Thermodynamics in Materials Science Second Edition

Author: Robert DeHoff
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849340659
Release Date: 2006-03-13
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Thermodynamics in Materials Science, Second Edition is a clear presentation of how thermodynamic data is used to predict the behavior of a wide range of materials, a crucial component in the decision-making process for many materials science and engineering applications. This primary textbook accentuates the integration of principles, strategies, and thermochemical data to generate accurate “maps” of equilibrium states, such as phase diagrams, predominance diagrams, and Pourbaix corrosion diagrams. It also recommends which maps are best suited for specific real-world scenarios and thermodynamic problems. The second edition yet. Each chapter presents its subject matter consistently, based on the classification of thermodynamic systems, properties, and derivations that illustrate important relationships among variables for finding the conditions for equilibrium. Each chapter also contains a summary of important concepts and relationships as well as examples and sample problems that apply appropriate strategies for solving real-world problems. The up-to-date and complete coverage ofthermodynamic data, laws, definitions, strategies, and tools in Thermodynamics in Materials Science, Second Edition provides students and practicing engineers a valuable guide for producing and applying maps of equilibrium states to everyday applications in materials sciences.

Introduction to the Thermodynamics of Materials Sixth Edition

Author: David R. Gaskell
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781498757010
Release Date: 2017-08-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Maintaining the substance that made Introduction to the Thermodynamic of Materials a perennial best seller for decades, this Sixth Edition is updated to reflect the broadening field of materials science and engineering. The new edition is reorganized into three major sections to align the book for practical coursework, with the first (Thermodynamic Principles) and second (Phase Equilibria) sections aimed at use in a one semester undergraduate course. The third section (Reactions and Transformations) can be used in other courses of the curriculum that deal with oxidation, energy, and phase transformations. The book is updated to include the role of work terms other than PV work (e.g., magnetic work) along with their attendant aspects of entropy, Maxwell equations, and the role of such applied fields on phase diagrams. There is also an increased emphasis on the thermodynamics of phase transformations and the Sixth Edition features an entirely new chapter 15 that links specific thermodynamic applications to the study of phase transformations. The book also features more than 50 new end of chapter problems and more than 50 new figures.

Grain Boundary Migration in Metals

Author: Gunter Gottstein
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439858998
Release Date: 2011-06-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering

A major goal of materials science is to create new engineering materials and optimize their cost and performance. Understanding how adjacent materials behave at their borders is an essential part of this process. Grain boundaries are the longest-known crystal defects, but although they were discovered in the mid-eighteenth century, until quite recently, we did not understand them very well. Even now, scientists are still searching for the best ways to comprehensively characterize a material’s microstructure—and accurately predict its evolution and behavior. Fills the gap between the physics of grain boundary motion and its engineering practicality Like the popular first edition, Grain Boundary Migration in Metals: Thermodynamics, Kinetics, Applications, Second Edition focuses extensively on the thermodynamics, kinetics, and applications involved with individual grain boundary migration in metals. However, this new volume adds a decade’s worth of new developments in research and methods. It offers an up-to-date overview of current knowledge of the grain boundary migration process, and it details how migration influences microstructural evolution, including the recrystallization process and the creation of new materials. The authors rely on well-defined geometry and crystallography to address key topics such as grain growth, textures, and the properties and behavior of grain boundaries, particularly the nonlinear interaction of boundary elements. This invaluable second edition: Covers the latest techniques and computer simulations used in the study of single-grain boundary motion and grain boundary systems with junctions Provides the latest experimental data of grain boundary free volume measurements and offers the first measurements of grain boundary junction line tension Includes new problems with solutions As a solid foundation on which you can build your understanding of the migration phenomenon, this book should be required reading for researchers in areas such as interface physics and materials science of microstructure evolution and property control. It will also be vastly useful to any professional engaged in metals production and/or the heat treatment of metals and alloys.

Ceramic Materials

Author: C. Barry Carter
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461435235
Release Date: 2013-01-04
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Ceramic Materials: Science and Engineering is an up-to-date treatment of ceramic science, engineering, and applications in a single, comprehensive text. Building on a foundation of crystal structures, phase equilibria, defects, and the mechanical properties of ceramic materials, students are shown how these materials are processed for a wide diversity of applications in today's society. Concepts such as how and why ions move, how ceramics interact with light and magnetic fields, and how they respond to temperature changes are discussed in the context of their applications. References to the art and history of ceramics are included throughout the text, and a chapter is devoted to ceramics as gemstones. This course-tested text now includes expanded chapters on the role of ceramics in industry and their impact on the environment as well as a chapter devoted to applications of ceramic materials in clean energy technologies. Also new are expanded sets of text-specific homework problems and other resources for instructors. The revised and updated Second Edition is further enhanced with color illustrations throughout the text.

Advanced Batteries

Author: Robert Huggins
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387764245
Release Date: 2008-11-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Storage and conversion are critical components of important energy-related technologies. "Advanced Batteries: Materials Science Aspects" employs materials science concepts and tools to describe the critical features that control the behavior of advanced electrochemical storage systems. This volume focuses on the basic phenomena that determine the properties of the components, i.e. electrodes and electrolytes, of advanced systems, as well as experimental methods used to study their critical parameters. This unique materials science approach utilizes concepts and methodologies different from those typical in electrochemical texts, offering a fresh, fundamental and tutorial perspective of advanced battery systems. Graduate students, scientists and engineers interested in electrochemical energy storage and conversion will find "Advanced Batteries: Materials Science Aspects" a valuable reference.

Fundamentals of Materials Science for Technologists

Author: Larry Horath
Publisher: Waveland Press
ISBN: 9781478635185
Release Date: 2017-03-17
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Horath effectively combines principles and theory with practical applications to provide a solid understanding of the characteristics of materials used in today’s machines, devices, structures, and consumer products. Straightforward, nonmathematical coverage uncovers the basic premises of materials science and mechanical behavior as they relate to all types of materials: ferrous and nonferrous metals; polymers and elastomers; wood and wood products; ceramics and glass; cement, concrete, and asphalt; composites; adhesives and coatings; and fuels and lubricants. An examination of the chemistry of materials illuminates the common properties important to material applications and how they may be created, reduced, and altered for the design and development of additional materials. Clearly written with an applied, problem-solving approach, the Second Edition is a sound introduction to materials technology. Strong coverage of the destructive and nondestructive evaluation of material properties builds the groundwork for inspection processes and testing techniques, such as tensile, creep, compression, shear, bend or flexure, hardness, impact, and fatigue. Laboratory assignments support the text with numerous hands-on exercises that develop skills in industry-sanctioned testing procedures, data collection, reporting and graphing, and determining additional appropriate tests. Additional supplementary resource materials for instructors and students are available for download here.

Materials Characterization

Author: Yang Leng
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527670796
Release Date: 2013-08-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Now in its second edition, this continues to serve as an ideal textbook for introductory courses on materials characterization, based on the author's experience in teaching advanced undergraduate and postgraduate university students. The new edition retains the successful didactical concept of introductions at the beginning of chapters, exercise questions and an online solution manual. In addition, all the sections have been thoroughly revised, updated and expanded, with two major new topics (electron backscattering diffraction and environmental scanning electron microscopy), as well as fifty additional questions - in total about 20% new content. The first part covers commonly used methods for microstructure analysis, including light microscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission and scanning electron microscopy, as well as scanning probe microscopy. The second part of the book is concerned with techniques for chemical analysis and introduces X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy, fluorescence X-ray spectroscopy and such popular surface analysis techniques as photoelectron and secondary ion mass spectroscopy. This section concludes with the two most important vibrational spectroscopies (infra-red and Raman) and the increasingly important thermal analysis. The theoretical concepts are discussed with a minimal involvement of mathematics and physics, and the technical aspects are presented with the actual measurement practice in mind. Making for an easy-to-read text, the book never loses sight of its intended audience.

Introduction to the Thermodynamics of Materials Sixth Edition

Author: David R. Gaskell
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781498757034
Release Date: 2017-08-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Maintaining the substance that made Introduction to the Thermodynamic of Materials a perennial best seller for decades, this Sixth Edition is updated to reflect the broadening field of materials science and engineering. The new edition is reorganized into three major sections to align the book for practical coursework, with the first (Thermodynamic Principles) and second (Phase Equilibria) sections aimed at use in a one semester undergraduate course. The third section (Reactions and Transformations) can be used in other courses of the curriculum that deal with oxidation, energy, and phase transformations. The book is updated to include the role of work terms other than PV work (e.g., magnetic work) along with their attendant aspects of entropy, Maxwell equations, and the role of such applied fields on phase diagrams. There is also an increased emphasis on the thermodynamics of phase transformations and the Sixth Edition features an entirely new chapter 15 that links specific thermodynamic applications to the study of phase transformations. The book also features more than 50 new end of chapter problems and more than 50 new figures.

Computational Thermodynamics of Materials

Author: Zi-Kui Liu
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521198967
Release Date: 2016-06-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Integrates fundamental concepts with experimental data and practical applications, including worked examples and end-of-chapter problems.

Materials Thermodynamics

Author: Hae-Geon Lee
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9789813108257
Release Date: 2012-02-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book is the expanded edition of the first book entitled “Chemical Thermodynamics for Metals and Materials.” This new version presents thermodynamics of materials with emphasis on the chemical approach, and is thus suitable for students in materials science and metallurgical engineering, as well as related fields such as chemical engineering and physical chemistry. Sample Chapter(s) Chapter 1: Introduction (50 KB) Chapter 2: The First Law of Thermodynamics (56 KB) Chapter 3: The Second Law of Thermodynamics (56 KB) Request Inspection Copy

Fundamentals of Metallurgical Processes

Author: Lucien Coudurier
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781483162409
Release Date: 2013-10-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Fundamentals of Metallurgical Processes, Second Edition reviews developments in the design, control, and efficiency of metallurgical processes. Topics covered include thermodynamic functions and solutions as well as experimental and bibliographical methods, heterogeneous reactions, metal extraction, and iron and steelmaking. This book is comprised of eight chapters and begins with an overview of the fundamentals of thermodynamics (functions, relationships, and behavior of solutions), followed by a discussion on methods of obtaining thermodynamic data from tables and graphs and by experiment. The kinetics of heterogeneous reactions in metallurgy are examined next, with particular reference to heterogeneous catalysis and mass transfer between immiscible liquid phases. The following chapters focus on the extraction of metals from oxides, sulfides, and halides; the production of iron and steel; the structure and properties of slags; slag/metal reactions; and equilibria in iron and steel production. The final chapter consists entirely of solved problems. This monograph will be of interest to metallurgists and materials scientists.

Structure of Materials

Author: Marc De Graef
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139560474
Release Date: 2012-11-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This highly readable, popular textbook for upper undergraduates and graduates comprehensively covers the fundamentals of crystallography and symmetry, applying these concepts to a large range of materials. New to this edition are more streamlined coverage of crystallography, additional coverage of magnetic point group symmetry and updated material on extraterrestrial minerals and rocks. New exercises at the end of chapters, plus over 500 additional exercises available online, allow students to check their understanding of key concepts and put into practice what they have learnt. Over 400 illustrations within the text help students visualise crystal structures and more abstract mathematical objects, supporting more difficult topics like point group symmetries. Historical and biographical sections add colour and interest by giving an insight into those who have contributed significantly to the field. Supplementary online material includes password-protected solutions, over 100 crystal structure data files, and Powerpoints of figures from the book.

Thermodynamics

Author: Jurgen M. Honig
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780124201101
Release Date: 2013-12-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Thermodynamics is a self-contained analysis of physical and chemical processes based on classical thermodynamic principles. Emphasis is placed on the fundamental principles with a combination of theory and practice, demonstrating their application to a variety of disciplines. This edition has been completely revised and updated to include new material and novel formulations, including new formulation and interpretation of The Second Law, discussions of heat vs. work, uniqueness of chemical potential, and construction of functions of state. This book will appeal to graduate students and professional chemists and physicists who wish to acquire a more sophisticated overview of thermodynamics and related subject matter. Clear explanations of abstract theoretical concepts Complete revision and update, including novel formulations not described elsewhere Exhaustive coverage of graphical, numerical, and analytical computational techniques The latest applications in science and engineering