Author: Maegan Parker Brooks
Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi
Release Date: 2014-04-30
Genre: Social Science
A sharecropper, a warrior, and a truth-telling prophet, Fannie Lou Hamer (1917–1977) stands as a powerful symbol not only of the 1960s black freedom movement, but also of the enduring human struggle against oppression. A Voice That Could Stir an Army is a rhetorical biography that tells the story of Hamer’s life by focusing on how she employed symbols— images, words, and even material objects such as the ballot, food, and clothing—to construct persuasive public personae, to influence audiences, and to effect social change. Drawing upon dozens of newly recovered Hamer texts and recent interviews with Hamer’s friends, family, and fellow activists, Maegan Parker Brooks moves chronologically through Hamer’s life. Brooks recounts Hamer’s early influences, her intersection with the black freedom movement, and her rise to prominence at the 1964 Democratic National Convention. Brooks also considers Hamer’s lesser-known contributions to the fight against poverty and to feminist politics before analyzing how Hamer is remembered posthumously. The book concludes by emphasizing what remains rhetorical about Hamer’s biography, using the 2012 statue and museum dedication in Hamer’s hometown of Ruleville, Mississippi, to examine the larger social, political, and historiographical implications of her legacy. The sustained consideration of Hamer’s wide-ranging use of symbols and the reconstruction of her legacy provided within the pages of A Voice That Could Stir an Army enrich understanding of this key historical figure. This book also demonstrates how rhetorical analysis complements historical reconstruction to explain the dynamics of how social movements actually operate.
Author: Lee Sartain
Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi
Release Date: 2013-03-05
Genre: Social Science
As a border city Baltimore made an ideal arena to push for change during the civil rights movement. It was a city in which all forms of segregation and racism appeared vulnerable to attack by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People's methods. If successful in Baltimore, the rest of the nation might follow with progressive and integrationist reforms. The Baltimore branch of the NAACP was one of the first chapters in the nation and was the largest branch in the nation by 1946. The branch undertook various forms of civil rights activity from 1914 through the 1940s that later were mainstays of the 1960s movement. Nonviolent protest, youth activism, economic boycotts, marches on state capitols, campaigns for voter registration, and pursuit of anti-lynching cases all had test runs. Remarkably, Baltimore's NAACP had the same branch president for thirty-five years starting in 1935, a woman, Lillie M. Jackson. Her work highlights gender issues and the social and political transitions among the changing civil rights groups. In Borders of Equality, Lee Sartain evaluates her leadership amid challenges from radicalized youth groups and the Black Power Movement. Baltimore was an urban industrial center that shared many characteristics with the North, and African Americans could vote there. The city absorbed a large number of black economic migrants from the South, and it exhibited racial patterns that made it more familiar to Southerners. It was one of the first places to begin desegregating its schools in September 1954 after the Brown decision, and one of the first to indicate to the nation that race was not simply a problem for the Deep South. Baltimore's history and geography make it a perfect case study to examine the NAACP and various phases of the civil rights struggle in the twentieth century
Author: Klaus P. Fischer
Publisher: A&C Black
Release Date: 2007-05-30
Numerous studies on various aspects of the issues of the 1960s have been written over the past 35 years, but few have so successfully integrated the many-sided components into a coherent, synthetic, and reliable book that combines good storytelling with sound scholarly analysis.
The Encyclopedia of Civil Rights in America is a comprehensive, well-organized reference source on the human rights and civil liberties that are legally recognized in the United States. Presented in three volumes, the 677 entries address civil rights issues from a variety of perspectives, such as race, gender, age, medical status or conditions, physical and mental challenges, group membership, religion, and many others. The practical A-Z format makes it especially helpful for students to navigate the enormous amount of information that exists on this important topic.
The repressive climate of racial hatred in America that spawned the 1960s civil rights movement also galvanized a generation of bold, persuasive, driven leaders who embodied the qualities of servant leadership. In a time of conflict, turmoil, and tragedy, these passionate and committed African Americans emerged to lead a generation from the cruelties of segregation to the revolution of civil rights reform. Beginning with the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court case, Servants of the People follows the lives of eight leaders--figures such as A. Philip Randolph, Adam Clayton Powell Jr., Fannie Lou Hamer, and Ella Baker--who willingly risked their lives for their cause. This revised edition also reflects on the dramatic changes in the African American political landscape since its initial publication, and expands its scope to include more of the women whose efforts were crucial to the success of the civil rights movement.
Ursula Krechel schreibt hier über zwanzig wegbereitende Frauen aus Kunst und Wissenschaft, deren Namen wir zwar kennen, die starken Lebensgeschichten dahinter aber zu wenig. Wer könnte uns diese besser erzählen als sie? In höchstem Maße eindrucksvoll ist es zu sehen, wie hier eine Dichterin über Schriftstellerinnen, Künstlerinnen und eine Wissenschaftlerin schreibt: Ursula Krechel, das hat sie bewiesen, weiß zu erzählen, und sie erzählt mit unverhohlener Leidenschaft, was diesen Frauen widerfahren ist - und kluge Frauen haben, wenn sie sich nicht verstecken wollen, selten ein leichtes Leben. Diesen Gang gelebten Lebens bringt uns die erfahrene Lyrikerin Ursula Krechel in überraschenden und konzentrierten Formulierungen nahe, und so entstehen essayistische Arbeiten, in denen uns auch die uns scheinbar vertrauten Schriftstellerinnen so gegenüber treten, dass wir uns dem Dringlichen ihrer Existenz und ihres Werkes nicht entziehen können, aber auch nicht wollen. Alle diese Frauen standen in ihrem Willen, sich zu behaupten und zu erkunden, was sie in sich und der Welt entdeckten, an einem Anfang, der jene, die nach ihnen kamen, im Weitergehen bestärkte.