Author: David J. Kwiatkowski
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2011-08-24
The only comprehensive overview of the molecular basis and clinical features of the genetic disorder tuberous sclerosis, which affects approximately 50,000 people in the US alone. Special focus is placed on novel insights into the signal transduction pathways affected by the disease as well as genotype phenotype correlations, while existing and potential therapies are also discussed in depth. The editors are leading experts in research and treatment of the disease as well as the Vice President of the Tuberous Sclerosis Alliance, the only voluntary health organization for TSC in the US.
Author: Homa Adle-Biassette
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2018-04-30
A definitive, clinically oriented guide to the pathology of genetics of developmental neuropathology Developmental neuropathology relates to the wide range of disorders affecting the developing brain or pre- and post-natal life, with emphasis on the genetic and molecular mechanisms involved. This book provides a practical guide to diagnosing and understanding these disorders affecting this vulnerable population and potentially stimulates further advances in this exciting area. It also addresses the controversies in inflicted head injury in infants. The fourth major title to be approved by the International Society of Neuropathology (ISN), Developmental Neuropathology offers in-depth chapter coverage of brain development; chromosomal changes; malformations; secondary malformations and destructive pathologies; developmental vascular disorders; acquired metabolic and exogenous toxins; metabolic disorders; Rett syndrome and autism; and infectious diseases. The text provides: Clinical, disease-oriented approach to the pathology and genetics developmental neuropathology Fuses classical and contemporary investigative approaches Includes genetic and molecular biological pathogeneses Fully illustrated Approved and endorsed by International Society of Neuropathology Developmental Neuropathology is the perfect book for practicing neuropathologists, pediatric pathologists, general pathologists, neurologists, and geneticists in deciphering the pathology and pathogenesis of these complex disorders affecting the nervous system of the embryo, fetus, and child.
Over the last four decades, breakthroughs in genetic knowledge, together with the emergence of disciplines devoted to the scientific study of developmental disorders have resulted in much greater awareness of the many different behavioural and genetic phenotypes involved. It is now evident that not only do different disorders have different causes and different manifestations, but different neurological and biochemical bases, different responses to intervention, and different life courses. Reflecting the enormous changes that have taken place in our knowledge and understanding of developmental disorders, this groundbreaking international volume brings this vast and complex field together for the first time. The Editors have collected together the world's leading academic scholars and clinicians, to explore how current research across a range of different disciplines can inform clinical practice and help to improve the lives of individuals and their families.
Author: Randi Jenssen Hagerman
Publisher: Oxford University Press (UK)
Release Date: 2014
This cutting-edge book brings advances in genetics, neurobiology, and psychopharmacology to the clinic to enhance treatment for neurodevelopmental disorders. Significant progress has been made in identifying the neurobiological mechanisms of several disorders and targeted treatments are modifying the outcome of these disorders. However, the ability to utilize this knowledge has not been summarized in one place for the practicing clinician. This book will fill that gap by providing the theoretical underpinnings and the latest advances in targeted treatments. Several neurodevelopmental disorders are reviewed in detail including clinical features and behavioral phenotypes, standard treatments and new targeted treatments based on the latest advances in neurobiology and the animal model studies that have led to new treatments. The disorders covered include psychiatric disorders: schizophrenia, depression, autism and ADHD; single gene disorders including Tuberous Sclerosis, Fragile X Syndrome and fragile X- associated disorders, Angelman Syndrome, PKU, and Muscular Dystrophies; and complex genetic disorders such as Down syndrome. This book also highlights the commonalities across disorders and new genetic and molecular concepts in an easy to read format. This is a very exciting time for new targeted treatments and this volume is a landmark treatise on this new age of treatment.
Author: M. Lynn Lamoreux
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2010-03-05
Serving the needs of pigment cell biologists, cellular physiologists, developmental geneticists, researchers interested in melanoma and more, this new book showcases a blend of new technologies and new insights in the field of pigmantary genetics of mice, with comparative information on other animals. Graduate students can learn here the terminology and scope of the field, and animal fanciers can discover the genetics behind common color variants of mammals. The book is hailed for being written by four of the premier scientists in the field. These authors aim to present the molecular /cellular work in the context of phenotype and the interacting functions of genes that direct the development and function of one biological system. For other researchers, the depth of genetic knowledge on the pigmantary system makes it a valuable model for the study of other systems.
Molecules to Medicine with mTOR: Translating Critical Pathways into Novel Therapeutic Strategies is a one-stop reference that thoroughly covers the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR). mTOR, also known as the mammalian target of rapamycin, is a 289-kDa serine/threonine protein kinase that is ubiquitous throughout the body and has a critical role in gene transcription and protein formation, stem cell development, cell survival and senescence, aging, immunity, tissue regeneration and repair, metabolism, tumorigenesis, oxidative stress, and pathways of programmed cell death that include apoptosis and autophagy. Incorporating a translational medicine approach, this important reference highlights the basic cellular biology of mTOR pathways, presents the role of mTOR during normal physiologic function and disease, and illustrates how the mechanisms of mTOR can be targeted for current and future therapeutic treatment strategies. Coverage of mTOR signaling includes the entire life cycle of cells that impacts multiple systems of the body including those of nervous, cardiovascular, immune, musculoskeletal, endocrine, reproductive, renal, and respiratory origin. Covers the role of mTOR by internationally recognized expert contributors in the field. Provides a clear picture of the complexity of mTOR signaling as well as of the different approaches that could target this pathway at various levels. Includes analysis of the role of mTOR and in both health and disease. Serves as an important resource for a broad audience of healthcare providers, scientists, drug developers, and students in both clinical and research settings.
Author: Paolo Curatolo
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2003-01-10
"This is clearly the most authoritative and contemporary statement of current knowledge yet published." from the Foreword by H. Sarnat Tuberous sclerosis is the prototype of a category of malformations uniquely characterized by disturbances in cellular differentiation and growth. It presents with a complex association of different neurological phenotypes, including seizures, cognitive impairments and autism. It is important not only because it is a relatively common hereditary neurological disease with high morbidity, but because it has implications in other pathological processes, such as dysplasia and neoplasia, hamartoma formation and other disturbances in morphogenic processes. This book correlates new genetic data and basic science, covers clinical presentation, reviews the historical background and current diagnostic criteria, and deals with the recent advances in neuropathology, molecular genetics and neurobiology which give a better understanding of the pathogenesis of the disease. Paediatricians and child neurologists will find this book uniquely useful.
Author: Manuel Rodriguez Gomez
Release Date: 2013-10-22
Genre: Health & Fitness
Neurocutaneous Diseases is a systematic presentation limited to diseases that affect both of the nervous system and skin of humans. Neurologists and dermatologist will find knowledge of these diseases of real clinical value. Many of the diseases described in these pages do not affect the skin and nervous system simultaneously. Many of these diseases, mostly not well understood, may stimulate new lines of scientific inquiry, for understanding of a pathologic change in easily accessible dermal cells that promises to clarify a more recondite brain disease. This book is organized into five main parts. The chapters describe different types of diseases including those with autosomal dominant inheritance, those with autosomal recessive inheritance, those with x-linked inheritance, those with unknown or multiple inheritance and congenital and vascular anomalies. These diseases include neurofibromatosis, Cockayne's Syndrome, adrenoleukodystrophy, albinism and neurocutaneous melanosis. This book will be of interest to dermatologists and neurologists.
Author: Richard P. Lifton
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2009-02-25
Genetic approaches have revolutionized our understanding of the fundamental causes of human disease by permitting the identification of specific genes in which variation causes or contributes to susceptibility to, or protection from, disease. More than 2,000 disease genes have been identified in the last 20 years, providing important new insight into the pathophysiology of diseases in every field of medicine. Genetic Diseases of the Kidney offers expert insight into the role of genetic abnormalities in the pathogenesis of abnormal kidney function and kidney disease. Genetic abnormalities are carefully presented within the appropriate physiologic context so that readers will understand not only which genes are linked to which diseases but also which pathways lead from a genetic “disturbance” to the systemic appearance of disease. * Lays the essential foundation of mammalian genetics principles for medical professionals with little or no background in genetics * Analyzes specific renal diseases – both monogenic disorders confined to the kidney and systemic diseases with renal involvement – and explains their genetic causes *World-renowned editors and authors offer expert frameworks for understanding the links between genes and complex clinical disorders (i.e., lupus, diabetes, HIV, and hypertension)
Author: Monica P. Islam
Release Date: 2015-11-09
Neurocutaneous Syndromes provides the most updated and comprehensive resource on the disorders that lead to the growth of tumors in various parts of the body, those caused by the abnormal development of cells in an embryo and characterized by the presence of tumors in various parts of the body and eyes, including the nervous system, and by certain differences in the skin. The most common neurocutaneous syndromes include, neurofibromatosis, Sturge-Weber syndrome, tuberous sclerosis, ataxia-telangiectasia, and von Hippel-Lindau disease. Symptoms vary widely and while present early may not express until later in life. As molecular medicine and genetic science is continuing to impact our understanding of neurocutaneous syndromes, this book also includes the latest molecular and genetic science. Provides a comprehensive coverage of neurocutaneous syndromes Details the latest molecular and genetic science related to neurocutaneous syndromes Presents a focused reference for clinical practitioners and the neuroscience, clinical neurology, and neurogenetics research communities Includes updated sections on the latest molecular and genetic science
Author: Adekunle M. Adesina
Release Date: 2016-10-03
This text was created to fill a void in the practice of pediatric neuropathology. It is a practical and well-illustrated book representing a collection of interesting, common and unusual tumors for a diagnostic exercise by the reader. The wide reception of the first edition by the pathology community is testament to its relevance and utility in the pathologic diagnosis of pediatric brain tumors. This edition covers topics ranging from neuroimaging, the use of crush and touch preps during intraoperative consultation, classic histological features of pediatric brain tumors, tumor variants, and a miscellaneous group of challenging tumors. Chapters consist of essential diagnostic information and features highlighting recognized variants and their differential diagnoses. A section on molecular pathology and electron microscopy is also included for each tumor category, along with a list of classic reviews and innovative articles on each of the tumor entities as suggested reading at the end of each chapter. Atlas of Pediatric Brain Tumors, Second Edition represents the state of the art in pediatric neuropathology with easy utility beside the microscope.
Author: William Abramovits
Release Date: 2016-04-28
Highlighting the available evidence base, this books is the most authoritative manual for clinicians based upon the risks and benefits of the procedure across all indications with special emphasis on a comprehensive review of the many skin lesions amenable to treatment with cryosurgery Practical and yet comprehensive in outlook, in this a group of international authorities in all aspects of cryosurgery and cryotherapy present the most comprehensive clinically relevant reference for practicing dermatology physicians.
Author: Richard Tidball Johnson
Release Date: 2006
Neurologists present their own experiences and step-by-step guidelines on the management and treatment of specific disorders affecting the nervous system. Diagnosis, epidemiology, and pathophysiology are discussed only when they affect treatment strategies and decisions. Treatment algorithms and patient resource information complement each chapter.
"Princess Katie is a happy, lively little girl--but she has challenges in life. She goes to the doctor a lot, and to the hospital, too. The other princes and princesses in the kingdom don't seem to need this much medical attention... so, Katie wonders, why does she?"--Page  of cover.
The Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences, Second Edition develops from the first edition, covering all areas of neurological sciences through over 1000 entries focused on a wide variety of topics in neurology, neurosurgery, psychiatry and other related areas of neuroscience. The contributing authors represent all aspects of neurology from many viewpoints and disciplines to provide a complete overview of the field. Entries are designed to be understandable without detailed background knowledge in the subject matter, and cross-referencing and suggested further reading lead the reader from a basic knowledge of the subject to more advanced understanding. The easy-to-use 'encyclopedic-dictionary' format of the Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences, Second Edition features alphabetic entries, extensive cross-referencing, and a thorough index for quick reference. The wealth of information provided by these four volumes makes this reference work a trusted source of valuable information for a wide range of researchers, from undergraduate students to academic researchers. Provides comprehensive coverage of the field of neurological science in over 1,000 entries in 4 volumes "Encyclopedic-dictionary" format provides for concise, readable entries and easy searching Presents complete, up-to-date information on 32 separate areas of neurology Entries are supplemented with extensive cross-referencing, useful references to primary research articles, and an extensive index