displays the most often used theories and theoretical perspectives in adult education research in the last decade within the European discourse and analyzes their potentials for adult education research. The chapters presented in this volume have a more or less similar underlying structure. They display the most important contours of the theory or perspective in question; they analyze and discuss the relation to adult education research, focusing on examples of other researcher's work; and they give an outlook on what can be expected of the respective paradigm's in the future.

Critically Reading the Theory and Methods of Archaeology

Author: Guy Gibbon
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780759123427
Release Date: 2013-09-12
Genre: Social Science

Critically Reading the Theory and Methods of Archaeology stands out as the most thorough and practical guide to the essential critical reading and writing skills that all students, instructors, and practitioners should have. It provides priceless insight for the here and now of the Theory and Methods of Archaeology classes and for a lifetime of reading, learning, teaching, and writing. Chapters focus on rigorous reasoning skills, types of argument, the main research orientations in archaeology, the basic procedural framework that underlies all schools of archaeology, and issues in archaeology raised by skeptical postmodernists.

Approaches to Sociology RLE Social Theory

Author: John Rex
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317652526
Release Date: 2014-08-21
Genre: Social Science

These essays, commissioned by John Rex, reflect the state of sociology in Britain today. Leading representatives of the diverse ‘schools’ provide lucid accounts of their own particular approaches to this complex discipline and in doing so demonstrate the techniques described. Topics covered include the empirical study of stratification, social evolution, survey techniques, mathematical sociology, systems theory, phenomenological approaches, Weberian sociology, structuralism, contemporary Marxism, and the development of theory after Talcott Parsons.