Monitoring Human Tissues for Toxic Substances

Author: Committee on National Monitoring of Human Tissues
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309564274
Release Date: 1991-01-15
Genre: Science

The National Human Monitoring Program (NHMP) identifies concentrations of specific chemicals in human tissues, including toxicologic testing and risk assessment determinations. This volume evaluates the current activities of the NHMP; identifies important scientific, technical, and programmatic issues; and makes recommendations regarding the design of the program and use of its products.

Pesticides in Stream Sediment and Aquatic Biota

Author: Lisa H. Nowell
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439822700
Release Date: 1999-12-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering

More than 20 years after the ban of DDT and other organochlorine pesticides, pesticides continue to be detected in air, rain, soil, surface water, bed sediment, and aquatic and terrestrial biota throughout the world. Recent research suggests that low levels of some of these pesticides may have the potential to affect the development, reproduction, and behavior of fish and wildlife, and possibly humans. Pesticides in Stream Sediment and Aquatic Biota: Distribution, Trends, and Governing Factors assesses the occurrence and behavior of pesticides in bed sediment and aquatic biota-the two major compartments of the hydrologic system where organochlorine pesticides are most likely to accumulate. This book collects, for the first time, results from several hundred monitoring studies and field experiments, ranging in scope from individual sites to the entire nation. Comprehensive tables provide concise summaries of study locations, pesticides analyzed, and study outcomes. Comprehensive and extensively illustrated, Pesticides in Stream Sediment and Aquatic Biota: Distribution, Trends, and Governing Factors evaluates the sources, environmental fate, geographic distribution, and long-term trends of pesticides in bed sediment and aquatic biota. The book focuses on organochlorine pesticides, but also assesses the potential for currently used pesticides to be found in bed sediment and aquatic biota. Topics covered in depth include the effect of land use on pesticide occurrence, mechanisms of pesticide uptake and accumulation by aquatic biota, and the environmental significance of observed levels of pesticides in stream sediment and aquatic biota.

Monitoring Human Tissues for Toxic Substances

Author: Committee on National Monitoring of Human Tissues
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309564274
Release Date: 1991-01-15
Genre: Science

The National Human Monitoring Program (NHMP) identifies concentrations of specific chemicals in human tissues, including toxicologic testing and risk assessment determinations. This volume evaluates the current activities of the NHMP; identifies important scientific, technical, and programmatic issues; and makes recommendations regarding the design of the program and use of its products.

Ecology of Estuaries

Author: Michael J. Kennish
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0849380413
Release Date: 1991-11-19
Genre: Science

Ecology of Estuaries represents the most definitive and comprehensive source of reference information available on the human impact on estuarine ecosystems. The volume discusses both acute and insidious pollution problems plaguing these coastal ecotones. It also provides a detailed examination of the deleterious and pervasive effects of human activities on biotic communities and sensitive habitat areas in estuaries. Specific areas covered include organic loading, oil pollution, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, chlorinated hydrocarbons, heavy metals, dredging and dredged-spoil disposal, radionuclides, as well as other contaminants and processes. The diverse components of these anthropogenic influences are assembled in an organized framework and presented in a clear and concise style that facilitates their understanding.

Basic water monitoring program

Author: United States. Standing Work Group on Water Monitoring
Publisher:
ISBN: MINN:31951P010923289
Release Date: 1977
Genre: Technology & Engineering


Responsible Research

Author: Committee on Assessing the System for Protecting Human Research Participants
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309084888
Release Date: 2003-01-06
Genre: Medical

When 18-year-old Jesse Gelsinger died in a gene transfer study at the University of Pennsylvania, the national spotlight focused on the procedures used to ensure research participants' safety and their capacity to safeguard the well-being of those who volunteer for research studies. Responsible Research outlines a three-pronged approach to ensure the protection of every participant through the establishment of effective Human Research Participant Protection Programs (HRPPPs). The approach includes: Improved research review processes, Recognition and integration of research participants' contributions to the system, and Vigilant maintenance of HRPPP performance. Issues addressed in the book include the need for in-depth, complimentary reviews of science, ethics, and conflict of interest reviews; desired qualifications for investigators and reviewers; the process of informed consent; federal and institutional oversight; and the role of accreditation. Recommendations for areas of key interest include suggestions for legislative approaches, compensation for research-related injury, and the refocusing of the mission of institutional review boards. Responsible Research will be important to anyone interested in the issues that are relevant to the practice of using human subjects as research participants, but especially so to policy makers, research administrators, investigators, and research sponsors - but also including volunteers who may agree to serve as research participants.

Toxic Chemicals

Author: Katherine Iritani
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 0756703239
Release Date: 2000-08-01
Genre:

Over the past decade, advances in laboratory technology have provided new tools for measuring a broad range of chemicals in human tissues -- tools that can help researchers & health officials assess how much of a chemical has been absorbed in the body & provide more accurate measure. of exposure to relate to potential health risks. This report reviews efforts to collect & use such information at both the state & Federal levels. It: determines the extent to which state & Federal agencies -- in particular, HHS & EPA -- collect human exposure data on potentially harmful chemicals, including data to identify at-risk populations; & identifies the barriers hindering further progress in such efforts.