Author: Rivers, R.W.
Publisher: Charles C Thomas Publisher
Release Date: 2011-09-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering
This expanded and updated third edition continues to be an essential reference volume in regards to the principles and techniques of traffic crash investigation. One of the most important phases of any investigation into a traffic crash is that which is conducted at the scene. The traffic crash investigator must be aware of his or her responsibilities and know how to properly fulfill them from the time of being advised of a crash to the time the report is completed based on the on-scene investigation. This manual sets out in detail the requisites for a properly conducted crash investigation by delineating the types of evidence to look for and how to recognize, interpret, gather, and record evidence such as skid marks, yaw marks, roadway and vehicle marks and damages, and environmental, human, and mechanical factors. Only by understanding the principles presented in the text will the objectives of a traffic crash investigation be met: what happened, where the crash occurred, why the crash occurred, and who was involved. The manual covers in both written and illustrative form those situations that confront the investigator conducting a technical crash investigation. An important introduction to scientific speed analysis based on thorough at-scene investigation is provided. Mathematical equations and examples are completed in both the United States or Imperial and metric (S.I.) measurement systems. The book is generously illustrated and substantial appendices provide helpful mathematical tables. This invaluable resource will meet the needs of law enforcement officers, insurance adjusters and investigators, private investigators, lawyers, judges, legal investigators, and instructors and students involved in cadet or advanced traffic crash investigation programs. This new edition will be appreciated by all those charged with the responsibility for investigating traffic crashes, interpreting data, and presenting evidence based on sound analysis.
Author: R. W. Rivers
Release Date: 1995
Many traffic "accidents" are someone's fault. Some are intended, while others can be foreseen. It is the traffic accident investigator's role to determine, through the gathering of evidence and an analysis of circumstances, that which is an accident and that which is not. This manual launches the trainee on the road to the scientific approach to determining which incident falls into what category. The text clearly outlines the steps to be taken when the report of a traffic accident is received, travelling to the scene, the at-scene investigation, and any follow-up investigation that.
Author: Donald E. Struble, Ph.D.
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2013-09-24
Automotive Accident Reconstruction: Practices and Principles introduces techniques for gathering information and interpreting evidence, and presents computer-based tools for analyzing crashes. This book provides theory, information and data sources, techniques of investigation, an interpretation of physical evidence, and practical tips for beginners. It also works as an ongoing reference for experienced reconstructionists. The book emphasizes three things: the theoretical foundation, the presentation of data sources, and the computer programs and spread sheets used to apply both theory and collected data in the reconstruction of actual crashes. It discusses the specific requirements of reconstructing rollover crashes, offers background in structural mechanics, and describes how structural mechanics and impact mechanics are applied to automobiles that crash. The text explores the treatment of crush energy when vehicles collide with each other and with fixed objects. It delves into various classes of crashes, and simulation models. The framework of the book starts backward in time, beginning with the analysis of post-crash vehicle motions that occurred without driver control. Applies time-reverse methods, in a detailed and rigorous way, to vehicle run-out trajectories, utilizing the available physical evidence Walks the reader through a collection of digital crash test data from public sources, with detailed instructions on how to process and filter the information Shows the reader how to build spread sheets detailing calculations involving crush energy and vehicle post-crash trajectory characteristics Contains a comprehensive treatment of crush energy This text can also serve as a resource for industry professionals, particularly with regard to the underlying physics.
Author: Kenneth S. Baker
Publisher: Northwestern Univ Center for public
Release Date: 2001-01-01
Genre: Political Science
This textbook edition is a collection of the most important techniques and definitions essential for developing an accurate picture of motor vehicle collisions. This textbook is intended to aid investigators by providing them with necessary techniques for collecting information to save lives and reduce monetary losses due to automobile collisions. It is the culmination of 73 years of progressive development of a body of information on systematic traffic-accident investigation. The book contains multiple illustrations, diagrams, and sketches showing the various aspects of data collection and interpretation. The information collected in a collision investigation is used by administrators to make the highway transportation system safer, as data show that motor vehicle collisions kill more Americans between the ages of 1 and 19 than any other cause. This book contains 11 chapters covering the subjects of preparation for traffic collision investigation, information from and about people, information from vehicles, information from roads, measuring and mapping the collision scene, photographing the collision scene and damaged vehicles, lamp examination for "on" or "off" in vehicle collisions, tire examination after motor vehicle collisions, photogrammetry for collision analysis, understanding vehicle behavior in collisions, and highway/rail grade crossing collision investigation. In conclusion, it is noted that this book will contribute to the improvement of the investigation of motor vehicle related collisions, the prosecution and defense of those related to such events, and the protection of the public welfare.
Author: James M. Green
Publisher: Trafford Publishing
Release Date: 2001
Bicycle Accident Reconstruction for the Forensic Engineer describes the methodology for reconstructing bicycle and pedestrian accidents. Of particular interest is analysis of light, signation and conspicuity on the reconstruction of all types of accidents.
Author: Ian Graham
Publisher: Capstone Classroom
Release Date: 2013-07-01
Genre: Health & Fitness
Describes the science and technology concepts used by investigators in determining the cause of an accident, including information on speed and velocity, forces and energy, antilock breaking systems, and biomechanics
Author: R. Matthew Brach
Release Date: 2011
Engineering and accident reconstruction consultants Brach and Brach present this text on the methods of vehicle accident reconstruction with the goal of raising the analytical level of accident reconstruction practice such that commonly known scientific, engineering, and mathematical methods become a more common part of the field.
Author: Robert W. Rivers
Publisher: Charles C Thomas Pub Limited
Release Date: 2001
This manual has been designed to help traffic accident investigators and reconstructionists meet the high standard of performance and expertise necessary to determine vehicle lamp status for “on” and “off” conditions at the time of a vehicle collision. Each chapter provides clear definitions of and statements about the topics it contains, with graduated commentary arranged so as to present a natural development and understanding of the chapter subject matter. A number of working hypotheses using examples and photographs are provided to assist the examining technician or analyst in the interpretation of items of evidence that might be presented. The text discusses examining the vehicle for exhibits, the precautions that must be taken in collecting and preserving evidence, lamp identif-ication and analysis, hot and cold shock analysis, packaging and transferring exhibits to the forensic science laboratory, and the mistakes that are inherent in investigations and how to avoid them. In addition, the application of physics and vehicle behavior in relation to lamp damages is thoroughly discussed. The book has been written in a clear and concise style that is further enhanced by the liberal use of illustrations. It has been designed not only for use as a handy reference manual but also to be of assistance as a training manual for use in police training schools that include lamp examination as part of their curriculum. In addition, the text will be useful and practical for investigators, forensic technicians, attorneys, insurance investigators, and judges.
This book is a set of new skills written for the managers that drive safety in their workplace. This is Human Performance theory made simple. If you are starting a new program, revamping an old program, or simply interested in understanding more about safety performance, this guide will be extremely helpful.