Pesticides in Stream Sediment and Aquatic Biota

Author: Lisa H. Nowell
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439822700
Release Date: 1999-12-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering

More than 20 years after the ban of DDT and other organochlorine pesticides, pesticides continue to be detected in air, rain, soil, surface water, bed sediment, and aquatic and terrestrial biota throughout the world. Recent research suggests that low levels of some of these pesticides may have the potential to affect the development, reproduction, and behavior of fish and wildlife, and possibly humans. Pesticides in Stream Sediment and Aquatic Biota: Distribution, Trends, and Governing Factors assesses the occurrence and behavior of pesticides in bed sediment and aquatic biota-the two major compartments of the hydrologic system where organochlorine pesticides are most likely to accumulate. This book collects, for the first time, results from several hundred monitoring studies and field experiments, ranging in scope from individual sites to the entire nation. Comprehensive tables provide concise summaries of study locations, pesticides analyzed, and study outcomes. Comprehensive and extensively illustrated, Pesticides in Stream Sediment and Aquatic Biota: Distribution, Trends, and Governing Factors evaluates the sources, environmental fate, geographic distribution, and long-term trends of pesticides in bed sediment and aquatic biota. The book focuses on organochlorine pesticides, but also assesses the potential for currently used pesticides to be found in bed sediment and aquatic biota. Topics covered in depth include the effect of land use on pesticide occurrence, mechanisms of pesticide uptake and accumulation by aquatic biota, and the environmental significance of observed levels of pesticides in stream sediment and aquatic biota.

Monitoring Human Tissues for Toxic Substances

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309044370
Release Date: 1991-02-01
Genre: Science

The National Human Monitoring Program (NHMP) identifies concentrations of specific chemicals in human tissues, including toxicologic testing and risk assessment determinations. This volume evaluates the current activities of the NHMP; identifies important scientific, technical, and programmatic issues; and makes recommendations regarding the design of the program and use of its products.

Toxic Chemicals

Author: Katherine Iritani
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 0756703239
Release Date: 2000-08-01
Genre:

Over the past decade, advances in laboratory technology have provided new tools for measuring a broad range of chemicals in human tissues -- tools that can help researchers & health officials assess how much of a chemical has been absorbed in the body & provide more accurate measure. of exposure to relate to potential health risks. This report reviews efforts to collect & use such information at both the state & Federal levels. It: determines the extent to which state & Federal agencies -- in particular, HHS & EPA -- collect human exposure data on potentially harmful chemicals, including data to identify at-risk populations; & identifies the barriers hindering further progress in such efforts.

Basic water monitoring program

Author: United States. Standing Work Group on Water Monitoring
Publisher:
ISBN: MINN:31951P010923289
Release Date: 1977
Genre: Technology & Engineering


A Twenty First Century U S Water Policy

Author: Juliet Christian-Smith
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199939381
Release Date: 2012-07-02
Genre: Political Science

It is zero hour for a new US water policy! At a time when many countries are adopting new national approaches to water management, the United States still has no cohesive federal policy, and water-related authorities are dispersed across more than 30 agencies. Here, at last, is a vision for what we as a nation need to do to manage our most vital resource. In this book, leading thinkers at world-class water research institution the Pacific Institute present clear and readable analysis and recommendations for a new federal water policy to confront our national and global challenges at a critical time. What exactly is at stake? In the 21st century, pressures on water resources in the United States are growing and conflicts among water users are worsening. Communities continue to struggle to meet water quality standards and to ensure that safe drinking water is available for all. And new challenges are arising as climate change and extreme events worsen, new water quality threats materialize, and financial constraints grow. Yet the United States has not stepped up with adequate leadership to address these problems. The inability of national policymakers to safeguard our water makes the United States increasingly vulnerable to serious disruptions of something most of us take for granted: affordable, reliable, and safe water. This book provides an independent assessment of water issues and water management in the United States, addressing emerging and persistent water challenges from the perspectives of science, public policy, environmental justice, economics, and law. With fascinating case studies and first-person accounts of what helps and hinders good water management, this is a clear-eyed look at what we need for a 21st century U.S. water policy.

Biological Assessment and Criteria

Author: Wayne S. Davis
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0873718941
Release Date: 1995-03-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Biological Assessment and Criteria presents a state-of-the-art overview of the applications of biological assessments and biocriteria for water quality management in fresh waters. The book presents case studies which illustrate how bioassessment has been used to identify and diagnose water quality problems. It also provides examples of the use of qualitative and quantitative biocriteria as regulatory tools to complement water quality criteria and standards. The first book to present the technical foundation, rationale, program and policy relevance, and legal basis for the most accurate tools used to assess freshwater natural resource and regulatory efforts, this book provides useful and timely information for water quality managers.

Animals as Sentinels of Environmental Health Hazards

Author: Committee on Animals as Monitors of Environmental Hazards
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309594899
Release Date: 1991-01-15
Genre: Science

Studying animals in the environment may be a realistic and highly beneficial approach to identifying unknown chemical contaminants before they cause human harm. Animals as Sentinels of Environmental Health Hazards presents an overview of animal-monitoring programs, including detailed case studies of how animal health problems--such as the effects of DDT on wild bird populations--have led researchers to the sources of human health hazards. The authors examine the components and characteristics required for an effective animal-monitoring program, and they evaluate numerous existing programs, including in situ research, where an animal is placed in a natural setting for monitoring purposes.

Animals as Sentinels of Environmental Health Hazards

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309040464
Release Date: 1991-02-01
Genre: Science

Studying animals in the environment may be a realistic and highly beneficial approach to identifying unknown chemical contaminants before they cause human harm. Animals as Sentinels of Environmental Health Hazards presents an overview of animal-monitoring programs, including detailed case studies of how animal health problems--such as the effects of DDT on wild bird populations--have led researchers to the sources of human health hazards. The authors examine the components and characteristics required for an effective animal-monitoring program, and they evaluate numerous existing programs, including in situ research, where an animal is placed in a natural setting for monitoring purposes.

September 11

Author: Cynthia A. Bascetta
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9781437902716
Release Date: 2008-07
Genre:

Following the World Trade Center (WTC) attack, federal funding was provided to government agencies and private organizations to establish programs for screening, monitoring, or treating responders for illnesses and conditions related to the WTC disaster. Federal funds appropriated or awarded for the WTC health programs from Oct. 2001 through Nov. 2007 have totaled $261.1 million. NIOSH has awarded the bulk of the funding. These funds were provided for screening and monitoring services, outpatient and inpatient treatment, and program support. This report identifies the changes that NIOSH made for FY 2008 and to determine whether these changes represent an improvement. Charts and tables.