Turbulent Combustion Modeling

Author: Tarek Echekki
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400704127
Release Date: 2010-12-25
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Turbulent combustion sits at the interface of two important nonlinear, multiscale phenomena: chemistry and turbulence. Its study is extremely timely in view of the need to develop new combustion technologies in order to address challenges associated with climate change, energy source uncertainty, and air pollution. Despite the fact that modeling of turbulent combustion is a subject that has been researched for a number of years, its complexity implies that key issues are still eluding, and a theoretical description that is accurate enough to make turbulent combustion models rigorous and quantitative for industrial use is still lacking. In this book, prominent experts review most of the available approaches in modeling turbulent combustion, with particular focus on the exploding increase in computational resources that has allowed the simulation of increasingly detailed phenomena. The relevant algorithms are presented, the theoretical methods are explained, and various application examples are given. The book is intended for a relatively broad audience, including seasoned researchers and graduate students in engineering, applied mathematics and computational science, engine designers and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) practitioners, scientists at funding agencies, and anyone wishing to understand the state-of-the-art and the future directions of this scientifically challenging and practically important field.

Modeling and Simulation of Turbulent Combustion

Author: Santanu De
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789811074103
Release Date: 2017-12-12
Genre: Science

This book presents a comprehensive review of state-of-the-art models for turbulent combustion, with special emphasis on the theory, development and applications of combustion models in practical combustion systems. It simplifies the complex multi-scale and nonlinear interaction between chemistry and turbulence to allow a broader audience to understand the modeling and numerical simulations of turbulent combustion, which remains at the forefront of research due to its industrial relevance. Further, the book provides a holistic view by covering a diverse range of basic and advanced topics—from the fundamentals of turbulence–chemistry interactions, role of high-performance computing in combustion simulations, and optimization and reduction techniques for chemical kinetics, to state-of-the-art modeling strategies for turbulent premixed and nonpremixed combustion and their applications in engineering contexts.

Turbulent Combustion Modeling

Author: Tarek Echekki
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9400734778
Release Date: 2013-01-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Turbulent combustion sits at the interface of two important nonlinear, multiscale phenomena: chemistry and turbulence. Its study is extremely timely in view of the need to develop new combustion technologies in order to address challenges associated with climate change, energy source uncertainty, and air pollution. Despite the fact that modeling of turbulent combustion is a subject that has been researched for a number of years, its complexity implies that key issues are still eluding, and a theoretical description that is accurate enough to make turbulent combustion models rigorous and quantitative for industrial use is still lacking. In this book, prominent experts review most of the available approaches in modeling turbulent combustion, with particular focus on the exploding increase in computational resources that has allowed the simulation of increasingly detailed phenomena. The relevant algorithms are presented, the theoretical methods are explained, and various application examples are given. The book is intended for a relatively broad audience, including seasoned researchers and graduate students in engineering, applied mathematics and computational science, engine designers and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) practitioners, scientists at funding agencies, and anyone wishing to understand the state-of-the-art and the future directions of this scientifically challenging and practically important field.

Advanced Turbulent Combustion Modeling for Gas Turbine Application

Author: Andrea Donini
Publisher: Andrea Donini
ISBN: 9789038636191
Release Date:
Genre:

In spite of the increasing presence of renewable energy sources, fossil fuels will remain the primary supply of the world's energy needs for the upcoming future. Modern gas-turbine based systems represent one of the most efficient large-scale power generation technology currently available. Alongside this, gas-turbine power plants operate with very low emissions, have flexible operational characteristics and are able to utilize a broad range of fuels. It is expected that gas-turbine based plants will play an important role as an effective means of converting combustion energy in the future as well, because of the vast potential energy savings. The numerical approach to the design of complex systems such as gas-turbines has gained a continuous growth of interest in the last few decades. This because simulations are foreseen to provide a tremendous increase in the combustor efficiency, fuel-flexibility and quality over the next future. In this dissertation, an advanced turbulent combustion technique is implemented and progressively developed for the simulation of all the features that are typically observed in stationary gas-turbine combustion, including hydrogen as a fuel. The developed turbulent combustion model retains most of the accuracy of a detailed simulation while drastically reducing its computational time. As a result of this work, the advancement of power generation plants can be accelerated, paving the way for future developments of alternative fuel usage in a cleaner and more efficient combustion.

Turbulent Combustion

Author: Norbert Peters
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139428063
Release Date: 2000-08-15
Genre: Science

The combustion of fossil fuels remains a key technology for the foreseeable future. It is therefore important that we understand the mechanisms of combustion and, in particular, the role of turbulence within this process. Combustion always takes place within a turbulent flow field for two reasons: turbulence increases the mixing process and enhances combustion, but at the same time combustion releases heat which generates flow instability through buoyancy, thus enhancing the transition to turbulence. The four chapters of this book present a thorough introduction to the field of turbulent combustion. After an overview of modeling approaches, the three remaining chapters consider the three distinct cases of premixed, non-premixed, and partially premixed combustion, respectively. This book will be of value to researchers and students of engineering and applied mathematics by demonstrating the current theories of turbulent combustion within a unified presentation of the field.

Fundamentals of Premixed Turbulent Combustion

Author: Andrei Lipatnikov
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781466510258
Release Date: 2012-10-24
Genre: Science

Lean burning of premixed gases is considered to be a promising combustion technology for future clean and highly efficient gas turbine combustors. Yet researchers face several challenges in dealing with premixed turbulent combustion, from its nonlinear multiscale nature and the impact of local phenomena to the multitude of competing models. Filling a gap in the literature, Fundamentals of Premixed Turbulent Combustion introduces the state of the art of premixed turbulent combustion in an accessible manner for newcomers and experienced researchers alike. To more deeply consider current research issues, the book focuses on the physical mechanisms and phenomenology of premixed flames, with a brief discussion of recent advances in partially premixed turbulent combustion. It begins with a summary of the relevant knowledge needed from disciplines such as thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, molecular transport processes, and fluid dynamics. The book then presents experimental data on the general appearance of premixed turbulent flames and details the physical mechanisms that could affect the flame behavior. It also examines the physical and numerical models for predicting the key features of premixed turbulent combustion. Emphasizing critical analysis, the book compares competing concepts and viewpoints with one another and with the available experimental data, outlining the advantages and disadvantages of each approach. In addition, it discusses recent advances and highlights unresolved issues. Written by a leading expert in the field, this book provides a valuable overview of the physics of premixed turbulent combustion. Combining simplicity and topicality, it helps researchers orient themselves in the contemporary literature and guides them in selecting the best research tools for their work.

Modeling and Simulation of Turbulent Combustion

Author: Santanu De
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811074097
Release Date: 2017-12-27
Genre: Science

This book presents a comprehensive review of state-of-the-art models for turbulent combustion, with special emphasis on the theory, development and applications of combustion models in practical combustion systems. It simplifies the complex multi-scale and nonlinear interaction between chemistry and turbulence to allow a broader audience to understand the modeling and numerical simulations of turbulent combustion, which remains at the forefront of research due to its industrial relevance. Further, the book provides a holistic view by covering a diverse range of basic and advanced topics—from the fundamentals of turbulence–chemistry interactions, role of high-performance computing in combustion simulations, and optimization and reduction techniques for chemical kinetics, to state-of-the-art modeling strategies for turbulent premixed and nonpremixed combustion and their applications in engineering contexts.

Theory and Modeling of Dispersed Multiphase Turbulent Reacting Flows

Author: Lixing Zhou
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 9780128134665
Release Date: 2018-01-25
Genre: Science

Theory and Modeling of Dispersed Multiphase Turbulent Reacting Flows gives a systematic account of the fundamentals of multiphase flows, turbulent flows and combustion theory. It presents the latest advances of models and theories in the field of dispersed multiphase turbulent reacting flow, covering basic equations of multiphase turbulent reacting flows, modeling of turbulent flows, modeling of multiphase turbulent flows, modeling of turbulent combusting flows, and numerical methods for simulation of multiphase turbulent reacting flows, etc. The book is ideal for graduated students, researchers and engineers in many disciplines in power and mechanical engineering. Provides a combination of multiphase fluid dynamics, turbulence theory and combustion theory Covers physical phenomena, numerical modeling theory and methods, and their applications Presents applications in a wide range of engineering facilities, such as utility and industrial furnaces, gas-turbine and rocket engines, internal combustion engines, chemical reactors, and cyclone separators, etc.

Internal Combustion Processes of Liquid Rocket Engines

Author: Zhen-Guo Wang
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118890059
Release Date: 2016-05-17
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book concentrates on modeling and numerical simulations of combustion in liquid rocket engines, covering liquid propellant atomization, evaporation of liquid droplets, turbulent flows, turbulent combustion, heat transfer, and combustion instability. It presents some state of the art models and numerical methodologies in this area. The book can be categorized into two parts. Part 1 describes the modeling for each subtopic of the combustion process in the liquid rocket engines. Part 2 presents detailed numerical methodology and several representative applications in simulations of rocket engine combustion.

Numerical Prediction of Flow Heat Transfer Turbulence and Combustion

Author: D. Brian Spalding
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781483160665
Release Date: 2015-07-14
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Numerical Prediction of Flow, Heat Transfer, Turbulence and Combustion: Selected Works of Professor D. Brian Spalding focuses on the many contributions of Professor Spalding on thermodynamics. This compilation of his works is done to honor the professor on the occasion of his 60th birthday. Relatively, the works contained in this book are selected to highlight the genius of Professor Spalding in this field of interest. The book presents various research on combustion, heat transfer, turbulence, and flows. His thinking on separated flows paved the way for the multi-dimensional modeling of turbulence. Arguments on the universality of the models of turbulence and the problems that are associated with combustion engineering are clarified. The text notes the importance of combustion science as well as the problems associated with it. Mathematical computations are also presented in determining turbulent flows in different environments, including on curved pipes, curved ducts, and rotating ducts. These calculations are presented to further strengthen the claims of Professor Spalding in this discipline. The book is a great find for those who are interested in studying thermodynamics.

Radiative Heat Transfer in Turbulent Combustion Systems

Author: Michael F. Modest
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319272917
Release Date: 2016-01-06
Genre: Science

This introduction reviews why combustion and radiation are important, as well as the technical challenges posed by radiation. Emphasis is on interactions among turbulence, chemistry and radiation (turbulence-chemistry-radiation interactions – TCRI) in Reynolds-averaged and large-eddy simulations. Subsequent chapters cover: chemically reacting turbulent flows; radiation properties, Reynolds transport equation (RTE) solution methods, and TCRI; radiation effects in laminar flames; TCRI in turbulent flames; and high-pressure combustion systems. This Brief presents integrated approach that includes radiation at the outset, rather than as an afterthought. It stands as the most recent developments in physical modeling, numerical algorithms, and applications collected in one monograph.

Turbulence in Porous Media

Author: Marcelo J. S. de Lemos
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080982410
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Technology & Engineering

'Turbulence in Porous Media' introduces the reader to the characterisation of turbulent flow, heat and mass transfer in permeable media, including analytical data and a review of available experimental data. Such transport processes occurring a relatively high velocity in permeable media are present in a number of engineering and natural flows. This new edition features a completely updated text including two new chapters exploring Turbulent Combustion and Moving Porous Media. De Lemos has expertly brought together a text that compiles, details, compares and evaluates available methodologies for modelling and simulating flow, providing an essential tour for engineering students working within the field as well as those working in chemistry, physics, applied mathematics, and geological and environmental sciences. Brings together groundbreaking and complex research on turbulence in porous media Extends the original model to situations including reactive systems Now discusses movement of the porous matrix

Probability Density Function Modeling of Turbulent Premixed Combustion and Pulverized Coal Combustion

Author: Michael K. Stöllinger
Publisher:
ISBN: 112489022X
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Coal, Pulverized

The use of probability density function (PDF) methods for turbulent combustion simulations is very attractive because arbitrary finite-rate chemistry can be exactly taken into account. PDF methods are well developed for non-premixed turbulent combustion. However, many real flames involve a variety of mixing regimes (non-premixed, partially-premixed and premixed turbulent combustion), and the development of PDF methods for partially-premixed and premixed turbulent combustion has turned out to be a challenging task. This thesis demonstrates a promising way to overcome this problem by extending existing PDF methods to cover a variety of mixing regimes. This extension of PDF methods is done by a generalization of the standard scalar mixing time scale model to account for the fast chemical reactions that are present in premixed combustion. The suitability of the new mixing time scale model is shown by applications to several premixed turbulent Bunsen flames that cover various regimes ranging from flamelet to distributed combustion. Moreover, the combined performance of several mixing models and time scale models is investigated for a turbulent premixed flame. Motivated by the success of the PDF method in turbulent gaseous combustion, the method is extended to describe dilute dispersed turbulent gas-solid reacting flows. Such flows are found in pulverized coal combustion and entrained flow coal gasification. The solid particles are modeled by a stochastic Lagrangian method which is combined with a joint velocity-composition PDF method for the gas phase. Coal specific devolatilization and char reaction models are included in the Lagrangian particle method and models for the mass, momentum and heat exchange between the phases are proposed. To account for the radiative heat transfer, a computationally efficient radiation model is coupled to the gas and particle phase equations. The proposed approach is applied in simulations of pulverized coal combustion in a semi-industrial scale furnace and validated by comparison of simulation results with available measurements.

Fundamentals of Premixed Turbulent Combustion

Author: Andrei Lipatnikov
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781466510258
Release Date: 2012-10-24
Genre: Science

Lean burning of premixed gases is considered to be a promising combustion technology for future clean and highly efficient gas turbine combustors. Yet researchers face several challenges in dealing with premixed turbulent combustion, from its nonlinear multiscale nature and the impact of local phenomena to the multitude of competing models. Filling a gap in the literature, Fundamentals of Premixed Turbulent Combustion introduces the state of the art of premixed turbulent combustion in an accessible manner for newcomers and experienced researchers alike. To more deeply consider current research issues, the book focuses on the physical mechanisms and phenomenology of premixed flames, with a brief discussion of recent advances in partially premixed turbulent combustion. It begins with a summary of the relevant knowledge needed from disciplines such as thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, molecular transport processes, and fluid dynamics. The book then presents experimental data on the general appearance of premixed turbulent flames and details the physical mechanisms that could affect the flame behavior. It also examines the physical and numerical models for predicting the key features of premixed turbulent combustion. Emphasizing critical analysis, the book compares competing concepts and viewpoints with one another and with the available experimental data, outlining the advantages and disadvantages of each approach. In addition, it discusses recent advances and highlights unresolved issues. Written by a leading expert in the field, this book provides a valuable overview of the physics of premixed turbulent combustion. Combining simplicity and topicality, it helps researchers orient themselves in the contemporary literature and guides them in selecting the best research tools for their work.